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Arundell of Lanherne and Trerice


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Reference AR
Covering dates 12th Century - 1940
Held by Cornwall Record Office
Extent 9242 files
Archival history The Acquisition and History of the Archive
The archive of the Arundell family is one of exceptional richness and is of great national and local importance. It consists of 28,000 documents extending from the twelfth century to the twentieth which record the history of the Arundell family and their land-holdings in Cornwall and several other counties, particularly in the south-west.
The archive was in private hands and not widely used by researchers until 1991 when three years of negotiation resulted in its sale by private treaty to the county record offices of Cornwall and Wiltshire. This division of the collection was justified by the exceptional circumstances of its history. The archive comprised the records of two estates, those of the Arundells of Lanherne and those of the Arundells of Wardour, the latter being a junior branch of the family established in Wiltshire in the mid-sixteenth century. In 1739 the Cornish heiress married her distant cousin Henry Arundell, later seventh Baron Arundell of Wardour, and the two estates were jointly inherited by their heir in 1756. The Cornish estates continued to be administered separately from those of the Wardour Arundells, however, and were mostly sold by 1808. As a result the records of the two estates remained distinct and could be divided between the two record offices.
In recognition of the archive's national historical interest and because it was to go to publicly funded institutions the sale was exempt from estate duty and received tax concessions. The purchase was made possible by grant donations from the National Heritage Memorial Fund, the Victoria and Albert Museum Purchase Grant Fund, the Wolfson Trust and the Friends of the National Libraries. In Cornwall a generous contribution was made by Cornwall County Council and the remainder was raised by private subscription in an appeal co-ordinated by the Cornwall Heritage Trust.
Until 1701, when the last direct male heir died, the main seat of the Arundells in Cornwall was Lanherne manor house in the parish of Mawgan in Pydar. It was from Lanherne that the family's extensive estates were administered and it was in the Lanherne counting-room that the bulk of their records were kept. The heiresses of the last Sir John Arundell were seldom in Cornwall. The administration of the estates was in the hands of a steward based at Lanherne and this arrangement continued after the marriage of Mary Arundell to Henry Arundell in 1739. In 1813 the records of the Cornish Arundells were transferred to Wardour Castle (Journals of Christopher Wallis, Helston attorney, at the Royal Institution of Cornwall.) where a new house and muniment room had been constructed in the late 1770s. Since 1794 Lanherne house had been occupied by a group of Carmelite nuns who were granted sanctuary there by Lord and Lady Arundell after fleeing the French invasion of Antwerp. The documents remained at Wardour until the 1960s when they were moved to a purpose-built muniment room in the grounds of Hook Manor, the family's new home on the Wardour estate. From there they returned to Cornwall in 1991.
The original arrangement of the archive was clearly upset during the moves to its various homes over the centuries although a 1757 inventory of the Lanherne counting room suggests that even there it was not kept in any systematic order. The majority of the records fell from active use in the early nineteenth century when the Cornish estates were sold but almost immediately began to be consulted for their historical interest. The History of Modern Wiltshire, published between 1822 and 1844, recorded that Michael Jones esquire, a relative of the ninth Baron's second wife, had minutely examined the documents and arranged them alphabetically and chronologically under each manor (History of Modern Wiltshire, Sir R.C. Hoare, Vol IV part 1, footnote on p. 175). It was probably Jones who wrote comments in the margins and on the dorse of many documents and attached others to backing paper.
The Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts first inspected the archive in 1871. The resulting report (Second report of the Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, xi, and appendix, pp.33-36, 1874) recorded that 'the vast collection of Charters, Rolls and Papers are at present deposited in eighteen boxes, in seven presses, and in various drawers. These are filled to overflowing with documents of all dates, from the twelfth century to a comparatively recent period.' The report's author stressed that his visit to Wardour had only been a brief one and recommended more detailed listing at a future date.
This more detailed listing was carried out by the Commission in the late 1930s and between 1947 and 1950. Only the medieval and manorial documents were examined and they were transferred into 'archive' storage boxes at this time. The alphabetical and chronological arrangement of the documents in the lists and in the boxes was presumably that imposed by Michael Jones a century earlier. These lists were of limited usefulness as each document was only cursorily described and there were no indexes but they remained the only existing guide to the archive's contents at the time of sale.
While the archive was at Wardour Castle and Hook Manor a few scholars were granted access and their work appears in several publications. There are, however, only four known publications containing transcripts of Arundell documents. In 1805 Charles Bowles, A Short Account of the Hundred of Penwith in the County of Cornwall, printed a few very important documents, most of which are no longer in the archive, in A Short Account of the Hundred of Penwith in the County of Cornwall (Charles Bowles, A Short Account of the Hundred of Penwith in the County of Cornwall, A Short Account of the Hundred of Penwith in the County of Cornwall (Sherborne, 1805). The Monasticon Dioecesis Exoniensis of George Oliver, published in 1846 (See also the Additional Supplement to the George Oliver, Monasticon Dioecesis Exoniensis, published in 1854, which contains more transcipts of Tywardreath documents) contains transcripts of several of the Tywardreath documents, some of which are now missing from the archive. In 1876 translations of five manorial accounts which had somehow left the archive were printed in the Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall (George Freeth, 'On some extracts from the Ministers Accounts, relating to the Arundell Estates in Cornwall' in Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall, 18 (1876), pp.285-93.) The recently published Household Accounts from Medieval England by C.M. Woolgar includes a transcript of a Dinham account (Household Accounts from Medieval England, C.M. Woolgar, Oxford University Press for the British Academy, 1992-93.). Many historians of Cornwall and the south-west, however, such as Charles Henderson, Richard Pearse Chope, The Book of Hartland and A.L. Rowse, wrote their works without having studied the Arundell archive.
There is also no evidence that N. Denholm-Young, Richard of Cornwall used the documents for his work Richard of Cornwall which makes no reference to the archive, even in the author's own copy of the book which contains annotations made some years after publication.
Creators Arundell family, Barons Arundell of Wardour; Arundell family of Lanherne, Cornwall; Arundell family of Trerice, Cornwall
Arrangement The Arrangement of the Archive
The long period of time over which the archive was created, its subsequent travels and its rearrangement in the early nineteenth century resulted in the original sytem in which the documents were kept, if ever there formally was one, being lost. There are indications of past arrangements for parts of the archive, such as bundles of related items and endorsed numbers and letters, but not of any for the whole archive or even its bulk and much material was in complete disorder.
The present arrangement is based on the recommended archival arrangement of estate papers, (Journal of the Society of Archivists, Vol 13, No 1, Spring 1992) adapted in the light of information provided by the documents themselves about how the Arundells ran their estate. The aim has been to reflect the history of the Arundells and their lands while also creating an arrangement which will help users of the archive to find what they require.
The medieval section of the archive has been catalogued in far more detail than most of the later material, some of the documents being translated or transcribed almost in full. Many of the later leases ( AR/4 and AR/5) and eighteenth century tin and mining records ( AR/14) have also been listed in detail. Much of the later material from miscellaneous boxes has been briefly bundle-listed and so often appears in general sections of the catalogue although more detailed listing in the future may enable some of it to be placed under individual manors.
Several sections of the archive ( AR/1, AR/2, AR/3, AR/4 and AR/5) are organised by manor. In these cases the manors are arranged, within each county, in the order of their acquisition by the Arundells (See The Arundell Estate above).
Supplementary information AR/1 TITLE DEEDS
Cornwall
AR/1/1 - 48 Treloy
AR/1/49 - 98 Trembleath
AR/1/99 - 100 Mitchell
AR/1/101 - 107 Connerton
AR/1/108 - 172 Lanherne
AR/1/173 - 183 St Columb
AR/1/184 - 200 Carminow
AR/1/201 - 205 Kennall
AR/1/206 - 209 Truro Vean
AR/1/210 - 218 Prospidnick
AR/1/219 - 225 Tolverne
AR/1/226 - 227 Reperry
AR/1/228 - 233 Enniscaven
AR/1/234 - 247 Lambourn
AR/1/248 - 274 Lanhadron
AR/1/275 - 294 Goran
AR/1/295 - 303 Treloweth
AR/1/304 - 305 Tregarne Condurrow
AR/1/306 - 308 Tregustick
AR/1/309 - 369 Bodwannick
AR/1/370 - 374 Carvedras
AR/1/376 - 394 Perlees [1/375 not used]
AR/1/395 - 406 Bodardle
AR/1/407 - 414 Cardinham
AR/1/415 Gurlyn
AR/1/416 - 430 Bejowan
AR/1/431 Domellick
AR/1/432 - 434 Roseworthy
AR/1/435 - 451 Tregenna
AR/1/452 - 453 Tresithney
AR/1/454 - 461 Trevisker
AR/1/462 - 482 Newland Preeze
AR/1/483 - 527 Trevean tenements
Buckinghamshire
AR/1/528 Cuddington
AR/1/529 - 545 Oving
Devon
AR/1/546 Morchard Arundell
AR/1/547 - 548 Battishorne
AR/1/549 Ideford
AR/1/550 Luscott
AR/1/551 - 558 Clayhidon
AR/1/559 - 561 Dunterton
AR/1/562 - 575 Harpford
AR/1/576 - 630 Hartland
AR/1/631 - 632 Ilsington
AR/1/633 Matford
AR/1/634 - 635 Offwell
AR/1/636 - 639 Whiteheathfield
AR/1/640 - 643 Woodhuish
Dorset
AR/1/644 - 646 Atram
AR/1/647 - 656 Chideock
AR/1/657 - 658 Fifehead Neville
AR/1/659 - 666 Hackeridge
AR/1/667 Hydes
AR/1/668 - 679 Marshwood
AR/1/680 - 684 Moorbath
AR/1/685 - 688 Symondsbury
AR/1/689 Upcerne
AR/1/690 - 704 Whitchurch Canonicorum
AR/1/705 Winterbourne Houghton
Gloucestershire
AR/1/706 Frampton on Severn
Leicestershire
AR/1/707 Allexton
Monmouthshire
AR/1/708 Mathenni
Oxfordshire
AR/1/709 Horley
AR/1/710 Ipsden
AR/1/711 Sesswell's Barton
AR/1/712 Somerton
AR/1/713 - 717 Souldern
Somerset
AR/1/718 - 760 Allowenshay
AR/1/761 - 763 Corton Denham
AR/1/764 - 790 Pitney Wern
Wiltshire
AR/1/791 Stourton
AR/1/792 Westbury
Title deeds - manorial affiliation unclear
AR/1/793 - 827 Cornwall
AR/1/828 - 832 Devon
AR/1/833 - 834 Dorset
AR/1/835 - 838 Oxfordshire
AR/1/839 Somerset
AR/1/840 Dorset or Somerset
Title deeds for more than one manor
AR/1/841 - 872 Cornwall
AR/1/873 - 884 Devon
AR/1/885 - 887 Dorset
AR/1/888 Oxfordshire
AR/1/889 Somerset
AR/1/890 Cornwall and Devon
AR/1/891 - 901 Cornwall and Dorset
AR/1/902 - 903 Cornwall, Devon and Somerset
AR/1/904 Cornwall, Somerset and Wiltshire
AR/1/905 - 910 Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire
AR/1/911 Devon and Buckinghamshire
AR/1/912 Devon and Somerset
AR/1/913 Devon, Somerset and Oxfordshire
AR/1/914 Dorset and Hampshire
AR/1/915 Dorset and Somerset
AR/1/916 - 918 Dorset, Somerset and Northamptonshire
AR/1/919 - 923 Whole estate
Title deeds - leasehold property
AR/1/924 Cornwall - Trewithnow
AR/1/925 - 927 Carnanton
AR/1/928 Colquite
AR/1/929 Gluvian Flamank
AR/1/930 Lanteglos and Helsbury
AR/1/931 Traffal
AR/1/932 - 934 Gwarnick
AR/1/935 Hampshire
AR/1/936 - 937 Middlesex
AR/1/938 - 942 Somerset - Compton Dundon
AR/1/943 Godminster
Title deeds for non-Arundell property
AR/1/944 - 1012 Cornwall
AR/1/1013 - 1019 Buckinghamshire
AR/1/1020 - 1059 Devon
AR/1/1060 - 1076 Dorset
AR/1/1077 Gloucestershire
AR/1/1078 - 1080 Hertfordshire
AR/1/1081 Isle of Wight
AR/1/1082 - 1085 Oxfordshire
AR/1/1086 Shropshire
AR/1/1087 - 1109 Somerset
AR/1/1110 Suffolk
AR/1/1111 - 1112 Surrey
AR/1/1113 - 1115 Warwickshire
AR/1/1116 Wiltshire
AR/1/1117 Cornwall, Cheshire and Lancashire
AR/1/1118 - 1120 Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire
AR/1/1121 Cambridgeshire, Oxfordshire and Surrey
AR/2 MANORIAL RECORDS
SINGLE MANORS
Cornwall
AR/2/1 - 46 Treloy
AR/2/47 - 89 Trembleath
AR/2/90 - 91 Mitchell
AR/2/92 - 98 Connerton
AR/2/99 - 120 Penwith Hundred
AR/2/121 - 179 Lanherne
AR/2/180 - 216 St Columb
AR/2/217 - 233 Carminow
AR/2/234 - 236 Kennall
AR/2/237 - 248 Winnington
AR/2/249 - 251 Truro Vean
AR/2/252 - 267 Prospidnick
AR/2/268 - 278 Pengwedna
AR/2/279 - 299 Reperry
AR/2/300 - 319 Enniscaven
AR/2/320 - 336 Bodbrane
AR/2/337 - 338 Lambourn
AR/2/339 - 379 Lanhadron
AR/2/380 - 385 Tregarne Condurrow
AR/2/386 - 417 Bodwannick
AR/2/418 - 425 Perlees
AR/2/426 Colquite
AR/2/427 - 433 Bodardle
AR/2/434 - 453 Cardinham
AR/2/454 - 462 Downinney
AR/2/463 Gurlyn
AR/2/464 - 466 Bejowan
AR/2/467 Domellick
AR/2/468 - 472 Roseworthy
AR/2/473 - 478 Tregenna
AR/2/479 Tregorrick
AR/2/480 - 486 Tresithney
AR/2/487 Newland Preeze
Devon
AR/2/488 - 491 Ideford
AR/2/492 Loddiswell
AR/2/493 Broad Clyst
AR/2/494 - 504 Clayhidon
AR/2/505 - 507 Dunterton
AR/2/508 - 518 Harpford
AR/2/519 - 567 Hartland (manor, borough and hundred)
AR/2/568 Kingskerswell
AR/2/569 - 572 Newton Poppleford
AR/2/573 - 579 Southbrook
[AR/2/580 - 595 not used]
AR/2/596 - 638 Venn Ottery
Dorset
AR/2/639 Burcombe
AR/2/640 Burton
AR/2/641 - 651 Chideock
AR/2/652 - 653 Powerstock
AR/2/654 - 657 Winterbourne Houghton
Somerset
AR/2/658 Allowenshay
AR/2/659 Isle Brewers
AR/2/660 - 693 Pitney Werne
AR/2/694 - 712 Buckland Dinham
Wiltshire
AR/2/713 Westbury
Manorial records for non-Arundell property
AR/2/714 - 719 Cornwall
AR/2/714 Anhell
AR/2/715 Philleigh
AR/2/716 Tregarrick
AR/2/717 Meledor
AR/2/718 Polsue
AR/2/719 Duchy of Cornwall manors
AR/2/720 - 722 Cumberland - Greystoke
AR/2/723 Essex - Shalford[?]
AR/2/724 - 727 Devon
AR/2/724 Aller
AR/2/725 Axminster Hundred
AR/2/726 Harleston
AR/2/727/1 Sampford Peverell
AR/2/727/2 - 16 South Pool
AR/2/728 Somerset - Maperton
AR/2/729 - 730 Warwickshire - Harbury
AR/2/731 Unidentified - Middelond
COMPOSITE RECORDS
Inherited Court Rolls (including non-Arundell land)
AR/2/732 - 737 Cornwall - Earl of Oxford manors
AR/2/738 Somerset
AR/2/739 Warwickshire
Arundell Court Rolls
AR/2/740 - 820 Cornwall
AR/2/821 - 822 Devon
AR/2/823 - 825 Somerset
AR/2/826 Dorset and Gloucestershire
AR/2/827 Devon, Dorset and Gloucestershire
AR/2/828 - 836 Devon and Gloucestershire
Inherited Manorial Accounts (including non-Arundell land)
AR/2/837 - 840 Cornwall - Lambourn manors
AR/2/841 - 842 Dinham manors
AR/2/843 - 857 Earl of Oxford manors
AR/2/858 - 864 Devon
AR/2/865 Somerset
AR/2/866 - 884 Several counties
Arundell Manorial Accounts
AR/2/885 - 1215 Cornwall
AR/2/1216 - 1220 Dorset
AR/2/1221 - 1225 Somerset
AR/2/1226 - 1274 Several counties - Chideock manors
AR/2/1275 - 1319 Dinham manors
AR/2/1320 - 1332 Various manors
Inherited Rentals (including non-Arundell land)
AR/2/1333 Cornwall
AR/2/1334 Devon
AR/2/1335 Several counties - Dinham manors
Arundell Rentals
AR/2/1336 - 1391 Cornwall
AR/2/1392 - 1393 Devon
AR/2/1394 Dorset
AR/2/1395 - 1398 Several counties
ESTATE MANAGEMENT
AR/3 GENERAL ESTATE MANAGEMENT PAPERS
Cornwall
AR/3/1 - 24 Treloy
AR/3/25 - 53 Trembleath
AR/3/54 - 76 Mitchell
AR/3/77 - 114 Connerton
AR/3/115 - 143 Hundred of Penwith
AR/3/144 - 252 Lanherne [228 - 233 Lanherne Mill 234 - 252 Lanherne Barton]
AR/3/253 - 284 St Columb
AR/3/285 - 293 Carminow
AR/3/294 - 303 Kennall
AR/3/304 - 312 Winnington
AR/3/313 - 319 Truro Vean
AR/3/320 - 322 Prospidnick
AR/3/323 Pengwedna
AR/3/324 - 336 Reperry
AR/3/337 Enniscaven
AR/3/338 - 346 Bodbrane
AR/3/347 Lambourn
AR/3/348 - 379 Lanhadron
AR/3/380 - 382 Tregarne Condurrow
AR/3/383 Tregustick
AR/3/384 - 392 Bodwannick
AR/3/393 - 405 Perlees
AR/3/406 - 425 Bodardle
AR/3/426 - 454 Cardinham
AR/3/455 - 456 Gurlyn
AR/3/457 - 465 Bejowan
AR/3/466 - 467 Domellick
AR/3/468 - 482 Roseworthy
AR/3/483 - 490 Tregenna
AR/3/491 Tregorrick
AR/3/492 - 498 Tresithney
AR/3/499 Trevisker
AR/3/500 - 502 Newland Preeze
Devon
AR/3/503 'Braunton'
AR/3/504 Gratton
AR/3/505 - 521 Loddiswell
AR/3/522 Spreacombe
AR/3/523 - 528 Dunterton
AR/3/529 - 565 Hartland
[AR/3/566 not used]
Dorset
AR/3/567 - 592 Chideock
Gloucestershire
AR/3/593 Frampton on Severn
Somerset
AR/3/594 Pitney Werne
Wiltshire
AR/3/595 - 596 Westbury
Leasehold Property
AR/3/597 - 604 Carnanton
AR/3/605 - 621 Gwarnick
AR/3/622 Grosvenor Street, London
General Estate Management
AR/3/623 - 871 More than one manor
AR/4 LEASES
Cornwall
AR/4/1 - 61 Treloy
AR/4/62 - 192 Trembleath
AR/4/193 - 195 Mitchell
AR/4/196 - 368 Connerton
AR/4/369 - 518 Lanherne
AR/4/519 - 778 St Columb
AR/4/779 - 945 Carminow
AR/4/946 - 980 Kennall
AR/4/981 - 1003 Winnington
AR/4/1004 - 1056 Truro Vean
AR/4/1057 - 1095 Prospidnick
AR/4/1096 - 1139 Pengwedna
AR/4/1140 - 1193 Reperry
AR/4/1194 - 1215 Enniscaven
AR/4/1216 - 1258 Bodbrane
AR/4/1259 - 1444 Lanhadron
AR/4/1445 - 1465 Tregarne Condurrow
AR/4/1466 - 1594 Bodwannick
AR/4/1595 - 1618 Perlees
AR/4/1619 - 1626 Bodardle
AR/4/1627 - 1743 Cardinham
AR/4/1744 - 1804 Bejowan
AR/4/1805 - 1807 Domellick
AR/4/1808 - 1862 Roseworthy
AR/4/1863 - 1948 Tregenna
AR/4/1949 - 1965 Tregorrick
AR/4/1966 - 1992 Tresithney
AR/4/1993 - 2009 Newland Preeze
Devon
AR/4/2010 - 2011 Morchard Arundell
AR/4/2012 - 2016 Uton Arundell
AR/4/2017 Gratton
AR/4/2018 - 2034 Loddiswell
AR/4/2035 - 2036 Luscott
AR/4/2037 Clayhidon
AR/4/2038 - 2039 Dunterton
AR/4/2040 Harpford
AR/4/2041 - 2072 Hartland
AR/4/2073 - 2074 Ilsington
AR/4/2075 - 2076 Kingskerswell
AR/4/2077 - 2080 Matford
AR/4/2081 Whiteheathfield
AR/4/2082 - 2083 Woodhuish
Dorset
AR/4/2084/1 Buckhorn Weston
AR/4/2084/2 Burcombe
AR/4/2085 - 2098 Chideock
AR/4/2099 - 2101 Fifehead Neville
AR/4/2102 - 2103 Hackeridge
AR/4/2104 - 2106 Hydes
AR/4/2107 - 2110 Winterbourne Houghton
Oxfordshire
AR/4/2111 Dornford
AR/4/2112 - 2113 Rousham
AR/4/2114 Steeple Aston
AR/4/2115 Wykham
Somerset
AR/4/2116 - 2119 Pitney Wern
Wiltshire
AR/4/2120 Stourton
Manorial affiliation unclear
AR/4/2121 - 2127 Cornwall
AR/4/2128 Berkshire
AR/4/2129 Dorset
Leases for more than one manor
AR/4/2130 - 2153 Cornwall
AR/4/2154 - 2158 Devon
AR/4/2159 Somerset
AR/4/2160 - 2176 Several counties
Leasehold property
AR/4/2177 - 2178 Carnanton
AR/4/2179 - 2180 Gwarnick
AR/5 LETTING SURVEYS AND CONTRACTS FOR LEASES
AR/5/1 - 3 Trelay
AR/5/4 - 7 Trembleath
AR/5/8 Mitchell
AR/5/9 - 34 Connerton
AR/5/35 - 41 Lanherne
AR/5/42 - 58 St Columb
AR/5/59 - 63 Carminow
AR/5/64 - 67 Kennall
AR/5/68 - 70 Winnington
AR/5/71 - 75 Truro Vean
AR/5/76 Prospidnick
AR/5/77 Pengwedna
AR/5/78 Reperry
AR/5/79 Enniscaven
AR/5/80 - 84 Bodbrane
AR/5/85 - 99 Lanhadron
AR/5/100 - 105 Bodwannick
AR/5/106 - 107 Perlees
AR/5/108 - 115 Cardinham
AR/5/116 - 118 Bejowan
AR/5/119 - 122 Roseworthy
AR/5/123 - 128 Tregenna
AR/5/129 Tregorrick
AR/5/130 Tresithney
AR/5/131 - 133 Newland Preeze
AR/5/134 Newlyn in Paul
AR/5/135 - 155 Several manors
(Cornwall and Chideock)
AR/6/1 - 20 SURVEYS AND VALUATIONS
AR/7/1 - 43 BONDS
AR/8 FINANCIAL RECORDS
AR/8/1 - 296 General - Cornwall and out-county
AR/8/297 - 303 Devon
AR/8/304 - 307 Several counties
AR/8/308 - 340 Annuities
AR/8/341 - 410 Bills
AR/8/411 - 527 Receipts
AR/9/1 - 8 MISCELLANEOUS ESTATE PAPERS
AR/10/1 - 867 ESTATE CORRESPONDENCE
AR/11 FARM RECORDS
AR/11/1 - 21 General
AR/11/22 - 65 Accounts and Financial Papers
AR/11/66 - 120 Bills and Receipts
AR/12 HOUSEHOLD RECORDS
AR/12/1 - 16 General
AR/12/17 - 24 Inventories
AR/12/25 - 49 Accounts and Financial Papers
AR/12/50 - 113 Bills and Receipts
AR/12/114 - 135 Lanherne Building Accounts and Bills
AR/13/1 - 16 RECORDS OF EMPLOYEES
AR/14 TIN AND MINING RECORDS
AR/14/1 - 54 General
AR/14/55 - 146 Accounts and Financial Papers
AR/14/147 - 190 Correspondence
AR/14/191 - 213 Ore Samples
AR/14/214 St Austell
AR/14/215 - 222 Breage
AR/14/223 - 226 St Columb Major
AR/14/227 - 231 St Columb Minor
AR/14/232 - 240 Crowan
AR/14/241 - 255 St Dennis
AR/14/256 - 257 St Eval
AR/14/258 - 259 Gunwalloe
AR/14/260 - 352 Gwennap
AR/14/353 - 407 Gwinear
AR/14/408 - 412 Gwithian
AR/14/413 St Ives
AR/14/414 - 424 Lanivet
AR/14/425 - 426 Lelant
AR/14/427 - 453 St Mewan (including Polgooth)
AR/14/454 Phillack
AR/14/455 - 464 Sithney
AR/14/465 - 466 Stithians
AR/15/1 - 204 RECORDS RELATING TO RIGHT OF WRECK
AR/16/1 - 64 ECCLESIASTICAL RECORDS
AR/17 LEGAL RECORDS
AR/17/1 - 62 General
AR/17/63 - 69 Bonds and releases
AR/17/70 - 232 Legal cases
AR/18/1 - 20 MAPS AND PLANS
FAMILY PAPERS
AR/19/1 - 81 MARRIAGE, JOINTURE AND DOWRY
AR/20/1 - 71 FAMILY TRUSTS
AR/21/1 - 65 PROBATE
AR/22/1 - 46 PUBLIC OFFICE
AR/23/1 - 10 ROYAL PARDONS AND LICENCES
AR/24/1 - 35 ARUNDELLS IN ADMINISTRATIVE ROLES
AR/25/1 - 141 PERSONAL CORRESPONDENCE
AR/26/1 - 35 PERSONAL FINANCIAL PAPERS
AR/27/1 - 18 RELIGION
AR/28/1 - 42 RECUSANCY
AR/29/1 - 37 GENEALOGY
AR/30/1 - 17 MISCELLANEOUS FAMILY PAPERS
RECORDS OF OTHER FAMILIES
AR/31/1 - 2 ARCHES
AR/32/1 - 12 ARUNDELL OF TRERICE
AR/33/1 - 15 BELLINGS
AR/34/1 - 12 BERE
AR/35/1 - 2 CARMINOW
AR/36/1 - 6 CHIDEOCK
AR/37/1 - 61 DINHAM
AR/37/1 - 23 General
AR/37/24 - 29 Marriage
AR/37/30 - 31 Probate
AR/37/32 - 34 Inventories
AR/37/35 - 36 Household Accounts
AR/37/37 - 58 Travel Accounts
AR/37/59 - 61 Personal Correspondence
AR/38/1 - 3 FITZPAYNE
AR/39/1 - 2 FITZWARYN
AR/40/1 - 9 GIFFORD
AR/41/1 - 11 LAMBOURN
AR/42/1 - 5 LANHADRON
AR/43 PETRE
AR/44 PHILPOTT
AR/45 ROCHE
AR/46/1 - 13 SOOR
AR/47/1 - 2 STOURTON
AR/48/1 - 10 PRINTED AND PICTORIAL MATERIAL
AR/49/1 - 12 HISTORY OF THE ARCHIVE
AR/50/1 - 17 MISCELLANEOUS

