first used to hold prisoners who were put to work cleaning the river
Act. This was an attempt to improve conditions in prison. For example,
alcohol was forbidden and women prisoners now had to be supervised by
Police Force established. They replaced local parish constables and
Gaol became the first prison just for juveniles.
last public hanging.
Pentonville prison opened. It cost £84,000 to build and was based on
the US system of separating prisoners and preventing any communication
County and Borough Police Act. Local authorities at County and Borough
level now had to form police forces if they had not done so already.
of hulks ended. There were growing complaints about the conditions on
board and the hulks themselves were falling to pieces!
Schools Act set up reform schools for juvenile offenders up to the age
against the Person Act abolished the death penalty for all offences
other than murder and high treason.
flogging of offenders in public ended.
convict ship arrives in Australia. A total of 160,000 British and Irishmen
had been transported to Australia over an eighty-year period.
and Convict prisons were put under one central government system of