Prince Charles Edward Stuart - grandson of the Catholic king
James II, who had abandoned the throne and fled England in 1688
- landed in the Outer Hebrides in the summer of 1745. His intention
was to lead a Jacobite
rebellion in Scotland that would attract French support for an invasion
of England and pave the way for the overthrow of George II (referred
to here as the Elector of Hanover).
The optimism of Bonnie Price Charlie's scheme is illustrated by
his proclamation. Initially he met with success: his forces took
Edinburgh, defeated government forces at Prestonpans, and were able
to move south to Derby. But ultimately his ambitions proved to have
been hopelessly idealistic. Following a retreat to Scotland, he
was defeated by the Duke of Cumberland at Culloden in April 1746
and Jacobitism was extinct as a political force.
Catalogue reference: SP 36/67, p. 88 (22 August 1745)