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The Near and Middle East

TE Lawrence (third from left) with delegates from the Cairo Conference in Amman in April 1921.
TE Lawrence (third from left) with delegates from the Cairo Conference in Amman in April 1921.
©Imperial War Museum Q60171

During the First World War Britain's political presence throughout the Middle East increased. Egypt became a protectorate in 1914 and Cyprus was annexed. By the end of the war Britain controlled Palestine, Transjordan and Mesopotamia.

Related documents

Search using Wafdist Anglo-Egyptian Treaty Jewish state Anglo-Iraqi Treaty

Further reading

  • Brown, J.M. and Louis, W.R. ed., The Oxford History of the British Empire, Vol. IV The Twentieth Century (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press)