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Why did people want the king back in 1646?

Case study 1: Effects of war 1642-45 - Source 7

Transcript

An order from Parliament in 1644 about paying for Parliament’s army

(Catalogue ref SP 16/506/45)

Be it Ordained, and it is Ordained by the Lords & Commons in Parliament assembled, That there be forthwith raised and formed for the defence of the King and Parliament, the true protestant Religion & the laws & liberties of the Kingdom an Army consisting of six thousand six hundred Horse, to be distributed into Eleven Regiments; And of one thousand Dragooners, to be distributed into ten Companies; And of fourteen thousand four hundred Foot, to be distributed into twelve Regiments, each Regiment of Foote to consist of twelve hundred, and each such Regiment to be distributed into, and to consiste of ten Companies. Which said Army shall be paid according to the Establishment hereafter to be made by both houses of PARLIAMENT, and shall be under the immediate command of Sir THOMAS FAIRFAX, Knight, …

And it is further Ordained by the said Lords and Commons, That the severall sums hereafter herein mentioned, shall from the first day of February, one thousand six hundred forty foure, Taxed Leavied and paid, for the maintenance and payment of the said Army and charges incident in manner and forme following.

Viz.

There shall be monethly charged, untill the first of December next if the War shall so long continue.

Upon the City of London and the County of Middlesex, the summe of Eight thousand fifty nine pounds, and fifteene shillings.
Upon the County of Essex monethly, the summe of six thousand seven hundred and fifty pounds.
Upon the County of Suffolke monethly, the summe of seven thousand and seventy pounds.
Upon the County of Norfolke monethly the summe of seven thousand and seventy pounds.
Upon the City and County of the city of Norwich monethly the summe of three hundred sixty and six pounds.
Upon the County of Lincolne monthly, the summe of two thousand and seventy pounds.
Upon the county of Hereford monethly the sum of two thousand and four hundred thirty two pounds and ten shillings.
Upon the Isle of Ely monethly, the summe of seven hundred twenty eight pounds thirteen shillings and four pence.
Upon the county of Cambridge Monethly,, the summe of two thousand one hundred and seventy one pounds, six shillings and eight pence.
Upon the county of Huntingdon monethly, the summe of one thousand and twenty pounds.
Upon the county of Kent, with the citie and county of Canterbury, and the Cinque-ports monethly, the sum of seven thousand and seventy pounds.
Upon the county of Surrey, with the Borough of Southwark monethly, the summe of two thousand pounds.
Upon the county of Sussex monethly, the summe of three thousand nine hundred and twenty seven pounds fifteen shillings and six pence three Farthings.
Upon the county of Derby monethly, the summe of five hundred and sixteen pounds.
Upon the countie of Rutland monethly, the sum of one hundred and eightie four pounds.
Upon the countie of Warwicke monethly, the summe of three hundred pounds.
Upon the countie of Leicester monethly, the summe of two hundred and fifty pounds.
Upon the county of Northampton monethly, the summe of four hundred and fifty pounds.
Upon the county of Bedford monethly the summe of one thousand pounds.

And that the said severall summes of money may bee duly Taxed, Leavied and paid, as is herafter Directed: Be it further Ordained by the said Lords and Commons, that the severall and respective Committees hereby appointed for the severall and respective Cities, Counties and places aforesaid, shall within eight daies ensuing the publication hereof, meet together at some convenient place in every of the said cities, counties and places respectively, and afterwards seven of them at the least shall twice in every weeke at the least, meet as such convenient places as they shall think fit, & appoint for the more speedy execution of this Ordinance; …

and forthwith the said Committees, or any two or more of them respectively, are hereby authorized and required to direct their warrants to such number of persons as they shall thinke fit within their severall and respective Divisions, to be Assessors of the said rates; which said persons are hereby authorized and required, to assesse all and every person and persons, having any reall or personall estate within the limits, circuits, and bounds of their respective divisions, according to the rate and proportion in this Ordinance mentioned.