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Why did people go to war in 1642?

Case study 2: 1640-42 - Source 3

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A document setting out the wishes of Parliament, December 1640

(Catalogue ref: SP 16/474/8)

  1. Whatever the two Houses of Parliament agree binds the Star Chamber, the Lords of your Council, and all other Courts of Justice.
  2. The king does not have the power to tax foreign (or home made) goods, even with the consent of the merchants, without the consent of Parliament
  3. The clergy, even with the king's consent, can make no laws or rules to bind the clergy (or the ordinary people) without consent of Parliament. The king alone cannot do this without Parliament's consent.
  4. Of right, we ought to have Parliaments one or twice a year.
  5. Dissolving of Parliaments suddenly, without setting right the complaints, is a great cause of complaint.