This record of the fine imposed on Dorothy Rastell mentions
two sorts of offence. It is stated that she sold wine at too
great a price (a genuinely regulatory element); and that she
sold it without a licence from the monopolist (which was a
pure moneymaking exercise for the Crown and its favourites).
Dorothy Rastell may have been guilty on both counts - a Chancery
case from 20 years earlier shows a Dorothy Rastell overcharging
for fish on Palm Sunday in Lichfield.
The document is a 'pro forma' (i.e. the text is prewritten,
with blank spaces for the names to be filled in). The seals
are those of the monopolist's deputy, Richard Ellis, and two
Birmingham bailiffs. Dorothy Rastell's 'mark' is in the bottom
Catalogue reference: E 176/7/16 (25 September 1571)