|In his evidence to a parliamentary committee in 1818, William Cooper
(himself a chimney sweep) tells how 'climbing boys' were tricked or
forced, through beatings, to clean chimneys. This was a long-standing
social problem, constantly highlighted by campaigners. It was not
until 1875 that the veteran reformer Lord Shaftesbury, in an effort
to improve safety, managed to introduce an Act compelling all sweeps
to register with the police.
HLRO HL/PO/JO/10/8/1064/473 (1818)