UK Crown bodies

This is a list of public bodies which have Crown status. This means that the material they produce is subject to Crown copyright protection under Section 163 of the Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988. The list is not complete or authoritative, and is maintained to assist The National Archives in its function of administering Crown copyright. The National Archives has no role in deciding or determining Crown status, and any enquiries as to whether or not any particular body is or is not a Crown body should be directed initially to the body in question.

In some cases, certain Crown bodies (such as Trading Funds) have a Delegation of Authority from the Keeper to license the re-use of material they originate. In such cases re-users need to obtain permission from these bodies directly. The National Archives has also produced a Permanent Secretary’s Guide to Copyright (PDF, 0.03MB).

For ease of reference, any organisation which has the words ‘Department’ or ‘Ministry’ as part of their title has been indexed under their main activity. For example, Department of Health appears under ‘H’ as Health, Department of; and Ministry of Defence appears under ‘D’ as Defence, Ministry of.

If you are a Crown body undergoing a change of status please let us know by contacting

Some of the wide range of non-Crown bodies are included in the Non-Crown Bodies list below. Note that this list is not definitive.



  • Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service
  • Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency (DEFRA)
  • Appeals Service (DWP)
  • Attorney General’s Office


  • Bona Vacantia Division (GLD)
  • Border Force (HO)
  • Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Department for (BEIS)


  • Cabinet Office (CO)
  • Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (DEFRA)
  • Charity Commission
  • Chemicals Regulation Directorate (HSE)
  • Child Support Agency (DWP)
  • Communities and Local Government, Department of (DCLG)
  • Companies House (BEIS)
  • Crown Commercial Service (CO)
  • Crown Prosecution Service


  • Defence, Ministry of (MoD)
  • Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (MoD)
  • Defence Business Service National Security Vetting (MoD)
  • Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, Department for (DCMS)
  • Disclosure and Barring Service (HO)
  • Driving and Vehicle Standards Agency
  • Driver & Vehicle Licensing Agency (DFT)


  • Education, Department for (DFE)
  • Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Department for the (DEFRA)
  • Export Credits Guarantee Department


  • Food and Environment Research Agency (DEFRA)
  • Food Standards Agency
  • Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO)
  • Forestry Commission
  • Forest Enterprise
  • Forest Research


  • General Register Office (GRO)
  • Government Actuary’s Department
  • Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ)
  • Government Equality Office
  • Government Legal Department (formerly TSOL)
  • Government Office for Science (BEIS)
  • Government Offices for the Regions (DCLG)


  • Health & Safety Executive
  • Health & Safety Laboratory
  • Health, Department of
  • Her Majesty’s Courts and Tribunals Service (MoJ)
  • Her Majesty’s Prison Service (NOMS) (MoJ)
  • Her Majesty’s Passport Office (HO)
  • Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs (HMRC)
  • Her Majesty’s Stationery Office (see Office of Public Sector Information)
  • HM Treasury
  • Highways England (DFT)
  • Home Office (HO)
  • Hydrographic Office (MOD)


  • Insolvency Service (BIS)
  • Institute for Apprenticeships and Technical Education
  • Intellectual Property Office (BIS)
  • International Development, Department for


  • Justice, Ministry of
  • Job Centre Plus (DWP)


  • Land Registry, HM
  • Law Commission
  • Legal Secretariat to the Law Officers
  • Lord Chamberlain’s Office
  • Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Lord’s Office


  • Marine and Fisheries Agency (DEFRA)
  • Maritime & Coastguard Agency (MCA) (DFT)
  • Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (DH)
  • Met Office (MOD)


  • National Archives, The
  • National Crime Agency, The
  • National Measurement Office (BIS)
  • National Offender Management Service (MoJ)
  • Northern Ireland Administration
  • Northern Ireland Office
  • Northern Ireland Prison Service (NIA)


  • Office of the Judge Advocate General of the Forces (MoJ)
  • Office for Disability Issues
  • Office for Standards in Education
  • Office of Gas and Electricity Markets
  • Office of Manpower Economics
  • Office for National Statistics (ONS)
  • Office of Qualification and Examination Regulation
  • Office of the Public Guardian (MoJ)
  • Office of Public Sector Information (The National Archives)
  • Office of Rail and Road (DFT)
  • Office of Water Services (OFWAT)


  • Parliamentary Counsel, Office of the
  • Planning Inspectorate (DCLG)
  • Prime Minister’s Office
  • Planning Inspectorate (DCLG)
  • Privy Council Office
  • Probation Service (MoJ)
  • Public Health England (DH)


  • Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre (DCLG)


  • Royal Parks (DCMS)
  • Rural Payments Agency (DEFRA)


  • Scotland Office
  • Scottish Government
  • Secret Intelligence Service (MI6)
  • Security Service (MI5)
  • Serious Fraud Office
  • Service Children’s Education (MOD)


