Source 5b

Detail from The Householder’s part in ARP [Air Raid Precautions]: Meeting Bomb and Gas Dangers from the Illustrated London News, 16 July, 1938 Catalogue ref: ZPER 34/193

Picture showing a labelled house with separate garage

[Moving clockwise from 12 o’clock to the left]

Coat all woodwork in the roof space with lime wash which delays the wood catching fire [shown with arrow]

See that flues [chimneys] are sealed to prevent entry of gas [shown with arrow]

All windows must have thick curtains so that no light is visible from the outside [shown with arrow]

Chemical tell-tale which denotes presence of gas [shown with arrow to window]

Soft ground decreases the force of explosions [a flower bed in front of house shown with arrow]

Refuse room [room in house shown with arrow]

Sand bags in front of refuse room to guard against the blast of explosive bombs [shown with arrow]

Official civilian type respirator [show with arrow to gas mask]

Container with two or three inches of sand on the bottom [shown with arrow]

Garage labelled: Keep a minimum amount of petrol in the tank of your car

Bathroom [shown with arrow]: Keep bath, basin filled with water, and have firefighting appliances ready for instant use

Long handled shovel and rake for fighting incendiary bombs [bombs which start fires] [shown with arrow]

« Return to The Home Front

5. Look at Sources 5 a and b. These are wartime warning posters.

  • What dangers do these sources warn the public about?
  • Who was the local air raid warden for Drypool Green?
  • What was the air raid signal for ‘all clear’?
  • In the months leading up to September 1939 many towns practised their air raid signals and taking shelter. Why do you think this was necessary?
  • Read the section in Source 5a called ‘Fire Precautions’. Which parts are the public
    • likely to follow?
    • likely to ignore?
  • Look at Source 5b. Read all the labels. How would each precaution help save lives if there was an air raid?