How did occupation affect peoples’ lives?

Extracts from a British intelligence report on the German occupation of the Netherlands, 9th September 1940

Catalogue ref: FO 371/24392

The Dutch people, especially the peasants and working classes, have now recovered from the great moral abandonment and defaitism which came over the country after the military collapse


The Germans are also getting very fed up with the way they are boycotted by the Dutch, and they complain openly about this. At the same time, it is believed that there is no organised movement among the Germans of disloyalty towards the Nazi regime. In conversation with the Dutch it is very seldom that Germans dare make any statements of an anti—Nazi nature, although this has occasionally occurred after drinking. The food conditions in Amsterdam, in spite of rationing, are still fairly normal, and the Germans are especially well fed. The Dutch, however, are absolutely certain that Holland will suffer famine conditions this winter, because the Germans have taken away all the reserve stocks, including feeding stuffs and seed for sowings. The Dutch are quite sure that the Germans will not return any substantial part of these stocks, and that the Dutch will be left to suffer