Administrative history:
The Arundell Family
A.L. Rowse described the Arundells as 'the richest and best-beloved of all Cornish families' (Tudor Cornwall, p. 16.) in Tudor times. From small beginnings in the early 1200s, when their only possession was the manor of Treloy in St Columb Major parish, they reached the height of their wealth and influence in the late sixteenth century with twenty-eight manors in Cornwall as well as manors and other properties in Devon, Dorset, Gloucestershire, Somerset and Wiltshire, the greatest extent of their land-holdings.
The earliest record of an Arundell in Cornwall is in 1131 in the Pipe Roll but no connection can be demonstrated between that individual and the later Arundells of Lanherne. An Arundell occurs in Dorset and Somerset in Domesday Book and there are also instances of the name in Devon in the Middle Ages but again there is no evidence to link these people with the Cornish Arundells. The Devonshire manors of Morchard Arundell and Uton Arundell received their affixes from their ownership by the Cornish family.
The Arundells extended their land-holdings and rose to prominence through a series of good marriages to wealthy heiresses. Some of their property was purchased but the majority was acquired in this way from the mid-thirteenth century to the late 1500s. Between these dates the Arundells were active locally and nationally. Ralph Arundell was sheriff of Cornwall in 1259-60 and John Arundell became Bishop of Exeter in 1502. Sir John Arundell fought for Henry VI at the Battle of Tewkesbury in 1471 and his grandson was one of those appointed to put down the Cornish rebellion of 1497-8. Two Arundells served as stewards of the Duchy of Cornwall in the sixteenth century and Arundells led Royalist troops during the Civil War. Branches of the family were established at Trerice and Tolverne by younger sons in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. The influence of the Arundells declined after the Reformation, when their staunch adherence to Catholicism made them ineligible for public office, but they remained prominent in Cornwall as long as they retained their lands there.
The direct male line of the family died out in 1701, the estates being inherited by an heiress and then in 1739 passing to the Wardour Arundells on the marriage of Mary Arundell to her distant cousin Henry Arundell, later seventh Baron of Wardour. From the late seventeenth century the family had ceased to live permanently in Cornwall and when financial problems struck the Cornish estates were at first heavily mortgaged and then, in the late 18th century, began to be sold.
The following is an account of the direct descent of the family, noting the additions of land to the estate. The evidence for the 14th century is not very clear and there may have been another John Arundell at that time.
Remfrey Arundell I; floruit 1230-50; in possession of Treloy manor in circa 1230; possibly married to Maud.
Ralph Arundell son of Remfrey; sheriff in 1259-60; took possession of Restormel Castle on behalf of Thomas de Tracy in July 1265; married Eve de la Roche in 1242 x 1245 and was given Trembleath manor by Eve's father Sir Richard de la Roche (Rupe) in circa 1255 [Trembleath became the family's principal residence in the later thirteenth and the fourteenth centuries]; purchased Mitchell manor in circa 1270; died Aug 1275 x Feb 1276.
Remfrey Arundell II son of Ralph [?; the sole evidence that he was Ralph's son is that Odo his brother and executor in 1281 was son of Eve]; married in 1265 x 1268 Alice de Lanhern the heiress to Connerton manor, the Hundred of Penwith, Lanherne manor, land in St Columb Major and, in Devon, the manors of Morchard Arundell and Uton Arundell; died 1278 x 1281. Alice remarried in 1285-6 to John de Umfraville and consequently Alice's inheritance did not revert to the Arundells until after her death, in 1302 x 1311, and that of her second husband, in 1311 x 1322.
John Arundell I son of Remfrey II; asserted his title to a market and fair at Mitchell in 1302 (Quo Warranto, p.109b); married Joan, daughter and heiress of Ralph le Soor (this marriage resulted in the Arundells acquiring the manors of Prospidnick and Tolverne in the early 15th century); died 1306 x 1309.
John Arundell II son of John I; inherited lands of Alice de Lanherne in 1311 x 1322; knighted by July 1334; died ?
John Arundell III son of John II; born not before 1288; in 1334 married Elizabeth Carminow (this marriage resulted in the Arundells acquiring the Carminow inheritance over sixty years later); knighted by 1371; married Isabel daughter of Sir Thomas de Molton by 1371; died Oct 1374 x Feb 1376.
John Arundell IV son of John III ?; known as Sir John Arundell of Treloy; married Joan Luscott in 1362 x 1367 which brought to the Arundells (after the deaths of Joan and her second husband Sir William Lambourn in 1397 x 1407) the Devonshire manors of Battishorne, Darracott, Gratton, Loddiswell, Ideford, and Spreacombe and land in Buckland Dinham and Luscott; died 1372 x 1376, predeceasing his father.
John Arundell V son of John IV (his elder brother Ralph died a minor in 1382-3); born circa 1366; inherited manors of Carminow, Kennall and Winnington and advowsons of Philleigh and Whitstone in 1396 as a result of his grandfather's marriage in 1334; knighted in 1399; by 1407 had inherited property in Devon from his mother Joan Luscott; served in navy 1418-19; married Annora Lambourn which brought to the Arundells the manors of Goran, Lambourn, Lanhadron, Penwerris and Tregarne Condurrow; died 11th January 1435.
John Arundell VI son of John Arundell 'of Bideford' who died circa 1424 and grandson of John V; born circa 1421; married by April 1446 to Elizabeth daughter of Thomas, Earl of Morley; married in 1451 Katherine Chideock, the widow of William Stafford, which brought to the family (after death without issue in 1469 of Katherine's son Humphrey Stafford) extensive lands in Dorset, Gloucestershire, Somerset and Wiltshire; knighted between December 1464 and November 1465; had purchased lands in Carvedras held of Newham manor by 1467 68; purchased Perlees manor in circa 1470; fought for King Henry VI at the Battle of Tewkesbury in May 1471; died between July 1471 and December 1473.
Thomas Arundell son of John VI; born circa 1452; married in 1473 Katherine Dinham which brought to the Arundells in 1501 (on the death of Katherine's brother John, Lord Dinham) a quarter-share in the Cornish manors of Bodardle, Cardinham, Downinney and Gurlyn as well as in manors in Devon, Somerset, Oxfordshire and elsewhere; knighted in 1483; attainted in 1484 for rebelling against King Richard III; died 1st October 1485.
John Arundell VII son of Thomas Arundell; born circa 1474; appointed to put down Cornish revolt of 1497; acquired Dinham inheritance in 1501; knighted by 1501; married Elizabeth daughter of Thomas Grey, Marquis of Dorset, who died between February 1502 and December 1503 [AR/20/36 and AR/27/4]; in 1506 married Katherine Graynfeld; his son Thomas (died 1552) purchased Wardour Castle in Wiltshire and founded a junior branch of the family there; died 8th February 1545.
John Arundell VIII son of John VII; born circa 1500; married Elizabeth Danet in 1525; died 7th November 1557.
John Arundell IX son of John VIII; born circa 1530; married, by August 1560, Ann, widow of Charles Lord Stourton and daughter of Thomas Stanley, Earl of Derby; knighted between 1565 and 1567; in December 1575 purchased from the Earl of Oxford the Cornish manors of Bejowan, Domellick, Roseworthy, Tregenna, Tregorrick and Tresithney; in 1587 purchased the manor of Newland Preeze; died 17th November 1590.
John Arundell X son of John IX; born circa 1563; not knighted; in 1587 married Ann Jernegan; died 22 July 1633.
John Arundell XI son of John X; born post 1591; married Elizabeth Brock; died 1642.
John Arundell XII son of John XI; born circa 1623; knighted between 1642 and 1671; married firstly Elizabeth Roper, daughter of Lord Teynham, and then Anna Arundell of Trerice (by 1679: AR/25/36); died 13 October 1701.
Frances Arundell daughter of John XII and Elizabeth Roper; born 1651; in 1671 married Sir Richard Bellings (died 30 October 1716); died 1714.
Richard Bellings Arundell son of Frances and Richard Bellings (his elder brother Charles died in 1710); born ?; took Arundell as his surname in accordance with his grandfather's will (AR/21/42/1); in 1704 married Ann Gage (died 25 August 1718); died February 1725.
Frances Arundell daughter of Richard Bellings Arundell; born circa 1704; in 1733 married Sir John Gifford (died 1736); no children; died 8 February 1752.
Mary Arundell sister of Frances and daughter of Richard Bellings Arundell; born ? [a minor at time of her father's death]; in 1739 married Henry Arundell, later the seventh Lord Arundell of Wardour (1717 - 1756); died 1769.
Henry, eighth Lord Arundell of Wardour, son of Mary and Henry Arundell; born 1740; married Mary Conquest; inherited Lanherne estates from his mother and Wardour estates from his father; died 1808.
Arundell family tree available at Cornwall Record Office
Families Connected with the Arundells
Arches
See under Dinham.
Arundell of Trerice
This was a junior branch of the Arundells of Lanherne which appears to have been established in the fourteenth century, probably by a younger son. According to Carew's Survey of Cornwall a Ralph Arundell married Jane/Joan, the daughter of Michael Trerise, during the reign of Edward III. Compare Public Record Office JUST I/1476, mem.73 dorse, July 1367 in which the defendants include Ralph Arundell of Treres and Joan his wife. AR/1/104 is a grant from Sir John Arundell to Ralph Arundell of Trerys in 1358. This Ralph died between July and November 1369 (AR/1/241; AR/32/1 and AR/1/846), and had at least two sons, Nicholas (AR/41/6) and Thomas (AR/41/5), and a daughter Joan (AR/32/1). There is no record of the split in the Lanherne archive and unfortunately the archive of the Arundells of Trerice has disappeared virtually without trace.
In 1664 Richard Arundell was created Baron Arundell of Trerice. The title became extinct in 1773 on the death without issue of his great-grandson John.
John Arundell XII married Anna/Anne Arundell of Trerice as his second wife. She had previously been married to a Trevanion and AR/17/118-125 concern provision made for her children by this marriage.
Bellings
In 1671 Frances Arundell, the daughter and heiress of the last Sir John Arundell, married Sir Richard Bellings, son of the Irish historian Richard Bellings. They had at least four children: Charles who died in 1710, Richard who became the heir and assumed the name Arundell in accordance with his grandfather's will (he is usually referred to as Richard Bellings Arundell), John who survived Richard and married Mary Compton, and Mary who became Lady Hales. Lady Frances Bellings died in 1714 and Sir Richard in 1716.
The estates of the Bellings included much land in Ireland and there is correspondence in the archive relating to this. Sir Richard was Comptroller of the Household of Queen Catherine of Braganza, wife of Charles II, apparently from the time of her marriage in 1662 until her death in 1705. In October 1662 he went to Rome to deliver letters to the Pope and leading cardinals concerning the condition of Portugal. The archive contains records of this office.
Bere
The Bere family lived in St Ervan and two members, George Bere senior and junior, served consecutively as steward of the Arundell estates in Cornwall in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. It is unclear at what date George Bere junior succeeded his father. He had probably done so by 1698 at which date George Bere senior was still alive as his son is referred to as 'the younger' (AR/34/7). George Bere junior died in 1720 (AR/34/12; cf. AR/50/11) having served four generations of the Arundells. The bulk of the estate correspondence from the late 1600s until 1720 is either to or from him. This estate correspondence, includes letters to and from other members of the Bere family in London and Devon (See note to AR/10 under The Arrangement of the Archive).
Trerovell in St Ervan came into the hands of the Bere family as early as 1284 (Cornwall Feet of Fines, I, no. 289; AR/1/951) and the Trerovell deeds in the archive (AR/1/949 - 960) seem to be present because of the 17th - 18th century connection between the Beres and the Arundells. There is no evidence that Trerovell was ever an Arundell property. Similarly there are several 18th century documents about lands in Newlyn in Paul, often connected with the Beres, although there are also instances of the Arundells receiving rent from these properties. It is possible that the Arundells bought these tenements from the Beres or administered them on their behalf for a short while.
Cardinham
See under Dinham.
Carminow
On 21st February 1396 the heiress Joan Carminow died, a minor aged 10 or 11 (Cal. Ipms, XVII, 241-42, no. 615). She was the last of the main line of the Carminows although junior branches of the family continued through until at least the mid-seventeenth century. As a result of her death the Carminow estates were split between the Arundells of Lanherne and the Trevarthians of Trevarthian in St Hilary. The archive contains two copies of the deed dividing the estates, a calendar-entry of which is also in print (AR/1/192; Public Record Office Catalogue of Ancient Deeds IV, A. 10409). In the case of the Arundells this occurred as a result of a marriage more than 60 years earlier between Elizabeth de Carminow (sister of Joan's great-grandfather Roger de Carminow) and John Arundell III (grandfather of John Arundell V who inherited the lands in 1396); in John Trevarthian's case, his father had married Maud, sister to Elizabeth and Roger.
Chideock
In 1451 John Arundell VI married, as his second wife, Katherine Chideock of Chideock in Dorset. She and her sister Margaret were coheiresses of their father John Chideock who died in 1444 x 1450. Katherine's first marriage, to William Stafford, had produced a son, Humphrey, who would have expected to inherit her lands. Humphrey was created earl of Devon by King Edward IV in 1469 (and so was on the opposing side to the Arundells in the Wars of the Roses, for they were Lancastrians) and died three months later without issue. The Arundells thus acquired Katherine's inheritance of estates in Dorset, Somerset, Wiltshire and Gloucestershire (See AR/2/1229). Katherine died in 1478 x 1480.
Dinham
In about 1473 Thomas Arundell married Katherine Dinham, sister of John Lord Dinham. The Dinhams were very prominent and wealthy in Devon, with extensive lands in the south-west and further afield, although Thomas Arundell cannot have expected to inherit much, if anything, as Katherine was one of nine children. Remarkably, all four brothers died without living issue, John Lord Dinham himself being the last in January 1501, and the Dinham estates were inherited by the four surviving sisters or their heirs. In addition to Sir John Arundell, son and heir of Katherine and Thomas Arundell, these were: Margery, wife of Sir Edmund Carew of Mohun's Ottery, son and heir of Nicholas, Baron Carew; Elizabeth Lady Fitzwarin, later to marry Sir Thomas Brandon as her third husband; and Joan Lady Zouche, wife of John Lord Zouche.
The Dinham lands were not split between the four coheirs but continued to be run as a single estate, known as 'Dinham's Lands', with the yearly revenue being divided. This arrangement was still in operation in 1566 when a survey of the lands was drawn up for Henry Compton, by then one of the coheirs (Devon Record Office, Z17/3/19; microfilm no. MFC 70/1-7; copy of the microfilm in Cornwall Record Office, FS 4/1).
In addition to their share in the estate the Arundells seem to have acquired a considerable proportion of the Dinham family archive. The history of the Dinham family went back to the first half of the twelfth century in Devon and well before that in Brittany. It is well treated by Michael Jones, The Family of Dinan in England in the Middle Ages: La famille de Dinan en Angleterre au Moyen Age (Dinan, 1987), but three of their acquisitions and kindred families will be briefly noted here since documents connected with them appear in the archive.
(a) In 1268 the great Cornish heiress Isolda de Cardinan set about giving away her lands, presumably in the knowledge that she would die without heirs, and settled upon three main beneficiaries. Henry Champernowne received some estates, primarily Ludgvan and the secular manor of Tywardreath (AR/37/2), Richard Earl of Cornwall's portion included Restormel Castle and the Dinhams acquired the manors of Bodardle, Cardinham and Downinney. The Dinhams also received a few deeds concerning Tywardreath Priory which had been granted much property by Isolda's family. The reasons for Isolda's choice of beneficiaries are unknown: there is no evidence for any kinship between the Cardinhams and Dinhams, both of which had existed independently long before the bequest.
(b) Joyce de Dinham (died 1301) married, before April 1292, Margaret de Hydon who brought to the Dinhams the manors of Clayhidon and Hemyock in Devon. Joyce de Dinham died aged only 28 and his widow remarried, first to Sir Gilbert de Knoville, who died before 1313 (AR/1/876), and then to Peter de Uvedale (AR/1/548). Margaret was widowed for the third time by May 1337 but lived to May 1357 still using the Dinham seal (eg. AR/1/639).
Margaret de Hydon acquired from her second husband, Gilbert de Knoville, a life interest in the Devonshire manors of Battishorne, Ideford and Loddiswell, manors which the Arundells later inherited from the Luscotts (Joan Luscott was a coheir of Gilbert de Knoville). Some deeds connected with these properties probably entered the archive through the Dinhams in 1501 rather than through the Luscotts in circa 1400 (AR/1/548 concerns Battishorne; AR/1/553 was executed at Loddiswell and AR/1/1038-9 at Ideford).
(c) John Dinham (c.1406-58), father of the nine men and women who formed the last generation of the Dinhams, married Joan Arches of Oxfordshire. She outlived her husband by nearly forty years, dying in 1497, only four years before her last son, John Lord Dinham. Joan brought to the family lands in Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire, a share in which later came from the Dinhams to the Arundells, although they do not seem to have been reckoned part of 'Dinham's lands' and do not appear in the 1566 survey. The Dinhams had already possessed lands in those areas from at least the fourteenth century. The Arundells retained an interest in some of these places although their quarter-shares in others were sold in a tidy-up of the estates in 1576 (AR/1/711, AR/1/713-717, AR/1/837-838).
Fitzpayne
Isabella, daughter of Robert Fitzpayne (or 'son of Pagan'), married Sir John Chideock (died 1365-66) and thus brought the Fitzpayne lands and documents to the Chideock family and thence to the Arundells. The 'de Wudetune' family, who also appear in the archive, were ancestors of the Fitzpaynes.
Fitzwaryn
There are two possible sources for documents about the Fitzwaryn family in the archive. Sir John Chideock (died 1415-16) married Eleanor Fitzwaryn (AR/39/2), and the Fitzwaryns had connections with various Chideock lands in Somerset and perhaps Dorset in the 14th century. In the fifteenth century one of the Dinham coheirs, Elizabeth (died 1516), had married Fouke Bourchier, Lord Fitzwaryn (died 1479), as one of her husbands. Therefore documents referring to the Fitzwaryn family could have entered the archive via the Chideocks or via the Dinhams.
Gifford
In 1733 Frances Arundell, eldest daughter of Richard Bellings Arundell, married Sir John Gifford of Burstall in Leicestershire. They had no children; Sir John died in 1736 and Lady Frances in 1752. The Gifford estate included lands in Leicestershire, Cambridgeshire, Kent, Essex and possibly in Italy, much of which was bequeathed to Sir John's sister, Mary Anne Gifford.
Hydon
See under Dinham.
Lambourn
The connections between the Arundells and the Lambourn family are somewhat involved. Sir William Lambourn first married Joan Lanhadron (by October 1374, AR/1/261) and then married Joan Luscott, widow of Sir John Arundell IV (died 1376), by July 1394 (AR/17/1-2). His daughter by his first wife, Annora Lambourn, married John Arundell V and brought to the Arundells the Lambourn and Lanhadron lands. Sir William Lambourn was still alive in 1398 (AR/4/312).
Lanhadron
The Lanhadron heiress Joan, daughter of John Lanhadron and his wife Amity, married William Lambourn (See Lambourn above). Their daughter Annora married John Arundell V and brought to the Arundells the manors of Lanhadron and Goran inherited from her mother. Joan Lanhadron may have died by July 1391 and had certainly done so by July 1394.
Lanherne
In 1265 x 1268 Remfrey Arundell II married Alice, daughter and coheiress of John de Lanhern who had died by November 1256 (It is unclear what happened to Alice's sister Margery). Alice inherited from her father Lanherne manor and probably the Devon manors of Morchard [Arundell] and Uton [Arundell], all held of the Bishop of Exeter, and from her mother Margery Pincerna (See Pincerna below) the manor of Connerton and Hundred of Penwith. Remfrey had died by 1281 and Alice married in 1284 x 1286 John de Umfraville of Devon, retaining her inheritance. It was not until after the deaths of Alice (between 1302 and 1311) and John de Umfraville (between 1311 and 1322) that these lands reverted to the Arundells.
Luscott
Sir John Arundell IV married before November 1367 Joan Luscott (born July 1353), the daughter of William Luscott and his first wife, Alice. They had at least two sons, the second one, John, eventually becoming the heir (Cal.Ipms, XVI, no. 507). Joan brought with her lands in Devon including the manors of Battishorne, Ideford and Loddiswell. She was apparently one of three coheiresses and there were later lawsuits to sort out the estates (AR/16/7, 17/70, 17/72-73, 41/10).
After John Arundell IV died, predeceasing his father, Joan remained in possession of her inheritance, residing at Lanherne and Loddiswell. Both her sons were still minors. By July 1394 Joan was remarried, to Sir William Lambourn (See Lambourn above), taking her inheritance with her and it was not until after the deaths of Joan and Sir William (after 1398 and before September 1407, and possibly before 1401; AR/4/312, AR/20/16-17 and AR/17/70) that the lands reverted to Joan's son, John Arundell V.
Pincerna
In circa 1240 Margery Pincerna married John de Lanhern (See Lanherne above) bringing with her Welcombe in Devon as a gift from her father, Richard. She later inherited from him the manor of Connerton and Hundred of Penwith which her daughter Alice took on marriage to the Arundells. Margery was still alive in August 1260 (Register of Bishop Bronescombe, 52 and 162).
Roche
In 1242 x 1245 Ralph Arundell married Eve de la Roche (or 'de Rupe'), daughter of Richard and Agnes de la Roche, and in circa 1255 they were granted the manors of Trembleath and Tredrizzick by Eve's father. Richard de la Roche was still alive in 1262 (Feet of Fines 183) and his widow Agnes was still alive in 1283 (AR/45).
Robert de la Roche, son and heir of Richard and brother of Eve, was knighted between 1262 and 1283 (AR/1/72 and AR/45) and was still alive in circa 1300 (AR/1/100).
The Roche family is sometimes called Tremoddrett, from their residence at Tremoddrett in Roche parish.
Soor
According to The Visitations of Cornwall, edited by Lieutenant-Colonel J. L. Vivian (The Visitations of Cornwall, p.2) John Arundell I married Joan, daughter of Ralph le Soor, in circa 1290. As a result of this marriage the Arundells inherited the manors of Prospidnick and Tolverne after the death of Ralph Soor in 1409 x 1417. Bodwannick was also a Soor manor but seems to have gone to the Colyns family before being acquired by the Arundells by the year 1464.
Stourton
The Arundells had two connections with the Stourtons. In the 15th century Margaret Chideock, the sister and coheir of the Katherine Chideock who married John Arundell VI, married Sir William Stourton. In the 16th century Sir John Arundell IX married (by August 1560) Ann, the daughter of Thomas Stanley, Earl of Derby, and the widow of Charles Lord Stourton who was executed in 1557.
The Arundell Estate
At its greatest extent the Arundell estate contained areas of land scattered throughout Cornwall but was particularly strong in the centre and west of the county. The tenements of the earliest holdings, the manors of Treloy and Trembleath, were concentrated in the parishes along the central northern coast and the Arundell presence in this area was strengthened by the acquisition of Mitchell, Lanherne and St Columb. The inheritance of Connerton manor and the Hundred of Penwith, the only Cornish hundred in private hands, brought pre-eminent influence in the west of the county. The Carminow inheritance delivered to the Arundells property in areas which were to become important for tin-mining. Influence in the south and centre of the county was increased by the Lambourn and Dinham inheritances and confirmed by the purchase of the Earl of Oxford manors and of Newland Preeze. Mitchell was the only Cornish borough held by the Arundells; St Columb never obtained formal borough status although it had many of the attributes of a medieval borough and is sometimes so termed.
The Arundell property in Devon was concentrated in the east of the county and the north-west, with the isolated manors of Loddiswell and Langford Lester in the south west and Dunterton on the border with Cornwall. As part of their Dinham inheritance the Arundells held a quarter share in the manor, borough and hundred of Hartland.
The eighteen Dorset manors, all inherited from the Chideocks, were in the east and north of the county apart from Winterbourne Houghton in the centre. The manor of Chideock became the second seat of the Arundell family after Lanherne.
In Somerset the Arundell manors were in the south except for Buckland Dinham in the west. The family also owned manors, or shares in manors, in Buckinghamshire, Gloucestershire, Leicestershire, Oxfordshire, Surrey, Warwickshire and Wiltshire.
The following notes give for each manor: the dates when acquired by the Arundells and when sold by them; the parishes where the manorial centre and other tenements were located; any points of note about the manor and individual tenements, particularly those acquired or lost at a different date from the main manor. The manors are listed by county in the order of their acquisition by the Arundells.
Cornwall
Manor of Treloy: appears in possession of Arundells in early thirteenth century, held indirectly of Bodmin Priory to which it had belonged since before 1066. Tenements sold off piecemeal in late 18th century.
Manorial centre was in St Columb Minor; tenements also in St Allen, St Columb Major, Crantock, Cuby, Kea, Kenwyn, Mawgan in Pydar, St Minver and Perranzabuloe.
The manorial affiliation of Bohago in Cuby is unclear and it has been placed under Treloy because of its close association with Gargas in Cuby which was a free tenement of Treloy.
Penpoll in Crantock was a initially a sub-manor of Treloy, having its own manorial account in the 1390s, but was later treated as a tenement of Treloy. In the catalogue Penpoll's tenements of Mingham and Treviglas have been treated as tenements of Treloy.
Penryn in St Gluvias was partly acquired by gift in 1412 and partly through the Lambourn inheritance in circa 1435.
Treglyn (or possibly Treglines) in St Minver was acquired by gift of Roger de Trewelwart in circa 1260 and held of Blisland manor as a tenement of Treloy.
Trelease in Kea was acquired in 1501 and held of Treloy from the late sixteenth century.
Treninnick in St Columb Minor was acquired in circa 1255 and held as a free tenement of Treloy although one document shows it being held of Lanherne manor (AR/1/111).
Treworder in Kenwyn was granted to the Arundells by Richard Nevill in 1467 and held as a free tenement of Treloy.
Manor of Trembleath: given to the Arundells in circa 1255 by Sir Richard de Roche following the marriage of his daughter Eve to Ralph Arundell. Some tenements sold in late 18th century; remainder of manor sold to Francis Cross of Crediton, Devon, in early 19th century. Trembleath was the principal residence of the Arundells in the later thirteenth and fourteenth centuries until they moved to Lanherne.
Manorial centre was in St Ervan; tenements also in St Columb Minor, Crantock, Egloshayle, St Eval, St Kew, St Merryn, St Minver and Roche.
A tenement in St Ervan churchtown was purchased from John Corffe in 1597 and held as a tenement of Trembleath.
The manor of Lemail in Egloshayle was acquired in Circa 1260 by grant from Gilbert de Foresta and held as a free tenement of Trembleath. Tredrizzick in St Minver, which was given to the Arundells at the same time as Trembleath, was initially called a manor although later found as a free tenement of Trembleath.
Manor of Mitchell: purchased from Peter de Ralegh in circa 1270; sold in March 1775 to the Scawens of Carshalton, Surrey. In 1239 Mitchell had been granted a yearly fair and weekly market by royal charter and by 1305 it was being termed a borough (burgus). In 1552 Mitchell acquired parliamentary representation. There are Mitchell documents dating from the 13th century to 1641 at Gloucestershire Record Office: D.421/A2/1-25.
Manorial centre was in St Enoder; tenements also in Newlyn East.
Manor of Connerton and the Hundred of Penwith: came into the lordship of the Arundells in circa 1320 as a result of the marriage of Remfrey Arundell to Alice de Lanherne in circa 1268. Alice had inherited Connerton and Penwith from her mother Margaret Pincerna and they reverted to the Arundell line after the deaths of Alice and her second husband John Umfraville. Sold in 1813 to Sir Christopher Hawkins.
Manorial centre was in Gwithian; tenements also in Crowan, Gulval, Gwinear, St Ives, Lelant, Phillack and Welcombe parish in Devon. Lordship of the Hundred of Penwith (the only Cornish hundred in private hands) gave the Arundells the rights to try certain cases of trespass, trespass on the law, debt and detinue, to appoint a jailor for the detention of persons apprehended, to receive high-rent from the lords of the principal manors and to claim the regalia of the navigable rivers and havens, the profits of the royal gold and silver mines, and all wrecks, escheats, deodands, treasure trove, waifs, estrays, goods of felons and droits of admiralty happening within the hundred.
Penpoll in Phillack was a sub-manor of Connerton and had its own accounts for one year. It was occasionally termed a manor and its tenements included Hendra and Rinsey in Breage.
Land at Welcombe in Hartland hundred, Devon, had been granted to Margaret Pincerna at her marriage to John de Lanherne in circa 1240. This holding was later held of Connerton manor, anomalously but for understandable reasons.
Manor of Lanherne: came into the lordship of the Arundells in circa 1320 as a result of the marriage of Remfrey Arundell to Alice de Lanherne in circa 1268 (See Manor of Connerton above). Tenements sold off piecemeal from mid 17th century and manor sold in 1803 but Lanherne mansion house granted to Carmelite nuns in 1794 and some tenements still owned by Arundells at very end of 19th century.
Manorial centre in St Mawgan in Pydar; tenements also in St Columb Major, St Columb Minor and St Eval.
Land at Carlogas and Gilton was purchased from John Hawkyn in 1586 and held of the royal manor of Carnanton.
Land near Carnanton Mill was acquired in 1581 from William Kellway and a tenement of Carnanton manor (a royal manor) was held of Lanherne later in the sixteenth century. These holdings appear to be separate from the farm of Carnanton manor which the Arundells leased in the sixtenth century.
Land in St Columb Major was at first reckoned as part of Lanherne Manor until St Columb became a manor in its own right in the mid 14th century. Even after St Columb was termed a manor, however, there are instances of tenements in St Columb town being held of Lanherne. Gluvian was purchased from Nicholas Flamanck in 1600.
Manor of St Columb: originally reckoned as part of Lanherne manor, first termed a manor in its own right in 1333 although there are still references to the 'manor' of Lanherne and St Columb in the mid 15th century. Sold to Thomas Rawlings of Padstow in circa 1806. The Arundells never obtained formal borough status for St Columb although it had many of the attributes of a medieval borough and is sometimes so termed (eg. AR/2/181 c.8).
Manorial centre and all tenements were in St Columb Major, the majority in St Columb town.
Manor of Carminow: came into the lordship of the Arundells in 1396 as a result of the marriage in 1334 of John Arundell to Elizabeth Carminow; sold to John Rogers of Penrose in 1801 (Cornwall Record Office, AD 1060/15). Manorial centre was in St Mawgan in Meneage; tenements also in Breage, Constantine, Cury, Gunwalloe, Helston town.
The advowsons of the churches of Whitstone and Philleigh were part of the Carminow inheritance and thus glebe land in those places was administered as part of Carminow manor.
Treloweth Wood in St Mewan was part of the Carminow inheritance and is often associated with other tenements of Carminow manor although its manorial affiliation, if any, is unclear.
Manor of Kennall: came into the lordship of the Arundells in 1396 as part of the Carminow inheritance (See Carminow manor above); sold in 1800 to the Bath brothers and then to the Williams.
Manorial centre and all tenements were in Stithians.
Manor of Winnington: came into the lordship of the Arundells in 1396 as part of the Carminow inheritance (See Carminow manor above); sold to John Rogers of Penrose in 1801 (Cornwall Record Office, AD 1060/15).
Manorial centre was in Gunwalloe; tenements also in Grade and Ruan Major.
Manor of Truro Vean: acquired, probably by purchase, by 1407; tenements sold off from 1783 to 1803, Truro Vean itself being bought by Joseph Edwards of Kenwyn (Cornwall Record Office, SHM 526/1, 2).
By 1451 Truro Vean was being termed a manor.
Manorial centre was in St Clement; tenements also in Kenwyn and Truro town, and possibly St Columb Major.
Tregatillian in St Columb Major is listed as a tenement of Truro Vean in 1499 (AR/2/1340) but is also found as a tenement of Perlees and Trevean manors.
The Arundells held other land in Truro which was not part of Truro Vean manor (see Carvedras) and in medieval documents the manorial affiliation of some tenements is unclear. There seems to have been some rationalisation of administration in the post-medieval period - Newham Street, which was a conventionary tenement of Treloy manor in 1460 (AR/2/1337/3), was being treated as a tenement of Truro Vean manor by the mid 17th century.
Manor of Prospidnick: came into the lordship of the Arundells in 1409 x 1417 as a result of the marriage in the late 13th century of John Arundell I and Joan le Soor; sold in late 18th century to Christopher Wallis.
Manorial centre in Sithney; tenements also in Constantine and Helston town.
Prospidnick (along with the manors of Bodbrane, Pengwedna and Reperry) was made part of the endowment for the Arundell Chantry established in St Columb Major in 1427 and consequently appears little in the early documentation.
Manor of Tolverne: came into the lordship of the Arundells in 1409 x 1417 as part of the Soor inheritance (See Prospidnick manor above); in 1427 Sir John Arundell gave Tolverne to his second son Thomas who founded there the line of the Arundells of Tolverne. Tolverne was attacked by Yorkists in 1474, the Arundells being Lancastrians. The family became impoverished and in 1598 sold Tolverne, moving to Truthall in Sithney. Tolverne has been a farm ever since.
Manorial centre in Philleigh; tenements also in St Just in Roseland and Veryan.
Manor of Pengwedna: purchased [?] by 1433-4; sold in the late 18th century to ?
Manorial centre and all tenements in Breage.
Pengwedna (along with the manors of Bodbrane, Prospidnick and Reperry) was made part of the endowment for the Arundell Chantry established in St Columb Major in 1427 and consequently appears little in the early documentation.
Manor of Reperry: purchased [?] by 1433-4; sold in late 18th century to E.J. Glynn, esquire.
Manorial centre in Lanivet; tenements also in Bodmin town, St Columb Major, St Issey, St Wenn and Withiel.
Reperry (along with the manors of Bodbrane, Pengwedna and Prospidnick) was made part of the endowment for the Arundell Chantry established in St Columb Major in 1427 and consequently appears little in the early documentation.
Manor of Enniscaven: purchased [?] by 1433-4; sold in the late 18th century/early 19th century to Thomas Rawlings.
Manorial centre and all tenements in St Dennis.
Manor of Bodbrane: purchased from John Billon [?] by 1433-4 (in the Trelawny deeds, now at the Royal Institution of Cornwall, John Billon of Trethewell appears as lord of Bodbrane in 1398; in 1429 Sir John Arundell made an enfeoffment of Bodbrane tenements to several people including the reversion of a life interest acquired from Billon); sold to Joseph Grigg in late 18th century.
Manorial centre in Duloe; tenement also in Menheniot. Bodbrane (along with the manors of Pengwedna, Prospidnick and Reperry) was made part of the endowment for the Arundell Chantry established in St Columb Major in 1427 and consequently appears little in the early documentation.
Lands in Bodmin appear to have been held of Bodbrane manor (AR/2/1338/2).
Manor of Lambourn: acquired by 1431 through marriage of John Arundell V to Annora Lambourn; given by John Arundell V to his third son Remfrey (Lake) and then lost (together with Tregustick manor, q.v.) from the Arundells to Remfrey's son, Remfrey junior, and his mother Joan Nanfan after a law-suit in 1456-57 (AR/17/75-6, AR/20/21) Manorial centre in Perranzabuloe; tenements also in Redruth and possibly in Gwinear and Sithney.
Manor of Lanhadron: acquired by 1431 through marriage of John Arundell V to Annora Lambourn; sold off in parcels in the early 19th century, Lanhadron Barton being bought by the Reverend Henry Hawkins Tremayne in 1801.
Manorial centre in St Ewe; tenements also in Creed, Goran and St Mewan and possibly St Ervan.
Goran manor was associated with Lanhadron from circa 1290 and became Lanhadron's sub-manor in circa 1380. Goran and its tenements of Cotna, Menagwins and Penhale are treated here as tenements of Lanhadron.
Ninnis and Retanning may only have been acquired in 1685 (see AR/4/1444). They seem to have been short-term acquisitions as they do not appear on the 1717 rental (Royal Institution of Cornwall, Brooks 35).
Rescassa in Goran was acquired in 1459 from Ralph Tripcunyn in exchange for lands in St Columb Major.
Land and woods in Sticker in St Mewan were acquired in 1458 from Ralph Reskimmer. Property in Sticker had been a part of the Carminow estate which was inherited by the Trevarthians.
Treloweth manor in St Mewan was acquired in 1459 from Philip Kerow and treated as a tenement of Lanhadron.
Trelowith Wood was acquired in 1396 as part of the Carminow inheritance but was often associated with nearby Sticker Wood and came to be treated as a tenement of Lanhadron.
Trenouth in St Ervan was probably a late acquisition, as it does not appear in the medieval documents, and its manorial affiliation is unclear. The 1708 draft lease of Trenouth was originally kept with Lanhadron leases and endorsed 'Nansladron' (an alternative name for Lanhadron) in the 1930s doubtless due to confusion of 'Trenowith' with Trelowith in St Mewan.
Manor of Tregarne Condurrow: acquired by 1431 through marriage of John Arundell V to Annora Lambourn; sold in 1837 to the Lemon family. Manorial centre in St Keverne and St Anthony in Meneage (merger of the originally separate manors of Tregarne and Condurrow); tenements also in Manaccan and St Martin in Meneage.
Manor of Tregustick: lands at Tregustick acquired by 1322 (AR/4/183), held at first not as part of any manor but elevated to manorial status by 1442 (AR/2/888). Tregustick was given by John Arundell to his son Remfrey in 1421 (AR/19/2) and then allotted (together with Lambourn manor, q.v.) to Remfrey's son, Remfrey junior, and his mother Joan Nanfan after a law-suit in 1456-57 (AR/17/75-6, AR/20/21).
Manorial centre in Withiel; tenements also in St Wenn.
Manor of Bodwannick: acquired by 1464, although how is unclear. Bodwannick had belonged to the Soor family. On the death of the Ralph Soor in 1409 x 1417 it appears to have passed to the Colyns family and from them to the Arundells. Sold to E.J. Glynn, esquire, in the late 18th century.
Manorial centre in Lanivet; tenements also in Lanhydrock and possibly Bodmin.
Carvedras in Kenwyn (not a manor but lands held of Newham manor): acquired by 1458-9 when accounted separately from Truro Vean (AR/2/904); unclear when lost - last separate account is for 1474-5. These lands could not have been part of Truro Vean manor because that was carved out of Moresk manor in St Clement, not Newham manor based in Kenwyn.
Manor of Perlees: purchased between 1470 and 1499; sold to Thomas Rawlings, esquire, of Padstow in late 18th/early 19th century. It seems to be mere coincidence that Ralph Arundell was granted the homage and service of Philip de Penles for one and a half acres in Tregawne in circa 1260.
Manorial centre was in St Breock; tenements also in St Columb Major, St Ervan, St Eval, St Issey, St Merryn, Padstow, Little Petherick and possibly Cubert and Withiel.
Tregatillian in St Columb Major is listed as a tenement of Truro Vean manor in 1499 (AR/2/1340) but is also associated with Perlees. Its deeds and leases have been placed under Perlees. It is also found as a tenement of Trevean manor (q.v.).
Manor of Colquite: perhaps a temporary possession of the Arundells in the 1470s (AR/2/426, AR/2/448). Colquite was in the fee of Cardinham, however, and so the Dinhams may have held it briefly during the minority of an heir and been the source of the Colquite documents in the archive.
Manorial centre was in St Mabyn.
Manor of Bodardle: a quarter-share acquired by the Arundells in 1501 as a result of the marriage in 1473 of Thomas Arundell to Katherine Dinham (See Dinham family above); sold to the Earls of Radnor by 1687 and thence to the Agar-Robartes of Lanhydrock (See Cornwall Record Office, CL 109 - 115 for later Bodardle records).
Manorial centre and tenements were in Lanlivery.
Trinity Barton, for which there are accounts, must have been part of this manor.
Manor of Cardinham: a quarter-share was acquired by the Arundells in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Bodardle manor above); sold in 1800 to Edmund John Glynn, esquire.
Cardinham Fee (the group of manors held of Cardinham) was of extensive jurisdiction with holdings in Cornwall and Devon and the Arundells gradually increased their share in it. The Carews sold their quarter to the Comptons from whence it passed to the Arundells in 1573. Edward Lord Zouch sold his portion in 1577 to William Billing of Cardinham who conveyed it to Sir John Arundell the following year. The Fitzwaryn quarter was later divided between two heiresses and in 1707 one of these portions was purchased by Sir Richard Bellings, husband of Frances Arundell. The Arundells never acquired the final eighth of the estate.
Manorial centre was in Cardinham; tenements also in St Erth (in 18th century) and possibly Warleggan.
Carnabeggas manor in St Erth and Downinney manor in Warbstow were parts of Cardinham Fee. The Arundells probably never acquired more in these manors than their quarter-shares inherited from the Dinhams and they feature little in the archive. Carnabeggas appears as a tenement of Cardinham manor in the 18th century, probably attached to that manor merely for administrative purposes. Downinney was owned by the Champernownes by 1620 (Lake) and there are records of it in Champernowne hands in 1303, 1306 and 1346 (Feudal Aids, I, pp. 201, 208 and 210).
Gurlyn manor in St Erth was part of Cardinham Fee and thus appears held of the Arundells although it does not feature largely in Dinham's lands and may not have belonged to the Dinhams. Its manorial affiliation is unclear: in the 17th century it is described as held of Pengwedna or Prospidnick (AR/3/456).
Manor of Bejowan: purchased from the Earl of Oxford in 1575-76; sold in the late 18th century to the Clemmow family ? (Lake) Manorial centre was in St Columb Minor; tenements also in Colan, St Columb Major and St Mawgan in Pydar.
Tolcarne in St Mawgan in Pydar is also found as a tenement of Treloy manor.
Manor of Domellick: purchased from the Earl of Oxford in 1575-76; sold to Thomas Rawlings in the late 18th/early 19th century. Manorial centre and all tenements were in St Dennis.
Manor of Roseworthy: purchased from the Earl of Oxford in 1575-76; sold to William Harris of Rosewarne in 1803.
Manorial centre was in Gwinear; tenements also in Crowan, St Erth and Phillack.
Manor of Tregenna: purchased from the Earl of Oxford in 1575-76; sold in late 18th century to John Gaved of St Mewan. Sometimes referred to as two manors, Tregenna Wartha and Tregenna Wollas.
Manorial centre was in St Ewe; tenements also in St Austell, Cubert, Menheniot, Probus, Veryan and Withiel.
Manor of Tregorrick: purchased from the Earl of Oxford in 1575-76; sold to Charles Rashleigh in late 18th century [?]. Manorial centre was in St Austell; tenements also in St Columb Major and St Eval.
Rosewastis in St Columb Major is also found as a tenement of Tresithney manor.
Trevemedar in St Eval is also found as a tenement of Perlees manor.
Manor of Tresithney: purchased from the Earl of Oxford in 1575-76; in 1786 given by dowager Lady Arundell to her daughter Eleanor who married Charles Lord Clifford.
Manorial centre was in St Columb Major; tenements also in Colan, Gwennap and Perranzabuloe.
Most of the lands of this manor were in Gwennap, where a new place called 'Tresithney' was created, but the manorial centre was Tresithney in St Columb Major.
Rosewastis in St Columb Major is also found as a tenement of Tregorrick manor.
Trevisker in St Eval (not part of any manor: AR/2/970): purchased in 1582 from John Brewar of St Eval; sold ?. Trevisker was granted to Remfrey Arundell in the 13th century and then apparently lost again as there is no trace of it in the archive in the later Middle Ages.
Manor of Newland Preeze: purchased from John Copping in 1587; sold ? Newland Preeze was originally part of Cardinham manor and was granted to Sir James Peverell before 1307-08 (AR/1/462). Manorial centre was in Cardinham; tenements also in Blisland and St Breward.
Trevean lands: Trevean manor in St Merryn was NOT owned by the Arundells but they appear to have purchased tenements of that manor in 1596 from Robert Kestell of St Columb Minor (AR/1/521) and in 1598 from the Teage family (AR/1/524). The early deeds of Trevean tenements must have been acquired at this time as specified in the deeds of bargain and sale. The tenements bought were Croftow, Lanhingey, Rosewastis, Tregatillian and Trethewell in St Columb Major.
Rosewastis is also found as a tenement of the manors of Carnanton, Tregorrick and Tresithney.
Tregatillian is also found as a tenement of the manors of Perlees and Truro Vean.
Buckinghamshire
Manor of Cuddington: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1562 (AR/2/1306).
Manorial centre was in Cuddington parish.
Manor of Little Kimble: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1562 (AR/2/1306).
Manorial centre was in Little Kimble parish.
Manor of Oving: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1574 (AR/2/1395).
Manorial centre was in Oving parish.
Devon
Manors of Morchard Arundell and Uton Arundell: apparently came into the lordship of the Arundells in circa 1320 as a result of the marriage of Remfrey Arundell to Alice de Lanherne in circa 1268 (See Manor of Connerton above); some tenements of Morchard Arundell sold in 1629; Uton Arundell still in possession of the Arundells in 1609 (AR/2/1393).
Manorial centre and tenements of Morchard Arundell were in Morchard Bishop parish.
Manorial centre of Uton Arundell was in Crediton parish; tenements also in Colebrook parish.
The manors acquired their affixes through being owned by the Cornish Arundells.
Manor of Battishorne: came into lordship of the Arundells in circa 1400 as a result of the marriage of John Arundell to Joan Luscott in 1367 and after the deaths of Joan and her second husband (See Luscott family above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1545. Manorial centre was in Honiton parish.
'Manor of Braunton': see under manor of Luscott below.
Manor of Darracott: probably came into lordship of the Arundells in circa 1400 as part of Luscott inheritance (See Manor of Battishorne above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1609 (AR/2/1393) although it does not appear in John Arundell's I.P.M. of 1435. Manorial centre was in Georgeham parish.
Manor of Gratton: probably came into lordship of the Arundells in circa 1400 as part of Luscott inheritance (See Manor of Battishorne above); a 19th century endorsement states that Gratton was settled upon Thomas Arundell [later of Wardour] on his marriage in 1525 (20/39) but it still appears in the possession of the Lanherne Arundells in 1609 (AR/2/1393).
Manorial centre was in High Bray parish.
Manor of Ideford: came into the lordship of the Arundells in circa 1400 as part of the Luscott inheritance (See Manor of Battishorne above) and included the advowson of Ideford church; still in possession of the Arundells in 1534.
Manorial centre in Ideford parish; tenements also in Ilsington parish.
Manor of Loddiswell: came into the lordship of the Arundells in circa 1400 as part of the Luscott inheritance (See Manor of Battishorne above); still in possession of the Lanherne Arundells in 1609 (AR/2/1393) but by 1695 Loddiswell rectory was being leased by Wardour Arundells (AR/4/2031-2034).
Manorial centre was in Loddiswell parish.
Manor of Luscott: came into the lordship of the Arundells in circa 1400 as part of the Luscott inheritance (See Manor of Battishorne above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1605.
Manorial centre was in Braunton parish.
Luscott may have been held of the manors of Braunton Gorges and Braunton Abbot and there are therefore occasional confusing references to Arundell 'ownership' of the 'manor of Braunton'.
Manor of North Buckland: probably came into the lordship of the Arundells in circa 1400 as part of the Luscott inheritance (See Manor of Battishorne above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1609 (AR/2/1393).
Manorial centre was in Georgeham parish.
Generally called 'Buckland Dinham' but distinguish from Buckland
Denham manor in Somerset (See below).
Manor of Spreacombe: probably came into the lordship of the Arundells in circa 1400 as part of the Luscott inheritance (See Manor of Battishorne above); a 19th century endorsement states that it was settled upon Thomas Arundell [later of Wardour] upon his marriage in 1525 but it still appears in the possession of the Lanherne Arundells in 1609 (AR/2/1393).
Manorial centre was in Morthoe parish.
Manor of 'Clyston' [?]: a quarter-share presumably acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1632.
Manorial centre was in Broad Clyst parish.
The main evidence for this manor is a single court roll where it is called 'Clyston' but perhaps it should be identified with Southbrook manor in the same parish (See below).
Manor of Clayhidon: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1583 (AR/2/1396).
Manorial centre was in Clayhidon parish.
Manor of Dunterton: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above) and included the advowson of Dunterton church; still in possession of the Arundells in late 16th century.
Manorial centre was in Dunterton parish.
Manor of Harpford: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1609 (AR/2/1393).
Manorial centre was in Harpford parish.
Manor of Hartland: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1648.
Manorial centre was in Hartland parish; tenements also in the parishes of Hatherleigh and Woolfardisworthy in Devon and Stratton in Cornwall.
Ownership of the manor of Hartland went along with ownership of the borough of Hartland ('Harton') and of the hundred of Hartland (Pearse Chope, p.103 and p.44) and there are court rolls for all three.
Manor of Hemyock: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above) which included the advowson of Hemyock church; still in possession of the Arundells in 1588.
Manorial centre was in Hemyock parish.
The manor owned the hundred of Hemyock.
Manor of Ilsington: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1609 (AR/2/1393).
Manorial centre was in Ilsington parish.
Manor of Kingskerswell: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1609 (AR/2/1393).
Manorial centre was in Kingskerswell parish.
Manor of Matford: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in late 16th century.
Manorial centre was in Exminster parish; tenements also in Alphington parish.
Manor of Natsworthy: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1591 (AR/19/57).
Manorial centre was in Widdecombe in the Moor parish.
Borough of Newton Poppleford: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1591 (AR/19/57).
Centre was in Newton Poppleford parish.
Manor of Nutwell: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1555 (AR/8/297).
Manorial centre was in Woodbury parish.
Manor of Offwell: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1562 (AR/2/1306).
Manorial centre was in Offwell parish.
Manor of Southbrook: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1588 (AR/19/52).
Manorial centre was in Broad Clyst parish.
Manor of Venn Ottery: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1665 (AR/10/16).
Manorial centre was in Venn Ottery parish.
Manor of Whiteheathfield: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1588 (AR/19/51).
Manorial centre was in Cullompton parish.
Manor of Woodhuish: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1596 (AR/4/2083).
Manorial centre was in Brixham parish.
Manor of Wrayland: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1609 (AR/2/1393).
Manorial centre was in Bovey Tracey parish.
Dorset
Manor of Atram: acquired in 1469 as a result of the marriage in 1451 of John Arundell to Katherine Chideock (See Chideock family above). May have later become a tenement of Chideock manor (AR/2/1265).
Manorial centre was in Symondsbury parish.
Manor of Buckhorn Weston: acquired in 1469 as part of the Chideock inheritance (See Manor of Atram above).
Occurs little in archive. The evidence that the Arundells held the manor and not simply land there is the accounts for 1599 (AR/2/1326).
Manorial centre was in Buckhorn Weston parish.
Manor of Burcombe: acquired in 1469 as part of the Chideock inheritance (See Manor of Atram above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1536 (AR/2/1268).
Manorial centre was in North Poorton parish.
Manor of Burton: acquired in 1469 as part of the Chideock inheritance (See Manor of Atram above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1544 (AR/2/826).
Manorial centre was in Charminster parish.
Manor of Chideock: acquired in 1469 as part of the Chideock inheritance (See Manor of Atram above); sold in 1802 (AR/1/656) to Humphrey Weld of Lulworth Castle.
Manorial centre was in Chideock parish; tenements possibly also in Bothenhampton and Marshwood parishes.
Chideock became the main seat of the Arundell family outside Cornwall.
Manor of Fifehead Neville: acquired in 1469 as part of the Chideock inheritance (See Manor of Atram above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1588 (AR/19/51).
Manorial centre was in Fifehead Neville parish.
Manor of Hackeridge: acquired in 1469 as part of the Chideock inheritance (See Manor of Atram above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1775 (AR/1/899).
Manorial centre was in Marshwood parish.
Originally part of Marshwood manor (See below) but called a manor in its own right by 1317. May have become part of Chideock manor in late 18th century (AR/8/329).
Manor of Hydes: acquired in 1469 as part of the Chideock inheritance (See Manor of Atram above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1595 (AR/4/2106).
Manorial centre was in Lydlinch parish; possibly a tenement in Stocke parish.
Also called Lydlinch manor.
Manor of Marshwood [?]: acquired in 1469 as part of the Chideock (See Manor of Atram above); the Arundells still owned property in Marshwood and Whitchurch Canonicorum parishes in 1775 when they were termed part of Chideock manor (AR/8/329).
Manorial centre was in Marshwood parish; tenements also in Whitchurch parish.
It is possible that the Arundells only ever owned lands in Marshwood parish, not the manor.
Hackeridge in Marshwood parish was originally part of this manor but became a manor in its own right in circa 1317 (See Manor of Hackeridge above).
Manor of Melbury Osmond: acquired in 1469 as part of the Chideock inheritance (See Manor of Atram above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1522 (AR/2/1262); possibly granted to Wardour Arundells.
Manorial centre was in Melbury Osmond parish.
Manor of Moorbath: acquired in 1469 as part of the Chideock inheritance (See Manor of Atram above); possibly later became part of Chideock manor (AR/2/1265).
Manorial centre was in Symondsbury parish.
Manor of Powerstock: acquired in 1469 as part of the Chideock inheritance (See Manor of Atram above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1475 (AR/2/1229); possibly only belonged to the Arundells for the lifetime of Katherine Arundell nee Chideock.
Manorial centre was in Powerstock parish.
Manor of Stourton Caundle: acquired in 1469 as part of the Chideock inheritance (See Manor of Atram above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1599 (AR/2/1326).
Manorial centre was in Stourton Caundle parish.
Manor of Symondsbury [?]: acquired in 1469 as part of the Chideock inheritance (See Manor of Atram above); the Arundells still owned land in Symondsbury in 1729 (AR/28/33).
Manorial centre was in Symondsbury parish.
It is possible that the Arundells only ever owned lands there, not the manor.
Manor of Up Cerne: acquired in 1469 as part of the Chideock inheritance (See Manor of Atram above); still in the possession of the Arundells in 1475 (AR/2/1229); possibly only belonged to the Arundells for the lifetime of Katherine Arundell nee Chideock.
Manorial centre was in Up Cerne parish.
Manor of Whitchurch Canonicorum [?]: acquired in 1469 as part of the Chideock inheritance (See Manor of Atram above); the Arundells still owned lands in Whitchurch Canonicorum parish in 1775 (AR/1/898).
Manorial centre was in Whitchurch Canonicorum parish.
It is possible that the Arundells only ever owned lands there, not the manor.
Manor of Winterbourne Houghton: acquired in 1469 as part of the Chideock inheritance (See Manor of Atram above); Arundells still owned half the manor in 1591 (AR/21/26; cf. AR/17/15).
Manorial centre was in Winterbourne Houghton parish.
Gloucestershire
Manor of Frampton on Severn: acquired in 1469 as part of the Chideock inheritance (See Manor of Atram above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1568 (AR/3/593).
Manorial centre was in Frampton on Severn parish.
Leicestershire
Manor of Allexton: purchased in 1568 and sold in 1574 (See AR/1/707).
Manorial centre was in Allexton parish.
Oxfordshire
Manor of Dornford: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells 1562 (AR/2/1306).
Manorial centre was in Wootton parish.
Manor of Horley: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); sold in 1553 (AR/1/709).
Manorial centre was in Horley parish.
Manor of Ilbury: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1574 (AR/2/1395).
Manorial centre was in Deddington parish.
Manor of Merton: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1574 (AR/2/1395).
Manorial centre was in Merton parish.
Manor of Mollington: see under Warwickshire.
Manor of North Stoke: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1574 (AR/2/1395).
Manorial centre was in Crowmarsh parish.
Known as 'Stokebasset' and 'Stoke Meols' manor.
Manor of Over Worton: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1574 (AR/2/1395).
Manorial centre was in Over Worton parish.
Manor of Rousham: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1574 (AR/2/1395).
Manorial centre was in Rousham parish.
Manor of Sesswell's Barton: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1576 (AR/1/711).
Manorial centre was in Steeple Barton parish.
Manor of Souldern: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1576 (AR/1/717).
Manorial centre was in Souldern parish; tenement also in Barford St Michael parish.
Manor of Steeple Aston: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1562 (AR/2/1306).
Manorial centre was in Steeple Aston parish.
Manor of Wendlebury: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1562 ( AR/2/1306).
Manorial centre was in Wendlebury parish.
Manor of Wykham: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1562 ( AR/2/1306).
Manorial centre was in Banbury parish.
Somerset
Manor of Allowenshay: acquired in 1469 as part of Chideock inheritance (See Manor of Atram above); still in the possession of the Arundells in 1522 ( AR/2/1262).
Manorial centre was in Kingstone parish.
Kingstone and Ludney, sometimes termed as manors in their own right, have been placed under Allowenshay.
Manor of Isle Brewers: acquired in 1469 as part of the Chideock inheritance (See Manor of Atram above); still in the possession of the Arundells in 1544 ( AR/2/1322).
Manorial centre was in Isle Brewers parish.
Manor of Pitney Werne: acquired in 1469 as part of the Chideock inheritance (See Manor of Atram above); the Arundells still owned the manor in 1544 (AR/2/684) and possibly still owned lands there in 1774 (AR/3/594).
Manorial centre was in Pitney parish.
Manor of Buckland Dinham: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in the possession of the Arundells in 1542 (AR/19/46) and possibly in 1560 (AR/2/695; if identification of this court roll is correct).
Manorial centre was in Buckland Dinham parish.
Manor of Corton Denham: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1576 ( AR/1/762-3).
Manorial centre was in Corton Denham parish.
Surrey
Manor of Ravensbury: unclear when or how acquired - first appears in the possession of the Arundells in 1446 ( AR/19/7) and its last appearance in the archive is in 1471 ( AR/19/13).
Manorial centre was in Morden parish.
Warwickshire
Manor of Mollington: a quarter-share acquired in 1501 as part of the Dinham inheritance (See Manor of Bodardle above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1553 (AR/2/1303).
Manorial centre was in Mollington parish.
Mollington parish was transferred to Oxfordshire in 1895.
Wiltshire
Manor of Stourton: acquired in 1560 as a result of the marriage of John Arundell to Ann, widow of Charles, Lord Stourton (See Arundell Family above); latest reference to it being in the possession of the Arundells is 1569 (AR/2/1272) so their interest may only have been for Ann's lifetime.
Manorial centre was in Stourton parish.
Manor of Westbury: acquired in 1469 as part of the Chideock inheritance (See Manor of Atram above); still in possession of the Arundells in 1544 ( AR/2/1322).
Manorial centre was in Westbury parish.

