Imperial acquisitions, 1915
PRO CO 1047/1098


LEGEND
1.
Europe
Name
Date
How acquired
Gibraltar 1704 Captured from Spain during the War of the Spanish Succession
Malta 1800 Captured during the Napoleonic Wars
2.
Asia
India 1600 - 1858 Gradually occupied in opposition to Portuguese Dutch and French claims, in endless wars with the native princes and tribes
Penang 1786 Ceded by the Rajah of Kadah
Ceylon 1796 - 1815 Captured from the Dutch during the Napoleonic Wars
Malacca 1795 (1824) Taken during the Napoleonic Wars after expulsion of the Dutch
Singapore 1819 Occupied by Sir H. Raffles
Burma 1824 - 1886 Conquered in the 3 Burmese Wars
Aden 1839 Occupied as a hostile act against Turkey
Hongkong 1841 Taken from China as the fruits of the Opium War
Perim 1857 Occupied to assure the command over the Red Sea after completion of the Suez Canal
Kowloon 1860 Taken from China and annexed
Bahrein Islands 1867 Taken from the native tribes
Nicobar Islands 1869 Taken by the English after previous Danish occupation
Socotra 1886 Declared a protectorate
Cocos Islands 1886 Annexed
Baluchistan 1877 Conquered in wars with the native prince, the Khan of Kalat
Laccadive Islands 1877 Occupied
Cyprus 1878 Occupied during the Russo-Turkish War
Br. North Borneo 1888 Declared a protectorate
Sikhim 1890 Taken from China and declared a protectorate
Mainland of Kowloon 1898 In consequence of the German lease of Kiauchou England forced China to lease this colony to her
Weihaiwei 1898 In consequence of the German lease of Kiauchou England forced China to lease this colony to her

Indian North West Frontier Province

1901 Conquered by military force
Hinderland of Aden 1905 Taken from Arab tribes
Federated Malay States 1874 - 1909 Forced from the Siamese and native rulers as a protectorate
Cyprus 1914 Annexed during the present war
Tenedos Lemnos 1915 Military occupation in connection with the action against the Dardanelles
3.
America
Barbados 1605 Taken after previous occupation by the Portuguese
Bermuda Islands 1609 Taken after previous occupation by the Spaniards
Jamaica 1655 Conquered in the war against Spain
New Foundland 1713 Captured from France in the War of the Spanish Succession
Dominion of Canada 1713 - 1763 Captured from France in the War of the Spanish Succession and in the Seven Years War
Bahama Islands 1783 Taken from Spain in the Anglo-Franco-Spanish War at the Peace of Versailles
Leeward Islands 1756 - 1784 Taken from the French and the Spaniards in the Seven Years War and in the Anglo-Franco-Spanish War
Winward Islands 1762 - 1796 Taken from the French and finally ceded at the conclusion of the Napoleonic Wars
Trinidad 1797 Taken from the Spaniards in the Napoleonic Wars
Br. Honduras 1798 Taken from the Spaniards in the Napoleonic Wars
Br. Guiana 1803 Taken from the Dutch in the Napoleonic Wars
Falkland Islands 1832 Occupied despite previous Spanish claims
4.
Africa
St. Helena 1673 Taken from the Dutch during the Anglo-Franco-Dutch War
Sierra Leone 1788 Declared a protectorate
Seychelles 1794 Captured from the French in the Napoleonic Wars
Cape of Good Hope Province 1806 Taken from the Dutch during the Napoleonic Wars
Mauritius 1810 Taken from the French during the Napoleonic Wars
Ascension 1815 Occupied as a naval basis
Tristan da Cunha 1815 Occupied as a naval basis
Gambia 1821 Annexed
Natal Province 1842 Taken from the Boers
Gold Coast Colony 1871 Ceded by Holland
Basutoland 1871 Annexed after long wars against the Basutos
Egypt 1882 Occupied and taken from Turkey during the insurrection of 1882
Nigeria 1885 Declared a protectorate
Zululand 1887 Annexed after long wars against the Zulus
Rhodesia 1888 - 1900 Acquired by a Chartered Company
Bechuanaland 1895 Annexed after long wars against the native tribes
East Africa Protectorate, Br. Central Africa and Uganda 1895 Declared a protectorate
Zanzibar Protectorate 1896 Declared a protectorate after a bombardment
Sudan 1896 - 1899 Conquered in a war against the Mahdi
Orange Free State Province 1900 Conquered by military force in the Boers War
Transvaal Province 1900 Conquered in the Boers War
Somaliland 1901 Conquered in the war against the wild Mullah
5.
Australia
Commonwealth of Australia 1770 - 1788 Occupied
Tasmania 1803 Occupied after previous Dutch settlements
New Zealand 1840 Occupied after wars against the native tribes
Fiji Islands 1874 Annexed
Br. New Guinea 1883 Annexed to prevent foreign settlements
Solomon Islands 1899 Declared a protectorate after an agreement with Germany
Western Pacific Islands 1877 - 1907 Annexed or declared protectorates after agreements with France and Germany

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