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Why did people want the king back in 1646?

Case study 1: Effects of war, 1642-45 - Source 5

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Warrant from the Lord Mayor of London to seize all horses in London, 12 August 1643

(Catalogue ref: SP 16/497/143)

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SP16/497/143; warrant to seize horses, 1643
 

What is this source?

This source is a warrant signed by the Mayor and the Parliamentary Committee for London. Committees ran areas controlled by Parliament.

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What's the background to this source?

By the time this source was written the war had been going on for about a year. Armies used huge numbers of horses for cavalry and for pulling wagons. There would have been many warrants like this throughout the war years, 1642-46.

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It's worth knowing that...

People would not have been able to refuse such a warrant. Parliament’s County Committees controlled their areas very strictly. County Committees were made up of men loyal to Parliament. Their job was to control their area and also to help Parliament’s war effort by supplying Parliament forces with food and equipment. The Royalist side used a similar approach.

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Your turn: What can we learn from this source?

  1. What did this document allow Captain Gheste to do?
  2. What were the horses for?
  3. Would it have been possible to refuse to give up your horses?
  4. How does this source help to explain why many people were supporting Charles in 1646?