  • Transport, Department for
  • Treasury, HM


  • UK Visas and Immigration (HO)
  • UK Debt Management Office (HMT)
  • UK Space Agency
  • UK Statistics Authority (The Statistics Board)
  • UK Trade and Investment
  • UKTI Defence & Security Organisation
  • UK Visas and Immigration


  • Valuation Office Agency (HMRC)
  • Vehicle Certification Agency (DFT)
  • Veterans UK (MOD)
  • Veterinary Medicines Directorate (DEFRA)


  • Wales Office (Office of the Secretary of State for Wales)
  • Welsh Government
  • Wilton Park (FCO)
  • Work and Pensions, Department for (DWP)

Devolved governments


Scottish Administration (incorporating Non-Ministerial Departments and Officeholders in the Scottish Administration) Scottish Government (incorporating Executive Agencies)

  • Accountant in Bankruptcy
  • Disclosure Scotland
  • Education Scotland
  • Historic Scotland
  • Scottish Housing Regulator
  • Scottish Prison Service
  • Scottish Public Pensions Agency
  • Student Awards Agency for Scotland
  • Transport Scotland

Northern Ireland

Agriculture and Rural Development, Department of

Executive Agencies:

  • Forest Service
  • Rivers Agency

Crown Solicitor’s Office for Northern Ireland

Culture, Arts and Leisure, Department of

  • Ordnance Survey of Northern Ireland
  • Public Record Office of Northern Ireland

Director of Public Prosecutions for Northern Ireland, Department of the

Employment and Learning, Department for

Enterprise, Trade and Investment, Department of

  • Health and Safety Executive for Northern Ireland
  • Industrial Research, Technology Unit
  • LEDU (Local Enterprise Development Unit) The Small Business Agency
  • Northern Ireland Tourist Board

Environment, Department of the

Driver & Vehicle Licensing Northern Ireland Driver & Vehicle Testing Agency Environment & Heritage Service Executive Agencies:

  • Planning Service

Finance & Personnel, Department of

Executive Agencies:

  • Business Development Service
  • Construction Service
  • Government Purchasing Agency
  • Land Registers of Northern Ireland
  • NI Building Regulations Advisory Council
  • NI Construction Industry Advisory Council
  • Northern Ireland Statistics & Research Agency
  • Office of Law Reform
  • Rates Collection Agency
  • Valuation & Lands Agency

Health, Social Services and Public Safety, Department of

Executive Agencies:

  • Fire Authority
  • Northern Ireland Health & Social Service Agency
  • Higher and Further Education, Training and Employment, Department of
  • Lands Tribunal for Northern Ireland
  • Northern Ireland Court Service
  • Office for Regulation of Electricity & Gas
  • Office of the Civil Service Commissioners for Northern Ireland
  • Office of the First and Deputy First Minister

Executive Agencies/Sub Departments:

  • Office of the Legislative Counsel
  • Recruitment
  • Office of the Industrial and Fair Employment Tribunals
  • Regional Development Northern Ireland, Department of

Executive Agencies:

  • Roads Service
  • Training & Employment Agency
  • Water Service
  • Social Development, Department of
  • Northern Ireland Child Support Agency
  • Northern Ireland Social Security Agency
  • Office of Social Fund Commissioner
  • Statute Law Committee, Northern Ireland


Executive Agency:

  • Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments

Inspectorate for Education and Training in Wales, HM

Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales

Wales Office (Office of the Secretary of State for Wales)

Non-Crown bodies

There is a wide range of public bodies which do not have Crown status and do not fall within Crown copyright management. This can cause confusion and uncertainty. Some of the bodies often mistakenly assumed to be Crown bodies are listed below:

  • Audit Commission
  • Audit Scotland
  • BBC
  • British Council
  • British Geological Survey
  • British Library
  • British Standards Institute (BSI)
  • Care Quality Commission
  • Competition Commission (successor to the Monopolies and Mergers Commission)
  • English Heritage
  • Environment Agency
  • Financial Services Authority
  • Historic Royal Palaces
  • Imperial War Museums (and museums generally)
  • Information Commissioner
  • Learning Skills Councils
  • National Audit Office
  • National Library of Scotland
  • National Library of Wales
  • Natural Environment Research Council
  • NI Housing Executive
  • Office of Communications (Ofcom)
  • Parliamentary Ombudsman and the Health Service Ombudsman
  • Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (and their Welsh and Scottish equivalents)
  • Royal Armouries
  • Royal Botanic Gardens
  • Royal National Institute for the Blind (RNIB)
  • Scottish Information Commissioner
  • Scottish Natural Heritage
  • Scottish Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration
  • Serious Organised Crime Agency
  • Welsh Administration Ombudsman