This document shows how tax, once agreed by Parliament, is collected throughout England. This order refers only to one county, but similar orders are sent all over the kingdom. The important point is that taxes are raised by the king with the support of Parliament, and the collectors of the tax were accepted by Parliament. The Parliament was attended by two knights, representing each shire, as well as two citizens from each town or city. The consultation between the king and his people in Parliament helps to explain King Edward’s success as a king. Some people hope that this will provide a model for future parliaments, but we should remember that the members of parliament are rich knights and merchants, and nobody represents the peasants or the king’s poorer subjects.
Approval of tax by the ‘model’ Parliament of 1295
The National Archives
Test your understanding
Which county have Robert de Flixthorpe and John de Wakerle been appointed for?
Wrong answer, I’m afraid... Why don’t you go back to the document and study it in a bit more detail... Don’t forget to listen to the transcript...
Excellent answer... You have studied the document well... Rutland is correct!
Why does a great and terrible king need Magna Carta?
- Has Edward only re-issued Magna Carta because he needs money for his wars against France, Scotland and Wales?
- Or, once again, are the barons are simply trying to get out of paying the taxes which are needed to run and protect England?
- It is the view of this chronicle that Edward had re-issued Magna Carta because…
- Is it?