The Bill of Rights, 1689
HLRO HL/PO/PU/1/1688/1W&Ms2n2


...And whereas the said late King James the second having abdicated the Government and the Throne being thereby vacant his highnesse the Prince of Orange (whom it hath pleased Almighty God to make the Glorious Instrument of delivering this Kingdome from Popery and Arbitrary Power) did (by the Advice of the Lords Spirituall and Temporall and diverse principall persons of the Commons) cause Letters to be written to the Lords Spirituall and Temporall being Protestants and other Letters to the severall Countyes Cityes Universities Burroughs and Cinque Ports for the chosing of such persons to represent them as were of right to be sent to Parliament to meet and sitt at Westminster upon the two and twentieth day of January in this yeare One thousand six hundred eighty and eight [1689 New Style calendar] In order to such an Establishment as that their Religion Lawes and Liberties might not again be in danger of being subverted Upon which Letters Elections having been accordingly made And thereupon the said Lords Spirituall and Temporall and Commons pursuant to their respective Letters and Elections being now assembled in a full and free Representative of this Nation taking into their most serious consideration the best meanes for attaining the Ends aforesaid Doe in the first place (as their Ancestors in like case have usually done) for the vindicating and asserting their auntient Rights and Liberties Declare That the pretended Power of suspending of Lawes or the Execution of Lawes by Regall Authority without Consent of Parliament is illegall That the pretended power of dispensing with Lawes or the Execution of Lawes by Regall Authority as it hath been assumed and exercised of late is illegall That the Commission for erecting the late Court of Commissioners for Ecclesiasticall Causes and all other Commissions and Courts of like nature are illegall and pernitious That levying money for or to the use of the Crowne by pretence of Prerogative without Grant of Parliament for longer time or in other manner than the same is or shall be granted is illegall That it is the right of the Subjects to petition the King and all Commitments and prosecutions for such petitioning are illegall That the raising or keeping a Standing Army within the Kingdome in time of Peace unlesse it be with Consent of Parliament is against Law That the Subjects which are Protestants may have Armes for their defence suitable to their Conditions and as allowed by Law That Election of Members of Parliament ought to be free That the Freedome of Speech and Debates or Proceedings in Parliament ought not to be impeached or questioned in any Court or Place out of Parliament That excessive Bayle ought not to be required nor excessive Fines imposed nor cruell and unusuall Punishments inflicted That Jurors ought to be duely impannelled and returned and Jurors which passe upon men in Tryalls for high Treason ought to be Freeholders That all Grants and Promises of Fines and Forfeitures of particular persons before Conviction are illegall and void And that for Redresse of all Greivances and for the amending strengthening and preserving of the Lawes Parliaments ought to be held frequently And they doe claim demand and insist upon all and singular the premisses as their undoubted Rights and Liberties And that noe Declarations Judgments Doings or Proceedings to the prejudice of the People in any of the said premisses ought in any wise to be drawn hereafter into Consequence or Example To which Demand of their Rights they are particularly encouraged by the Declaration of his Highnesse the Prince of Orange as being the only meanes for obteyning a full Redress and Remedy therein Having therefore an entire Confidence that his said highnesse the Prince of Orange will perfect the Deliverance soe farr advanced by him and will still preserve them from the violation of their Rights which they have here asserted and from all other Attempts upon their Religion Rights and Liberties The said Lords Spirituall and Temporall and Commons assembled at Westminster Doe Resolve That William and Mary Prince and Princesse of Orange be and be declared King and Queen of England France and Ireland and the Dominions thereunto belonging To hold the Crown and Royall Dignity of the said Kingdomes and Dominions to them the said Prince and Princesse during their lives and the life of the Survivor of them And that the sole and full Exercise of the Regall Power be only in and executed by the said Prince of Orange in the names of the said prince and princesse [during their joint lives.....]

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