Indian Chintz from the Coromandel Coast

This valance is part of a set of bed hangings made for the actor/manager David Garrick and his wife in the 1770s.

Chintz (painted cotton fabric) was fashionable - both for furnishings and clothing - throughout the 18th century, and designs were altered to reflect the popular influences of the day. The tree motif shown here has stylistic features that are Chinese in tone.

These bed hangings were impounded on their arrival in Britain, and Garrick had some difficulty in arranging for their release. The concerns of British weavers about the undercutting of local manufacturers had led to a ban, in 1721, on the importation of Indian chintz.

Victoria & Albert Museum W.70I-1916 (CIS) (c. 1770s)
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