Foreign Office general correspondence
Browse our catalogue for general correspondence relating to France in FO 27, and the United States of America in FO 5. You will need to use the registers and indexes in FO 605 to access these series. For further guidance on using the registers see our guide to Foreign Office correspondence 1782-1890.
For guidance on finding treaties consult our guide to Foreign Office correspondence since 1782. Delegation archives of the conferences of Paris, 1814 and 1815, and the Congress of Vienna can be found in FO 139. Archives of the American Treaty of Ghent Commission can be found in FO 303.
CO 247 contains correspondence from St Helena covering the period of Napoleon’s imprisonment.
The Napoleonic Wars were a time of shortage and political unrest in Britain. The government feared political radicalism and revolutionary ideas and used spies and informers to gather intelligence. Home Office records of the time reflect this.
Search HO 42 Domestic correspondence George III for letters to the Home Office on various subjects including suspected spies, army and militia dispositions and supplies (partially catalogued, digital microfilm).
Search or browse HO 40 Home Office: Disturbances correspondence for letters regarding disturbances, such as riots, strikes and political meetings (digital microfilm).
Browse HO 100 for similar correspondence from Ireland.
HO 79 Private and Secret Entry books record letters relating to the secret service, postal censorship and other confidential matters. HO 33/1 is a bundle of correspondence between the Home Office and the Post Office on various matters, including intercepting letters of suspected radicals.
Prompted by high wartime grain prices and fears for the country’s ability to feed itself, the Home Secretary in 1801 requested a survey of arable land in England and Wales. Records are in HO 67 Parish acreage returns.
Search HO 69 Bouillon Papers – Between 1794 and 1815 Philip D’Auvergne, Prince de Bouillon, served as the Senior Naval Officer in Jersey and co-ordinated a French royalist intelligence network for the British government. He was also responsible for the distribution of money offered by the government to French emigres.