Contents:
AR/1 Title Deeds
AR/2 Manorial Records
Estate Management
AR/3 Estate Management Papers
AR/4 Leases
AR/5 Letting Surveys and Contracts for Leases
AR/6 Surveys and Valuations
AR/7 Bonds
AR/8 Financial Records
AR/9 Miscellaneous Estate Papers
AR/10 Estate Correspondence
AR/11 Farm Records
AR/12 Household Records
AR/13 Records of Employees
AR/14 Tin and Mining Records
AR/15 Records relating to Right of Wreck
AR/16 Ecclesiastical Records
AR/17 Legal Records
AR/18 Maps and Plans
Family Papers
AR/19 Marriage, Jointure and Dowry
AR/20 Family Trusts
AR/21 Probate
AR/22 Public Office
AR/23 Royal Pardons and Licences
AR/24 Arundells in Administrative Roles
AR/25 Personal Correspondence
AR/26 Personal Financial Papers
AR/27 Religion
AR/28 Recusancy
AR/29 Genealogy
AR/30 Miscellaneous Family Papers
AR/31-47 Records of Other Families
AR/48 Printed and Pictorial Material
AR/49 History of the Archive
AR/50 Miscellaneous
References Used in the Catalogue
Throughout the catalogue editorial comment is enclosed in square brackets [...].
Dates: 1200 x 1240 means 'at some point between 1200 and 1240'
[Public Record Office] Catalogue of Ancient Deeds, 6 vols. [Vols 1, 2 and 5 are in the Royal Institution of Cornwall, 3, 4 and 6 in the Cornwall Record Office].
Assize Roll; usually unprinted, pro Just 1/...; but the 1201 one is edited by Lady Stenton, Selden Society vol. 68, and the Devon Assize Roll 1238 is edited by Summerson (Devon and Cornwall Record Society 1985).
F. Barlow, Episcopal Acta.
The Book of Fees or Testa de Nevill.
Bodrugan Cartulary: Cornwall Record Office ME/595; numbers of charters within it taken from Henderson's transcript (photocopy, Cornwall Record Office ME/596).
Bowles: Charles Bowles, A Short Account of the Hundred of Penwith in the County of Cornwall, Sherborne 1805 (photocopy in Royal Institution of Cornwall).
Brant.: Register of Bishop Brantingham, 1370-94.
Bronesc.: Register of Bishop Bronescombe, 1258-80 (includes also materials for Briwere, 1224-44, Quinel, 1280-91, and Bitton, 1292-1307).
Caption: The Caption of Seisin of the Duchy of Cornwall (1337), edited by P.L. Hull (Devon and Cornwall Record Society 1971).
Ch.R. or Charter Rolls: Calender of Charter Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office (1903, etc.).
Close: Calendar of Close Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office (1892, etc.).
Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries.
N. Denholm-Young, Richard of Cornwall (Oxford, 1947).
E. Ekwall, Dictionary of English Place-Names (4th edition, Oxford 1960).
Dictionary of Medieval Latin from British Sources, edited by R. Latham.
Earldom Accts: Ministers' Accounts of the Earldom of Cornwall 1296-1297, edited by L. Margaret Midgley, Camden Society, 3rd series, 66-67 (London, 1942-45).
Faegersten: Anton Faegersten, The Place-Names of Dorset (Uppsala, 1933).
Feet of Fines (Cornwall, 2 vols, to 1461; Devon, 2 vols)
The Heads of Religious Houses England and Wales 940-1216, edited by D. Knowles, C.N.L. Brooke and V. London (Cambridge University Press, 1972).
Charles Henderson, A History of the Parish of constantine in Cornwall, edited by G.H. Doble (Truro, 1937).
Charles Henderson, Essays in Cornish History, edited by A.L. Rowse and M.I. Henderson (Oxford, 1937).
Charles Henderson, St Columb Major Church and Parish (Long Compton, n.d. [c.1930]).
The Hylle Cartulary, edited by R.W. Dunning (Somerset Record Society, 68, 1968).
Calendar of Inquisitions Miscellaneous Preserved in the Public Record Office (1916, etc.).
Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem Preserved in the Public Record Office (1906, etc.).
LC: Launceston Carturlary, edited by P.L. Hull (Devon and Cornwall Record Society, 1987).
LP: Letters and Papers of Henry VIII.
Lay Subsidy Roll (Cornwall, 1327 = Public Record Office E. 179/87/7 + 37; Devon, 1332 = edited by Audrey Erskine, Devon and Cornwall Record Society, 1969; Dorset, 1327 = The Dorset Lay Subsidy Roll of 1327, edited by Alexander R. Rumble, Dorset Record Society, vol 6 [Dorchester, 1980]; Dorset, 1332 = The Dorset Lay Subsidy Roll of 1332, edited by A.D. Mills, Dorset Record Society, vol 4 [Dorchester, 1971])
D. and S. Lysons, Magna Britannia: Cornwall (London, 1814).
George Oliver, Monasticon Dioecesis Exonensis (Exeter, 1848), with Additional Supplement (Exeter, 1854).
The Parliamentary Survey of the Duchy of Cornwall, edited by Norman J.G. Pounds, 2 vols, Devon and Cornwall Record Society (Exeter, 1982-84).
Calendar of Patent Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office (1891, etc.).
R. Pearse Chope, The Book of Hartland (Torquay, 1940).
Rot. Litt. Claus.: Rotuli Litterarum Clausarum (printed by the Record Commision).
Register of Bishop Stafford 1395-1419.
Register of Bishop Stapledon, 1308-26.
Stoate: various 16th- and 17th-century subsidies, etc., published by Tom Stoate (copies in Cornwall Record Office search-room).
Transactions of the Devonshire Association.
Sir John Maclean, Parochial and Family History of the Deanery of Trigg Minor, 3 vols (Bodmin, 1868-79).
Victoria County History [Dorset and a little of Gloucestershire are the ones mainly of use for understanding the Arundell archive.]
The Visitations of Cornwall, edited by Lieutenant-Colonel J.L. Vivian (Exeter, 1887).
J.P. Yeatman, The Early Genealogical History of the House of Arundell (London, 1882) [n.b. use with care: many inaccuracies].



FARM RECORDS  AR/11  [n.d.]

Contents:
These are records concerned with more than one manor and those where the manor is unclear or the property unspecified. See AR/3 for farming records concerned with individual manors and AR/12 for household records with which there is some overlap.
AR/11/1 - 21 The general section includes livestock inventories, labour agreements and various memoranda about crops. See also AR/31/2 fo a fifteenth century farm inventory of the Arches family.
AR/11/22 - 65 The accounts include mill and dairy accounts as well as more general farm accounts. See also AR/3/228-233 for records of Lanherne Mill, AR/3/234-252 for Lanherne Barton and AR/3/408-425 for Trinity Barton.

General  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  AR/11/1  1577, 2nd Jul

Contents:
List of livestock.
At Treveliewe: of sheep delivered to Roger the shepherd, cattle, horses and geldings.
At Penleese, various cattle.
Treveliewe [= Trebelsue, St Columb Minor]

[no title]  AR/11/2  [c.1660]

3 items

Contents:
Inventories of livestock for sale

[no title]  AR/11/3  1665

Contents:
Memoranda regarding malt, barley, oats, 'gies', 'gines' and other produce sent to Lanherne by John Hayman, with lists and records of farm stock; place not mentioned.

[no title]  AR/11/4  November 1667 - July 1668

Contents:
Note of how wheat, barley and oats were winnowed and used.

[no title]  AR/11/5  1678

Contents:
Accounts of wheat and barley winnowed [place not stated].

[no title]  AR/11/6  [17th C.]

Contents:
Note of values of sheep and cows.

[no title]  AR/11/7  [early 18th C.]

Contents:
Notes on making a withy bed [at Burford, Oxfordshire?].

[no title]  AR/11/8  5 October 1706

Contents:
Receipt for delivering a millstone.

[no title]  AR/11/9  c.1716

Contents:
Note of sheep bought.

[no title]  AR/11/10  1 August 1716

Contents:
John James' account for wool 1717 On dorse of second paper, is letter to George Bere, from Henry Lukey, about tenement in Goran.

[no title]  AR/11/11  1721-31

5 items.

Contents:
Agreements for work [e.g. making new gates], and other bills at Bletchingdon [Oxfordshire]

[no title]  AR/11/12  24 December 1723

Contents:
John Nettle's account for farm produce.

[no title]  AR/11/13  Michaelmas 1724

Contents:
John Nettle's account.

[no title]  AR/11/14  May - September 1724

Contents:
Account of wheat sold.

[no title]  AR/11/15  December 1759

Contents:
Notes about repairs and planting of trees.

[no title]  AR/11/16  [c.1800]

Contents:
Printed catalogue for sale of timber from manors of Bodwannick, Reperry, Treloy and Cardinham.

[no title]  AR/11/17  10 January [late 18th century]

Contents:
Account of sums due to Hugh Burt for straw and oats.

[no title]  AR/11/18  [18th century]

Contents:
Disbursements on building work at mill.

[no title]  AR/11/19  [18th century]

Contents:
Note of payment to Thomas Dannall for oxen and horses.

[no title]  AR/11/20  [18th century]

Contents:
Note about livestock.

[no title]  AR/11/21  [18th century]

Contents:
Note of grain sold[?] at market.

Accounts and Financial Papers  AR/11/22 - 65  [n.d.]

[no title]  AR/11/22  [c.1500s]

Contents:
[Half a sheet] Farm accounts and [on dorse] details of leases, in different hands.

[no title]  AR/11/23  February 1572

Contents:
Farm accounts.

[no title]  AR/11/24  8 August 1573

Contents:
Farm accounts, livestock.

[no title]  AR/11/25  1573

Contents:
Farm accounts.

[no title]  AR/11/26  1573

Contents:
Farm accounts.

[no title]  AR/11/27  August - September 1574

Contents:
Account of farm expenses written for Edward Arundell of Lanherne.

[no title]  AR/11/28  1574, November

Contents:
Account roll
--- [Cornwall]
[Unclear]
[Book] Details of expenses and payments made on the master's behalf [detailed lists]; farming receipts, repairs, and the like; no place stated (mention of Penlese).
[Cover] Notes of wheat received from several people, and of payments made in connection with 'my syster E. of Trewynse'.

[no title]  AR/11/29  December 1575

Contents:
Farm accounts.

[no title]  AR/11/30  1575

9 pages

Contents:
Farm accounts

[no title]  AR/11/31  1575

Contents:
Farm accounts.

[no title]  AR/11/32  1575

Contents:
Account of work carried out, mainly agricultural, at various places; e.g. 'for lxi yardes of haggyng made at Pelynsse'; other places mentioned include Padstow, Hartland and Penvosse; reference made to 'fysh bought at Newkaye' [a very early record of Newquay].

[no title]  AR/11/33  [c. 1575]

Contents:
Farm accounts.

[no title]  AR/11/34  1575-76

Contents:
Account roll
--- [Cornwall]
[Unclear]
[Book]
[front] Details of farming and building expenses (payments to smith).
Receipts for animals sold (details of the fairs); mention of Penlesse, Lanvean and Trewelesewe.
[back] Travel expenses (from Lanheryn to Hartelonde for the fair); receipts from the master, 'of the parsston of Whytston in the garden at Trewellsew', and for corn, etc., sold; farming payments, e.g. 'unto the mane that keps the horsses at Goss More'.

[no title]  AR/11/35  13 May 1576

Contents:
Farm account.

[no title]  AR/11/36  1576

Contents:
Farm accounts.
Endorsed 'John Bennettes booke of Accompt from the xviiiith of October 1576 unto the xxiith of december 1576'. [Decayed]

[no title]  AR/11/37  1576

Contents:
Account roll
[Lanherne, or Cornwall estate?]
[Steward?]
Barton or farming accounts; receipts and payments. Mention of fairs at Bodman and Lonstene; purchases at St Kollong [sic, twice] and at Lestethell; wages; reaping at Lanvean and Krantyck; Penlesse meddoe.
[Book, 9 pp. plus blanks.]
Lonstone (Whit-Sunday fair at)

[no title]  AR/11/38  July 1577

Contents:
Farm accounts.

[no title]  AR/11/39  1577

Contents:
Household/farm accounts for the year 1577 [8 pages, one loose].

[no title]  AR/11/40  1583-84

Contents:
Account roll
[Barton account (Lanherne?) and Cornwall estate?]
[Steward or receiver general?]
Receipts and payments of John Rawlinge from 18th Oct 1583 to Michaelmas 1584.
Respites (various); rents (include for the stampinge mill, Lamborne, black tin at Welean Cheth and Mellinowith, rent for Trewince, Canran Mill, toll tin, pastures); sheep sold; wool sold; cattle sold; barley sold; wheat sold; oats sold; furze sold; payments for wages [detailed]; sheep bought.
Penlese (manorial payments); Mellinowith (payements 'for the taking of Mellinowith' and for repairs to hedges; farming); Treveliew (repairs, rents, tithes, etc.); Trevarian (repairs); Lanvean, Carnanton Mill, Trewince and Trewenheleck (rents, repairs, etc.); shoeing and smithying; cattle bought; expenses at fairs (St Nicholas fair in Bodmyn, Camelford fair, and St Dewnes fair); money paid to my master and rent paid for toll tin to the receiver of Cornwall; extraordinary expenses (including going to London; for bringing the lord's trunk, a barrel of tar, and a hogshead of beer from London to Malpos by water in the tin-ship, and bringing the same from Malpos to Trurow and from Truro to Treveliew; garlic and other necessaries for the sheep; to the glazier for mending the glass windows).
[Book, 12 pp. plus blanks and cover; English.]

[no title]  AR/11/41  1593

Contents:
Account roll
[Cornwall]
Farm account book
Book (25 fols, plus blanks) of farm receipts and payments.
Receipts: extraordinary (including from 'my brother Hugh Boscawen'), for cattle sold, for sheep sold, for horses sold, for corn sold ('2 wheat mowes'), for wool sold, for skins sold, for furze [?] ('fures') sold, for hay sold, for rents.
Payments: extraordinary, for cattle bought, for sheep bought, heriots, strays, for repair of houses, for repair of hedges, for costs of hay, for... [sowing?] of corn, for saving of corn, for rents and 'hethes' [?], for wages and..., expenses at fair.

[no title]  AR/11/42  [late 16th C.]

Contents:
List of payments for building hedges, etc.

[no title]  AR/11/43  16th or 17th C

Contents:
Account for threshing of corn.

[no title]  AR/11/44  1641-50

Contents:
Book of farm accounts, written from both ends; refers to rents paid to Thomas Arundell of St Colum, by Edward Hensleigh of Spackston, for Knaplocke; probably not Cornish.

[no title]  AR/11/45  1665

Contents:
Notes of estate accounts; wages, purchases of goods and clothes, sales of grain and livestock.

[no title]  AR/11/46  1668-72

Contents:
Farm accounts and notes, Dorset; place-name most frequently mentioned is Ashmore, which is near the boundary with Wiltshire, south-east of Shaftesbury, the opposite end of Dorset from Chideock, but not far from Wardour.

[no title]  AR/11/47  1681[?]

Contents:
Dairy account.

[no title]  AR/11/48  1687

Contents:
Account of the barton of Lanherne, St Columb and Trinity.

[no title]  AR/11/49  [17th century?]

Frail

Contents:
Fragment of household or farming accounts.

[no title]  AR/11/50  9 January 1699/1700

Contents:
Farm account endorsed with receipt by Richard Dibben.

[no title]  AR/11/51  1701

Contents:
Account of money paid by various persons at Fowey for corn.

[no title]  AR/11/52  1701

Contents:
Note of debts and receipts for corn.

[no title]  AR/11/53  20 January 1704

Contents:
Mill account.

[no title]  AR/11/54  1705

Contents:
The Mill account.

[no title]  AR/11/55  16 November 1706

Contents:
Mill account.

[no title]  AR/11/56  1712

Contents:
Frances Dunges account for flesh trucks[?] and nls. [nails?].

[no title]  AR/11/57  May - August 1715

[torn]

Contents:
Account for sale of grain.

[no title]  AR/11/58  16 March 1718-19

Contents:
Account of corn delivered to Lanherne by Samuel Saundry.

[no title]  AR/11/59  1723-4

Contents:
Accounts of wool bought by Richard Martyn.

[no title]  AR/11/60  c.1724

Contents:
Document endorsed: 'Acct of oats and barley bought since Novr 1723 and also of old oats since Augt 1723'.

[no title]  AR/11/61  c.1724

Contents:
Sheet showing amounts of money and mentioning different crops, endorsed John Nettle to 24 May 1724.

[no title]  AR/11/62  1729

[Torn: part missing?]

Contents:
Account of farm expenses[?]

[no title]  AR/11/63  1740-41

Contents:
Account roll
Bailiff
Farming accounts; entitled 'Bayliffs accounts for Pollard farm'. Curious diagrams at the back of the book.

[no title]  AR/11/64  1793

Contents:
Various accounts, mainly building work and supplies.

[no title]  AR/11/65  [18th C.]

Fragment

Contents:
- farm accounts.

Bills and Receipts  AR/11/66 - 120  [n.d.]

[no title]  AR/11/66/1  1668-1763

16 items

Contents:
Miscellaneous bills for estate work and farm expenses

[no title]  AR/11/66/2  8 May 1699

Contents:
William Symons junior's receipted bill for shoeing horses.

[no title]  AR/11/67  28 August 1699

Contents:
Bill, receipted by Luke Jolly, for farm implements[?].

[no title]  AR/11/68  1699

Contents:
A bill for mill work.

[no title]  AR/11/69  7 September 1700

Contents:
Thomas Sammon's receipted account for repair work at Grigory[?] mill.

[no title]  AR/11/70  November 1701

Contents:
Bill of Mr Gaden, saddler in St Columb Major.

[no title]  AR/11/71  4 August 1702

Contents:
Thomas Hawkes' bill for farm expenses.

[no title]  AR/11/72  7 July 1703

Contents:
William Simon's receipted bill for smith's work (mainly horse-shoes).

[no title]  AR/11/73  4 September [17?]

Contents:
William Simon's receipted bill for smith's work

[no title]  AR/11/74  5 August 1703

Contents:
Thomas Samon's receipted bill for smith's work

[no title]  AR/11/75  25 July 1704

Contents:
Thomas Sammon's receipted bill for shoeing horses and repair work

[no title]  AR/11/76  1705

Contents:
Bill of Thomas Sammons to Sir Richard Billing

[no title]  AR/11/77  July - October 1706

Contents:
Edward Crewse's receipted bill for Sir Richard Bellings for ironware (locks, nails, etc.)

[no title]  AR/11/78  15 March 1706/7

Contents:
John Hodge's receipted bill for nails and twine

[no title]  AR/11/79  1707

Contents:
Bill: lead, nails, etc.

[no title]  AR/11/80  1707

Contents:
Bill of Thomas Sammon. Ironmongery, sharping pecks [picks?], iron work of the bell, etc.

[no title]  AR/11/81  1707-8

Contents:
Sadler's bill.

[no title]  AR/11/82  29 July 1708

Contents:
Thomas Sammon's receipted bill for smith's work

[no title]  AR/11/83  1712

Contents:
Receipt of Stephen Wenmoth for money received of Charles Thomas of St Culme, for canestones[?] with playster[?].

[no title]  AR/11/84  1712

Contents:
Bill for sharping pecks, etc.

[no title]  AR/11/85  1722

Contents:
Bill of John Day to Mr Dungey for nails, tobacco, etc.

[no title]  AR/11/86  1723

Contents:
John Dennis's bill for plw [plough] work for R. A. esquire.

[no title]  AR/11/87  Paid 1737

Contents:
Bill due from R. A. esquire, deceased, to John Burges of St Columb, sadler 1723-1724/5

[no title]  AR/11/88  1723-4

Contents:
John Trevillian's bill for ironware (nails, horse-shoes, etc.)

[no title]  AR/11/89  May - July 1724

Contents:
John Nettle's account with Francis Dungey, for labour [mowing]

[no title]  AR/11/90  10 September 1724

Contents:
John Perkin's bill for corn

[no title]  AR/11/91  1724

Contents:
Margery Cayzier for plow [plough] work for R. A. esquire.

[no title]  AR/11/92  1724

Contents:
Richard Coga account with R. A. esquire, for fowles and cocks.

[no title]  AR/11/93  June - October 1726

Contents:
Thomas Richards' bill for husbandry work and shoeing animals

[no title]  AR/11/94  October - December 1726

Contents:
Thomas Richards' bill for husbandry work and shoeing of animals

[no title or date]  AR/11/95

Contents:
John Libby's bill for smith's work done at John Arundell's mills, to
9 December 1726
Paid on
8 November 1728

[no title]  AR/11/96  24 January 1726/7

Contents:
Thomas Richards' bill for shoeing horses

[no title]  AR/11/97  24 January 1726/7

Contents:
Receipt for Thomas Richards' husbandry work

[no title]  AR/11/98  7 March 1727

Contents:
Receipt of payment for clover seed

[no title]  AR/11/99  25 April 1727

Contents:
John Varcoe's receipt for three steers

[no title]  AR/11/100  24 June 1727

Contents:
Receipt for dung

[no title]  AR/11/101  August - October 1727

Contents:
Humphry Oxenham's bill for farriery

[no title]  AR/11/102  29 September 1727 - 24 June 1728

Contents:
Thomas Sammon's bills for shoeing horses

[no title]  AR/11/103  October 1727 - June 1728

Contents:
Thomas Sammon's bills for husbandry implements

[no title]  AR/11/104  13 February 1727/8

Contents:
Thomas Sammon's bill for iron work

[no title]  AR/11/105  19 April 1728

Contents:
John Tregenna's receipt for a cow

[no title]  AR/11/106  20 April 1728

Contents:
Thomas Sammon's receipt for a cow

[no title]  AR/11/107  11 May 1728

Contents:
Humphry Oxenham's bill for farriery

[no title]  AR/11/108  23 June 1728

Contents:
Receipt for clover-seed bill

[no title]  AR/11/109/1  2 July 1728

Contents:
Thomas Sammon's bill for shoeing animals, and repair work

[no title]  AR/11/109/2  30 September 1728

Contents:
Receipt from sale of 40 sheep for the use of John Arundell, esquire

[no title]  AR/11/110  1728

Contents:
Thomas Sammon's bill for shoeing horses

[no title]  AR/11/111  1728

Contents:
W. Tom's receipt for 12s. for drunching 12 bullocks for the Fellon[?]

[no title]  AR/11/112  1731

Contents:
Edward Chubb's bill for hedging and ditching

[no title]  AR/11/113  18 April 1752

Contents:
Frances Gifford's receipt for tithe of sheep sold by Farmer Buckland

[no title]  AR/11/114  8 May 1765

Contents:
Lady Arundell's receipt for sale of her stock

[no title]  AR/11/115  1779-86

131 items

Contents:
Various farm bills, etc., Motcombe, Gillingham, Dorset

[no title]  AR/11/116  October 1787

4 items

Contents:
Bills for sending fifty Cornish sheep to Wardour

[no title]  AR/11/117  [18th C.]

Contents:
Bill for quarrying work

[no title]  AR/11/118  [18th C.]

Contents:
Receipt for dronching horse from John Libby, addressed to Mr Frink Dungey. [Appears to be rather alarming veterinary remedies.]

[no title]  AR/11/119  [18th C.]

Contents:
Bill for linseed oil, lead

[no title]  AR/11/120  4 March 1801

Contents:
Bill for thatching for Mr Rixon

HOUSEHOLD RECORDS  AR/12  [n.d.]


