Here is another cartoon by George Cruikshank which featured Caroline of Brunswick and George IV. [See the resource homepage for another example.]
The cartoon concerns the royal divorce in 1820 between Caroline of Brunswick and George IV. Evidence for the divorce trial was gathered in green bags. The ‘Pain and Penalties Bill was introduced into Parliament to deprive Queen Caroline of her position and grant a divorce. The Bill was eventually defeated in Parliament. The cartoon reveals Caroline’s popularity with the British public. She was, nevertheless, barred from George IV’s coronation and died shortly afterwards.
John Bull figure [holding a hat and stick] says: ‘Well done Caroline! They think to make light of you, but it won’t do. I’ll see fair play.’
‘Confound that Bull, what a row he makes.’
A group of soldiers raising their glasses are toasting the Queen saying: ‘The Queen, the Queen, the Queen.’
The some of the green bags are labelled: ‘Green bag’; ‘Secrets’; ‘Spies’.
- What is the title of this cartoon?
- How has the cartoonist portrayed Caroline of Brunswick in a favourable way?
- Why has the artist chosen to show both George and Caroline sitting on a pair of scales?
- What does the title ‘Public Opinion’, written below the scales, suggest about the king’s position compared to Caroline’s?
- What does the hand descending from a cloud holding the scales suggest?
- How and why has George IV been drawn in this way?
- Who does the character of John Bull (holding a hat and stick) in this cartoon represent?
- Which group of people are trying to help the king?
- Do they appear to have confidence in him according to the cartoon?
- What else is the king using to try and swing public opinion in his favour?
- How useful is this cartoon as of evidence on the royal divorce?
- How different are this cartoon’s techniques/methods from the one called ‘The kettle calling the pot ugly names’ on the resource homepage?