British Empire
The rise of the British empire - Australia
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Extract from a letter written by James Cook on his exploration of Australia, 1770
(Catalogue ref: ADM 55/40 f.160)
...... having satisfied myself of the great probability of a Passage thro' which I intend going with the Ship & therefore may land no more upon this Eastern Coast of New Holland & on the Western side I can make no new discovery, the Honour of which belongs to the Dutch Navigators but the Eastern Coast from the Latitude of 38 S down to this place am confident was never seen or Visited by any Europeans before us, notwithstanding, I had, in the Name of His Majesty, taken Possession of several places upon this Coast, I now once more hoisted English Colours in the Names of His Majesty King George the Third, took Possession of the whole Eastern Coast from the above Latitude down to this place, by the Name of New South Wales together with all the Bays, Harbours, Rivers & Islands situate upon the said Coast.
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