British Empire
The rise of the British empire - Africa
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Extracts from an 1831 report on the activities of British missionaries in Africa
(Catalogue ref: CO 48/144/104783)
Name & District Number of persons Attending public worship Commnicants Schools [with pupil numbers] Missionaries, Teachers Husbandry Houses Land Means of support Date Outstations General observations
Caledon Institution Swellendam 285 adults,259 children,= 544,85 quasi married,15 publicly married 150 on Sunday,45 on weekday 16 1 school - 70 Dutch reading, 1 school - 24 English reading & writing 2 Missionaries 6 Wagons,7 Ploughs,67 Horses,124 Oxen,205 Cows,63 Calves,50 Sheep,98 Goats 2 Mission Houses,61 Huts 5037 morgens,300 capable of cultivation,70 actually cultivated Hire themselves as Servants & Labourers to businesses at 1 to 4 rand per month, Making mats, baskets, & straw hats, Cutting timber.By cattle, gardens etc Comm-enced 1811.Renewed in 1827 Twice a year to the English at Swellendam Iron pipes have been written for from England to form a water course for conveying water, to irrigate the lands of the Institution.A large portion of the lands consists of inaccessible mountains and stony ground, yielding but a very scanty pasture. Soil is argillaceous and soon parched.
Pacaltsdorf Institution in Gsorge 146 adults,220 children,= 366 total,63 married couples 200 to 400 Sunday,30 to 60 weekdays 44 1 Day School - 109,1 Adult Sunday School - 30, 1 children's Sunday School - 40,6 European and 3 Native Teachers in Sunday School,1 Early [?] School, 1 Female [?] School 1 Missionary & 1 School Master 7 Wagons,2 Ploughs,23 Horses,110 Oxen,82 Cows & Calves 2 Mission Houses,Church, School Room, 60 Houses on poles 63 acres of garden ground,3177 Fruit Trees,26 Oak & Fir,Land not yet measured,Burder's place 1718 morgens Wood Cutters, Sawyers; Carpenters, Wagonmakers, Drivers, Shoemakers,Females, by Needlework, by washing, and by [?] Gardens 1813 by Mr Pacalt   All that land requires manure and as the manure on the Institution is not at present more than enough for the gardens, little wheat has yet been cultivated. The grass is generally sown. Burder's place was purchased to assist the Hottentots [African people] to improve their farming stock. Crops failed last year from drought. There is no supply of water for irrigation.
Hankey Institution in Uitenhage 60 males,54 females,50 married couples 90 29 1 Day School - 50, 1 Adult Sunday School - 50 1 Catechist [religious instructor] 4 Wagons,2 Ploughs,350 Cattle, 450 Sheep & Goats, 14 Horses The lands of this institution were purchased for the Hottentots, and have been since partly paid for by them 4000 yards by 1200 yards capable of cultivation. Water wanted   1823   A water course 6000 yards in length is being made by the members of the Institution, 4000 yards are finished, 800 yards of bushes and trees were cleared, trunks uprooted, solid ground 15 to 20 feet deep cut. ..
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