Related information: See also Cornwall Record Office AR/3/144-252 for records of the estate management of Lanherne manor and Cornwall Record Office AR/11 for farming records, many of which probably relate to Lanherne.

Contents:
The majority of these records concern Lanherne house, the Arundells' main residence in Cornwall from the late thirteenth century until the eighteenth.
AR/12/1 - 16 The general section comprises memoranda and notes, lists, letters and some recipes for medicine.
AR/12/17 - 24 The majority of the household inventories are for Lanherne. See also AR/21 for probate inventories, many for goods at Lanherne, and AR/37/32-34 for Dinham household inventories.
AR/12/25 - 49 These records include two medieval household accounts which the Arundells must have inherited when they acquired the property concerned - one is for South Pool in Devon, the other for Carminow. See also AR/37/35-36 for household accounts of the Dinham family.
AR/12/50 - 113 There are bills and receipts for groceries, fabrics and other household items, for labour in the house and nursery, and bills from the apothecary and ratcatcher.
AR/12/114 - 135 Extensive building work was carried out at Lanherne from 1705 to 1715, details of which can be found in the estate correspondence (AR/10). In 1721-25 a new stable was built and these papers show that there was further work in 1727-8, 1740-2 and 1791.

General  AR/12/1 - 16  [n.d.]

[no title]  AR/12/1  1666-7

Contents:
Notes by John Hayman, of malt, oats, etc., sent to Lanherne.

[no title]  AR/12/2  [late 17th C. or early 18th C.]

[Badly decayed, much missing].

Contents:
Note of purchases of wine[?]

[no title]  AR/12/3  4 July 1720

Contents:
Permit for Samuel Ennys to send Canary wine to Truro, 25 June 1720. Endorsed with permit to send the wine to Lanherne.

[no title]  AR/12/4  23 May 1724

Contents:
Note from Pathrick Williams to 'Mr Dingey' about payments for 'hair Lins' and 'kop yarn'.

[no title]  AR/12/5  23 January 1726/7

Contents:
Francis Dungey's debt to Charles Mildmay for household expenses.

[no title]  AR/12/6  4 June 1737

Contents:
Letter to Lady Jarningham from Helen Rowan; instructions for washing Irish linen.

[no title]  AR/12/7  1737

Contents:
Account of 'sparragus' sold out of the garden.

[no title]  AR/12/8  December 1760

Contents:
Note about trees in Lanherne nursery.

[no title]  AR/12/9  1771

Contents:
Note re soap sent.

[no title]  AR/12/10  [18th century]

Contents:
Letters and notes about Lanherne window-tax.

[no title]  AR/12/11  [18th century]

Contents:
Recipe for medicine for fits.

[no title]  AR/12/12  [18th century]

Contents:
Recipe for medicine.

[no title]  AR/12/13  [18th century]

Contents:
List of household purchases (mainly food) to be made in Plymouth.

[no title]  AR/12/14  [18th century]

Contents:
Household shopping list [?]. On dorse, 'Sir William Plummer, Clothier, Truro'.

[no title]  AR/12/15  [18th century]

Contents:
Note of household expenses; food, plate, crockery.

[no title]  AR/12/16  [18th century]

Contents:
Costs of clothes, hats, etc.

Inventories  AR/12/17 - 24  [n.d.]

[no title]  AR/12/17  1729, Sep-Oct

Contents:
Inventory of goods
List of goods at Lanherne sold by Mr John Yate to Mr Francis Loggan. Includes 'The family pictures', furniture, 'The mappe of Cornwall' (value 2s). Total value £80 8s 11d, received by Mr Yate from Francis Dungey.

[no title]  AR/12/18  1729

Contents:
List of items at Lanherne, sold by Mr John Yate to Mr Francis Loggin, including 'the family pictures £21'; also copies of three tradesmen's bills for Lanherne.

[no title]  AR/12/19  1729-30

Contents:
Account of Lanherne goods bought by Francis Loggin, listed by room, and accounts of goods for use of Lanherne house.

[no title]  AR/12/20  25 October 1733

Contents:
Inventory of goods in Mr Higgs' room at Lanherne; copy made for Mr Chapman.

[no title]  AR/12/21  1736 and 1769

Contents:
Inventories of various houses, including Lady Gifford's in Cork Street. Also Dowager Lady Arundell's schedule of papers left with Mr Wingfield of Grays Inn.

[no title]  AR/12/22  1763, 23rd May

Contents:
Inventory of goods
Inventory of Mr Lorymer's goods in Lanherne house, valued by Mrs Tregenna and Mrs Gill; also a catalogue of my Lady's [goods]. [= draft of AR/12/23.]

[no title]  AR/12/23  1763, 14th Jun


Related information: See also Cornwall Record Office AR/12/22.

Contents:
Inventory of goods
Inventory of goods in Lanherne house. Total value £21 13s 8 1/4d.
'All the beforementioned goods were bought of Mr Francis Lorymer for which he was paid £21 13s 8d: June 14th 1763.' Further goods, value 13s 6d, also bought from Mr Lorymer.
Additional catalogue of Lady Arundell's goods: rooms enumerated (including 'a map of Cornwall' in the little parlour, 'keave horses' in the cellars, 'two very old feather beds' in the yellow chamber, and 'seven small pictures' and 'Tree of Life picture' in the gentlemen's room).
Further list of goods sent from London to Falmouth, carried thence in a barge to Truro, and brought to Lanherne by baker's wagon, 6th Sep 1769 (furnishings and furniture).
2 inserts, one of furnishings, dated Dec 1768, and an account of household furniture sent to Lord Arundell's house in Cornwall, 6th Apr 1754.
Endorsed 'Lanherne: Inventory of goods bought of Mr Lorymer, and what was in the house besides belonging to my lady.'

[no title]  AR/12/24  11 September 1784

Contents:
List of furniture and linen.

Accounts and Financial Papers  AR/12/25 - 49  [n.d.]

[no title]  AR/12/25  1341-42

Contents:
Account roll
Southpole [Devon]
Steward
(15-16 Edw III)
[6 membranes, sewn end to end] Account of Richard Greyneuile, steward of the hall of Lord Thomas de Cortenay, staying (perhendinans) there with his 'familia'.
Sale of stock, receipt of pence (£48 9s 5d) [= total receipts].
Purchases of victuals listed week by week, usually with heading 'fur' [= baker, oven?], sometimes 'fur et bra' [= and malt?]; other entries in margins [still in order in which they were made during the year?] include: mention of casks of red and white wine; purchase of beasts for the larder; purchase of poultry; purchase of wine; purchase of cider; purchase of salt; Christmas; Lent; purchase of fish; fruit and oil; Palm Sunday; Easter; [feast for] the lord bishop and many others; Pentecost; purchase of candles, with making of wax [detailed]; small purchases and materials; stipend of officers.
[dorse] Wheat, wheat chaff (curallum frumenti), rye, barley, chaff, peas, great oats, small oats, bran, barley malt, dredge oats, beasts for the larder, calves, sheep and lambs, pigs and boar, piglets, geese, ducks, capons, hens, pullets, doves, hides, skins, cheese, butter, milk, wines, cider, salt, congers, hake, lampreys, salmon, ling, whiting (merlang'), white herring (album allec), red herring (rub' allec), oil, wax, candles. Total cost of corn and stock £79 5s 7 3/4d; total of other purchases and expenses £51 19s 3d. Total expenses £131 4 10 3/4d.
[Endorsed (19th century?)] 'Here appears to have been very plentifull house keeping.'
Southpole [= South Pool, volumes of the English Place-Name Society Devon 327]

[no title]  AR/12/26  15th century

Contents:
Account roll
Carmynov
[Steward or clerk of the lord's hall?]
[Household accounts at Carmynov]... for half of one 'xv R', and 3d for 1 chub fish [?] (cheffin') and 'finne' [?].
Shoeing of horses, and fodder: including oats bought from Thomas Treuthgan [?]; also sheaves of wheat and barley, hay, reeds, girths, breastplate of a bridle (lorica freni), and hides.
Expenses of the lord's hall: bread for the lord staying at Carmynov; 1 pipe of wine for the lord's use, 36s, and 2s 8d for its carriage; and 103 gallons [of ale?] bought for the lord's use.
Lord's expenses: ox meat,... meat [?] (carn' mubal..?), lamb, pullets, capons, geese and doves bought.
Lord's small expenses: fish, 3 congers, eggs, butter, wheat flour, lentils [?] (pro lente), salt, a net hired for catching fish in Loo (pro rethe conduct' ad capiend' pisses in Loo), herring [?] (pro alles), mustard (cenapium), a boat hired for catching fish in Loo (cunb' conduct' ad capiend' pisses in Loo), candles, 3 pairs of shoes for the lord's servants with repairs of 2... of Thomas Small [?] and William Ardern'.
Wages of the lord's servants: Richard Cleys, shepherd hired for keeping... cattle (catall') pastured in moors and wastes.
Carmynov [in Mawgan M.]

Note: The date of c.1400 in the National Register of Archives List was presumably given on the basis of the hand and is very approximate. It may be rather later than 1400 and thus some time after the Arundells had acquired the manor. N.B. a Richard Cleys at Carminow in 1487-90 (AR/2/928 membrane 7; AR/2/219 membrane 2).


[no title]  AR/12/27  c.1500?

Contents:
Account roll
Lanherne
Household account
[Household accounts and costs of building repairs at Lanherne.]
fol.1. Expenses include purchases of congers and other fish, carriage to Hampton, "for the pekeling'", canvas sent to Lanherne, linen cloth, 'a delyueryd Densell apon your tokyn at Exceter 6s 8d'.
fol.2. [Endorsement] Memorandum of payments to various men for work done at Lanherne. Expenses listed include hire of men (work sometimes specified); purchase of foods; 'for caryng the applys yn to the howse'; 'a hayler haylyng the stabyll & the bruhows'; "for caryng home the spyr' fro Trevelgy" [deleted]; carts to and from Bodman. Carrying home furse [details]; carrying home the hay [details]; mowing of the meadows at Lanherne (includes '8 wemyn sawyng the hay'; 'for frethyng the medowys 2 days'); carrying home the 'stobbys'; and 'pychers & lawers at home'.
fol.3. [Endorsement] Memorandum of expenses at Lanherne after 14th Sep. Expenses include 'clensyng the leues a bowe the stablys'; 'to a hoper fro Synt Coln 1 day'; 'for a tyggler mendyng the grete furnys yn the bru howse'; '3 wymen makyng clene the chambers 1 day'; '2 wymyn 2 days at ther fyndyng caryng straw for beddys & makyng clene the erber'; rushes and salt rushes; 3 men for threshing for 3 days, and Tamsin ('Thamsan') Morgan for 'kepyng the strawe fro them'; Thomas Glasyer and Robert Glasyer, 14 1/2 days; Andrew Toker 'for makyng mattras & bolstrys'; Remfrey Far' for 1 day "gadryng sparr'"; foods [detailed]; building materials and work.

[no title]  AR/12/28  Saturday, 1 October 1547 to Friday, 28 September 1548

Contents:
Book of household expenses, listed daily; begins with stock remaining from previous year and ends with summary of year's expenses; at bottom of last page, reference to high level of expenditure this year 'by the reason of the marriage'.

[no title]  AR/12/29  [c. 1600s]

Contents:
Household expenses.

[no title]  AR/12/30  1656-8

Contents:
Housebook.

[no title]  AR/12/31  1667-8

Contents:
Household accounts booklet.

[no title]  AR/12/32  1676

[Badly torn].

Contents:
Account of George Bere, for haberdashery items and fabrics

[no title]  AR/12/33  c.1676

Contents:
Mrs H. Lanyon's account for clothing.

[no title]  AR/12/34  1676-8

Contents:
Mr Bere's household accounts.

[no title]  AR/12/35  27 June 1681

Contents:
Household purchases.

[no title]  AR/12/36  March 1684 - February 1685

Contents:
Lanherne household accounts.

[no title]  AR/12/37  October - December 1684

Contents:
Mr Bere's account; mainly for tobacco and candles

[no title]  AR/12/38  [late 17th century]

Contents:
Livestock account and list of household purchases.

[no title]  AR/12/39  October 1700

Contents:
Household expenses.

[no title]  AR/12/40  August 1702

Contents:
List of household expenses.

[no title]  AR/12/41  May 1703

Contents:
List of household expenses; meat, pepper, salt, soap, candles.

[no title]  AR/12/42  1712

Contents:
Lists of household expenses [5 items].

[no title]  AR/12/43  27 November 1723

Contents:
Account of barley and oats bought for use at Lanherne.

[no title]  AR/12/44  1729

Contents:
Miscellaneous household accounts and financial notes, Lanherne, etc. [8 items].

[no title]  AR/12/45  February 1757

Contents:
List of Lord Arundell's unpaid bonds and bills (draper, grocer, apothecary, jeweller, wine merchant, 'Mr Twining for Tea and Coffee', etc.).

[no title]  AR/12/46  Michaelmas 1790 to Ladyday 1791

Contents:
Household/estate expenses.

[no title]  AR/12/47  October 1794

Contents:
Note of household expenses.

[no title]  AR/12/48  [late 18th century, 1794 or later]

Contents:
Miscellaneous [agent's?] account.
Mr Thomas's account with Mr Beeston; includes fines received, amounts due to Mr Beeston for 2 mourning rings, and for 38 blank printed skins (and for printing some bought at Mevagissey); credits include for articles for Mrs Beeston bought at St Columb Market, for drawing up a lease for Mrs Beeston; etc.
Compare Henry Beeston, approving payment for carpenter's work done in 1789, AR/3/124.

[no title]  AR/12/49  1794-96

Contents:
Miscellaneous [agent's?] account
Mr Thomas's account with Mr Beeston (mainly foods bought for Mr Beeston by Mr Thomas).

Bills and Receipts  AR/12/50 - 113  [n.d.]

[no title]  AR/12/50  23 June 1665

Contents:
Thomas Spry's bill for fabrics addressed to John Chapman.

[no title]  AR/12/51  24 May 1666

Contents:
Bill for medicines [?].

[no title]  AR/12/52  27 August 1675

Contents:
Release of all errors and defaults, George Bere of St Ervan, to Peter Swymmer of Padstow.

[no title]  AR/12/53  10 April 1679

Contents:
Bill for fabrics bought by George Bere, from Peter Swymmer.

[no title]  AR/12/54  15 April 1680

Contents:
Account of George Bere's debts to Peter Swymmer for household purchases, including a pocket book and Almanak.

[no title]  AR/12/55  15 April 1680

Contents:
Peter Swymmer's receipt for payment.

[no title]  AR/12/56  1680/1 - 1715/6

Contents:
Household bills and lists.

[no title]  AR/12/57  8 June 1681

Contents:
Bill for fabrics bought by George Bere from Peter Swymmer.

[no title]  AR/12/58  1681

Contents:
Bill of Mr Georg Bear to Peter Swymmer: groceries, etc.

[no title]  AR/12/59  January - September 1682

Contents:
Peter Swymmer's bill for household purchases.

[no title]  AR/12/60  March 1682

Contents:
List of purchases from Peter Swymmer; fabric, ribbon, nails, spice, tobacco, etc.

[no title]  AR/12/61  11 July 1682

Contents:
Peter Swymmer's bill for household purchases; soap, stockings, sugar, glass, etc.

[no title]  AR/12/62  17 October 1682

Contents:
Bill of purchases from Peter Swymmer, including Jamaica pepper.

[no title]  AR/12/63  1683

Contents:
Account of moneys due from Mr George Bear junior, to Peter Swymmer: candles, soap, sugar, etc.

[no title]  AR/12/64  1 June 1685

Contents:
Receipt for payment for fish left at Lanherne by Mrs Bridget Miners.

[no title]  AR/12/65  17 June 1685

Contents:
Richard Priest's bill for mending the leads.

[no title]  AR/12/66  15 June 1686

Contents:
Peter Swymmer's receipt for payment.

[no title]  AR/12/67/1  [16]96/7

Contents:
Bill for cheese and butter, etc.

[no title]  AR/12/67/2  16th century - 1728

Contents:
Miscellaneous household bills and general estate accounts [15 items].

[no title]  AR/12/68  25 July 1702

Contents:
Thomas Hanne's receipted request to George Bere for payment for wine.

[no title]  AR/12/69  24 October 1702

Contents:
Bill sent to George Bere at Lanherne, from Thomas Hanne in Truro for household purchases and freight from London.

[no title]  AR/12/70  August - October 1704

Contents:
Bill for household purchases; glasses, nails, buttons, beef, etc.

[no title]  AR/12/71  8 March 1705

Contents:
Bill of household expenses.

[no title]  AR/12/72  4 July 1705

Contents:
Bill for household purchases.

[no title]  AR/12/73  1705-13

Contents:
Large quantity of bills for household supplies, etc., in name of Sir Richard Bellings; includes particularly good series of farrier's accounts [130 items: found in great disorder, re-arranged roughly under years].

[no title]  AR/12/74/1-6  1708-11

Contents:
Bills, mainly for household items.

[no title]  AR/12/75  15 March 1715/6

Contents:
Bill of medicinal preparations, entitled 'Mr Bere's Note'.

[no title]  AR/12/76  July 1719

Contents:
Bill for medication for Mr Arundell.

[no title]  AR/12/77/1  June 1719 - November 1721


Related information: For James Bishop see comments on Cornwall Record Office AR/12/82.

Contents:
Mr Bishop's bill for medicines for Mr Arundell's servants.

[no title]  AR/12/77/2  September 1719 - November 1721

Contents:
James Bishop's bill for medicines for George Bere.

[no title]  AR/12/78  August - September 1721

Contents:
Bill for medication for Mr Higgs.

[no title]  AR/12/79  [1721]

Contents:
Sum of above medicine bills (AR/12/76-78).

[no title]  AR/12/80  1722-5

Contents:
Mr John Day's bill to Richard Arundell, esquire; leather, salt, nails, a whip, etc. Paid 1737.

[no title]  AR/12/81  1722-5

Contents:
Mary Arundell's bill for fabric bought of Francis Hunt at the White Cock, Maiden Lane.

[no title]  AR/12/82  1723-24


Related information: Cornwall Record Office AP/B 3604. See also Cornwall Record Office AR/17/188 (James Bishop, deceased in 1740).
Cornwall Record Office AR/12/76-79 are more bills from James Bishop.

Contents:
Bill of James Bishop, [apothecary]. One visit [to Lanhearn] costing 6s 8d, plus much detail of goods supplied, with dates. Total for the 2 years £63 17s 11d; part payment 14th Jan 1725 ('1724') by the order of Richard Arundell esquire, receipt signed by James Bishop.

Note: The will of James Bishop, apothecary of St Columb Major, was proved in 1740


[no title]  AR/12/83  1723-25

Contents:
Bill of Joseph Bishop: raisins, currants, sope, candlesticks, etc. Paid 1737.

[no title]  AR/12/84  26 June 1724

Contents:
Account of John Pearce and Partners of Padstow, for claret, brandy, salt and soap.

[no title]  AR/12/85  1724

Contents:
Nicholas Leverton's bill for carriage of cole from Padstow to Lanherne.

[no title]  AR/12/86  1724

Contents:
Robert Hambly's bill to R.A. esquire; a cooper's bill

[no title]  AR/12/87  1724/5

Contents:
Richard Lewarne bill of house work (making picture frame, etc.).

[no title]  AR/12/88  1725

Contents:
William Pollard's bill for bringing fish and other things to Lanherne from Mevagissey.

[no title]  AR/12/89  1725

Contents:
Arthur Merrett's bill to Hon. Mr Arundell for beer, malt.

[no title]  AR/12/90  March 1725/6

Contents:
Receipt for straw for Lanherne
On dorse, list of sermons by Joseph Butler

[no title]  AR/12/91  12 June 1726

Contents:
Bill of Robert Hambly, a cooper

[no title]  AR/12/92  October 1726 - February 1727

Contents:
George Luney's account for sheepskins supplied to John Arundell, esquire

[no title]  AR/12/93  23 October 1727

Contents:
Samuell Benny's receipt of payment for catching rats at Lanherne

[no title]  AR/12/94  24 November 1727

Contents:
Stephen Rendell's receipt of payment for catching rats at Lanherne

[no title]  AR/12/95  1728

Contents:
Receipt of Samuel Benny for 40s. from Francis Dungey for one year's salary for catching ratts and killing mice at Lanherne.

[no title]  AR/12/96  1736-7

Contents:
Receipted bills for Lady Gifford from upholsterer, for work in Poultney Street, Cork Street, etc., and from brazier and locksmith [2 items]

[no title]  AR/12/97  November 1738 - May 1739

[Badly torn]

Contents:
Henry Jernegen's receipted bill for jewellery, buckles, etc., for Hon. Mr and Mrs Arundell

[no title]  AR/12/98/1  22 June 1742

Contents:
Ann Brewer's receipt of salary for work at Lanherne

[no title]  AR/12/98/2  18 April 1748

Contents:
Receipted bill for wine bought by Samuel Taunton from James Carmick

[no title]  AR/12/98/3  11 May 1748

Contents:
Note of wine sent to Lanherne by James Carmick

[no title]  AR/12/98/4  21 May 1748

Contents:
Letter to Mr Lorymer at Lanherne, from James M. Carmick, wine seller, in Truro; thanks him for introduction to Lord Arundell

[no title]  AR/12/99/1-13  Mid-18th C

Contents:
Various household invoices of Lady Gifford; meat, fish, coals, linen, jewellery, medicines, etc.

[no title]  AR/12/100/1-3  Mid-18th C

Contents:
Various invoices

[no title]  AR/12/101  1748-52

Contents:
Samuel Severn's bill for Lady Gifford, for furniture, fabrics and labour; great detail on furniture and fittings, but house unclear [in London?]

[no title]  AR/12/102  1748-52

Contents:
Receipted household bills sent to Lady Gifford's executors; includes bills from draper, from John Mottley, bookseller, and from Edward Molineux, a tallow chandler in Long Acre [last on headed paper: 5 items]

[no title]  AR/12/103  1760

Contents:
Tailor's bill sent to John Arundell, esquire

[no title]  AR/12/104  3 August to 26 September 1789

Contents:
Richard Benney's bill for nursery work

[no title]  AR/12/105  1794

Contents:
William Charles' bill for Mr Beeston; mainly snuff and ale

[no title]  AR/12/106  1796

Contents:
Bundle of receipted household bills incurred by E. Arundell; butcher, baker, brazier, fowls from Ashcombe, etc. [15 items]

[no title]  AR/12/107  [18th C.]

Contents:
Francis Dungey's bill for household purchases

[no title]  AR/12/108  [18th C.]

Contents:
Francis Dungey's bill for household purchases

[no title]  AR/12/109  [18th C.]

Contents:
Receipted bill for buttons, thread, silk, etc.

[no title]  AR/12/110  [18th C.]

Contents:
Mr Crewes' bill for crockery

[no title]  AR/12/111  [18th C.]

Contents:
Bill for household purchases

[no title]  AR/12/112  [18th C.]

Contents:
Household bills

[no title]  AR/12/113  [18th C.]

Contents:
Mrs Gibbens bill for food
Endorsed: 'Mrs Haymans account at funeral'

Lanherne Building Accounts and Bills  AR/12/114 - 135  [n.d.]

[no title]  AR/12/114  December 1705 - January 1706

Contents:
Smith's bill, receipted by William Simons, for 'the new building'.

[no title]  AR/12/115  17 October 1706

Contents:
Receipt for casting leads at Lanherne.

[no title]  AR/12/116  June - October 1707

Contents:
Building account.

[no title]  AR/12/117  1708-15

Contents:
Detailed building-accounts for repairs at Lanherne, starting 14th Feb 1708 ('1707/8') and continuing to 23rd Feb 1715. [Book, 14 fols plus blanks, and 2 sheets inserted.]

[no title]  AR/12/118  20 April 1713

Contents:
Receipt for healing stones and rags for Lanherne.

[no title]  AR/12/119  8 January 1721/2

Contents:
Estimate of Lanherne building costs by James Trevillian.

[no title]  AR/12/120  1722-24

Contents:
Estimates for building stable at Lanherne dated 25 January 1722, 6[?] December 1722, 20 February 1723 and 8 December 1724.

[no title]  AR/12/121/1-20  1723

Contents:
Miscellaneous bills and receipts for building work at Lanherne; mention of the names of Francis Dungey/Dyngey, James Trevillian, John Stoate (and one addressed to Richard Arundell esquire at his house in the middle of Burlington Street near Hanover Square). Mention of building the new stable and the linhay.
[20 separate items, some small.]

[no title]  AR/12/122  1723

Contents:
Francis Archer's bill for work done about the stable at Lanherne.

[no title]  AR/12/123  1723-24

Contents:
Receipt of payment for building-work
Receipt by James Trevillian from Mr Dungey of payments for building-work at Lanhern, for a new stable.

[no title]  AR/12/124  1723-5

Contents:
Accounts for new stable at Lanherne; payments to named individuals.

[no title]  AR/12/125  8 February 1723/4

Contents:
Agreement, Richard Arundell of Lanherne and James Trevillian of Truro, house carpenter, for building a stable at Lanherne.

[no title]  AR/12/126  17 August 1724

Contents:
Estimate submitted by James Trevillian to Richard Arundell, esquire, for carpentry and iron-work to complete stable at Lanherne.

[no title]  AR/12/127  November 1727 - March 1728

Contents:
John Bulger's bill for mason's work at Lanherne.

[no title]  AR/12/128  June - July 1728

Contents:
John Bulger's bill for mason's work at Lanherne.

[no title]  AR/12/129  paid 1737

Contents:
Martin Borsy's bill for lead about the new stable at Lanherne (gutters, pipes, etc.).

[no title]  AR/12/130  1740-42

Contents:
John Whitford's receipted account of smith's work at Lanherne.

[no title]  AR/12/131  October 1741 - June 1742

Contents:
John Bulger's receipted bill for mason's and hellier's work done at Lanherne.

[no title]  AR/12/132  8 June 1742

Contents:
John Best's receipt of payment for work at Lanherne new stable.

[no title]  AR/12/133  10 October 1742

Contents:
Receipt for carpenter's work at Lanherne.

[no title]  AR/12/134  1791

Contents:
Receipted bills for masonry, plumbing, carpenter's and blacksmith's work at Lanherne.

[no title]  AR/12/135  1791-2

Contents:
Receipted bills for nursery work at Lanherne.

RECORDS OF EMPLOYEES  AR/13  [n.d.]


Related information: See also Cornwall Record Office AR/3 for employees of individual manors.

Contents:
These are employee records where more than one manor is involved or no property is specified. The records include appointments of stewards and gamekeepers, bonds for service and receipts for wages.

[no title]  AR/13/1  1520, 14th Nov


Related information: Roger Isham was bailiff and rent-collector of Allowenshay and Isle Brewers (Somerset): see Cornwall Record Office AR/2/1225, 2/1254, 2/1260 and 2/1261; cf. also Cornwall Record Office AR/7/31.

Contents:
(12 Hen VIII)
Bond for payment
Roger Isham of South Pederton (Somerset), yeoman = (1)
John Arundell, knight = (2)
Bond of (1) to (2) in £20, to be paid on 13th Dec next, as security for £11 11s 11d to be paid at the said date.
Seal of (1).

[no title]  AR/13/2  1539, 10th Nov


Related information: For John Dyvenyll see Cornwall Record Office AR/4/2085.

Contents:
(31 Hen VIII)
Appointment of surveyor [copy]
John Arundell, knight = (1)
John Dyvenyll = (2)
Copy of grant by (1), appointing (2) surveyor of his manors, lands, etc., in Cornwall, Wiltshire, Somerset and Devon, with full power of transferring tenements and admitting tenants for term of life; and granting to (2) an annuity of 33s 4d for life, to be paid at Michaelmas, which (2) may take from (1)'s lands if it is in arrears. Signature of (1).
[Same hand?] 'The copy of Dyvenell his patent to be surveyour to Sr John Arundell.'

[no title]  AR/13/3  1545, 26th Jun

Contents:
(37 Hen VIII)
Appointment of attorney for payment of fine
John Arundell de Lanheron, knight = (1)
Gilbert Flammack = (2)
Appointment by (1) of (2) as his attorney, to act, executing, sealing and completing (perficiend') in (1)'s place in his affairs with the king and his ministers, to treat and make fine for entry, possession and seisin, in English 'lyvery', of all the lordships, manors, lands and tenements, lately of John Arundell knight, (1)'s father, and descending by hereditary right to (2); also nominating him as security for paying that fine to the king. Signature of (1).
Seal of (1).

[no title]  AR/13/4  1550, 10th Dec

Contents:
(4 Edw VI)
Appointment of attorneys to receive rents
Sir John Arundell of Lanheron, knight = (1)
William Isham and Richard Gayre = (2)-(3)
Appointment by (1) of (2)-(3) as his attorneys, to receive all rents and revenues from his manors of Lanheron, Tremblyth, Sent Colombe, Bodwennek, Enyscawen, Penlees and Tregarne Camdrowe, and of his hundred of Penwith; also of his manors of Chydiok, Fivehed Nevell and Howton (Dorset); also of his manor of Morcharde Arundell (Devon); to hold the appointment from Michaelmas last for term of 2 years. (2)-(3) shall give to (1) a full account of all rents and revenues, and pay him all money received, except for £148 17s 6d yearly, totalling £297 15s over the 2 years, which sum (2)-(3) stand bound to pay to the king's use, as (1)'s fine for his livery, at Michaelmas 1551 and 1552, as in 2 bonds made.
If (1) discharges this debt to (2)-(3) within the next 2 years, then this receivership shall cease. Signatures of (2)-(3).
2 seals [parts].

[no title]  AR/13/5  1566, 28th Nov

Contents:
(9 Eliz)
Bond for service
Edward Bretten of Sturton (Wiltshire), John Bretten of St Clements outside Temple Barre (London), jerkin-maker, and John Hides of Le Minores near Aldgate (London) = (1)-(3)
John Arundell of Sanctus Mauganus (Cornwall), knight = (4)
Bond of (1)-(3) to (4) in £6 13s 8d; signature of (2), and signs.
[dorse, English] If (1) behaves well in (2)'s service, 'orderely, honestly, diligently and quietly,... refrayninge hym self from fightinge and quareling unles it shall happen lawfully for the worshipp of his said master or for his awne savegard of liff & lymme', then this bond shall be null and void.
Remains of 3 small seals.

[no title]  AR/13/6  1581, 1st Jun

Contents:
(23 Eliz)
Appointment as under-steward, for term of life
Sir John Arundell of Lanherne, knight = (1)
William Williams = (2)
(1) to (2), for his good and faithful service, appointment as understeward of all his lordships, hundreds, manors, etc., in Cornwall, granting him full power and authority to hold courts and receive fees, profits, etc. (but not to demise and grant leases); paying to (2) a rent of 4 marks yearly from the barton and demesne of Lanherne. For (2) to hold during his life; (2) is not to interfere with the under-stewardship of the Hundredal court of Penwith during the lifetime of Robert Trencreke esquire, currently head steward there.
Fine coloured capital letter, with the Arundell coat of arms.

[no title]  AR/13/7, 8  1596, 1st Nov

Contents:
(38 Eliz)
Grant of annuity, for term of life; with 'counterpart'
John Arundell of Lanhern, esquire = (1)
Edward Vyctor, gentleman, servant of (1) = (2)
[AR/13/7] (1) to (2), a yearly rent of £13 6s 8d from his barton and demesne of Lanhern and Trevelsiew [?], and another of £13 6s 8d from the demesnes of Tremblethe and Trevelgy; for (2) to hold for term of his life, payable yearly at 4 terms. Warranty. Delivery of 2 groats of silver in lieu of seisin. If a close of pasture called Crugemorack (parish of St Meran), currently occupied by Thomas Geffery [?], is legally taken from (1), then the annuity from Tremblethe and Trevelgy shall cease. Signature of (1).
[dorse] Note of sealing and delivery.
[AR/13/8] Apparent counterpart, same hand, identical in wording, with signature of (2), tag for a seal, and [dorse] note of sealing and delivery; but the two indentures do not fit together.
[AR/13/7] Seal of (1).
Trevelsiew [?] [= Trebelsue, in St Columb Minor, tenement of Bejowan manor]
Tremblethe [= Trembleath, in St Ervan]
Trevelgy [= Trevelgue, in St Columb Minor, tenement of Lanherne]
Crugemorack [= Crigmurrick, in St Merryn]

[no title]  AR/13/9  1685, 22 Apr

Contents:
Appointment by Sir John Arundell of Peter Champion of St Columb as steward of his manors of 'St Collombe and Midsholl'; Peter Champion to have the profits and fees belonging to the said office 'for and during the will and pleasure of Sir John Arundell'.
See also AR/13/10.

[no title]  AR/13/10  1701, 8 Nov

Contents:
Appointment by Sir Richard Bellings of Lanherne and Dame Frances, his wife, of Peter Champion of St Columb, gentleman, as steward of the manors of St Columb and Midsholl; Champion to have fees and profits of the office to his own use.

[no title]  AR/13/11  1725-6

Contents:
Copy of appointments by John Yate (attorney to John Arundell, esquire) of agents to take up wreck and collect toll tin.

[no title]  AR/13/12  26 December 1737

Contents:
Receipt of money from Miss Arundell, for use of Christopher Spallding, former house-porter to her father.

[no title]  AR/13/13  1777

Contents:
Receipts for wages paid to servants of Hon. James Everard Arundell [36 items].

[no title]  AR/13/14  8 May 1779

Contents:
Appointment by Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour, of George Browne of Bodmin as gamekeeper within the manors of Newland Preeze, Bodwannick and Reperry.

[no title]  AR/13/15  30 October 1789

Contents:
Appointment by Henry, Lord Arundell, of Henry Beeston of Lanherne, gentleman, as gamekeeper for manors of Lanherne and Bejowan. Endorsed with note of registration by Clerk of the Peace.

[no title]  AR/13/16  1849

Contents:
Appointment by Lord Arundell, of Charles Francis Arundell and James Hadfield Andrews, as stewards of all his Cornish manors [unsigned].

TIN AND MINING RECORDS  AR/14  [n.d.]

Contents:
The majority of these records concern tin mining; a few relate to copper mining. Most date from the eighteenth century, when the administration of the estate had moved from a manorial basis to a centralized system, and therefore have been arranged by parish rather than by manor. See AR/1, AR/2 and AR/4 for some early mining records and AR/8 for financial records combining estate and mining business.
AR/14/1 - 54 The general section contains records concerning several parishes and those where the parish is unspecified or unclear. It includes leases, bonds, vouchers, legal papers, letting surveys, shipping bills and two diagrams of engines.
AR/14/55 - 146 Accounts and financial papers for several parishes and where the parish is unspecified or unclear.
AR/14/147 - 190 Correspondence concerning mining, mainly to members of the Arundell family and their stewards. See also AR/10 for letters containing tin business included in the main series of estate correspondence.
AR/14/191 - 213 Notes on ore samples and prices.
AR/14/214 - 466 The records arranged by parish comprise setts, agreements, licences, petitions, legal papers, accounts and receipts. The records for St Mewan parish include all those for Polgooth mine which lay partly in St Mewan, partly in St Austell and partly in St Ewe United Mines in Gwennap consisted of Ale and Cakes, Poldory, Wheal Squire and Cupboard Hill.

General  AR/14/1-54  [n.d.]

[no title]  AR/14/1  1523, 24th Jan

Contents:
(14 Hen VIII); at Westminster
Lease to farm of toll of tin, for term of 21 years
King Henry VIII = (1)
Guthlac Ouerton, gentleman of the chamber doors and king's auditor (uni generosorum hostiarum camere nostre et uni auditorum nostrorum) = (2)
(1), on the advice of John Daunce knight, his councillor, and of John Hales, one of the barons general of his exchequer, supervisor(s) of his lands, to (2) to farm, the toll of tin within the manor of Tywarnayle Ties, parcel of (1)'s lands called 'cooparcionarslondys', coming to him in accordance with the custom of the country, and belonging to that manor; together with all rights, profits, etc. For (2) to hold for term of 21 years, starting from Michaelmas 1521 (13 Hen VIII); rent 100s yearly at Michaelmas.
Great seal [part].
Tywarnayle Ties [= Tywarnhayle Tyes, manor (not the Duchy manor) in Perranzabuloe parish]
Compare AR/14/5-7.

