The interactive parts of this resource no longer work, but it has been archived so you can continue using the rest of it.

The National Archives Civil War
Close window Download and print PDF version

What kind of ruler was Oliver Cromwell?

Case study 1: Cromwell in his own words - Source 3


A document making Colonel William Boteler a Major General, October 1655

(W.C. Abbott (ed.), The writings and speeches of Oliver Cromwell, Vol. III, pp.849-50. Published by Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1947)

...with the advice of Our Council assigned, made, constituted, and ordained, and by these presents do assign, make, constitute and ordain you to be Major General and Commander-in-Chief within the said Counties of Northampton, Huntington, Rutland and Bedford and all corporate and privilege places within the limits and precincts of the same, as well within Liberties as without; and do by these presents give full power and authority unto you to take into your charge, and to train, exercise, command, and keep in good discipline the said Militia Forces, and such others as shall be raised or assigned to you within the said Counties; And also to conduct and lead them against all and singular enemies, rebels, traitors, and other offenders and their adherents against Us and this Commonwealth. And with the said traitors, enemies, and rebels to fight, and them to invade, resist, repress and subdue, slay, kill, and put to execution of death by all ways and means according to your good discretion And further We do hereby by the advice aforesaid give unto you full power and authority in case of invasion or rebellion to levy, gather and call together all persons meet and apt for the war, dwelling and inhabiting within the said several Counties as well within Liberties as without; And them to train, exercise, and put in a readiness, and to cause them to be armed and weaponed, and to take the muster of them in places most convenient, and to lead and conduct them for the purposes before expressed. ......