Pudding Lane Hearth Tax : August 1666 : (EXT 11/160)
This is a tax record for August 1666. These people lived in Pudding Lane in London. The numbers show the amount of hearths (fireplaces) in each person’s house.
People who owned a house had to pay a hearth tax to the king. They paid 1 shilling (5p) for each hearth.
This tax was collected twice a year. Some people might stop up their fireplaces for part of the year so they didn’t have to pay the tax twice.
|Mary Whittacre widow||2|
|George Porter plasterer||3|
|Thomas Knight Glasier [glass maker]||4|
|John Bibie turner [person who works with a turning lathe, a tool for shaping and cutting wood, important in making barrels]||3|
|Thomas Farrinor baker|
| William Ludford plasterer|
1 stop up
|William Burgis hook & eye maker||3|
|Joshua Sands plateworker||2|
|Nicolas Carter hook & eye maker||5|
|John Wardley clothworker||4|
|William Walter smyth [blacksmith who worked with metal and made horseshoes]||3|
|John Wells porter||2|
|John Hasleby porter||2|
|William Greene turner||2|
1. This source was written about two weeks before the fire. It lists some of the people who lived in Pudding Lane. This is where the fire began.
- Can you find the name of the king’s baker?
- How many fireplaces and ovens did he have?
- How much tax did the baker have to pay? (Clue: number of hearths and ovens x 1 shilling)
- How many different jobs can you find on the list? Name them.
- How many men had houses on the list?
- How many women had houses on the list?
- How many houses were empty?