[no title]  AR/14/2  1524, 1st Sep

Contents:
(16 Hen VIII)
Covenant to deliver tin (defeazance of bond)
John Arundelle of Lanherne, gentleman, son and heir apparent of Sir John Arundelle knight, John Dodson of the parish of Seint Tenedri, gentleman, and William Sexten of Cambleford, yeoman = (1)-(3)
Richard Taillour, citizen and pewterer of London = (4)
Indented agreement between (1)-(3) and (4), such that (1)-(3) shall deliver to (4) 7,000 [= 7 thousandweight of] good and marketable tin ('seven thowsand tynne good and merchaunt') 'at the kynges beame' at Trerewe on the next day of coinage, at the rate of 20 marks for each thousand; and (4) shall pay them upon receipt as much as it is worth at that price, over and above £87 10s which he has now already paid to (1) in part payment. (4) grants that if (1)-(3) keep this agreement, then a bond of the same date of (1)-(3) to (4) in £120 shall be null and void.
Slits for tag of seal.
parish of Seint Tenedri [= St Enoder]

[no title]  AR/14/3  1537, 14th Oct

Contents:
(29 Hen VIII)
Bond for payment
John Arundell, esquire = (1)
Thomas Cromwell, knight, keeper of king's privy seal, John Dawncey, knight, king's councillor, Brian Tuke, knight, treasurer of king's chamber, Thomas Arundell, knight, general receiver of Duchy of Cornwall, and Wymund Carew esquire his deputy = (2)-(6)
Bond of (1) to (2)-(6) in £20, payable on 1st Nov next; as security for £13 6s 8d due to the king for coinage of tin, payable on that date. Signature of (1).
Document cancelled by cuts.

[no title]  AR/14/4  1541-42

Contents:
Paper used as wrapper with note about bounds and toll tin of Mingham and Gavrigan.

[no title]  AR/14/5  1567, 16th May

Contents:
(9 Eliz)
Partition of right to toll of tin
Thomas Gerarde, ordinary yeoman of the Queen's chamber = (1)
William Hollocombe, ordinary yeoman of the queen's chamber = (2)
Recites: grant by Queen Elizabeth, dated 3rd May 1567, granting to (1)-(2) all toll of tin coming from the lordships or manors of Hellston in Ker', Tywarnaile and Tewington, as part of her Duchy of Cornwall; for (1)-(2) to hold from Michaelmas 1572, or at the surrender or forfeiture of the term of years of Robert Cole otherwise Plome, for term of 21 years.
Now (1) and (2) agree to divide the grant, such that neither has any claim on the other's share; such that each shall receive half of the toll tin; each also agrees to pay half of the yearly rent of £20 6s 8d, not to do anything to endanger the grant, and to give 2 months' notice before granting away his share, so that the other may buy it.
Signature of (1)..
Seal [part].
Hellston in Ker' [= Helston in Kerrier, in Wendron parish]
Tywarnaile [= Tywarnhayle, in Perranzabuloe parish]
Tewington [in St Austell parish]
Compare AR/14/1 and AR/14/6-7.

[no title]  AR/14/6/1, 2  1573, 4th Feb

Contents:
(15 Eliz)
Lease of moiety of toll of tin; with counterpart
William Hollocombe of London, yeoman of the queen's guard = (1)
John Kerne alias Tresylyan of Tresylyan, merchant = (2)
Consideration: £80 paid by (2) to (1).
Recites: (a) letters patent dated 12th Apr 1552 (6 Edw VI), whereby King Edward VI granted to Robert Cole alias Plome, under the seal of the court of augmentations and revenues, all toll of tin from the demesnes of the manor of Tewyngton, Tywarnayle and Helston in Kerr', and from elsewhere in those manors, then held by Thomas Arundell, knight, attainted of felony, and parcel of the revenues of the Dukedom of Cornwall; for Robert Cole alias Plome to hold for term of 21 years, starting from the previous Michaelmas [1551]; rent to the King £20 6s 8d yearly at Nativity of St John Baptist and Michaelmas; the reversion of which belongs to Queen Elizabeth.
(b) letters patent dated 3rd May 1567 (9 Eliz), whereby Queen Elizabeth granted to Thomas Gerrarde and William Hollocombe, yeomen ordinary of her chamber, for their good and faithful service, the said toll of tin obtained in the demesnes or manors of Helston in Kerr', Tywarnayle and Tewyngton; for them to hold for term of 21 years from Michaelmas 1572, or from the death, surrender or forfeiture of (a) by Robert Cole alias Plome; rent £20 6s 8d yearly at the Annunciation and Michaelmas.
Now (1), in full possession as survivor of Thomas Gerrarde, to (2), the moiety of the said toll of tin ('called the tolle tynne') arising yearly from the tin obtained in those manors; for (2) to hold for term of 20 years from last Michaelmas [1572]; rent 1 peppercorn yearly at Michaelmas to (1), if asked, plus paying the rent due to the Queen for that moiety, namely £10 3s 4d yearly at the Annunciation and Michaelmas. Covenant by (1) that he is lawful owner of the moiety, with right to lease it, and that it is free of encumbrances; warranty. Covenant by (2) to pay the rent due to the Queen, and indemnify (1) for it, and not to do anything to jeopardise (1)'s term of years. (1) may cancel this lease by paying £80 to (2) on 1st Feb in any year at Tresylyan (parish of Saynt Newlyn) between 8 a.m. and 3 p.m.
[dorse] Notes of sealing and delivery [on each copy].
Seal [different one on AR/14/6/1 and 14/6/2]
John Kerne alias Tresylyan of Tresylyan
[Newlyn East]
Tewyngton [St Austell]
Tywarnayle [Perranzabuloe]
Helston in Kerr' [Wendron]
Compare AR/14/1, 14/5 and 14/7.

[no title]  AR/14/7  1579, 7th May

Contents:
(21 Eliz)
Lease of moiety of toll of tin
William Hollocombe of Coldridge (Devon), clothier = (1)
John Kerne alias Tresylian, gentleman = (2)
Recites: (a) letters patent of King Edward VI, dated 12th Apr 1552 [as recited in AR/14/6];
(b) letters patent of Queen Elizabeth, dated 3rd May 1567 [as recited in AR/14/6];
(c) AR/14/6 itself.
Now (1), executor of the last will and testament of William Hollocombe (deceased) of London, one of the Queen's yeomen of the guard, to (2), the other moiety [not granted in AR/14/6] of the toll of tin arising from tin obtained in the demesnes of the manors of Helston in Kerr', Tywarnayle and Tewington, or elsewhere in the manors, possessions of the Dukedom of Cornwall; for (2) to hold for term of 7 years. Rent £30 yearly to (1) at St Bartholomew [24th Aug] and Purification, plus the yearly rent due to the Queen for the moiety, namely £10 3s 4d yearly at the Annunciation and Michaelmas. Covenant by (1) that he is lawful owner of the moiety, with right to lease it, and that it is free of encumbrances; warranty. Covenant by (2) that he shall pay the rent due to the Queen and indemnify (1) for it, and not to do anything to jeopardise (1)'s term of years in the toll of tin.
[dorse] Note of sealing and delivery.
Seal.
Compare AR/14/1, 14/5 and 14/6.

[no title]  AR/14/8  1582, 16th May

Contents:
Agreement to grant toll of tin
William Hollacome = (1)
Mr Edward Arundell = (2)
Agreement that (1) shall grant to (2) his lease of the toll tin of certain of the Queen's manors in Cornwall; consideration £240, to be paid £100 at next Michaelmas, £70 at the following Annunciation [1583], and £70 at the following Michaelmas; if (2) does not wish to 'conclude this bargayne', he shall inform (1) before next Michaelmas.
William Williams, Stephen Water, Roger Holman.
[16th-17th century] "Wm Holcoms grant"; [17th-18th century] "An agreement between Wm Hollocomb & Mr Edwd Arundell for Hollocombs assigning his lease to Mr Arundell of the toll tyn of diverse mannors granted to Hollocombe by Queen Eliz' letters patents, but such assignment is not here".

[no title]  AR/14/9  1582, 20th May

Contents:
(24 Eliz)
Bond for performance of covenants
William Hollocombe of Uton Arrundell (Devon), clothier = (1)
Edward Arundell of Lanherne, esquire = (2)
Bond of (1), executor of the last will and testament of William Hollocombe (deceased) of London, [yeoman] of the Queen's guard, to (2), for £400. Signature of (1).
[dorse; English] If (1) keeps all covenants specified in an indenture, of the same date, between (1) and (2), then this bond shall be null and void; otherwise, it stands in its strength.
Seal of (1); [17th-18th century, same hand as second endorsement on AR/14/8] "Bond from Willm Hollocomb to Mr Edward Arundell in 400 li. for performance of covenants in an indenture, but the same indenture is not to be found amongst these writings".

[no title]  AR/14/10  1587, 15th Feb

Contents:
(29 Eliz)
Lease of toll of tin
Sir John Arundell of Lanherne, knight = (1)
John Kearne of Tresulyan, gentleman = (2)
(1) to (2), all toll of tin due to the Queen from the manors of Tewington, Trewharnheyle and Helston in Keriar; which toll tin (1) holds by letters patent of the Queen under her great seal; for (2) to hold from last Purification [2nd Feb 1587], for term of 1 year; rent £40 3s 4d to be paid to (1) at Lanherne on 24th Aug next, and another £40 3s 4d on the following Purification; covenant by (2) to pay the said £80 6s 8d. Signature of (2).
Seal [remains; of (2), presumably; similar to one of those on AR/14/6].

[no title]  AR/14/11  1686, Dec

Contents:
Note of toll and farm tin received from adventurers in Pollgooth bounds, Skieede[?] bounds, Greate Vian Veean, Powe[?] bounds and Vatworkes.

[no title]  AR/14/12/1, 2  2 Oct 1697 and 31 Jan 1699

Contents:
Two letting surveys for Sir John Arundell's toll and farm tin casualties now divided and lying at various mills; St Ewe and St Mewan area.

[no title]  AR/14/13  1699/1700, 21 Feb

Contents:
Blowing House Juvoier [sic] of white tin.

[no title]  AR/14/14  [17th century?]

Contents:
Note of tin works belonging to Sir John Arundell of Lanherne [torn: some writing missing].
Endorsement [19th century]: 'It appears by this paper that Lanherne family hath only 2/9 of the Toll Tin of Cosgarne Downs'.

[no title]  AR/14/15  [17th century]

Contents:
Draft articles of agreement for granting a tin-sett
6 articles of agreement between Sir John Arundell and 'James tinner' and 3 labouring tinners, for granting right to work for tin. No places or dates given.

[no title]  AR/14/16  17th - 18th centuries

Contents:
Tin papers [81 items].

[no title]  AR/14/17  1701/2, Jan

Contents:
List of blocks of tin shipped from Falmouth.

[no title]  AR/14/18  1703, 20th Jul

Contents:
Bill of George Bere having shipped upon the ship Peter and Mary of Helford (captain Samuel Osborn, and now in Falmouth harbour), 59 blocks of tin (173 cwt and 24 lbs), for delivery to London. Dated at Peryn.

[no title]  AR/14/19  1703, 15 Sep

Contents:
Printed bill of lading, 10 blocks of tin shipped from Helford to London on board the Queen Ann.

[no title]  AR/14/20  Sep 1709 - Dec 1710

Contents:
Note of sales of tin.

[no title]  AR/14/21  1710

Contents:
'Account of the black tin of the toll and farm', with names of bounds, etc.

[no title]  AR/14/22  1717/8, 3 Jan

Contents:
Note of Sir Richard Bellings' tin bounds in Gunwalloe, Breage and Conner Downs.

[no title]  AR/14/23  1718, 15 Apr

Contents:
Bill of lading for shipping 36 blocks of tin in the Anne and Mary of Falmouth, James Sandys master, from port of Truro to London. Consignee: Mr Powell.

[no title]  AR/14/24  [c.1720s]

Contents:
List of tin, copper and lead setts in being, with some comments.

[no title]  AR/14/25  1721

Contents:
Advice about Baldie [?] work

[no title]  AR/14/26  [1730s?]

Contents:
Estimate, Miss Arundell's estate [i.e. a moiety of the Lanherne estate].
Much of the document is about mines. Mentions Polgooth; copper set to Mr Coster and others for trying the copper lode which proved so fortunate to Mr Basset; sett in Cosgarn Common; Cupboard Work.

[no title]  AR/14/27  1747-54

Contents:
Tin setts, various parishes and manors

[no title]  AR/14/28  1755-56

Contents:
Memorandum of mines in Lord Arundell's lands. Gives comments on the present state of workings - Polgooth, Baldew, Wood Close, Wheal Virgin, Wheal Weeth, Roseworthy Aditt, Wheal Glory, Ale and Cakes, Little Cubboard, Wheal Small Hopes, W. Better Luck, Carnhell, Naggazais in Gwithin, toll tin in Coisgarne Comons.
1755, with further comments May 1756

[no title]  AR/14/29  Up to 1757

Contents:
Abstract of setts for tin and copper in manors of Prospineck, Pengwedna and Tregennow.

[no title]  AR/14/30  22 July 1757

Contents:
Application by James[?] Willyams, to William Dungey, for a sett

[no title]  AR/14/31  1757-59

Contents:
Documents relating to tin dues - Polgooth, Wheal Virgin, etc.; also list of Connerton high rents

[no title]  AR/14/32  11 June 1759

Contents:
Memorandum of application 'for a set of the carriers Moor'

[no title]  AR/14/33  1765-74

Contents:
Copies of Bills for Remitting Money; show names of agents of copper smelting companies. Many of the persons named are mine pursers, but mines not, or normally not, named [15 items]

[no title]  AR/14/34  20 January 1769

Contents:
Petition to Vice-Warden of Stannaries, by Thomas Coad of St Columb, tenant of the Dowager Lady Arundell's toll tin on Goss Moor in St Dennis, against Thomas Tonkin of St Enoder, regarding tin from streamwork called the Great Craft or Crafthow

[no title]  AR/14/35  28 February 1769

Contents:
Order of Vice-Warden of Stannaries to Thomas Carise, Arundell Prior, Richard Quintrell and Richard John, to attend court at Penzance, to testify for the complainant in case of Peter Lovelass v. John Blee

[no title]  AR/14/36  1771-3

Contents:
Mineral and general [60? items]

[no title]  AR/14/37  1771-4

Contents:
Mostly mineral matters [30 items]

[no title]  AR/14/38  1786

Contents:
Fragment; mining

[no title]  AR/14/39  1788-90

Contents:
Captain Paul Penrose [10 items]

[no title]  AR/14/40  [c. 1790]

Contents:
Draft appointment by Phillip Rashleigh of Menabilly, gentleman, of John Carthew of St Austell as receiver of toll tin due to him within Blackmoor stannary
Endorsed 'Mr Dungey's draft'

[no title]  AR/14/41  1791

Contents:
William Thomas, including Wheal Virgin and Gavrigan streaming [20 items]

[no title]  AR/14/42  1792

Contents:
Minutes of meeting of Copper Miners, held in London on 19 January, with covering letter from Paul Penrose, Redruth, to Henry Beeston, St Columb, 23 January

[no title]  AR/14/43  1793

Contents:
William Thomas, including Gavrigan streaming [9 items]

[no title]  AR/14/44  1790s [?]

Contents:
Blank printed sheet for entering bids of the different copper-smelting companies [which are named] for parcels of ore at ticketings. On back: faded pencil writings, including memorandum of offer for lease of a tenement in Gwinear area, etc.

[no title]  AR/14/45  29 January 1797

Contents:
Report by Captain Paul Penrose on the state of the mines: Wheal Fortune in Cosgarne Downs [Gwennap], United Mines [Gwennap], Wheal Abram [Crowan], Wheal Providence [Gwithian] (engine nearly erected). Mentions application by Captain Andrew and Co. to put on the Weeth [Gwinear]. Wheal Virgins [Gwennap] mentioned.

[no title]  AR/14/46  18th century

Contents:
Bottom part of a survey evidently including Tregennow Barton and Rescorla, and probably elsewhere. Gives field names. Three stamping mills and a blowing house mentioned.
With note about the value of stamping mills on Tregennow, when the tin works are and are not good. Mr Robins mentioned. Barton of Nansladron mentioned.

[no title]  AR/14/47  18th C

Contents:
Miscellaneous tin papers

[no title]  AR/14/48  18th C

Contents:
Tin papers

[no title]  AR/14/49  Late 18th C

Contents:
Tin papers; letters and accounts

[no title]  AR/14/50/1-6  18th C

Contents:
Fragments; mining

[no title]  AR/14/51  [c. 1800]

Contents:
List of leases and setts. Little detail. Mentions setts of Consols, Wheal Pryn, Weeth, and a sett in Drym to Richard Thomas. Mentions Mr Beeston. On back - unsigned letter re an account of unspecified dues of Lord Arundell.

[no title]  AR/14/52  21 October 1804

Contents:
Memorandum re miscellaneous mining matters. Mentions United Mines, Wheal Fortune, Wheal Virgins, Wheal Abram, Polgooth. [Author not stated]

[no title]  AR/14/53  n.d

Contents:
Printed diagram and explanation of a new engine for draining mines, collieries, marsh lands and fenny lands, invented by Thomas Hunt

[no title]  AR/14/54  n.d. [LUG watermark]

Contents:
Printed explanation of a horse-powered engine and detailed diagram; engine for raising coal and ore, invented by Thomas Hunt

Accounts and Financial Papers  AR/14/55 - 146  [n.d.]

[no title]  AR/14/55  1523, 24th Nov

Contents:
(15 Hen VIII)
Receipt
John Byrd of London = (1)
John Arundell, knight = (2)
Receipt by (1) from (2), through hands of Walter Borlas, of £20 as part payment of £111 4d for 20 pieces of Cornish tin, part of 40 pieces which (2) had from (1) at Southampton after the death of Udy Goeff; the other 20 pieces being assigned by Udy Goeff to James Wylforth of London. (2) has paid Wylforth £107 9s for those 20 pieces, and (1) acquits (2) for them, trusting to recover from Wylforth. For the remainder of the £111 4d for the first 20 pieces, he expects to be paid as follows: £11 4d at 1st May next; £20 on 1st Nov 1524; £20 on 1st Nov 1525; £20 on 1st Nov 1526, and £20 on 1st Nov 1527. Signature of (1).
Seal of (1).

[no title]  AR/14/56  1615

Contents:
Account of Pathericke Jenkyn for profits of blowing house, craze mill and stamping mills of Polgooth [possibly Polgooth in St Mewan, but document is headed Gaverygan, suggesting St Columb].

[no title]  AR/14/57  1632-9

Contents:
Tin accounts of John Trevarnow, as toller to Arundell family of Lanherne. John Arundell, esquire, named 1638-9. Names of workings or tinbounds are sometimes given.
7 papers tied together [not examined in detail].

[no title]  AR/14/58  14 October 1639 to 20 October 1641

Contents:
Notes of toll and farm tin received by John Arundell.

[no title]  AR/14/59  1639-41

Contents:
Account of receipts and disbursements for the blowing house and stamping mill.

[no title]  AR/14/60  n.d

Contents:
Tin account, Polgooth, etc.

[no title]  AR/14/61  1636

Contents:
Money disbursed, blowing house, Polgooth, 1636, and money laid out about the stamping mill.
Endorsed: Mr Wm Arundell's Tin Accounts, etc.
Endorsed: Mr Willm Arundells notes made at auditt 1639

[no title or date]  AR/14/62

Contents:
Toll and farm tin received by Willm Arundell, 1637, etc. [3 sheets, nos. 2 and 3 pinned together].

[no title]  AR/14/63  1644

Contents:
Mr Robyns account at Auditt.

[no title]  AR/14/64  1677-1772

46 items

Contents:
Tin accounts from various places

[no title]  AR/14/65  1684

Contents:
Account of tin.

[no title or date]  AR/14/66

Contents:
Tin account starting 21 December 1684 to February 1684/5

[no title]  AR/14/67  1684-8

Contents:
Account of toll and farm tin received for Sir John Arundell

[no title]  AR/14/68  December 1685

Contents:
Tin account, Polgooth etc.

[no title]  AR/14/69  1686 (March, etc.)

Contents:
Tin account, Polgooth, etc.

[no title]  AR/14/70  October 1686

Contents:
Tin account, Polgooth etc.

[no title]  AR/14/71  1686-8

3 items

Contents:
Receipts of toll and farm tin, including Higher Pollgooth Burrowes, Vinn Veean Burrowes, Fate Workes, Cockes Head Burrowes, Hartes Delight in Pollgooth Bounds, the White Worke bounds in Sticker Commons, Lower St Margrets Burrowes, Mulbery in Lanivet, Bolladventer Burrowes, Balldewe, The Yeow Bounds and St Larnes Bounds

[no title]  AR/14/72  1688

Contents:
Account Toll tin.

[no title]  AR/14/73  12 June 1688 to 15 April 1689

Contents:
Richard Rawe's account for tin business

[no title]  AR/14/74  Mar 1689-90

Contents:
Tin account. [Note: Account of tin received for Sir John Arundell, St Mewan, St Ewe, St Dennis area, 26 March to 30 September 1691, is at AR/14/75]

[no title]  AR/14/75  1691, Mar-Sep

Contents:
Account of black tin received
Details of tin received, with dates and from whom (from places including Pollgoth Burrow, the White Worke bounds in Sticker commons, Pollgooth Burrowes, Sticker Wood, the Rowse bounds in Sticker commons, the Higher and Lower Pollgooth Burrows, Bolladuenter Burrows, Treloweth Woode, Vianveean Burrows, Balldewe Tayles, St Margrets, Trelauer Comons in St Denis, St Larrans Burrows, and Cocks Head in the Easter Grounde. Mills named include St Margett Mills, the Higher and Lower Costalost Mills, the Dubell Mills, Mr Sawles Mill at Lane End, Mr Haymans Mill at Sticker, Sir Richard Edgcumb's mill).

[no title]  AR/14/76  1691-92

Contents:
Tin account.

[no title]  AR/14/77  1691-92

Contents:
Account of expenses in Sir John Arundell's tin concerns.

[no title]  AR/14/78  Sep 1694 - Aug 1695

2 items

Contents:
List of receipts of toll and farm tin, from various setts

[no title]  AR/14/79  [16]95, 22 Aug

Contents:
Receipt of tin payments [?].

[no title]  AR/14/80  1695

Contents:
Tin account.

[no title]  AR/14/81  1698, 17 Aug

Contents:
Account of toll and farm tin received by John Hayman to the use of Sir John Arundell.

[no title]  AR/14/82  1698, 21 Oct

Contents:
Receipt for coin duty due on tin.

[no title]  AR/14/83  Sep - Dec 1698

Contents:
Account of toll and farm tin received by John Hayman, with disbursements; including Trelaver in St Dennis, Colscarne [?] etc. Disbursements include expenses at Polgooth.

[no title]  AR/14/84  Dec 1698 - 20 Feb 1699

Contents:
Account of toll tin.

[no title]  AR/14/85  Jun 1698 - May 1699

Contents:
Account of black and white tin made out of Polgooth and other small works adjoining.

[no title]  AR/14/86  17th and 18th centuries

43 items

Contents:
Miscellaneous bundle containing many tin and copper ore receipts

[no title]  AR/14/87/1  1700, 10 Jun

Contents:
Mr Hayman's tin account.

[no title]  AR/14/87/2  1700, 19 Dec

Contents:
Coinage bill.

[no title]  AR/14/88  1702, 2 Feb

Contents:
Expenses for transporting tin from Truro.

[no title]  AR/14/89  1701/2, 3 Feb

Contents:
Tin account of Thomas Powell sent to Sir Richard Bellings.

[no title]  AR/14/90  1703

Contents:
Mr Cock's account for farm tin.

[no title]  AR/14/91/1  1704, 7 May

Contents:
William Perrow's account of payments for tin and cloth.

[no title]  AR/14/91/2  1704, 22 Jul

Contents:
Mr Cock's tin and copper account.

[no title]  AR/14/92  1705, 22 May

Contents:
Mr Cock's account for farm tin.

[no title]  AR/14/93  1705

Contents:
Francis Brewer's tin account.

[no title]  AR/14/94  1705

Contents:
Tin account.

[no title]  AR/14/95  1706

Contents:
Tin accounts of Francis Brewer.

[no title]  AR/14/96  September 1706 - March 1707

Contents:
Account of toll and farm tin received from Polgooth and Bockedick in Lanivet

[no title]  AR/14/97  3 September 1707

Contents:
John Cock's tin account.

[no title]  AR/14/98  1707

6 items

Contents:
Accounts, Paul Penrose

[no title]  AR/14/99  1708

Contents:
Tin and copper account, including Nalant and Gwithian.

[no title]  AR/14/100  1707-9

Contents:
'1707 Toll tin' account.

[no title]  AR/14/101  11 February 1709

Contents:
John Cocke's account of tin and metal disbursements

[no title]  AR/14/102  1710?

Contents:
Tin account. John Cock's account of disbursements in stamping and dressing Sir Richard Bellings' tin to 1710, with receipts. Principally Helston area; Nalant also mentioned.

[no title]  AR/14/103  September 1708 - February 1710/11

Contents:
Brewer's account of black tin, 25 July 1711. Mostly Polgooth area; quantities of black tin received, with weights of white tin made.

[no title]  AR/14/104  12 September 1711

Contents:
Mr John Cock's account for tin and copper.

[no title]  AR/14/105  30 June 1713

Contents:
William Drew's account for Creguall copper ore

[no title]  AR/14/106  October 1717 - September 1718

Contents:
Account of toll and farm tin received

[no title]  AR/14/107  October 1721

Contents:
Account for Crequel Oar

[no title]  AR/14/108  1728

Contents:
Copy of Mr Spernon's account for tin dues in and about Breage.

[no title]  AR/14/109  June 1729 - July 1742

Contents:
Account of tin brought to Treyew smelting house

[no title]  AR/14/110  September 1732 - October 1733

Contents:
Black tin account, several mines

[no title]  AR/14/111  Michaelmas 1732 - 5 November 1733

Contents:
Account of money received for tin and copper [and lead], from Mr Carthew, Mr Lemon (copper), Jno Pascoe, John Cornish, Mr Spernon, Mr Harry, Mr Bryan (lead); mines not named

[no title]  AR/14/112  9 December 1733

Contents:
Mr Carthew's account for black tin in St Dennis and other places

[no title]  AR/14/113  10 November 1737

Contents:
Mr John Arundell's account for tin, etc.

[no title]  AR/14/114  July 1741 - May 1742

Contents:
Receipted bill of Mr Polkinhorne for legal expenses in connection with the stannary of Penwith and Kerrier

[no title]  AR/14/115  1746

Contents:
Cockshead account

[no title]  AR/14/116  1748-50

Contents:
William Dungey's account for tin and copper ore dues

[no title]  AR/14/117  Michaelmas 1750 - Michaelmas 1751

Contents:
Account of tin dues. William Dungey. Tin from manors of Connerton, Tresithney, Bodwanneck, Domelliock. With expenses.

[no title]  AR/14/118  May 1751 - May 1752

Contents:
Account for costs at mines

[no title]  AR/14/119  May - November 1752

Contents:
Account of ore and costs at mines

[no title]  AR/14/120  1752

Contents:
William Dungey to Lord Arundell. Tin account

[no title]  AR/14/121  1753

Contents:
Accounts of Lord Arundell's Mineral Agents: William Dungey (1/7 of copper from Wheal Weeth); Edmund Carthew (Polgooth toll tin);
John Arundell (tin from Pengilly, Penprase, Trevarno, Crowl); William Dungey (tin dues from various manors)

[no title]  AR/14/122  Michaelmas 1754

Contents:
William Dungey to Lord Arundell. Tin account.

[no title]  AR/14/123  23 July 1758

Contents:
Note of payment for carrying tin

[no title]  AR/14/124  1759-60

Contents:
Samuel Taunton's account for Whitework

[no title]  AR/14/125  17 May 1760

Contents:
Account of tin dues received from Richard Hockins

[no title]  AR/14/126  1760

Contents:
Tin account

[no title]  AR/14/127  1762

Contents:
John Hender's account of Lanivet Streamers, to Ladyday

[no title]  AR/14/128  18 February 1766

Contents:
Copper sold, Wheal Virgin, West Wheal Virgin, Wheal Spernon, Poldice, Chacewater. With bids of the agents of the copper smelting companies [names of companies not given].

[no title]  AR/14/129  1744/5 - 1768

Contents:
Account of toll tin received by Walter Trethewy in and about St Ewe.

[no title]  AR/14/130  1768

Contents:
Mining account, Ruthvoes and Trevarren.

[no title]  AR/14/131  7 July 1772

Contents:
Cost in returning white tin; Trevarnow mine, Wheal Cornelius leavings, Perran Smelting House mentioned.

[no title]  AR/14/132  Michaelmas 1772 to Michaelmas 1773

Contents:
Toll tin took up by James Gaved in St Ewe and St Mewan.

[no title]  AR/14/133  Michaelmas 1773 to Michaelmas 1774

Contents:
Account of toll tin received in and about St Ewe and St Mewan by Mr James Gaved for Lord Arundell.

[no title]  AR/14/134  1774-83

Contents:
Sums received from Lord Arundell's mineral ventures:
Old Wheal Virgin, West Wheal Virgin, South Lode, United Mines (all copper works on Cosgarne Downs);
tin streamworks at Goss Moor, Gavrigan, Polgooth, Cardinham; copper from Wheal Weeth at Roseworthy;
antimony at Nansladron;
tin at Lelant, Bodwanneck, Reperry; lead at Roseworthy

[no title]  AR/14/135  30 April 1778 to 25 October 1779

Contents:
Produce of mines, including Polgooth Stream Works, Wheal Weeth, etc.

[no title]  AR/14/136  1781

Contents:
Account of produce of mines, by manor 1771-80: Wheal Virgin, West Wheal Virgin, East Wheal Virgin, United Mines, Cosgarne Down, Wheal Weeth specified; with general incomes from manors

[no title or date]  AR/14/137

Contents:
Accounts for streaming at Gavrigan, for year ending - Lady day 1784

[no title]  AR/14/138  1790-2

Contents:
Account giving dues from Polgooth, Wheal Virgin, West Wheal Virgin, and dues, adventure receipts and costs for United Mines.

[no title]  AR/14/139  May 1792 - May 1793

Contents:
Geoffrey Simmons' account for Henry, Lord Arundell, of mining costs and profits

[no title]  AR/14/140  February 1793

Contents:
Record of ores sampled and sold

[no title]  AR/14/141  4 June 1794

Contents:
Tin bill

[no title]  AR/14/142  1798, 27th Feb

Contents:
Letter accompanying two bills for a total of £110, being revenue partly from Polgooth; signed as received by Lord Arundell.

[no title]  AR/14/143  1798, Lady day

Contents:
Mining account, parish not specified, Gavrigan; composition for streaming, Gavrigan.

[no title]  AR/14/144  1799

Contents:
Account of copper ore from several mines [printed form, filled in].

[no title]  AR/14/145  [18th century]

Contents:
Receipt of payment for white tin.

[no title]  AR/14/146  [18th century?]

3 items

Contents:
Accounting notes: tin

Correspondence  AR/14/147 - 190  [n.d.]

[no title]  AR/14/147  1575, 19th Jun

Contents:
Letter
Henry Pethake; from my poor house
Sir John Arundell knight
There is to be a special tin-court of Blakmour stannary held at the tin-work at Bodwanecke Lanes Ende, where you had the Great Stone. The court will be held on Wednesday next (22nd Jun), about 9 o'clock. If you would be present, or Mr Edward your brother, or such as you should think meet to save the poor men's right there, no doubt the matter would prevail much the better. Mr Thomas Arundell's son is an owner of 1/2 dole in the work, and Mr Edward Arundell your brother of another, which was given to him to look to the poor men's right there.

[no title]  AR/14/148  1598, 12th Dec

Contents:
Letter
Hamond [?] Menhier
Richard Tremayne esquire; at Tregonning
I cannot get a bill of exchange to be paid upon sight. Please send your letters to Sanson [?] to Mr Robartes, Mr Thomas Borgis or Mr Matthew Robartes. On Thursday morning I shall be at William Straumond's [?] house with the money. If you send someone to me with your letter, I shall pay him by 10 o'clock. Otherwise I know not how to make it up so quickly as required. The workmen are in and the water 'is gon clene' [= altogether gone?]; they are sinking the new shaft deeper to drive to the lode, and we have, God be thanked, some tin in Bodwan.. Downe; though it be not much, we are in good hope it will be ...

[no title]  AR/14/149  1681, 24th Oct

Contents:
Letter
Andre Hebert, father and son; in Paris
Sir John Arundell; in Rouen
Tin business; it has been somewhat dear, because it had not been dug up and for lack of water to work the mills; but they are about to begin work again; we are ready to buy at a reasonable price.

[no title]  AR/14/150  1686/7, 11th Feb

Contents:
Letter
R. Edgcumbe; at Mount Edgcumb
Sir John Arundell, knight; at Somerset House, London
Concerning the demand of tinners in Devon for 2s 6d more in the hundred; its consequences in Cornwall. Asking for your opinion. Other tin business.

[no title]  AR/14/151/1  1694, 10th Dec

Contents:
Letter
Christopher Montagu
Sir John Arundell
Offering settlement of a dispute between you and Mr Edgcumb concerning a tin-work.

[no title]  AR/14/151/2  1698/9

28 items

Contents:
Bundle of correspondence from Thomas Powell in London to George Bere

[no title]  AR/14/152  [17th century], 16 Feb

[badly decayed].

Contents:
Letter to John Hayman from his son John Hayman; tin business

[no title]  AR/14/153  1700, Mar 25th

Contents:
Letter
Thomas Powell; at 'Theobalds'
Sir John Arundell; at Somerset House
Tin business; mentions Mr Bere.
'Theobalds' may be in Dorset: compare AR/14/154.

[no title]  AR/14/154  1700, Sep 14th

Contents:
Letter
Thomas Powell; at Bath
Sir John Arundell; at Somerset House
My stay in Dorset meant that I received your last late. I shall not be in London till Michaelmas; mentions Mr Bere; tin business.

[no title]  AR/14/155  1703, 22 Dec

Contents:
Copy of letter from [Frances Bellings] in London, to Henry Scobell, esquire; tin business.

[no title]  AR/14/156  1715/6, 23 Mar

Contents:
Copy of letter from Stephen Robins about leasing setts at Polgooth mine.

[no title]  AR/14/157  16 April and 18 April 1718

Contents:
Copies of letters relating to tin from John Hayman to Allexander Cleeve, Thomas Powell and John Hulls.

[no title]  AR/14/158  20 November 1747

Contents:
Copy of [John Lovelass'] letter to William Tremayne; about Weeth Mine

[no title]  AR/14/159  23 November 1747

Contents:
Letter to John Lovelass in Axminster, Devon, from William Dungey at Lanherne; Weeth Mine

[no title]  AR/14/160  12 November 1750

Contents:
Copy of John Lovelass' letter to Mr Daniel, about Little Cubboard Mine

[no title]  AR/14/161  27 August 1752

Contents:
Letter to John Lovelass at Chideock, from William Dungey at Lanherne; mining, particularly Weeth Mine

[no title]  AR/14/162  15 October 1752

Contents:
Letter to John Lovelass at Chideock, from William Dungey at Lanherne; tin mines

[no title]  AR/14/163  18 June 1754

Contents:
letter to John Lovelass at Chideock, from William Dungey at Lanherne; tin business

[no title]  AR/14/164  20 December 1754

Contents:
Letter to John Lovelass at Chideock, from William Dungey at Lanherne; about Weeth Mine

[no title]  AR/14/165  11 February 1756

Contents:
Letter, Paul Penrose, Redruth, to [?], re a large mine [United mines?], tin streaming in an unspecified field, Trevarno.

[no title]  AR/14/166  23 April 1761

2 items

Contents:
Letter, Thomas Daniell, Truro, to Samuel Taunton, Lanherne, regarding 'intended Adventure of Coldory Cupboard', with paper giving limits of sett

[no title]  AR/14/167  26 June 1762

Contents:
Letter from George Simmons at Ale and Cakes mine in Gwennap, to Samuel Taunton; account of mine costs and produce; description of entertainment given at mine by Christopher Beauchamp on Midsummer Eve; mentions engine at Poldory and Little Cupboard mine

[no title]  AR/14/168  17 May 1768

Contents:
Letter to John Pearce junior, tinner, of Roach, from Thomas Coad, demanding payment of dues for tin-stream work at Wheal Virgin

[no title]  AR/14/169  18 July 1769

Contents:
Letter to John Lovelass at Redruth, from [blank] in Penzance. Petitions concerning tin toll at Goosemoor

[no title]  AR/14/170  1776-84

92 items

Contents:
United Mines, Cusgarne Downs, including Wheal Virgin; receipts and correspondence regarding Arundell shares

[no title]  AR/14/171  24 January 1777

Contents:
Draft letter to Mr Penwance, attorney at law, in Penryn, from [?] in Redruth; notification of meeting about proposed setts in several mines

[no title]  AR/14/172  [c. 1777-80]

31 items

Contents:
Correspondence about tin mining

[no title]  AR/14/173  23 November 1778

Contents:
Letter, Richard Penrose, Redruth, to John Catton, St Columb; mining matters - Wheal Virgin [damaged]

[no title]  AR/14/174  30 November 1778

Contents:
Note from G. Simmons about meeting at United Mines

[no title]  AR/14/175  1779

25 items

Contents:
Tin papers; mainly letters to John Catton

[no title]  AR/14/176  1781-2

45 items

Contents:
Correspondence to John Catton, regarding dues payable to the various owners from the adventurers, in respect of ores from United Mines; and arrangements for meetings to discuss them

[no title]  AR/14/177  16 August 1782

Contents:
Letter to John Catton, from James Gaved at Polgooth; plans for Polgooth
On dorse, values of tenements/setts[?]

