(HO 326/186)

Development of Principles of Training 3. Since 1895 therefore the basic problem of prison administration had been to devise methods of treating prisoners which on the one hand will 'effectually…turn them out of prison better men and women…than when they came in', and in the other can be reconciled with the facts that the prisoner has been sent to prison as a punishment for an offence, and that one purpose of punishment is to deter both that offender and all potential offenders from committing further offences of that sort. The reconciliation in one system of principles so apparently opposed as deterrence and reform, punishment and re- habilitation, was not and could not be simple.