Try your hand at transcribing document 4. You
can use the interactive transcribing exercise and the computer will
give you a score. Or if you prefer you can print out the document
and work through it yourself on paper. A full transcript is available
for you to check your own work.
Transcription tips - READ THESE FIRST!
The document is written in a mixed cursive
hand which uses letter forms from both secretary [see Document
3] and legal hands. In this document you should watch for:
- The letter forms more typical of legal hands which are:
2 compartment 'g'
2 compartment 'a'
long 'r' (often the return upstroke is not visible)
unless the 'r' occurs after round bodied letters, in which
case an 'r' like this is used
(You may see this in other documents looking more like a number
Sigma 's', not to be confused with the cursive
The ascenders of tall letters are looped:
||As always, the capital letters can be the most
difficult to work out. Try to work them out from the context, and
refer to the Alphabet provided. This is particularly the case where
the capital 'W' is identical to a lower case 'w'. Also watch out
for the capital 'N'. Sometimes capital 'N's can look like an 'R'
or 'H' or a large 'h', and sometimes they can look like nothing in
The context will usually give them away. See, for example, Nicholas: line
|| 'er' - this symbol means that 'er' has been left out. See, for example, sovereign: line
- in this document this symbol is being used for a terminal 'r' preceded
by a missing letter or letters, usually 'o' or 'ou'. See demeanour: line
- Plural or genitive symbol
||This symbol is used at the end of a word to
replace the plural or genitive ending. See defendants: line
7. Depending on the way the scribe pronounced his plurals,
the symbol could be standing in for 'es', 'is' or 'ys', and it might
not be clear which one you should use. In this case it is suggested
that you expand it as 'es'
Watch out for squiggles at the end of words
which are not abbreviations but merely flourishes. See for example Wyllyam: line
1, and byll: line 2. The flourish
on the double 'l' of byll could make it look like 'byth' or 'bylk'...
but having first read the contextual information, which explains
that you are dealing with a bill
you won't be caught out!