[no title]  AR/14/178  1783

14 items

Contents:
Letters concerning abatement of dues from 1/10 to 1/15 in United Mines

[no title]  AR/14/179  August 1783 - July 1784

8 items

Contents:
Letters to John Catton, from G. Simmons and Paul Penrese, about United Mines

[no title]  AR/14/180  1783 - April 1786

30 items

Contents:
Letters to John Catton, from various people, about mining

[no title]  AR/14/181  16 October 1784

Contents:
Letter to John Catton in St Columb, from P. Penrose in Rudwith[?]; Wheal Virgin

[no title]  AR/14/182  13 June 1785

Contents:
Letter to [?], from Paul Penrose in Redruth; mining business

[no title]  AR/14/183  18 January 1786

Contents:
Letter, Paul Penrose, Redruth, to [?], re United Mines [?] and Polgooth.

[no title]  AR/14/184  21 January 1786

Contents:
Copy of letter to G. Simmons, from John Catton in St Columb, about mining accounts

[no title]  AR/14/185  28 April 1786

Contents:
Letter, Francis Brown, Wardour, to John Catton, St Columb. Lady Arundell not to sell her share in United Mines; mines in a hopeful way. Mr Clifford at Wardour. [This document was with some United Mines documents.]

[no title]  AR/14/186  28 June 1786

Contents:
Letter, Francis Brown, Wardour, to John Catton, St Columb. Profits of mine or mines not named. Marriage of Mr Clifford and Miss Arundell. [This document was with United Mines documents.]

[no title]  AR/14/187  5 March 1792

Contents:
Letter, William Thomas, St Columb, to Mr Beeston, Lanherne, re searching at Lanherne for papers concerning tinbounds around Helston.

[no title]  AR/14/188  18 November 1798

Contents:
Copy letter, Captain Paul Penrose, to William Thomas, St Mawgan, on turnpike proposals for the Camborne - Penzance area: 'The people in general are partial to turnpike roads, except the carriers of copper ore and farmers, who are much against it and have offered to repair the roads at their own expense'

[no title]  AR/14/189  8 October 1803

Contents:
Letter by Captain P. Penrose to WT [presumably William Thomas]. Mentions Wheal Abram, Crenver [Crowan], Wheal Friendship, United Mines, application for a sett in part of Kennall.

[no title]  AR/14/190  1853

2 items

Contents:
Letters regarding Coomb Close Sett and Bejowan mine

Ore Samples  AR/14/191 - 213  [n.d.]

[no title]  AR/14/191  November 1747 - June 1749

12 items

Contents:
Weeth ore samples; prices offered[?] to several companies

[no title]  AR/14/192  1747 - 1767

Contents:
Three notes of prices of Weeth ore: 8 December 1747, 14 November 1748, 14 November 1748. One of Wheal Virgin ore: 26 May 1767.

[no title]  AR/14/193  1747 - 1768

54 items

Contents:
Notes on ore samples: 1747-67 - Weeth, 1764-68 - Wheal Virgin, 1766-68 - West Wheal Virgin, 1766 - Cupboard

[no title]  AR/14/194  April 1752 - October 1755

18 items

Contents:
Weeth ore samples; prices offered[?] to several companies

[no title]  AR/14/195  1752 - 1757

Contents:
Description: Three notes of prices of Weeth ores: 26 September 1752, 7 November 1752, 8 October 1755. One of Wheal Virgin ores 25 October 1757.

[no title]  AR/14/196  26 July 1757

Contents:
Note to William Dungey at Lanherne, from Thomas Cornish at Gwennap, of weight and prices of Wheal Virgin ore.

[no title]  AR/14/197  October 1757 - June 1768

12 items

Contents:
Wheal Virgin and West Wheal Virgin ore samples; prices offered[? ] to several companies

[no title]  AR/14/198  1763-7

82 items

Contents:
Bundle of sample and sale notes [printed forms completed] for copper ores from Wheal Virgin, West Wheal Virgin, Poldice, Tresavean, Cubboard, Poldory, Ale and Cakes, East Wheal Frederick, Tingtang

[no title]  AR/14/199  11 December 1764

8 items

Contents:
Wheal Virgin ore samples; prices offered[?] to several companies

[no title]  AR/14/200  July 1765

Contents:
Printed table recording copper ore sampled and sold

[no title]  AR/14/201  20 August 1765

Contents:
Wheal Virgin ore sample note [probably a stray from AR/14/198]

[no title]  AR/14/202  1765

[36 items in total]

Contents:
Mostly Cornish, including ore samples

[no title]  AR/14/203  4 March 1766

7 items

Contents:
Wheal Virgin ore samples; prices offered[?] to several companies

[no title]  AR/14/204  18 March 1766

Contents:
Table showing copper ore sampled and sold

[no title]  AR/14/205  3 June 1766

Contents:
List of copper ores sampled and sold

[no title]  AR/14/206  28 April 1767

8 items

Contents:
Wheal Virgin ore samples; prices offered[?] to several companies

[no title]  AR/14/207  15 September 1767

8 items

Contents:
Wheal Virgin ore samples; prices offered[?] to several companies

[no title]  AR/14/208  15 September 1767

7 items

Contents:
West Wheal Virgin ore samples; prices offered [?] to several companies

[no title]  AR/14/209  13 December 1768

9 items


Related information: [See Cornwall Record Office AR/14/287, 14/193, 14/198, 14/201]

Contents:
Note of Wheal Virgin ore samples

[no title]  AR/14/210  1768

9 items

Contents:
Notes of tin samples at West Wheal Virgin

[no title]  AR/14/211  8 August 1769

8 items

Contents:
West Wheal Virgin ore samples; prices offered[?] to several companies

[no title]  AR/14/212  10 October 1769

2 items

Contents:
West Wheal Virgin ore samples; prices offered[?] to several companies

[no title]  AR/14/213  [late 18th C.]

3 items

Contents:
Fragments with calculations [white tin?]

St Austell  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  AR/14/214/1 - AR/14/214/2  1 March 1768

Contents:
Sett and counterpart for 21 years, for tin and copper
(1) Mary, Lady Dowager Arundell
(2) Joseph Crapp of St Austell, gentleman; and William Scantlebury of St Austell, tinner
Property Field called the Dock Meadow, and the other adjoining on the north side, both part of a tenement called Tregorreck in St Austell
Consideration One seventh part dole or share of minerals raised, after dressing, etc.
Covenants
as to sufficient working of the site, restoration of earth and repair of hedges
Clauses as to inspection of dole by agents of (1), and right of (1) to mine any other part of the tenement

Breage  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  AR/14/215  11 May 1737

Contents:
Counterpart of 21-year sett
(1) Dame Frances Gifford of Lanherne, widow; and Mary Arundell, spinster
(2) Thomas Polkinhorne of Breage, tinner
Property Licence to work lead and copper in plot of ground called Poladrass Great Bounds in Breage, to drive an adit from the Gath Lode into the lode and grant formerly worked on by George Pearce alias Gregor and to have 100 fathoms east on that lode from the place that the last adit was brought in, and to work all lodes and seams discovered within five fathoms on each side of such adit
Consideration [None, but payments as below]
Rent One-sixth share of all lead and copper ore 'made merchantable'
Covenants
As to notice to be given to allow attendance of representatives at division of the ore
As to effective working of the lodes with adequate number of men
As to inspection and proper repair and maintenance
Right of (1) to drive other adits, provided there was no wilful injury or prejudice to (2)

[no title]  AR/14/216  8 June 1737

Contents:
Counterpart of 21-year sett
(1) Dame Frances Gifford of Lanherne, widow; and Mary Arundell, spinster
(2) Thomas Jordan of Wendron, yeoman
Property Licence to dig, work, search for and raise tin, lead, copper, copper ore, and all other metals and minerals in a tenement called Ruthdower, now in the possession of Humphry Mellett, one hundred fathoms to the east of the workings where George Sampson and Bennett Pearce last worked their adit and 30 fathoms on each side of the lode
Consideration The payments, covenants and reservations
Rent One full seventh part dole or share of all metals, etc. dug or 'brought up to grass' and 'made merchantable'
Covenants
As to notice to be given to allow for attendance at every division of the ore
As to the effective working of the lodes and veins and number of men
As to inspection
To repair and maintain the various adits
Regarding forfeiture and the customs of the Stannary
Endorsed 'Forfeited and left off'

[no title]  AR/14/217  12 December 1745

Contents:
Counterpart of sett for 21 years
(1) Dame Frances Gifford of Lanherne, widow; Hon. Henry Arundell of Wardour, Wiltshire, esquire; & Mary his wife
(2) John Arundell of Helston, esquire; George Wood of Germoe, gentleman; and Nicholas Tyacke of Germoe, gentleman
Property Licence to dig, work, search for, and raise tin, lead, copper, copper ore and all other metals and minerals in a tenement called Ruthdower or Dinas, now in the possession of Humphry Mellett, gentleman, on the lode lately worked by (2) from the east side to the west side of the tenement in length and 10 fathoms on each side of the lode in breadth
Consideration The payments and covenants
Rent One full seventh share of all metals dug or 'brought to grass', lead, copper and all metals except tin being spalled, stamped, dressed and made merchantable tin being spalled or fit for the stamps, at the cost of (2)
Covenants
3 days notice of each division to be given Lodes to be worked for at least 6 months each year by no less than 8 men
(1) to have use of tackle, rope, etc. to carry out inspections
All adits, shafts, etc., to be repaired and maintained

[no title]  AR/14/218  10 November 1749

Contents:
Counterpart of sett for 21 years
(1) Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour; Mary, Lady Arundell, his wife; and Dame Frances Gifford of Lanherne, widow
(2) John Arundell of Helston, esquire; and Francis Spernon of Pengelly, esquire
Property Licence to dig, work, etc., tin, lead, copper and all other metals and minerals in the Longfield, Little Meadow and two moors, all amounting to approximately 4 acres, part of a tenement called Ruas, now in possession of Humphry Mellett, gentleman
Consideration Payments below
Rent One seventh share of all metals/minerals
Tin to be spalled fit for the stamps
Other metals/minerals to be spalled, dressed and made merchantable at the cost of (2)
4 days notice to be given before any division
(1) to be allowed use of ropes, tackle, etc., to inspect workings
At least 6 men to work property for at least 4 months each year
Shafts and adits to be repaired and maintained
Endorsed 'Wheal Boggis'

[no title]  AR/14/219  16 February 1769

Contents:
Petition to Vicewarden of Stannaries
Peter Lovelass of parish of Redruth, gentleman, v. John Blee of Parish of Breage
Petitioner is an adventurer, and is purser, manager and bookkeeper of a tin adventure called Wheal Margaret, in Breage parish. The adventurers, having agreed to discontinue the mine, held a survey 13 February 1769, for disposal of the materials of the mine. Petitioner was best offerer, and purchased the materials of the mine for £26.
Blee, an adventurer to 1/16 part, was not present, will not accept his proportionable part of the purchase money, will not let petitioner have the key to the moor house where the materials are kept, and detains the cost book in his possession.

[no title]  AR/14/220  16 February 1769

Contents:
Writ to Blee to appear in the above case, issued

[no title]  AR/14/221  1771

4 items

Contents:
Accounts of Joseph Gundry, for carriage of ores from Wheal Bezza, or Buisey, on Polladras Down, to Trevannow stamps, etc.

[no title]  AR/14/222  December 1771 - September 1773

Contents:
Costs about tin dues from Polladras Down

St Columb Major  [no ref. or date]

[no title or date]  AR/14/223

Contents:
Agreement between William Dungey and Collan Parkin, for a sett for streaming in Rosewalsters in St Columb Major
2 August 1756
Endorsement that new set granted
18 May 1758

[no title]  AR/14/224  28 June 1759

Contents:
Agreement between John Brewer and John Martyn, for tin sett in Higher Rosewalters, manor of Tresithney. Endorsed 'Knock's and Void'

[no title]  AR/14/225  27 October 1761

Contents:
Agreement between William Thomas and William Glanfield, Richard Bettinson and John Carhart, tinners, for tin sett in Rosewalters

[no title]  AR/14/226  5 April 1764

Contents:
Sett
(1) William Thomas, toller to Lady Arundell
(2) John Best; and
Thomas Merifield, both of St Wenn, tinners
(2) to stream in moor parcel of a tenement now in tenure of John Soper, surgeon and undertenant to William Varcoe, in parish and manor of St Columb.
Consideration
1 guinea a year per man working there
½ guinea for each lad or person under 17
Executed by (2)
Endorsed Mr Varcoe's Moor in Trenhelleck

St Columb Minor  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  AR/14/227  9 September 1768

Contents:
Counterpart sett for 21 years
(1) Rt Hon. Mary, Lady Dowager Arundell, widow
(2) John Hambly of Kenwyn, tinner; and
Francis Williams of Kea, tinner
'Free Liberty, licence and authority to dig, work, search for and raise Tin, Lead Copper Ore and all other metals and minerals on every load, course or vein they shall cut or discover in such parts of the tenements, bartons or farms called Trevelgy and Trebelzue within the Parish of Lower St Columb as border on the Sea for the space of 200 fathoms eastward from high sea mark and 200 fathoms westward towards and under the sea Also to drive and carry on any adit/s and erect any engine/s as they shall think proper for the better draining and working the same, and likewise free liberty to take and carry away all such tin... (except the part or share hereinafter reserved)'
'Yielding, paying and laying out therefore on the grass at the stamps or scale to and for the said Lady Arundell one-eighth part, dole or share of all such tin as shall be dug in the premises; the lead, copper ore and other metals and minerals (except tin) being first spalled or tried out streakt or stampt and drest, the whole being made merchantable and the tin... being spalled out fit for the stamps... at the cost... of (2)'
Covenants by (2) (on behalf of themselves, their partners and assigns):
- effectually to work... with a sufficient number of able workmen (six at the least) every such load and vein of tin, lead, copper ore and other metals and minerals as now is or hereafter may be discovered... at the least six months in every year of the said term in the best and most expeditious manner that can be proposed for finding and raising such ...
- at the end... of the said term shall leave... without rifling, removing or taking out any timber plank, board or other support that may be fixt, placed or set in any adit or shaft therein for supporting, binding or securing the roof
- without fraud or deceit yield pay and deliver to (1) the said one-eighth share ...
- giving (1) or her Agent or Toller... 3 days notice... of every weighing or dividing of such ore, metals ...
'And that it is... lawful for (1) to enter any adit... and to drive from thence any other adit... and to make use of any ropes or tackle that may be imployed in the premises for their going to the bottoms of all such works and shafts... to inspect the same ...'

[no title]  AR/14/228  26 December 1771

Contents:
Sett for 21 years
(1) Rt Hon. Henry Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour
(2) John Trevena of Redruth, cooper;
Henry Williams of Gwennap, tinner; and
Francis Williams of Kenwyn, tinner
Tin, lead copper ore and all other metals and minerals in the tenements, bartons or farms called Trevelgy and Trebelzue, St Columb Minor
[Remainder of details, including one-eighth share to (1), as in AR/14/227]

[no title]  AR/14/229  30 August 1785

Contents:
Sett, at (2)'s will and pleasure, all minerals; dish 1/10
(1) Rt Hon. Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour and Count of the Sacred Roman Empire
(2) Thomas Stephens of St Blazey, tinner; and Nicholas Robbins of St Austell, tinner
In and throughout all that piece of ground commonly called Trevelgy Lower Moor, and from thence downward to the low water mark (being part of a tenement called Trevelgy), and also free liberty to make in the said tenement and lower moor any leat or leats, watercourse or watercourses, shaft or shafts, level or levels;
and from the Tregustick Rivulet to take up and convey water in and through the said tenement for the use of any engine or engines or for stamping, washing and cleansing tin or other minerals found there;
reserving such part of the rivulet as shall be necessary for the watering of cattle in the land now watered thereby.
(2) to erect, as soon as conveniently may be, one or more engines of sufficient power to unwater the mine.
Endorsed Trevelgy Tin Stream Work

[no title]  AR/14/230  30 August 1785

Contents:
Copy licence for Thomas Stephens and Nicholas Robins to search for tin on Trevelgy Lower Moor, St Columb Minor

[no title]  AR/14/231/1 - AR/14/231/2  9 September 1842

Contents:
Sett and Counterpart for 'metallic minerals' for 21 years from 10 May 1852
(1) Rt Hon. Henry Benedict, Lord Arundell, Baron Arundell of Wardour Castle, Wilts
(2) Chambre Corker Vigurs of Newlyn, esquire; and Richard Hicks of St Columb Minor, merchant
Property Lands known by the name of Bejowan in St Columb Minor, parcel of the manor of Bessuen, late in the occupation of James Clymon, Joseph Muffett and others. 'all the metallic ores and minerals which shall be found or gotten... to raise and bring to grass and there to spall dress cleanse and make fit for sale and to carry away and dispose of the same to their own use and for the purposes aforesaid to erect any engines, machinery, sheds and buildings... and to conduct divert and use any water or watercourses (save as excepted)'; china clay, etc. reserved to (1)
Rent Money rent equal in amount to one fifteenth of the money for which the said ores and metallic minerals shall be sold, clear of taxes
Covenant by (2) to conduct the mines upon the Cost Book and not upon the Scrip system, and 'without delay to make merchantable and fit for sale all ores etc.... and within reasonable periods sell... for the best price... and ten days after sale give a return of the quantities and prices... and within thirty days pay the said money rent to (1) ...';... to pay taxes, rates etc on the said mines and ores... to work the lodes ...'with a sufficient number of able miners and in the best manner and without intermission'... erect engines, machinery and buildings and sink... shafts necessary... sustain the workings with timber... keep in good repair...
At the end of the lease, to hand over the buildings, etc. to (1) at valuation (provision made for arbitration if needed)
Clauses regarding keeping of books of Account and making them available for inspection
To fill in useless shafts and pits
To keep in the proper roads and not cross any of the grounds not in actual working... and to lay in heaps the soil for the occupiers of the land... and to make and constantly keep sufficient fences for the protection of man and beast around every shaft, pit and open part of every adit... and make and keep in repair bridges and passes for cattle and carriages of the occupiers of the lands... compensation for all damage done to the lands by the deposit of ores, rubbish, or breaking the surface... and likewise for damage done to the cattle, growing crops, buildings, etc.
Clauses for enforcement of the terms of the above agreement. (2) to be able to end the agreement at 6 months' notice.
On dorse: Plan of premises, tithe numbers given
Also letter acknowledging receipt of £40 for Lord Arundell, 30 January 1857

Crowan  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  AR/14/232  26 April 1744

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, all minerals; dish 1/7
(1) Dame Frances Gifford of Lanherne, widow; and Francis Loggin of Essex Street in the Strand, Middlesex, esquire
(2) William Lemon of Truro, esquire;
John Williams of Truthen, esquire;
Samuel Percivall of Pendarves, esquire; and John Chapman of Chideock, Dorset, gentleman
Liberty to drive the adit which they have already begun in a tenement called Drim, home to those parts of loads of copper called Wheal Sara Loads, whereon a shaft was lately sunk in a field belonging to the, tenement of Drim; and to pursue and carry on the said adit from the said shaft westeward quite home to Sir John St Aubyn's land and from the said shaft eastward into 10 fathoms of the extent of the lands of Drim which belong to (1) on the said loads; and also liberty to work minerals in and out of the said adit, and 50 fathoms on the south side thereof, provided the lands of (1) so far extend; except all minerals, waters and watercourses, liberties, benefits and advantages which were granted by a deed or sett indented bearing date on or about 6 November 1742, unto Henry Polkinhorne, gentleman, and partners.
Executed by Lemon, Williams and Percivall, but not by Chapman.
Endorsed Wheal Abraham in Drim

[no title]  AR/14/233  1746

Contents:
Account for Wheal Abraham Mine

[no title]  AR/14/234  1 December 1777

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, all minerals; dish 1/7
(1) Rt Hon. Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour
(2) Henry James of Crowan, tinner
In a certain tenement called Drym, on the run or course of a certain load there called Wheal Sarah or Wheal Abram, from the Old Engine Shaft so far as the lands of the said tenement extend westward, and eastward so far as the eastern hedge of Richard Bartle's Moor; and for 40 fathoms on each side of the said load, provided the lands of the said tenement so far extend.
Endorsed Wheal Abram in Drym (West Part)

[no title]  AR/14/235  29 September 1780

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, all minerals; dish 1/7
(1) Rt Hon. Henry Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour
(2) John Vivian of Camborne, gentleman
In a certain tenement called Drym, on the run or course of a certain lode there called Wheal Sarah or Wheal Abram, from the eastern hedge of Richard Bartle's Moor eastward, so far as the said tenement extends, and for the space of 40 fathoms on each side of the said load, provided the lands of the said tenement so far extend.
Endorsed Wheal Abram (East Part)
Qu: a sett (since this[?]) granted to Messrs Wm Richards and Jno [crossed out] Thomas [inserted] Kevill July 23 1790. Dues 1/7th - Reduc'd to 1/12 26 Sep 1801 after ½ of the law cost on a Size Tryal pd or allow'd out of Dues

[no title]  AR/14/236  [early 19th century]

Contents:
Proposal on behalf of lord of the soil, that all dues in arrear be immediately paid, and adventurers sink the new shaft 80 fathoms, erect an engine of 64-inch cylinder, and fork the mine; then dues to be reduced from 1/12 to 1/15.
Statement that the mine was set to Thomas Kevill esquire and partners at 1/12 dues, 1804. Adventurers have expended about £38,000, and must expend full £10,000 more to keep the water and make the mine productive, and want an abatement of dues.

[no title]  AR/14/237/1-2  1811

Contents:
Account of Lady Arundell with Andrew Vivian and others for Wheal Abraham dues, 1805-8, with statement of purchase money and interest due on arrears. Endorsed: Account of dues etc. received from Mr Edwards October 12 1811 by M Chitty[?].
Also draft agreement about Wheal Abraham

[no title]  AR/14/238  1811

Contents:
Another copy of above. Endorsed: Account of dues and purchase money received from Mr Edwards 13 October 1811.

[no title]  AR/14/239  17 October 1811

Contents:
Statement of Wheal Abraham dues, as calculated by Charles Bowles, October 1805-11.

[no title]  AR/14/240/1-7  c. June 1887

7 items

Contents:
Legal papers from case between Andrew Vivian, miner, Paul Burall, grocer, Alexander Paul, farmer, and Solomon Burall, grocer, all of Cambourn, plaintiffs; and Lord Arundell, Charles, Lord Clifford, and James Everard Arundell, defendants, about title to land at Wheal Abraham mine in Crowan; copy bill, draft pleas, and instructions and correspondence

St Dennis  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  AR/14/241  1753-4

Contents:
Promissory note for toll tin at Goose Moor, St Dennis, for one year from 10 October 1753, endorsed with receipt of payment dated 23 December 1754

[no title]  AR/14/242  15 October 1762

Contents:
Sett
(1) William Thomas, tin toller of Lady Dowager Arundell
(2) Henry Snell of St Stephen in Brannel, tinner
(2) To stream for tin in the Great Moor, parcel of the tenement of Enniscaven, now in the possession of Richard Solomon of St Dennis.
Consideration
1 guinea a year per man employed
½ guinea a year for each boy under 17, to be paid whether they work or no
Covenants - (2) to
Save soil and level ground
Not to drive any adits outside the moor
Make up and repair all fences pulled down

[no title]  AR/14/243  21 November 1763

Contents:
Memorandum of agreement to stream for tin
(1) William Thomas, tin toller of the Rt Hon, Mary, Lady Dowager Arundell
(2) William Hawkey and Nicholas Kent, both of St Dennis, tinners
Property Liberty to dig, work and stream for tin in Ennisvean-moor, parcel of a tenement called Ennis-vean in St Dennis, now in the tenure of William Hawkey
Rent One guinea a year for each man that shall work in the said premises, and ½ guinea for each lad aged under 17, by quarterly payments
Covenants
To take up and save 'all the meat earth and good soil on the surface of any stream, tye or pit made ...'
To level and fill up after use and 'lay thereon all the meat earth and good soil so taken up and saved ...'
To repair all hedges and fences
Lease to be void unless they work with two men at the least more than one month together, etc.
Endorsed 'No. (24)'

[no title]  AR/14/244  1767

Contents:
Remarks on the evidences of the parish boundaries of Roche and St Dennis on Goss Moor, following controversy for many years between agents of Lord Falmouth (Tregarrick Manor) and Lady Arundell (Enniscaven Manor), and meeting held in 1764 and attended by many from both parishes, in attempt to settle the matter amicably

[no title or date]  AR/14/245

Contents:
Petition to Vicewarden of Stannaries
Thomas Coad of St Columb Major, tinner, v.
Thomas Tonkin of St Enoder, tinner, and Henry Tamblyn, tinner
On or about 15 March last, petitioner, at a public survey, took Lady Arundell's right to toll and farm tin on her part of Goss Moor in St Dennis, for £51 p. a. from Lady Day last.
[No term stated]
Tonkin, Tamblyn and partners having, since 25 March raised considerable quantities of tin out of a stream work, part of Lady Arundell's commons called Great Craft, otherwise Crafthow, work without laying out tin for Lady Arundell, or otherwise making satisfaction to her.
[Same document] Copy of a warrant to Tonkin and Tamblyn to appear, issued 12 July 1768.
Endorsed 1768

[no title]  AR/14/246  2 August 1769

Contents:
Note of proceedings before the Vice-Warden, in case of Coad v. Tonkin, regarding Goss Moor toll tin let in 1768 by Lady Arundell to Thomas Coad

[no title]  AR/14/247  1769

Contents:
Petition to Vicewarden of Stannaries by Thomas Coad and John Stephens, both of St Columb Major, yeomen, and William Phillips of Roche, tinner.
Recites that Coad took a 7-year lease from Lady Arundell, 25 March 1768, of toll and farm tin in the Gossmore, St Dennis, for £51 p. a. On 25 March last, he assigned 2/3 of the lease to the other two petitioners.
Endorsed with other information about the case.

[no title]  AR/14/248  c.1769

Contents:
Earlier draft of above document.

[no title]  AR/14/249  1777

Contents:
Copy petition to the Vice-Warden, regarding dispute between Lords Arundell and Falmouth at Gossmoor

[no title]  AR/14/250  1777

Contents:
Copy of Proclamations for Lord Falmouth's tin bounds in Goss Moor, Roche, 1762-3

[no title]  AR/14/251  26 January 1778

Contents:
Undertaking by John Catton, on behalf of Lord Arundell, to indemnify John Stephens against costs in proposed action in Stannary Court, re Bold Adventure Bounds, St Dennis

[no title]  AR/14/252  12 November 1778

Contents:
Memorandum by John Catton that he, William Thomas and John Stephens attended a wash of tin got on Goss Moor by Jacob Grigg and partners.
John Stephens, the farmer, rejected offer of 1/7 dish, as Grigg has forfeited sett he once had of that and other ground there, by repeated refusal of the just dues and sundry wrong practices.

[no title]  AR/12/253  5 December 1782

Contents:
Memorandum by John Liddicoat of St Wenn, yeoman, that he intends to stand by the agreements made by article by and between Thomas Coad and the tin streamers in Goss Moor, St Dennis, before the date of the assignment of the toll and farm tin of said moor to him [J.L.] and others.

[no title]  AR/12/254  25 March 1782

Contents:
Counterpart of rack lease for 7 years
(1) Rt Hon. Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron Arundell of Wardour, Wilts; and
Hon James Everard Arundell of Ashcombe, Wilts, esquire
(2) Thomas Coad of St Columb Major, yeoman
Recites Power of attorney given to James Everard Arundell by Lord Arundell
Property 'All such toll tin as shall be found coming growing arising and due to the said Lord Arundell... in of and for all such tin or stream works... found or wrought... in such parts of his lands in the Common Moor called Goss Moor lying within the Parish of St Dennis as are imbounded, which said toll being 1/13th dish or foot, and also... in other parts... within the Common Moor as are not imbounded... All which toll and farm tin were lately held by John Stephens and partner'
Rent £84
Endorsed 'Domelliock and Enniscaven'

[no title]  AR/14/255  28 November 1782

Contents:
Assignment of rack lease for the remainder of the term of the lease dated 25 March 1782
(1) Thomas Coad of St Columb Major, yeoman
(2) John Liddicoat of St Wenn, yeoman;
William Mark of St Wenn, yeoman;
John Liddicoat of St Columb Major, tinner; and Peter Cunday of St Dennis, tinner
Recites AR/14/254
Consideration No additional sums
[Usual indemnity clauses]

St Eval  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  AR/14/256  24 December 1724

Contents:
Agreement between Francis Dungey, for Richard Arundell, and James Thomas of St Columb Minor, gentleman, about tin sett in Gonnewass in St Eval

[no title]  AR/14/257  2 April 1725

Contents:
Memorandum of tin sett in Gonnewass, St Eval, granted by John Arundell, esquire, to James Thomas of St Columb Minor

Gunwalloe  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  AR/14/258  1709

Contents:
Disbursements about the sand tin at Gunwalloe

[no title]  AR/14/259  1 April 1790

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, all minerals; dish 1/7. If there are tin bounds on premises, (1) to receive only the customary dole.
Consideration Rent £20 a year
(1) Rt Hon. Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour and Count of the Sacred Roman Empire
(2) Jethro Hornblower of Whitehall, Cornwall, gentleman
In or throughout the limits or ground hereafter described, being part or parcel of the tenements called Chyvarloe; that is to say -
so far westward as the lands of (1) extend in the Loe Barr, so far eastward as a strait line to be drawn from a stone to be fixed up in the cliff to another stone to be fixed up at or near the place where the water or rivulet that arises at or near the village of Chyvarloe falls into or meets the Loepool, so far southward as the sea will permit, and so far northward in the Loe pool as the lands of (1) also extent.
(2) To sell copper and copper ore to the Cornish Metal Company so long as (1) is obliged to do so under the agreement he is now bound by.
Endorsed
Wheal Loe
Dues 1/7 to be made £20 p ann certain

Gwennap  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  AR/14/260  25 March 1697

Contents:
Counterpart of lease, for 99 years, on lives of John and William Cornish, sons of William Cornish of Gwennap, tinner, and John son of John Nicholl of Stithians, deceased
(1) Sir John Arundell of Lanherne
(2) Thomas Hearle of the borough of Penryn, merchant
Property One-third part in two pairs of stamps or stamping mills lately erected by William Trewolla of Gwennap in a croft known as Cusvea croft, being part of Cosgarne Downs in Gwennap, now in the possession of (2), with land next to the stamps for laying and dressing of tin, etc., with the ancient watercourse belonging
Consideration Yearly rent and covenants
Rent 13s. 4d.
Covenants
To do common suit to the court of the manor
To repair and maintain the mills 'as well in walls covering and timber works as in all other implements meet to be used for stamping and dressing of tynn stuff'
Endorsed 'No. 8'

[no title]  AR/14/261  25 March 1697

Contents:
Copy, sent to George Bere at Lanherne, of lease of stamping mills at Cusvea on Cosgardon Downs, Gwinear

[no title]  AR/14/262  1699-1701

Contents:
Account of receipts for Cosgarne Downes tin

[no title]  AR/14/263  10 September 1702

Contents:
Draft sett for copper for 21 years, one-sixth dues
(1) Sir John St Aubyn of Clowance; Arundle Beylinge of Lanherne, esquire; Samuel Trefusis of Trefusis, esquire; and Hennery Morcom of Redruth, yeoman
(2) Thomas French;
Symon Tregea; and
Hennery May; co-partners and co-adventurers in a mine and adit adventure called Cover the Fault in Cosewarne Downes
Covenants
(2) to bring an adit to the work

Accounts for tin and copper from Cusgarne Down  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  AR/14/264/1  1703

Contents:
Account of Will Drew

[no title]  AR/14/264/2  1705-07

Contents:
Account of Will Drew

[no title]  AR/14/264/3  1713

Contents:
Account of Will Drew (copper; mentions Creguel, Cupboard)

[no title]  AR/14/264/4  1719-20

Contents:
Account of John Pascoe (tin) for 1719-20; account made out 1732

[no title]  AR/14/264/5  1731-32

Contents:
Account of John Cornish, of receipts from John Pascoe junior

[no title]  AR/14/264/6  1732-33

Contents:
Account of John Cornish

[no title]  AR/14/264/7  1733-34

Contents:
Account of John Cornish

[no title]  AR/14/264/8  1734-35

Contents:
Account of John Cornish

[no title]  AR/14/264/9  1735-36

Contents:
Account of John Cornish

[no title]  AR/14/264/10  1736-37

Contents:
Account of John Cornish

[no title]  AR/14/264/11  1738-39

Contents:
Account of John Cornish

[no title]  AR/14/264/12  1739-40

Contents:
Account of John Cornish

[no title]  AR/14/264/13  1739-40

Contents:
Account of John Cornish

[no title]  AR/14/264/14  1741-42

Contents:
Account of John Cornish

[no title]  AR/14/264/15  1741-42

Contents:
Account of John Cornish

[no title]  AR/14/264/16  1742-43

Contents:
Account of Martin Cornish for John Cornish

[no title]  AR/14/264/17  1742-43

Contents:
Account of Martin Cornish for John Cornish

[no title]  AR/14/264/18  1742-43

Contents:
Account of Martin Cornish for John Cornish

[no title]  AR/14/264/19  1755

Contents:
Account of Thomas Cornish (Little Cupboard tin dues mentioned)

[no title]  AR/14/265  1 May 1704

Contents:
Counterpart of lease, for 99 years, on lives of (2) and sons William and James
(1) Sir Richard Bellings of Lanherne; and Dame Frances, his wife
(2) William Drew of Gwennap, yeoman
Property One third part of the higher stamps, or stamping mill, in one croft called Cusvea Croft, part of Cusgarn Downs; also their one third part of the stamps, or stamping mill, at Cusgarn Down to the west of a pair of stamps in the tenure of William Trewolla, gentleman, together with adjoining ground
Consideration The erection of two pairs of stamps
Rent 13s. 4d.
Covenants
To do common suit to the court of the manor
To repair and maintain the property
[Seal tag; seal missing]

[no title]  AR/14/266  29 September 1710

Contents:
Counterpart of sett, for 21 years, to dig for minerals and metals
(1) Sir Richard Bellings of Lanherne; and
Dame Frances, his wife
(2) John Coster, junior, of Redruth, gentleman; and Thomas Burscough of Redruth, gentleman; on behalf of Daniel Allen of London, merchant; and
John Coster of Redbrooke, Gloucester, gentleman
Property Works or mines called the Cubboard and Creguell in Cosgarn Downs, Gwennap, as far east as the way leading from Cosgarn to the dry stamps, excepting the rights of any owners of tin workbounds or adventures, subject to a one-seventh dole or share of a third part of such mineral or metal to be paid to (1)
Consideration Covenants and payments herein agreed
Rent One-seventh of one-third, as agreed by agent or toller appointed by (1)
Covenants
Clauses as to
- weighing and dividing the dole
- working the mine
- peaceful enjoyment so long as covenants observed
Endorsed Query whether any subsequent sett had been granted, 'if not they are now in hand', 1743

[no title]  AR/14/267  25 March 1714

Contents:
Sett for 21 years, to dig for minerals and metals
(1) Sir Richard Bellings of Lanherne
(2) Thomas Chambers of the City of London, merchant
Property Cosgarne Downs, Gwennap, from the place where a sett granted to John Coster [AR/14/266] ends, 160 fathoms to the east in Creguell and 20 fathoms to the north and south on any lode that may be discovered within the said 160 fathoms, subject to a one-eighteenth dole or share of such mineral or metal to be paid to (1)
Consideration Covenants and payments herein agreed
Rent One-eighteenth share agreed by agent or toller appointed
by (1)
Covenants
Clauses as to - weighing and dividing the dole
- non-interference with other shafts
- working of the mine
- peaceful enjoyment so long as covenants observed
Endorsed
'Thos. Chambers lease of copper from Sir Richard Bellings'
'Sett of Creguell load'

[no title]  AR/14/268  30 September 1715

Contents:
Counterpart of lease, for 99 years, on lives of John Paynter of Gwennap, tinner, wife Katherine and son Francis
(1) Sir Richard Bellings of Lanherne
(2) William Drew of Gwennap, yeoman
Property One-third part of the Lower Stamps or stamping mill in Cosveath, part of Cosgarne Downs, now in occupation of (2), with part of the adjoining ground
Consideration Erection of one pair of stamps or stamping mill
Rent 6s. 8d.
Covenants
To do common suit to the court of the manor
To 'repair, reedifye and amend' the stamping mill and walls, coverings, timber works, implements
Endorsed 'No. 10'

[no title]  AR/14/269  [between c 1721 and 1731]

Contents:
Part of a copy of a sett, dues one-third of one-seventh, minerals other than tin.
(1) William Beauchamp
(2) John Coster and Nehemiah Champion, on behalf of the Brass Battery and Wyre Company of Bristoll and Esher, and Copper Works of Upper Redbrooke and Barton Regis
Work not named [Beauchamps and Arundells each owned one-third of mineral rights in an area in Gwennap, including, inter alia West Wheal Virgin and much of what later became the United Mines. Bristol and Upper Redbrooke companies amalgamated c. 1721; John Coster junior died 1731.]

