The National Archives
Search our website
  • Search our website
  • Search our records

Human Rights

Home
glossary document index

A complete list of all the supporting documents for the time periods between 1215 and 1945.

1500 - 1760

The Grand Remonstrance

Date: December 1641. Catalogue reference: SP 16/486

Words in bold are approximations. If any word is missing or smudged beyond recognition it is marked [XXXX].

VOL. I. Historical Collections.

Publishing of this Declaration, till we had received his answer, we were all that Night treated by Mr. Comptroler at Supper, and entertained with great respect, and Lodged by the Kings Harbinger.

The said Petition and Remonstrance, then so presented, were as follows.

The Petition of the House of Commons, which accompanied the Remonstrance of the State of the Kingdom, when it was presented to His Majesty at Hampton Court, Decemb. 1st. 1641.

Most gracious Sovereign,
Your Majesty's most humble and faithful Subjects the Commons in this present Parliament Assembled, do with much thankfulness and joy, acknowledge the great mercy and favour of God, in giving your Majesty a safe and peaceable return out of Scotland into your Kingdom of England, where the pressing Dangers and Distempers of the State, have caused us with much earnestness, to desire the comfort of your gracious Presence, and likewise the Unity and Justice of your Royal Authority, to give more Life and Power to the Dutiful and Loyal Counsels and Endeavours of your Parliament, for the prevention of that eminent Ruin and Destruction wherein your Kingdoms of England and Scotland are threatened. The Duty which we owe to your Majesty, and our Country cannot but make us very sensible and apprehensive, that the Multiplicity, Sharpness, and Malignity of those Evils under which we have now many years suffered, are fomented and cherished by a corrupt and ill affected Party, who amongst other their mischievous Devices for the alteration of Religion and Government, have sought by many false Scandals and Imputations, cunningly insinuated and dispersed amongst the People, to blemish and disgrace our Proceedings in this Parliament, and to get themselves a Party and Faction amongst your Subjects, for the better strengthening themselves in their wicked Courses, and hindering those provisions, and remedies which might by the Wisdom of your Majesty, and Counsel of your Parliament, be opposed against them.

For preventing whereof, and the better Information of your Majesty, your Peers and all other your Loyal Subjects, we have been necessitated to make a Declaration of the State of the Kingdom, both before and since the Assembly of this Parliament, unto this time, which we do humbly present to your Majesty, without the least Intention to lay any blemish upon your Royal Person, but only to represent how your Royal Authority and Trust have been abused, to the great prejudice and danger of your Majesty, and of all your good Subjects.

And because we have Reason to believe that those malignant Parties, whose Proceedings evidently appear to be, mainly for the advantage and increase of Popery, is composed set up and acted by the fubtile Practice of the Jesuits, and other Engineers and Factors for Room, and to the great danger of this Kingdom, and most grievous affliction of your Loyal Subjects, have so far prevailed, as to corrupt divers of your Bishops, and others in prime Places of the Church, and also to bring divers of these Instruments to be of your Privy Counsel, and other Employments of Trust and nearness about your Majesty, the Prince, and the rest of your Royal Children.

And by this mean have had such an operation in your Counsel, and the most important Affairs and Proceedings of your Government, that a most dangerous Division, and chargeable preparation for War betwixt your Kingdoms of England and Scotland, the increase of Jealousies betwixt your Majesty and your most obedient Subjects, the violent distraction and interruption of this Parliament, the Insurrection of the Papists in your Kingdom of Ireland, and bloody Massacre of your People, have been not only endeavoured and attempted, but in a great measure compassed and effected.

For preventing the final Accomplishment, whereof, your poor Subjects are enforced to engage their Persons and Estates to the Maintaining of a very expenceful and dangerous War, notwithstanding, they have already since the beginning of this Parliament, undergone the Charge of 150000 l. Sterling, or thereabouts, for the necessary support and supply of your Majesty in these present and perillous Designs. And because all our most faithful Endeavours and Engagements will be ineffectual for the Peace, Safety and Preservation of your Majesty and your People, if some present, real and effectual Course be not taken for suppressing this wicked and malignant Party. We

438 A Continuation of Part III.
An. 1641

We your most humble and obedient Subjects, do withall faithfulness and humility, beseech your Majesty,

1. That you will be graciously pleased to concur with the humble Desires of your People in a Parliamentary way, for the preserving the Peace and Safety of the Kingdom, from the malicious Designs of the Popish party.

For depriving the Bishops of their Votes in Parliament, and abridging their immoderate power usurped over the Clergy, and other your good Subjects, which they have perniciously abused, to the hazard of Religion, and great prejudice and oppression of the Laws of the Kingdom, and just liberty of your People.

For the taking away such oppressions in Religion, Church Government, and Discipline as have been brought in and fomented by them.

For uniting all such your Loyal Subjects together, as joyn in the same fundamental Truths against the Papists, by removing some oppressions and unnecessary Ceremonies, by which divers weak Consciences have been scrupled, and seem to be divided from the rest, and for the due execution of those good Laws, which have been made for securing the liberty of your Subjects.

2. That your Majesty will likewise be pleased to remove from your Counsel all such as persist to favour and promote any of those pressures and corruptions wherewith your People have been grieved, and that for the future, your Majesty will vouchsafe to imploy such persons in your great and publick Affairs, and to take such to be near you in Places of Trust, as your Parliament may have cause to confide in; that in your Princely goodness to your People you will reject and refuse all mediation and solicitation to the contrary, how powerful and near soever.

3.That you will be pleased to forbear to alienate any of the forfeited and escheated Lands in Ireland, which shall aecrew to your Crown by reason of this Rebellion, that out of them the Crown may be the better supported, and some satisfaction made to your Subjects of this Kingdom, for the great Expences they are like to undergo this War.

Which humble desires of our being graciously fulfilled by your Majesty, we will by the blessing and favour of God, most chearfully undergo the hazard and expences of this War, and apply our selves to such other Courses and Counsels, as may support your Royal Estate with Honour and Plenty at home, with Power and Reputation abroad, and by our Loyal Affections, Obedience and Service, lay a sure and lasting Foundation of the Greatness and Prosperity of your Majesty, and your Royal Prosperity in future times.

See all documents for this time period