Stage 1 Latin grammar resource

All of the grammar covered in the tutorial is brought together here. Each section deals with a particular topic.
This makes it easy for you to find everything relating to nouns, for example, without having to search through the lessons.

Endings of words

The various endings of each declension or conjugation are set out in the following tables. The endings are given in bold.

If a noun does not have an ending in bold, this may mean that the ending can vary, or that the ending is the same as the nominative case.


A noun is a word denoting a person, a place or a thing.


A verb is a word that describes an action. Verbs are often called ‘doing’ words.


An adjective is a word that describes a noun. In Latin, an adjective agrees with the noun it describes in gender, number and case.


An adverb is a word that describes a verb. Latin adverbs do not decline. They do not affect the case of other words.


In Latin, a preposition is a word which goes in front of and determines the case of a noun.


A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun. It gives a useful reminder of the person or thing being discussed, with its gender, number and case.