[no title]  AR/14/270  c. 1730

Contents:
List of stamping mills belonging to Misses Arundell, with names of persons in possession, and rents.
Endorsed: Cosgarne

[no title]  AR/14/271  1732-4

Contents:
An account of what money William Lemon has paid Mr John Chapman for Lady Arundell's dues on copper ore risen in Cosgarne Down; names Cubboard Worke, Mr Beauchamps sett, Richards's Workings, Richards's Pitch.

[no title]  AR/14/272/1 - AR/14/272/2  29 November 1733

Contents:
Lease and counterpart of lease, for 99 years, on lives of William aged 12, son of John Robins of Kenwyn, tinner, and Simon aged 18 and Thomas aged 20, sons of Christopher Robins of Kenwyn, tinner
(1) Sir John Gifford of Burstall, Leicester; Dame Frances, his wife; and
George Henry, Earl of Litchfield, guardian of Mary Arundell
(2) Thomas Robins of Kenwyn, yeoman
Property Third part of one pair of stamps or stamping mills in Cosgarne Downs, Gwennap, and one-third of 4 acres of land adjoining for the laying and dressing of tin, etc., with the ancient watercourse thereunto belonging, formerly in the possession of John Carne, and now of (1)
Consideration Covenants, etc.
Rent 10s. 0d.
Covenants
To do common suit to the court of the manor
To repair and maintain the stamping mills and buildings
Endorsed
24 May 1742 Promise by Thomas Robins to accept a new lease on lives of Walter Staple of Kenwyn, tinner, and William and Walter, his sons

[no title]  AR/14/273  15 July 1734

Contents:
Counterpart of sett for 120 years, granting licence to dig shafts and adits to unwater a mine and dig for tin
(1) Sir John Gifford of Burstall, Leicester;
Dame Frances, his wife, and daughter and coheir of Richard Arundell, late of Lanherne, esquire, deceased; and
George Henry, Earl of Litchfield and guardian to Mary Arundell, an infant, the other daughter and coheir of Richard Arundell
(2) John Williams of Gwennap, tinner
Property A mine called Killicor in the manor of St Dye; to dig shafts and drive an adit to unwater the mine, from that end in Cosgarne Down or Commons, and to work for copper and other metals in adits and shafts from Nansgrowes Bottom or Moor to the north, as far as Cosgarne Commons extend and 120 fathoms to the south of the adit
Consideration The covenants and agreements
Rent One-seventh part dole or share of all metals raised
Covenants
Notice to be given of all divisions of ore
The adit and any lodes to be worked six months every year
[Seal]

[no title]  AR/14/274/1 - AR/14/274/2  26 December 1735

Contents:
Lease and counterpart for 99 years, on lives of John Williams aged 50, Abednego Sarah aged 28, and Henry Penwarne aged 27
(1) Sir John Gifford of Burstall, Leicester;
Dame Frances, his wife; and
George Henry, Earl of Litchfield, guardian of Mary Arundell
(2) John Williams, Abednego Sarah, Henry Penwarne and William Richards of Perranarworthal, tinners
Property One-third part of one pair of stamps or stamping mills in Cosgarne Downs, Gwennap, called the Rainbow stamping mill, part of the conventionary lands of Tresithney manor, with one-third of the ground adjoining for the laying and dressing of tin, with the ancient watercourse thereunto belonging
Consideration Rent and covenants
Rent £2 2s. 6d.
Covenants
To do common suit to the court of the manor
To repair and maintain the stamping mills and buildings
Endorsed
Surrender of lease, dated 2 May 1747
Signed by Abednego Sarah and Henry Penwarne

[no title]  AR/14/275  13 June 1737

Contents:
William Lemon's account on behalf of Nehemiah Champion and Brass Battery and Wyre Company, with Misses Arundells, for ore purchased January 1736 to May 1737.

[no title]  AR/14/276  March - July 1740

Contents:
Note of Cupboard ore dues

[no title]  AR/14/277  18 September 1750

Contents:
Sett for 120 years, granting licence to drive an adit and to work for metals except tin
(1) Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour; Mary, Lady Arundell, his wife; and Dame Frances Gifford of Lanherne, widow
(2) Francis Beauchamp of Trevinoe, esquire
Property To drive an adit already begun in Penhallwingham Moor, the lands of inheritance of (2), into Cosgarne Commons and north, leaving four fathoms between the end of the adit and other workings and the tenement of Carrarack, being lands of John Hearle, esquire, to the west; leaving three fathoms between workings in Cosgarne Commons and land of Richard, Lord Edgecomb, and Robert Cotton Trefusis, esquire, to the east, for 70 fathoms from the adit; to drive shafts, adits, etc., necessary and to work for all metals except tin
Consideration Payments, reservations, covenants and agreements
Rent One-seventh part dole or share of one-third part of all metals
Covenants
Adit to be driven without delay and worked for 6 months of the year
Conditions as to notice of sharing the metals, and as to leaving the mine at end of lease
[Seal]

[no title]  AR/14/278  1750

Contents:
Samuel Taunton's receipt for payment by John Lovelass, for part of Little Cubboard copper mine in Gwinop

[no title]  AR/14/279  10 May 1751

Contents:
Counterpart of sett for 21 years, to dig and work copper and minerals, except tin
(1) Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour; Mary, his wife; and
Dame Frances Gifford of Lanherne, widow
(2) William Lemon of Truro, esquire
Property Licence to dig, mine and search for copper and other minerals, except tin, in the Cubboard and Creguell mines in Cusgarn Downs, Gwennap, together with liberty to work the same as far west as the land of (1) reaches, and to the east as far as the way that leads from Cosgarne to the dry stamps, and 20 fathoms to the north and south of all lodes cut by (2)
Consideration Covenants etc. set out herein
Rent One-third of one-seventh share or dole of all copper ore brought to the surface, as agreed by agent or teller appointed by (1)
Covenants
Clauses as to proper working, repair and preservation of the working areas of the mine

[no title]  AR/14/280  1753

Contents:
Account of Cosgarne Downes toll tin

[no title]  AR/14/281  [1756]

Contents:
Account for copper ore sold from Wheal Virgin, 25 November 1755 - 17 March 1756

[no title]  AR/14/282  12 April 1757

Contents:
Letter, Thomas Cornish, Gwennap, to William Dungey, St Columb. Ore sampled at Wheal Virgin; court to be held at Michael Kent's in Gwennap Churchtown

[no title]  AR/14/283  3 March 1757

Contents:
Account of Wheal Virgin ores worked

[no title]  AR/14/284/1-17  1757-67

Contents:
Tickets for Wheal Virgin ores, giving name of copper-smelting company bidding, and its agent; also statements giving parcels purchased by particular companies on a particular day.

[no title]  AR/14/285  May 1758 - May 1760

Contents:
Note of setts granted for tin streaming within manor of Tresithney

[no title or date]  AR/14/286

Contents:
Receipted bill for costs of Ale and Cakes mine to end of - July 1760

[no title]  AR/14/287  1760, 1767, 1772

18 items

Contents:
Notes on West Wheal Virgin ore samples

[no title]  AR/14/288  14 January 1766

Contents:
List of ores sampled on unspecified day, and sold on 14 January 1766 from Cubboard, Poldory, Ale and Cakes, East Ale and Cakes, Tingtang. Lists bidders, and gives prices they offered. Does not say which companies they represented.

[no title]  AR/14/289  13 May 1766

Contents:
Account of Wheal Virgin and West Wheal Virgin ores sold

[no title]  AR/14/290  8 July 1766

Contents:
Note about sale of Wheal Virgin ore

[no title]  AR/14/291/1-14  1767-8

Contents:
Tickets bidding for West Wheal Virgin ores, giving name of copper smelting company bidding, and of its agent.

[no title]  AR/14/292  28 March 1771

Contents:
Receipt issued by Michael Allen to Lord Arundell for payment of land tax for Gwenap mines

[no title]  AR/14/293  17 October 1771

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, minerals except tin; dish 1/3 of 1/7
Consideration Surrender of a sett of the premises hereafter granted, dated 29 September 1753, granted by the Lord and Lady Arundell, late father and mother of (1), to William Lemon of the borough of Truro, esquire, deceased, grandfather of (2).
(1) Rt Hon. Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour
(2) William Lemon of Carclew, esquire
From the extent of a sett called Old Wheal Virgin Sett, lying on Cosgarne Common, to the westward on a load called Wheal Corne Load as far as the said Common of Cusgarne reaches or extends, and 100 fathoms south of the said load, and as far to the northward of the said load as the said Common extends, provided there hath not been any former sett of the premises or any part thereof.
(2) will drive or cause to be driven the adit brought home to Wheal Virgin aforesaid and continue to drive and keep due levels in and throughout the same... until the said adit be brought home to the extent of the limits of the said premises hereby granted.
Endorsed West Wheal Virgin

[no title]  AR/14/294/1  7 November 1771

Contents:
Sett, 21 years from 1 November instant, minerals except tin; dish 1/3 of 1/12 from Wheal Virgin Load and ground to the north of it; 1/3 of 1/7 from south of Wheal Virgin Load
Consideration Surrender of a sett of premises dated 12 April 1769, from (1) to James Willyams of Redruth, gentleman, for 21 years
(1) Rt Hon. Henry Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour
(2) William Lemon of Carclew, esquire
On the run of a certain load, being by estimation about 700 fathoms, called Wheal Virgin Load, and of every load that is or shall be discovered in the northside thereof as far as Cosgarne Commons extend to the north, within that part of Cosgarne Commons which lies between the antient road leading from St Day across the said Commons to Cosgarne Tenement on the west, and the antient road leading from Carvinack Mill in Creegbrawse Coombe to Gwenop Church on the east (the distance between the said roads on the run of the load being by estimation about 700 fathoms);
and also on the run of every other load that shall be cut or discovered by (2) during the term hereby granted in all the ground to the south of Wheal Virgin Load, so far to the southward thereof as (2) shall, within 4 years commencing from 12 December 1768, drive the deep level or adit which is now in or near the said Wheal Virgin Load, so as the same shall not exceed 100 fathoms in distance to the south from the said load between the roads aforesaid.
(2) to erect, build and effectually work a new fire engine on the said premises within 15 months.
Endorsed Old Wheal Virgin

[no title]  AR/14/294/2  27 June 1776

Contents:
Proposals for working Poldory (including works called Wheal John, Wheal Reeth, the Dam and Wheal Chy), and Cupboard (including works called North Cupboard, South Cupboard, Little Cupboard, Wheal Oak, and Ale and Cakes). Mines have not been worked for 7 years, while adit being driven; 2 large fire engines to be erected. Endorsed: Mr Beauchamps

[no title or date]  AR/14/294/3

Contents:
Another copy of the same.

[no title]  AR/14/295  1776-80

Contents:
Account of copper ore dues, Wheal Virgin on Cosgarne Downs

[no title]  AR/14/296  10 March 1777

Contents:
State and condition of Wheal Virgin mines (including West Wheal Virgin, Carharrack and Wheal Maid), with proposal of the adventurers in Wheal Virgin that one engine be enlarged, three repaired, and one new one erected on Wheal Virgin, in order to work the mines another winter; dues to be left in the hands of the adventurers until all costs paid; running costs to be met by adventurers in proportion to ores sold.

[no title]  AR/14/297  18 and 25 March 1777

Contents:
State and condition of Wheal Virgin mines, and proposals of lords of Cosgarne [Down] and their agents, in conjunction with the adventurers and agents of Wheal Virgin and West Wheal Virgin. Mentions putting engines on their mines and on Carharrack and Wheal Maiden in repair, enlarging one of the engines, and erecting a new one on Wheal Virgin.

[no title]  AR/14/298  8 April 1777

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, minerals except tin; dish 1/8
Consideration (2) to erect at least 2 fire engines within 3 years; and to surrender the several former setts of the said mines, which have long since become forfeited.
(1) Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour
(2) John Beauchamp of Pengreep, esquire
In and throughout one third part undivided of, in and upon the aforesaid several mines, loads or veins, commonly called Cupboard, Ale and Cakes, Creguel, Little Cupboard, Wheal Oak and South Cupboard, within the common called Cusgarne Downs or Commons;
and to extend the same to the north so far as to join with the sett or limits of West Wheal Virgin mine, to the east as far as a certain stone or land mark called Creeghogan Stone, to the south as far as Cosgarne Common extends, and to the west as far as to join the sett or limits of Poldory mine.
(2) shall and will without lett or delay bring, drive and keep forward the deep level or adit now bringing from West Wheal Virgin mine into the said mines and premises hereby granted
and shall and will continue to drive such deep level or adit or cause the same to be driven and carried forward without delay in and through the said mines and premises hereby granted to the southern extent thereof.
Endorsed Ale and Cakes &c Mines
This is surrender'd up into the Lord's hands, and a new sett granted to Sir Wm Lemon under 1/3 of 1/15 dat 16 Augt 1783
Now called United Mines G. Simmons

[no title]  AR/14/299  22 April 1777

Contents:
Further proposals about Wheal Virgin and neighbouring mines; ultimatum.

[no title]  AR/14/300  14 June 1777

Contents:
Letter from Thomas Daniell at desire of Messrs Rodd and Tremayne, to desire the lords of Wheal Virgins to meet at Truro on 28th inst.

[no title]  AR/14/301  26 June 1777

Contents:
Draft sett, minerals except tin
(1) Lord Arundell
(2) Zaccheus Andrew and partners
on the run or course of a certain load lately discovered near a stamping mill formerly called Captain Paul's Stamps.
Endorsed: 3rd July 1777... Reservd 1/3 of 1/7th. nb East Wh Virgin sett must be dated & is dated 1 July 1777.

[no title]  AR/14/302  28 June 1777

Contents:
Proposals of the lords and adventurers of and in Wheal Virgins, Wheal Maiden and Carharrack mines.

[no title]  AR/14/303  1 July 1777

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, minerals except tin; dish 1/3 of 1/12
(1) Rt Hon. Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour
(2) Sir William Lemon of Carclew, Baronet; and Thomas Daniell of borough of Truro, merchant
On the run or course of a certain mine or lode called East Wheal Virgin, within the ground or limits hereinafter mentioned and described situate on Cosgarne Down or Common; that is to say -
to the east as far as a line to be drawn from a certain stone lately put or fixed up in Mark Nicholls's inclosure, and from that stone northward to another stone lately put up on the said Down or Common and supposed to be on or near the back of the said lode, and from thence northward to another stone to be put up at the corner of a close in or near the lower end of a lane called Phillips's Lane, between Richard Paul's inclosures, and from thence northward to the extent of the said Common; which said lines so to be drawn as aforesaid are to ascertain and fix the eastern limits of this present sett or grant;
to the north, as far as the said Down or Common extends; to the west as far and abutting on the road leading from Carvinack Mill in Creegbrawse Coom to Gwenap Churchtown; and to the south as far as a line to be drawn from a stone to be fixed up in the said road at a distance of fifty fathoms southward from the western end of the said East Wheal Virgin mine or lode to the first mentioned stone in Mark Nicholls's inclosure
(2) shall and will without, lett or delay, bring, drive and keep forward the level of eighty fathoms now in Old Wheal Virgin sett, and shall and will continue to drive and carry the same one hundred fathoms within the limits hereby granted.
Endorsed East Wh Virgin

[no title]  AR/14/304  3 July 1777

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, minerals except tin; dish 1/3 of 1/7
(1) Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour
(2) Zaccheus Andrew of St Erme, gentleman
On the run or course of a certain lode lately discovered near a stamping mill formerly called Captain Paul's Stamps, and now belonging to (1) and others, situate on Cosgarne Down or Common, and on the run or course of every other lode or vein that is or shall be cut or discovered within the limits hereinafter mentioned; that is to say -
so far north as the said Cosgarne Down or Common extends; so far east as the north end of Walter Saple's house; so far south as a line drawn from the said north end of Walter Saple's house to the eastern extent of Wheal Girl sett; and so far west as to join East Wheal Virgin sett.
(2) shall and will, without let or delay, bring, drive and keep forward the Deep Level or Adit already taken up and begun, and now in the said premises, and shall and will continue to drive and carry the same in and through the said premises to the extent thereof.
Endorsed Wheal Fortune

[no title]  AR/14/305  7 August 1777

Contents:
Letter from Thomas Daniell to John Catton, asking for new sett to be drawn up for Old Wheal Virgin and East Wheal Virgin, without delay. Endorsement mentions three new mines on Cosgarne Downs and Ale and Cakes.

[no title]  AR/14/306  1777

Contents:
Expenses of Lord Arundell and partners in United Mines on Cosgarne Downs, Gwennap

[no title]  AR/14/307  1777-80

16 items

Contents:
Bundle of vouchers re United Mines

[no title]  AR/14/308  1777-80

Contents:
Ore figures for Wheal Virgin and West Wheal Virgin, Gwennap

[no title]  AR/14/309  1777-88

Contents:
Accounts, the United Mines to Mr Francis Brown

[no title]  AR/14/310  14 May 1778

Contents:
Letter, John Penwarne to [?], re date Wheal Virgin consolidated and other setts are to start from.

[no title]  AR/14/311  25 November 1778

Contents:
Letter, George Simmons of Tresamble, to John Catton of St Columb; United Mines, 'Wheal Virgins &c'
Endorsed: Geo Simmons about cost of United Mines for October, November and December 1778.

[no title]  AR/14/312  8 December 1778

Contents:
Undertaking by adventurers in United Mines to go on with the mines and put in 2 engines on Messrs Watts and Bolton's plan, with calculations that a 48-inch engine is necessary to pump 52 fathoms deep at Poldory, and a 58-inch engine to pump 84 fathoms deep at Ale and Cakes; with estimate

[no title]  AR/14/313  1778-9

Contents:
Produce of Wheal Virgin, West Wheal Virgin and United Mines; dues; also share of adventure in United Mines. [for a letter on the same mines, 1778, see 227/118]

[no title]  AR/14/314  October 1781 - December 1783

7 items

Contents:
Wheal Virgin dues

[no title]  AR/14/315  31 January 1782

Contents:
Sett (draft), 21 years from 25 December last, minerals except tin; dish 1/3 of 1/24
Consideration Surrender of all former setts or grants of the mines or lodes or lands herein granted
(1) Rt Hon. Henry, Lord Baron Arundell of Wardour
(2) Sir William Lemon of Carclew, Baronet; and Thomas Daniell of borough of Truro, merchant
On ye run of lodes called Old Wheal Virgin, East Wheal Virgin and West Wheal Virgin in Cosgarne Downs or Common, bounded
on ye west, with a line to be drawn from a stone fixed up in Mark Nicholls's Inclosure northward to another stone put up on the said Down or Comon, which place was formerly supposed to be on or near the back of the East Wheal Virgin Load, and from that stone northward to another stone fixed upon ye eastern side of Phillip's Lane, and from thence in a straight line northward as far as ye right of Lord Arundell extends on said Comon;
on the south with a line to be drawn from the said stone in Mark Nicholls's Inclosure westward to a stone fixed up about 50 fathoms southward of the present Eastern or Great Shaft in East Wheal Virgin, and from thence to another stone fixed up about 50 fathoms southward of the present westernmost shaft in East Wheal Virgin, and that line to be continued from thence to the Church Road, and to run on the Church Road to a stone fixed up about 100 fathoms southerly of Gribbles Shaft in Cosgarne Common near Hitchin's Croft, and from thence in a straight line to a stone fixed up about 100 fathoms southerly of Cuckolds Shaft, and from thence to a stone fixed up about 100 fathoms southerly of Terrils' Shaft, and from thence to a stone fixed up about 100 fathoms southerly of the Old Engine Shaft, and from thence in a straight line to the western extent of the late Mr Prynn's land or right on the said Common, and from thence to a stone set up just below the Engine Water Leat leading from West Wheal Virgin into Old Wheal Virgin Mine, computed to be about 100 fathoms southerly from West Wheal Virgin Engine Shaft, and from thence in a straight line westward to a stone fixed up a little to the westward of the Church Road leading from Croft Handy to Gwennap Church, and from thence in a straight line to a stone sat up a little to the east of Nathaniel Richards's Inclosure;
on the west with a line to be drawn from the said last mentioned stone to another stone northward at the distance of about 49 fathoms, and from thence to another stone fixed up at the distance of about 29 fathoms, and from thence in a straight line northward to the extent of Mr Beauchamp's right on the said Common at the distance of about 25 fathoms;
and on the north as far as the land or right of Lord Arundell extends on the said Common of Cosgarne.
The boundarys of which are to limit this present sett northward from ye eastern to ye western limits thereof herein before described.
(2) without lett or delay, are to drive the deep adit already begun, and partly driven southward in the said mines, and will continue to drive such deep level or adit, or cause the same to be driven through the premises to the extent of the southern limits thereof;
and also will take up a level from the deep bottoms in old Wheal Virgin, and drive and keep forward the same, without let or delay, to the eastern limits of the present sett on the southern-most lode there;
at the end of the term, (2) to be able to take away all fire engine materials.
Endorsed drat. of a sett of the Wheal Virgin Mines
On dorse Crude plan
2 large pages (one torn in half) plus 1 smaller and one scrap.
Endorsed Wheal Fortune the Second

[no title]  AR/14/316  10 May 1784

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, minerals except tin; dish 1/3 of 1/7
(1) Rt Hon. Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour
(2) Zaccheus Andrew of St Erme, gentleman
In and throughout all that part of Cosgarne Down or Common bounded as hereafter mentioned; that is to say -
by a line to be drawn from the north end of Walter Saples House to the first bound stone below Twelve-Heads Headware, and from the said stone to the southern end of John Morcomb's Dwellinghouse, and from that house to the southern end of another house on the said Down, now in the possession of George Stodden, being the westernmost house built on John Gray's tenement, and from the last mentioned house to join the eastern extent of Wheal Girl sett, and bounded on the north with Wheal Fortune sett.
(2) to drive the deep level or adit already taken up, and now in Wheal Fortune sett aforesaid;
and to continue the same into and through the premises hereby granted to the extent thereof southward.

[no title]  AR/14/317  10 May 1784

Contents:
Letter from Paul Penrose giving limits of setts on Cusgarne Down; bounds given for enlarged setts of Wheal Fortune the Second, and East Ale and Cakes [the latter, at least, being part of the United Mines].

[no title]  AR/14/318  18 October 1784

Contents:
Letter, Paul Penrose to [?], enclosing account of United Mines.

[no title]  AR/14/319  1784

Contents:
Note about state of Wheal Virgin Mine

[no title]  AR/14/320/1  28 February 1785

Contents:
Draft letter from St Columb to Mr Francis Brown, at Wardour Castle, on a paper originally addressed to J. Catton, with account re United Mines. Profit on Lady Arundell's 4/20 and F. Brown's 3/20 of 1/16 in United Mines [?].

[no title]  AR/14/320/2  15 March 1785

Contents:
Reply to same, by F. Brown, Wardour Castle

[no title]  AR/14/321  19 April 1785

Contents:
Account of United Mines ores sold, with other material re United Mines.

[no title]  AR/14/322  17 May 1785

Contents:
Account of United Mines ores sold, with covering note by G. Simmons and note re Gwennap Church.

[no title]  AR/14/323  19 May 1785

Contents:
Brief letter, Paul Penrose of Redruth, to [?], giving his copy of William Paul junior's account with Lord Arundell for dues of Wheal Virgin for ores, 5 April 1785; to be no dues from United Mines till next account.

[no title]  AR/14/324  21 June 1785

Contents:
Account of United Mines ores sold.

[no title]  AR/14/325  21 June 1785

Contents:
Letter from F. Brown, Wardour Castle, to [?]; Lady Arundell and he want profits from the mines as soon as convenient.

[no title]  AR/14/326  15 September 1785

Contents:
Account of ores sold from United Mines.

[no title]  AR/14/327  23 September 1785

Contents:
Letter from Paul Penrose, to [?], re United Mines and dues.

[no title]  AR/14/328  26 September 1785

Contents:
William Paul's account with Lord Arundell for dues from Consolidated Mines (Wheal Virgin and West Wheal Virgin) for 12 July and 10 August 1785

[no title]  AR/14/329  [1785]

Contents:
Lord Arundell's account for dues on ore sold in United Mines, September 1785, and gain on his 1/16 in adventure in same, for October 1785. Account of Lord Arundell's dues from Wheal Virgin and West Wheal Virgin for September and October; no year given, presumed to be 1785 [2 separate sheets, pinned together]

[no title]  AR/14/330  20 October 1785

Contents:
Account of ores sold from United Mines. One-sixteenth of Lord Arundell in adventure, one-sixteenth of Mr Taunton, dues. With comments of G. Simmons.

[no title]  AR/14/331  13 November 1785

Contents:
Memorandum; the state of the United Mines at present.

[no title]  AR/14/332  21 November 1785

Contents:
Valuation of halvans, engines and other materials on United Mines, November 1785, in note from William Cornish.

[no title]  AR/14/333  4 December 1785

Contents:
Estimate of the value of Lady Arundell's share in United Mines.

[no title]  AR/14/334  19 January 1786

Contents:
Lord Arundell's account of dues November 1785, and profit December 1785, for United Mines, in brief letter from G. Simmons to John Catton.

[no title]  AR/14/335  20 January 1786

Contents:
Letter, Paul Penrose, Redruth, to ?, re United Mines. Also mentions Gray's tenement.

[no title]  AR/14/336  13 February 1786

Contents:
Letter, Paul Penrose, Redruth, to John Catton, St Columb, re United Mines. Includes account of Lord Arundell's dues and profit January 1786

[no title]  AR/14/337  20 February 1786

Contents:
Letter, George Simmons, Tresamble, to John Catton, St Columb, re United Mines

[no title]  AR/14/338  23 February 1786

Contents:
Letter, William Cornish, Gwennap, to John Catton, St Columb, re United Mines

[no title]  AR/14/339  13 March 1786

Contents:
Letter, G. Simmons, Tresamble, to [?], re ores sold in Cosgarn Common, loss in United Mines

[no title]  AR/14/340  17 April 1786

Contents:
Letter, Paul Penrose, United Mines, to John Catton, St Columb. Lord Arundell's dues and ore money, and Mr Taunton's profits; new engine to be erected, possibly on a new construction

[no title]  AR/14/341  20 May 1786

Contents:
Letter, Paul Penrose of Redruth, to John Catton of St Columb, re sale of 1/32 part in United Mines and 1/64 in Consolidated Mines.

[no title]  AR/14/342  15 October 1787

Contents:
Copy of Resolution of United Mines adventurers, asking lords to abate dues from 1/15 to 1/24

[no title]  AR/14/343  11 November 1786

Contents:
Proposal of lords of Old Wheal Virgin to abate dues in West Wheal Virgin from one-seventh to one-tenth, if adventurers in Old Wheal Virgin will drive a 90-fathom level as far as the eastern part of the present workings in East Wheal Virgin, provided the present adventurers in East Wheal Virgin give up the sett

[no title]  AR/14/344  1790

Contents:
Account of receipts for copper ore, United Mines

[no title]  AR/14/345  1790-3

Contents:
United Mines accounts

[no title]  AR/14/346  1791-3

[Part of document cut away]

Contents:
Lord Arundell's account with William Paul for Wheal Virgin and West Wheal Virgin dues.

[no title]  AR/14/347  22 May 1792

Contents:
Statement about building large engine at United Mines

[no title]  AR/14/348  [late 18th century]

Contents:
Draft [?] licence
(1) [?] on behalf of Lord Arundell
(2) Mr Hercules Mitchell
(2) to use watercourse within the manor of Gusgarne from the Loose Lovan or end of the Depth Adit in the Bottom next the manor of St Day and Bessow, as far down as Gusgarne extends, for making copper by a chemical process
Consideration
One-third of one-twentieth of copper ore so made, till expenses recovered; then one-third of one-sixteenth

[no title]  AR/14/349  [late 18th century]

Contents:
Another version of above. This has the name of Sir John St Aubyn, one of the other lords of the manor of Cusgarne, in one place, instead of that of Lord Arundell - suggesting that this may be a draft in some measure copied from a St Aubyn document.

[no title]  AR/14/350  13 February 1800

Contents:
Limits of Wheal Friendship sett; on the east as far as the land of Cusgarn doth extend, from Axford's dwelling house in a straight line to Trenerry's house, from thence in a straight line to the north-west corner of Perfect's Croft, so far west as to join United Mines sett, and north to join Wheal Girl and Wheal Fortune. Thomas Mitchell, Gwennap.

[no title]  AR/14/351  [1803]

Contents:
George Simmons's account with Lady Arundell and Mr Brown. Ore sold November 1802, and cost paid December 1802 and January 1803

[no title]  AR/14/352  [1803]

Contents:
George Simmons's account with Lord Arundell. Dues and adventure in United Mines, November 1802 - January 1803

Gwinear  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  AR/14/353  18 February 1731/2

Contents:
Counterpart of lease, for 21 years
(1) Frances Arundell, daughter and coheir of Richard Arundell, late of Lanherne, esquire; and George Henry, Earl of Litchfeild, guardian of Mary Arundell an infant, daughter and coheir of Richard Arundell
(2) Robert Coster of Truro, esquire
Property Licence to mine at Roseworthy Barton
Rent One sixth of all metals found

[no title]  AR/14/354  1732-7

Contents:
Account of William Lemon for John Chapman's one-eighteenth of Roseworthy cost

[no title]  AR/14/355  20 February 1737/8

Contents:
Counterpart of lease, for 10 years
(1) Dame Frances Gifford of Lanherne, widow; and Mary Arundell of Lanherne, spinster
(2) William Lemon of Truro, gentleman
Property Licence to mine at Roseworthy Barton, on same terms as in licence granted to Robert Coster, now deceased [AR/14/353]
Rent 12 guineas, if metal to the value of 12 guineas not raised each year for (1)

[no title]  AR/14/356  29 September 1740

Contents:
Lease for 21 years
(1) Dame Frances Gifford of Lanherne, widow;
Honourable Henry Arundell of Wardour, esquire; and Mary, his wife
(2) John Edwards of St Ives, gentleman;
William Sicklar of Phillack, innkeeper; and Scipio Williams of Phillack, miller
Property Licence to mine at Penhale Wartha and Penhale Weeth
Rent One sixth part of all metals found (one seventh until costs have been repaid to (2))
Covenants
To repair and maintain the premises
Endorsed 'Forfeited and Surrendred'

[no title]  AR/14/357  1743-50

10 items

Contents:
Accounts, receipts and notes about Weeth Mine

[no title]  AR/14/358  30 August 1745

Contents:
Counterpart of lease, for 21 years
(1) Right Honourable Henry Arundell, Baron of Wardour; Mary, Lady Arundell, his wife; and Dame Frances Gifford of Lanherne, widow
(2) Richard Cocke of Redruth, gentleman
Property Licence to mine at Tucking Moore, now in the tenure of Thomas Blewett
Rent One seventh part of any metals found
Covenants
To repair and maintain the property

[no title]  AR/14/359  26 December 1745

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, all minerals; dish 1/7
(1) Dame Frances Gifford of Lanherne, widow; Hon. Henry Arundell of Wardour, esquire; and Mary, his wife
(2) William Tremayne of Phillack, gentleman; John Richards of Crowan, gentleman; John Chapman of Chideock, Dorset; and John Lovelass of Chideock, yeoman
Liberty to work throughout the enclosed lands or grounds of or upon the tenements of Penhale-Weeth and Penhale-Wartha (in which tenements, or one of them, a tinwork or copper mine has been discovered); with liberty to drive and carry on the adit which is there already begun.
Executed by Tremayne, Richards and Lovelass, but not by Chapman.
Endorsed Wheal Weeth Mine

[no title]  AR/14/360  22 October 1746

Contents:
William Tremayne's account for Weeth and Trevascus

[no title]  AR/14/361  22 October 1746

Contents:
William Tremayne's account for Weeth Mine [torn]

[no title]  AR/14/362  2 November 1747

Contents:
Memorandum of assignment of title in 1/60 of Weeth Mine, to John Hallett, in trust for John Lovelass

[no title]  AR/14/363  1747-8

4 items

Contents:
Weeth accounts and costs

[no title]  AR/14/364  1747-9

Contents:
Memorandum of ore sold from Weeth

[no title]  AR/14/365  1747-61

Contents:
Promissory notes for payment of toll tin due from Goose Moor

[no title]  AR/14/366  6 May 1748

Contents:
Letter to John Lovelass at Whellanurance, from John Tellam at Roskear; purchase of title in Weeth Mine

[no title]  AR/14/367  9 May 1748

Contents:
William Tremayne's account for 1/20 of Weeth Mine

[no title]  AR/14/368  9 May 1748

Contents:
Account for 1/60 of Weeth Mine

[no title]  AR/14/369/1  12 May 1748

Contents:
Assignment by John Tellam of Cambourne, to John Lovelass of Axminster, Devon, gentleman, of his title in 1/60 of Weeth Mine, for consideration of £16

[no title]  AR/14/369/2  8 November 1748

Contents:
Account for 1/60 of Weeth Mine

[no title]  AR/14/370  1748-63

15 items

Contents:
Tickets for sale of Weith ore, giving name of copper smelting company bidding, and of its agent

[no title]  AR/14/371  26 January 1748/9

Contents:
Copy of sale by John Lovelass, to Samuel Taunton, of part of adventure in Weeth Mine, for consideration of £26 5s. 0d.

[no title]  AR/14/372  5 May 1749

Contents:
William Tremayne's account for ore returned from Weeth Mine

[no title]  AR/14/373  5 May 1749

Contents:
William Tremayne's account for ore returned from Weeth Mine

[no title]  AR/14/374  17 May 1750

Contents:
Account for adventure in Weeth Mine

[no title]  AR/14/375  7 November 1750

Contents:
Receipt from William Tremayne for payment for part of Weeth Mine

[no title]  AR/14/376  [c.1750]

Contents:
List of adventurers in Carnhill Common

[no title]  AR/14/377  9 May 1751

Contents:
William Tremayne's account for Weeth Mine

[no title]  AR/14/378  September 1751

Contents:
William Tremayne's account for Weeth Mine

[no title]  AR/14/379  28 April 1752

Contents:
William Tremayne's account for Weeth Mine

[no title]  AR/14/380  6 May 1752

Contents:
Counterpart of lease, for 21 years
(1) Right Honourable Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour; and Mary, Lady Arundell, his wife
(2) William Lemon of Truro, esquire; and Tobias Lanyon of Lanyon, esquire
Property Licence to mine at Carnehell
Rent One seventh part of all metals found
Covenants
To repair and maintain the property

[no title]  AR/14/381  5 February 1752/3

Contents:
Account of Weeth Mine's costs

[no title]  AR/14/382  10 May 1755

Contents:
Counterpart of lease, for 21 years
(1) Right Honourable Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour; and Mary, Lady Arundell, his wife
(2) William Lemon of Truro, esquire; and Samuel Taunton of Axminster, Devon, gentleman
Property Licence to mine at Roseworthy Barton [boundaries given]
Rent One eighth part of all metals found
Covenants
To repair and maintain the property
N.B. Enclosed are one list of Roseworthy Adit Adventures, dated 12 November 1757, and one list of Roseworthy Adventures undated

[no title]  AR/14/383  16 November 1756

Contents:
Statement giving parcels of Weeth Copper ores purchased by particular companies.

[no title]  AR/14/384  June 1757 - May 1759

Contents:
William Tremayne's account for 1/10 of Weeth Mine

[no title]  AR/14/385  24 June 1761

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, all minerals
Dish 1/8
(1) Rt Hon. Mary, Lady Dowager Arundell, widow of Rt Hon. Henry, Late Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour, deceased
(2) Samuel Taunton of Axminster, Devon, esquire; and John Richards of Crowan, gentleman
In and throughout the inclosed lands or grounds of or upon the tenements of Penhale-Weeth and Penhale-Wartha.
(2) to drive and carry on every adit now or hereafter to be begun. . .
Endorsed Wheal Weeth Mine

[no title]  AR/14/386  13 November 1761

Contents:
Weeth Mine account

[no title]  AR/14/387/1-2  1761-2

Contents:
Account of John Lovelass' adventure in Weeth and Busprowall [Mines]
Enclosed is fragment with accounts

[no title]  AR/14/388  2 January 1764

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, all minerals
Dish 1/7
(1) Rt Hon Mary, Lady Dowager Arundell
(2) Richard Hockin of Gwithian, gentleman; and John Lovelass of Truro, gentleman
In and throughout all those plotts or pieces of ground called the Tucking Moor, containing 3/12; acres, now in the tenure or occupation of Thomas Blewett; and in and throughout any other of the said Lady Arundell's lands adjoining to the said Moor, for the space of 400 fathoms westward on the run of a load or loads formerly discovered therein; and for the space of 100 fathoms northward and 10 fathoms southward of the run of the said load or loads.
Endorsed Wheal Dorothy

[no title]  AR/14/389  2 January 1764

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, all minerals
Dish 1/7
(1) Rt Hon. Mary, Lady Dowager Arundell
(2) Robert Stickland of Gwinear, gentleman; and Richard Hockin of Gwithian, gentleman
Liberty to drive and carry on the adit they have already begun in part of the barton of Roseworthy, from Rosurry Mill Stream to a field called Ralph Mitchell's, adjoining Rose in Valley Lane, so far as to cut the load or course of ore lately discovered therein; and to work in and upon the run of the load aforesaid, and of every other load or vein that now is or hereafter shall be discovered in driving the said adit for the space of 10 fathoms to the north of the first load discovered in the same, to the space of 20 fathoms on the south from the middle of the load discovered in the lane aforesaid, from north to south; and on the run of every such said load from the said Mill Stream to the extent of Rosurry Crafts westward; except all the loads, veins and courses of minerals formerly cut or discovered in a moor or piece of ground called the Tuckingmoor or Blewett's, and all such parts of the premises as the same shall be found to run or be in.
Endorsed Rose in Valley

[no title]  AR/14/390  18 January 1764

Contents:
Counterpart of lease, for 21 years
(1) Right Honourable Mary, Lady Dowager Arundell
(2) John Lovelass of Truro, gentleman; and Richard Hockin of Gwithian, gentleman
Property Licence to mine at Carnehell [boundaries given]
Rent One seventh part of all metals found
Covenants
To repair and maintain the property

[no title]  AR/14/391  1 January 1765

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, all minerals
Dish 1/7
Consideration (2) to surrender or procure surrender of sett of 2 January last for working in part of the lands hereinafter mentioned
(1) Rt Hon. Mary, Lady Dowager Arundell
(2) Richard Hockin of Gwithian, gentleman; and John Lovelass of Truro, gentleman
Liberty to drive and carry on an adit they have already begun in part of the barton of Roseworthy, from Rosurry Mill Stream southward, so far as to the extent of the orchard near adjoining the house wherein Simon Urin now lives, on part of the said barton; and to work minerals on the run of every load or vein that now is, or hereafter shall be, discovered in driving the said adit for the space of 50 fathoms to the east thereof, and so far west as Rosurry Crafts extend; except all the loads, veins and courses of minerals formerly cut or discovered in a moor or piece of ground called the Tucking Moor or Blewett's, and all such parts of the premises as the same shall be found to run in.
Endorsed Rose in Valley

[no title]  AR/14/392  1 January 1767

Contents:
Counterpart of lease, for 21 years
(1) Right Honourable Mary, Lady Dowager Arundell
(2) Robert Lovell of Roscrow, esquire
Property Licence to mine at 'the Wood' in Rosurry Barton, and at Cossawsin
Rent One seventh part of all metals found
Endorsed 'Capn. Lovell's Adit to Park Spernon.
Memorandum Not to leave the Term slip without taking an Adit End into Penhale Lands. WJ'

[no title or date]  AR/14/393

Contents:
Draft sett, one-seventh dues, all minerals
(1) Lady Dowager Arundell
(2) William Williams of Redruth, tinner [name substituted for Richard Hockin of Gwithian and J. Lovelass of Truro, gentleman]
In the Tucking Moor, etc.
Endorsed: Wheal Dolly 1767 Lady Arundell to William Williams sett for 21 years. Reserved one-seventh.
Endorsed, but crossed out: 2 January 1764 draft of a sett of Lower Rose in Valley Gr to Richard Hockin and J. Lovelass. Wheal Dorothy substituted for Lower Rose in Valley, but itself crossed out.
25 March 1767 [substituted for 2 January 1764]

[no title]  AR/14/394  6 July 1767

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, all minerals
Dish 1/8 except on tenement Penhale Weeth, where 1/12
Consideration Surrender by (2) of a sett of 24 June 1761, wherein (1) granted liberty for mining and raising ore in the tenements hereinafter mentioned.
(1) Rt Hon. Mary, Lady Dowager Arundell, widow;
(2) John Richards of Helston, gentleman; and Thomas Taunton of Axminster, Devon, esquire
In and throughout the inclosed lands or grounds of, or upon, the tenements of Penhale Weeth and Penhale Wartha and that part of the lane which is between the said tenements; and to drive and carry on every adit which is already begun. . ..
If (2) remove the present fire engine, or erect any other on any other part of the premises than where the present now stands, within the space of a year and a half now next ensuing, then (1) shall accept 1/12 instead of 1/8 of such minerals in any part of the premises before the same, with such tribute or allowance as shall be received from any other mine or mines on account of the said fire engine as shall be sufficient to repay all cost which (1) shall justly and fairly lay out and be at, in and about erecting a fire engine and working the said premises; this reduction of dues to end when there is a sufficiency to repay such cost.
Endorsed Wheal Weeth
Endorsed in pencil They pull'd up all their Engines and sold ye materials about 6 years ago.

[no title]  AR/14/395  1 July 1768

Contents:
Release
Consideration Indemnification of (1) by (2) and his co-adventurers from all costs laid out; and 5s.
(1) Thomas Taunton of Axminster, Devon, esquire
(2) John Richards of Helstone, gentleman
All (1)'s rights of adventuring in the inclosed lands of Penhale Weeth and Penhale Wartha tenements, and that part of the lane which lyes between the said tenements, under sett of 6 July last from Hon. Mary, Lady Dowager Arundell, widow, to (2) and (1).
A large sum has already been expended, and more must necessarily be laid out in and about completing the fire engine now erecting thereon, and making other conveniencies, before the premises can be effectually tried and wrought.
Since the granting of the sett, (1) has declined to adventure, and costs have been paid by (2) and his co-adventurers, not by (1).
Endorsed the Weeth

[no title]  AR/14/396  25 March 1769

Contents:
Counterpart of lease, for 21 years
(1) Right Honourable Mary, Lady Dowager Arundell
(2) Edward Burall of Illogan, tinner
Property Licence to mine at Roseworthy Barton [boundaries given]
Rent One seventh part of all metals found
Covenants about methods of work

[no title]  AR/14/397  12 April 1769

Contents:
Sett, 21 years from 2 February last, all minerals
Dish 1/7
(1) Rt Hon. Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour
(2) Thomas Ennis of Redruth, gentleman
On the run of a certain load lately wrought by Edward Burall or his partners, and some time before that cut and discovered in an adit begun by others in the south-east part of Roseworthy Barton; and in and upon every other load and vein of mineral that is, or shall be, cut or discovered within 70 fathoms of the south side, or 30 fathoms of the north side of the load aforesaid, for the space of 300 fathoms in length, to be computed and taken from the end or extent of 100 fathoms on the west side of the river where the said adit was first begun or driven from.
(2) to drive and carry on the said adit until it be brought home to the extent of the limits of the premises.
Endorsed East Rosurry

[no title]  AR/14/398  20 April 1770

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, all minerals; dish 1/7
(1) Rt Hon. Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour
(2) William Pascoe of Gwinear, tinner
On every lode that is or shall be cut, found or discovered in any part of the barton of Roseworthy which lyes between the road or lane leading from Rosurry Town to Penmenna Downs on the east side, and Conner Lane on the west side, and from Rosurry Town aforesaid on the North to 10 fathoms on the south side of Trevascus Load on the south.
Endorsed Wheal Pascoe

[no title]  AR/14/399  9 December 1780

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, all minerals; dish 1/7
(1) Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour and Count of the Sacred Roman Empire
(2) Thomas Davey of Camborne, gentleman
On the run of the load hereinafter mentioned;
that is to say -
from the place at or near Rosurry Stamps Adit End, which is now in a close called the Wood Close, parcel of the barton of Roseworthy, from whence a drift is hereby intended and agreed to be driven on the run of a certain load there, so far westward as to join a mine or sett called Wheal Pascoe in Penmenna Down, and so far eastward on the run of the same load as to a mine called East Rosurry, and from thence eastward to the eastern extent of the lands of the said barton;
and on the run of every other load, (2) shall cut or discover, within the space of 80 fathoms north and 70 fathoms south of the load aforesaid.
(2) to continue to drive from the adit level drifts, or a drift, both ways; that is to say -
east and west on the run of the load aforesaid, and keep due levels unto the extent (both east and west) of this sett.
Endorsed Rosurry Wood Close

[no title]  AR/14/400  13 June 1785

Contents:
Proposal of Edward Angove and partners for a sett
Endorsed: Proposed limits for a sett in Roseworthy Barton.
Query too extensive, being for Wheal Pascoe and Roseworthy Wood Close

[no title]  AR/14/401  1 January 1790

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, all minerals; dish 1/7 except tin where imbounded, 1/15 for tin where imbounded
If (2) drive Roseworthy Wood Adit westward without intermission in all lawful working times with at least 4 able pickmen, then dues while adit is being driven are to be 1/9, except tin where imbounded, and 1/18 for tin where imbounded.
(1) Rt Hon. Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour and Count of the Sacred Roman Empire
(2) William Harris of Camborne, esquire; and William Richards of Crowan, esquire
In and throughout the limits or ground hereinafter described, being part or parcel of the Barton of Roseworthy; that is to say -
so far westward as to a bound stone to be set up at the western extent of a mine called Wheal Pascoe (adjoining to the tenement called Trevascus), and from thence in a line so far eastward as to another bound stone to be set up at the eastern extent of Roseworthy Wood-Close Adit, and 50 fathoms northward and 50 fathoms southward of the said line and stones.
(2) to have liberty to convey water belonging to (1) to work engine or engines, or for treating ores, provided the water is returned to its course before it reaches Roseworthy Stamping Mills.
(2) to sell all copper and copper ore to the Cornish Metal Company, so long as (1) is obliged to sell copper ore to the company according to an agreement made with them.
Endorsed
Wheal Pascoe and Roseworthy Wood Adit
Mr Harris would not take up this sett because Mr Catton would not let him again have a new sett of Wheal Abram (after he had kept it a former term and done nothing).

[no title or date]  AR/14/402

Contents:
Draft sett
(1) Lord Arundell
(2) William Harris and William Richards, both of Camborne, esquires
Endorsed: Draft of a sett of Wheal Pascoe etc. for Messrs Harris and Richards's perusal.
Endorsed: Query this sett drawn, but never took up by Mr Harris, who refused it because Mr Catton would not grant him Wheal Abram, which he formerly had, and never worked. 1 January 1790 [substituted for 1 August 1789]

[no title]  AR/14/403  1 January 1790

Contents:
A later draft of above

[no title]  AR/14/404  30 July 1791

Contents:
Draft sett in Hallgoose Moor for 21 years
(1) Henry, Lord Arundell of Wardour
(2) William Michell of Redruth, gentleman

[no title]  AR/14/405  1797

Contents:
Draft sett, for 21 years, all minerals, one-ninth dues,
(1) Henry, Lord Arundell
(2) Andrew Vivian of Camborne, gentleman
throughout the enclosed lands of the tenement of Penhale (of which the surface rights have been sold to Edward Johns) and the inclosed lands of the tenement of Penhale Weeth (in tenure of James Lugg, gentleman), and the high road or lane between the tenements.
Covenants
(2) immediately to drive the adit level taken from Park Spernon northward, southward through the said tenement of Penhale, until the same is driven quite into the Old Weeth Mine, within the tenement of Penhale Weeth aforesaid.
To unwater the deepest bottoms within two years.

[no title]  AR/14/406  n.d

Contents:
Earlier draft of part of same.

[no title]  AR/14/407  [18th C.]

Contents:
Mr Lanyon's memorandum about a sett in part of Carnehell tenement

Gwithian  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  AR/14/408  1702

Contents:
Sett (draft), no term stated, all minerals
Dish 1/6
(1) Sir Richard Baleing [Bellings];
Dame [Frances], his wife;
& Richard Arundell Baleing, esquire
(2) George Moore of London, merchant, and partners
Within ye space of 200 fathoms length and 50 fathoms width to be drawne by straite lines about one mine now in working by (2) in the Sandy Grounds.
[References to minerals other than copper ore are repeatedly underlined, and it is not clear whether it was intended that the final version of the sett should be for all minerals.]

[no title]  AR/14/409  20 December 1739

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, all minerals; dish 1/7
(1) Dame Frances Gifford of Lanherne, widow;
Hon. Henry Arundell of Wardour; and Mary, his wife
(2) Richard Harry of St Ives, gentleman;
James Penrose of St Earth, gentleman; and
Richard Wearn of St Earth, carpenter
In, upon and throughout the whole run of a load already found and formerly wrought called the Strop Loads (and now by the name of Wheel-Rose-Mine); as also of all other load and loads to be hereafter found and discovered within the run of 20 fathoms of ground to the south, which said load or loads called the Strop Loads are in a common or clift called Gwithian Commons, and on the sea shore adjoining with the said clift.
Right to erect engines and stamps and to use the rivulet that runs under Gwithian Bridge.
(1) to have power of adventuring 1/7 in the adventure on paying to (2) and partners, 1/7 of value of such engines and other conveniencies and materials as are on the mine.
Endorsed Wheal Rose... Forfeited

[no title]  AR/14/410  27 April 1749

Contents:
Counterpart of lease for 21 years
(1) Dame Frances Gifford of Lanherne, widow;
Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardor; and
Mary, Lady Arundell, his wife
(2) Roger Cock of Gwithian;
William Davey of Gwithian; and
Thomas Shugg of Gwinnier, tinners
Property Licence to mine in Upton and Easter Loe, land formerly enclosed but now covered with sand
Rent One ninth part of all metals found
Covenants
To repair and maintain the adits and shafts
About method of work
Endorsed 'Wheale Rice'

[no title]  AR/14/411  20 April 1770

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, all minerals; dish 1/7
(1) Rt Hon. Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour
(2) Anthony Cock of Gwithian, miller
On the run or course of a certain load called Wheal Cock, lately cut and discovered in a craft now in the tenure or occupation of John Cock
and on the run or course of every other load that shall be cut or discovered within the space of 40 fathoms on either side of the aforesaid load for the space of 300 fathoms in length, to be taken and computed from the west side of the lane leading from Gwithian Churchtown to Connor Downs
and also free liberty to take up and begin an adit from or near Garrick Sandy Bank, and drive the same home to the said load called Wheal Cock, and for the space of 40 fathoms to the south thereof, for the better working and unwatering such load and loads as aforesaid
and also liberty to work on the run or course of every load or vein that shall be cut or discovered in driving the said adit for the space of 50 fathoms on each side thereof.
(2) to continue the adit until the same shall be brought home to the extent of the limits of the hereby granted premises.
Endorsed Wheal Cock

[no title]  AR/14/412/1  4 June 1784

Contents:
Part of draft sett
(1) Lord Arundell
(2) John Richards of Camborne, merchant; and John Ellis of [?]
Dues One-seventh for copper, one-eighth for tin

[no title]  AR/14/412/2  3 August 1784

Contents:
Note re same.

St Ives  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  AR/14/413  1690

Contents:
Sett (copy) for 7 years, for copper and other minerals, but not tin, except where it is mixed in the lode with other minerals[?].
Consideration £3 15s. per hundred sacks of metal of 200 lbs merchant weight each; or 7s. 6d. per tun weight for a greater or lesser quantity.
(2) to have right to raise tin from lodes or mines found or cut by him, at dish of 1/5 (for toll and farm)
(1) James Praed of Trevethowe, esquire
(2) Christopher Kerby of Truroe, gentleman
(1) to retain right to adventure 1/5, paying his share of costs from the time of his so adventuring.
(1) to retain right to grant setts to others, except on lodes of metals other than tin, and except other grounds in working by (2), and except where (2) has discovered any tin mine or load.
(2) to have obligations in filling up trenches and pits.
(1) to have right to veto employment of individual workmen by (2).

Lanivet  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  AR/14/414  25 March 1741

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, all minerals
Dish for tin, 1/10 for toll and farm in the 3 pair of bounds belonging to (1) lying on the eastern part of the said Downs, and 1/20 in the other part of Downs which belongs to (1); for copper and other metals, 1/10.
(1) Dame Frances Gifford of Lanherne, widow;
Hon. Henry Arundell of Wardour, esquire; and
Mary, his wife
(2) Francis Paynter of St Issey, tinner
In and throughout all (1)'s right and part of Mulberry Downs to the extent every way as far as the said right extends.
Endorsed Mulberry

[no title]  AR/14/415  [c. 1750]

Badly damaged

Contents:
Note of tin sett to be granted at Tucking Mill, Lanivet [?]

[no title]  AR/14/416  10 December 1760

Contents:
Agreement between William Thomas, tin toller of Mary, Lady Dowager Arundell, and Thomas Harris of Lanivet, tinner, for working tin sett on Tredenan Moor in Reperry Manor

[no title]  AR/14/417  1760-66

14 items

Contents:
John Hendra's accounts of Lanivett streamers and related papers

[no title]  AR/14/418  24 June 1764

Contents:
Sett
(1) William Thomas, tin toller to Lady Dowager Arundell
(2) Thomas Thomas of Lanivet, tinner
Throughout a certain moor plot, parcel of tenement of Ford.
Consideration
1 guinea per man per year
½ guinea a year for those under 17 years old
Covenants (2) to -
Replace earth and level pits, etc.
Work with at least 2 men
Endorsed: Sett to stream for tin in Ford Moor
Endorsed: Began to work, 2 men steady

[no title]  AR/14/419  n.d

Contents:
Draft sett
(1) Sir John Arundell
(2) Bernard Kendall
30 fathoms of ground to be measured out to (2) within two fields called the downe parks, parcel of the tenement of Woodley the Higher

[no title]  AR/14/420  [18th C.]

Contents:
Draft agreement between John Brewer, tin toller of Mary, Lady Dowager Arundell, and Robert Nowt, tinner, of Lanivet, to work Tremayle Down tin bounds in Lanivet

[no title]  AR/14/421  [18th C.]

Contents:
Draft agreement [not filled in] by John Brewer [as above], to lease tin bounds

[no title]  AR/14/422  [18th C.]

Contents:
Memorandum about streaming in Bodwannick Mill Moors and set in Endys Moor

[no title]  AR/14/423, AR/14/424  1849 [day and month not given]

Contents:
Sett and counterpart for 21 years, for all metals and minerals
(1) Henry Benedict, Baron Arundell of Wardour, Wiltshire
(2) George Tate of Fulham, Middlesex, esquire;
John Wodley Hughes of Gloucester, esquire;
Joseph Widdowson Welborne of Albermarle Street, Middlesex, esquire;
William Guest of Gloucester, esquire; and
John Henwood Williams of Bodmin, mining agent
Property Part of the manor of Repery bounded on the west by a turnpike road from Bodmin to St Austell, on the south by a road from St Austell turnpike to Reperry Cross, and adjoining Mr Pierce's land on the east by a road leading from Reperry Cross to Lanivet Churchtown, and on the north by the vicarage estate of the Reverend Philips Flammock in the parish of Lanivet; 35 acres [as set out in AR/1/227]
[Not signed or sealed]

Lelant  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  AR/14/425  n.d

Contents:
Conditions of a sett granted by H. M. Praed, esquire of Trevethow, to Charles Richards junior[?] of the borough of St Ives and partners in the tenement of Boskerris. Adit mentioned.
Endorsed: Lord Arundell 2/3, H. M. Praed esquire 1/3

[no title]  AR/14/426  [1796]

Contents:
Draft sett, dues one-tenth, for tin and copper
(1) Paul Penrose on behalf of Lord Arundell
(2) Rowland Veal, Charles Richards, Paul Tremearne, Thomas Land, Henry Pasco, and partners
In the tenement of Boskerris, in land lately sold by Lord Arundell to Rowland Veal.
Being part of a letter from Paul Penrose, Redruth, to William Thomas, St Columb, 13 February 1796. Mentions Nicholas Carnsew's sett, and an application for a sett by Mr Walis; locations not stated.
On front: Date of Mr Praed's articles 19th day of May 1796

St. Ewe, St Mewan, St Austell  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  AR/14/427  22 October 1683

Contents:
Sale. Consideration £175
(1) Sir Vyell Vyvyan, Baronet, Sheriff of Cornwall
(2) John Hayman junior of Mawgan, gentleman
Several parts or doles or adventures for tin, in the several and respective tinworks called the Glasteninge Tynnworke, the old Pollgooth Tye, the withey shaft, the higher Crane and the lower Crane, and several parcels of tin ore, tin stuff and tin bounds, with tools, implements etc.
Above have been seized for debt by (1), under a writ of the Court of King's Bench, from Benjamin Edwards, merchant.

[no title]  AR/14/428/1-2  29 September 1687

Contents:
Sett, and copy, for 21 years from previous 29 September, for tin
Dish 1/10
(1) Hon. Sir John Arundell of Lanherne;
Rt Hon. Sir Richard Edgcumbe of Mountedgcumbe, Devon, Knight of the Bath;
Joseph Sawle of Penrise, esquire;
Grace Hoblyn of Nanswidden, widow, executrix of Robert Hoblyn, esquire, her late husband;
Mary Tremayne of Herliggan, widow, executrix of Lewis Tremayne, esquire, her late husband;
Richard Kendall of Medrose, esquire;
Edward Arundell of Trewithicke in St Cullombe Major, gentleman;
John Harris of St Stephens in Branwell, yeoman;
Thomas Lower of St Austell, gentleman;
William May of St Mewan, tinner;
Ralph May of St Mewan, tinner;
Philip Thomas of St Enider;
Charles Boscawen of St Kenwyn, esquire;
Jacob Robbins of St Ewe, gentleman;
Thomas Henwood of St Ewe, gentleman; and Stephen Robbins of St Winnow, gentleman
(2) Stephen Cooke of St Just, gentleman;
Robert Sawle of St Austell, gentleman;
Richard Scoble of St Austell, gentleman;
Thomas Carlyon of St Austell, gentleman;
John Hayman of St Mawgan in Pidar, gentleman;
Nicholas Young of St Mewan, gentleman;
Thomas Henwood junior of St Ewe
Thomas Hancocke of St Garran, yeoman;
James Edwards of St Cullombe Major, merchant;
Lewis Wise of St Stephens in Branwell, yeoman;
William Allen of St Austell, gentleman;
Thomas Lower of St Austell, gentleman;
John Cothy of St Mewan, yeoman;
Stephen Robbins of St Mewan, gentleman;
Peter Godfry of St Austell, pewterer;
John Meager of St Stephen in Branwell, gentleman;
John Wooldridge of Creed, gentleman
Mulverrybounds, Polgooth bounds, St Margret-bounds, Poliear-bounds, Vyan-Vean bounds, Small-hopes-bounds, Greathopes-bounds, Lady Bean-bounds, Poldise-bounds, Consent-bounds, Faire and Honest-bounds, Fear nothing bounds, Yowe-bounds, Coyskarne-bounds, Whidden-bounds, Baldew, & Single-rose bounds, and Bennets foot-bounds
Excepting so much of said bounds and works as were set by (1) before 29 September last.
(2) to drive an adit or adits to unwater the bounds within 10 years.
Executed by R. Kendall, Sir J. Arundell, M. Tremayne, G. Hoblyn, J. Sawle, J. Robins, T. Henwood, R. May, P. Thomas
Endorsed 'The grant of y[e] Tye of Polgooth'
Polgooth, etc.

[no title or date]  AR/14/428/3

Contents:
Copy of sett
(1) Sir John Arundell of Lanherne;
Sir Richard Edgcomb et al
(2) Stephen Cooke of St Just, gentleman; Robert Sawle et al
Dish; one-tenth
Mulbery Bounds, Polgooth Bounds, St Margrets Bounds, etc.
Adit to be driven.
29 Sep 3 Jas II [1687]
[AR/14/428/1-2 is another version of this document.]

[no title]  AR/14/429  11 September 1693

Contents:
Articles of Agreement
(1) Marmaduke Hodgeson of Fancurch [Fenchurch], London, engineer; and
John Rowley of London, mathematical instrument maker
(2) Joseph Sawle of Penrise, esquire;
Jacob Robins of St Ewe, gentleman;
Stephen Robins of St Wynnowe, gentleman;
Richard Scobell of St Austell, gentleman;
Thomas Carlyon of St Austell, gentleman;
John Hayman of St Mawgan in Pydar, gentleman;
Thomas Mander of St Ewe, gentleman;
Nicholas Young of St Mewan, gentleman;
Thomas Henwood of St Ewe, gentleman;
John Wolrige of Creed, gentleman;
Thomas Hancock of Gorran, gentleman;
Richard Rowe of St Collumbe Major, gentleman;
Thomas Edwards of St Mewan, gentleman;
James Edwards of St Collombe major, merchant;
John Keagle of Mevagissey, merchant;
Mathew Thomas of Roach, yeoman;
Edmond Carthew of St Austle, merchant;
John Meager of St Stephens in Brannell, gentleman;
William Thomas of St Austell, yeoman;
Stephen Robins of St Mewan, gentleman;
William Whitford of Mevagissey, yeoman;
John Harper of St Austell, tinner;
William Harper of St Austell, tynner;
Walter May of St Mewan, tinner;
Richard Gilles of St Austell, tinner;
Solomon Bennet of St Austle, tynner; and Christopher Hawke of St Ewe, blacksmith
(1) agree, on three months' notice being given by the adventurers or the major part of them, according to the doles in the respective bounds, they will build, erect, sink shafts for and place an engine or engines at some place on the tin bounds called Mulvra, polgooth, Vyan vean, polyeare, Small hopes, greate hopes, Lady Beame, poldice, Consent, Fayre and honest, Feare of nothing, yow, Coyskarne, Whidden, Baldew, single Rose, Bennetts foote, St Margaretts [this last name crossed out]; and by such engine or engines, draw the water out of the tin work or works extending in and throughout said bounds to the deepest bottoms thereof (excepting such parts thereof as is or shall be drained by an engine already placed there by the said Hawke and others) and kept out of the same to that depth and soe far deeper as shall be convenient for the labourers to work without hindrance.
(1) to continue keeping the water out from the time the same shall be first forked for, so long as (2) make any reasonable profit by working in the said tin works and have right and think fit to work them.
(2) agree after the water is drawn out, they will, with all convenient speed, employ a sufficient number of labouring tinners to work there, and deliver to (1) 1/6 of the tin stuff and oar raised (after 1/13 toll and 1/10 farm deducted), except where tin stuff and oar are raised from parts of the said bounds which are drained by Hawke's engine.
(2) to cause water to be brought to the bottom of Hodgeson's intended engine shaft; (1) to sink engine shaft from time to time at their own expense.
(2) not to erect any other engines like (1)'s.
Agreement to lapse if (1) fail to keep out water, or break covenants.
(1) not to receive benefit of any tin from above the level of any adit or from any works where they do not fully and effectually keep the water from the deepest bottoms.
If (1) draw water from any other mine for less than 1/6, rate here to be reduced accordingly.
Executed by Hodgeson, but not by Rowley

[no title]  AR/14/430  20 October 1693

Contents:
Sett (unexecuted), no term stated, copper ore
Dish 1/5
(1) Sir John Arundell of Lanherne
(2) Robert Jopling, gentleman, agent to the Governour and Company of Copper-Miners in England
In all of (1)'s lands within a certain pair of tynn-work bounds called Little Vyan-Vean bounds (the several and respective rights, titles and interests of all and every person and persons who are owners of the said tynn-work-bounds or adventurers for tynn and tynn-stuff in the same always forever from henceforth excepted).
(2) to begin working premises for copper within 4 months.
Endorsed Counterpart (unexecuted) of a sett to raise copper in Vyan Vean Tin Bounds in St Mewan and St Ewe

[no title]  AR/14/431  [c. 1700]

Contents:
Memorandum of tin sett to be granted by Sir Richard and Dame Frances Bellings in Trelowith Wood, signed by lessees

[no title]  AR/14/432  nd

Contents:
Not used

[no title]  AR/14/433  9 Sep 7 Anne [1708]

Contents:
Copy of sett
(1) Stephen Robbins of St Winnow, esquire
(2) John Harper of St Austell; Nicholas Giles of St Austell; John Harrye of St Mewan; John Harper junior of St Austell; all tinners
100 fathoms of ground in Powlgooth Bounds, in parishes of St Ewe or St Mewan, to be measured out to them by, or on behalf of (1).

[no title]  AR/14/434  25 July 1709

Contents:
Sett (copy), for tin; dish according to (1)'s part of 1/10. Sett to be yielded up on 3 months' notice in case of a new sett made by (1) with the rest of the bounders of the whole bounds entire, or with other bounds; or otherwise on 9 months' notice in case (1) thinks fit to alter or make a new sett to (2), or any other person or persons, or to carry on the same himself.
(1) Stephen Robins of St Twinnow, esquire
(2) Thomas Dabb, William Harper, Solomon Bennett, John Bennett, all of St Austell, tynners; William Harrye and John Pudner of St Mewan, tynners
Liberty for tin in 60 fathoms of ground outt [?] of other men['s] rights in a pair of tyn bounds called Higher Poulgouth, to be measured out to them by (1) or his agent or deputy.
(2) to use (1)'s stamps.
Sett to be forfeit if (2) fail, for more than 1 month together, to work the sett with 15 able workmen at least, without permission.
Endorsed... a sett in hundred [sic] fathom[s?] of ground in Polgooth

[no title]  AR/14/435  2 September 1717

Contents:
Memorandum of an agreement
(1) Richard Arundell of Lanherne, esquire
(2) Richard Trethewey of St Stephen in Brannel; William Stanton and Edmond Hill of St Ewe; and Thomas Geach of St Mewan; all tinners
(1) to sett to (2) ground in Sticker Down Close, for tin.
Farm: One-sixth

[no title]  AR/14/436  [c. 1720]

Contents:
Draft lease of Polgooth sett by Richard Arundell of Lanherne, esquire, to Joseph Sawle of Penrise, esquire

[no title or ref.]  n.d

Contents:
[AR/14/437 not used]

[no title]  AR/14/438  1722

Contents:
Draft of sett
(1) Hon. Richard Arundell of Lanherne, esquire
(2) Richard Hichins of St Austell, yeoman; John Youlton and Laurence Hancock, both of St Mewan; tinners
Liberty for tin in 80 fathoms of ground to be measured out in Poulgooth bounds.
Dues (1)'s proportion of one-tenth.
Covenants
(2) to give up sett on 3 months' notice, if a sett of the whole of Polgooth Bounds is made by (1) with other owners; or on 9 months' notice if no such sett made.
Sett to be void if, without licence, (2) fail for one month to work sett with at least 20 able men

[no title]  AR/14/439  14 August 1732

Contents:
Lease for 21 years from Michaelmas next.
Consideration £25 p.a., to be increased to £50 p.a. immediately Polgooth Bottoms are worked by means of any engine or engines already built by or to be built by (2), during the continuance of such benefit.
(1) Frances Arundell; and Rt Hon. George Henry, Earl of Lichfield, guardian of Mary Arundell, infant
(2) Robert Coster of the borough of Truro, esquire
Three stamping mills: the Double Mills, Polgooth Mills and the Little Craze Mills, all being between Polgooth Mine and the London Prentice Bridge.
As soon as Polgooth mine or mines shall be undertaken to be drawn or workt by any person or persons other than (2), on 6 months' notice being given by (1), (2) is to surrender premises to them.
(2) to have right of ending lease at end of 5th or any subsequent year, on giving 1 year's notice.
Endorsed Polgooth: agreemt for the stamping mills

[no title]  AR/14/440  7 February 1733/4

Contents:
Sett (copy), for 21 years from 25 March next, for tin Dish 1/10 (after 1/13 for the lord of the soil)
(1) Hugh Williams of Turnavisick, gentleman;
Stephen Williams of Plymouth, Bachelor of Physick;
Thomas Young of St Austell, gentleman;
Henry Hawkins of St Austle, gentleman;
John Tremayne of Hellgan, esquire;
Thomas Prestwood of Penquite, esquire;
Elizabeth Carlyon of St Blazey, widow;
Mary Giles of Tywardreth, widow;
Frances Rowe of St Collumbe Major, widow;
Bridget Brewer of St Ervan, widow;
Stephen Harper of St Austle, yeoman;
Ann Giles of St Austle, widow;
John Pound of Duloe, gentleman;
William Keagle and William Muden of Mevagissey, gentlemen;
William and John Rundle of St Ewe, yeomen;
Benjamin Nankivel of St Agnes, gentleman;
Thomas Henwood of Endellyon, gentleman;
John Pearce of St Breock, gentleman;
Grace Henwood of St Breock, spinster;
Henry Harris of St Stephens in Branwell, gentleman;
Pye Harris of St Collumbe Major, innkeeper; and Edward Beale of St Austle, tinner
(2) Robert Coster of Pendarves, esquire
Polgooth Bounds, Polgooth vean, Saint Lawrence Bounds, Pleasure Bounds, Shillings Go By Bounds, Good Friday Bounds, Bone Adventure Bounds, Come by Chance Bounds, Boskelling bounds, pool Bounds, 3 pair of bounds called the Yeo Bounds, 4 pair of bounds called the Screeds Bounds in parishes of St Mewan, Saint Austle and St Ewe.
(2) to build an engine in or near the bounds aforesaid, within 1 year after the commencement of this term, or contract with some one or other who will do so, in order to draw the water out of the tin mines and tin works in the said bounds or some of them; and to drain and thoroughly work the bottoms of the works within the bounds or some of them, with at least 30 pickmen at least 4 months in each year.
If (2) works some of the bounds, but wilfully neglects others for 1 whole year together, after the waters are out, then it shall be lawful for the proprietors of such bounds to work their respective rights by their own agents, workmen or assignees.
(2) not to make any communication between Saint Martys [sic] and Polgooth without the consent of (1) or the major part of them.
Endorsed A copy of Polgoot[h?] sett

[no title]  AR/14/441  9 June 1735

Contents:
Receipt by Edmund Carthew for John Chapman's £3 9s. cost in Polgooth for January and February last

[no title]  AR/14/442  1736 and 14 June 1736

Contents:
Proposals (draft)
(1) The Adventurers of Polgooth
(2) Rt Hon. Richard Edgcombe, esquire
(1) having agreed with Thomas Coster, esquire, for the engine, observe that Mulvra Mine and Polgooth must be wrought at the same time, and propose that they will take up any shares of adventure in Mulvra which are declined by present adventurers there, on the same terms now subsisting there.
If Mulvra is wrought, as is intended if proper encouragement is found, (2) to have no further consideration for his water.
If Polgooth proves not worth working, (2) to pay a consideration for the Lanherne water.
If Mulvra should not pay the charge of working, and (2)'s water is conveyed to work Polgooth Mines, (1) agree to pay (2).
If Polgooth should not pay the cost of working, and Lanherne water is conveyed to work Mulvra, Mulvra adventurers to pay.
If these terms are agreed, a new lease to be granted.
Other side of sheet (draft), under date 1736 June 14th:
On condition above proposals are accepted, Thomas Coster, esquire, and Polgooth adventurers agree.
Coster will sell all his engines and engine materials in Polgooth, Mulvra, St Martins and Crane, and assign his interest in the watercourses, stamps and stamping materials to (1), (1) paying the same rents Coster now pays for the watercourse and stamping mills.
Four persons to fix price of the engines.
Endorsed Polgooth Adventurers Proposalls to Mr Edgcomb and Mr Coster

[no title]  AR/14/443  28 January 1745/6

Contents:
Sett (copy), 21 years, tin;
Dish 1/8, to be divided between (1) and (2) according to their several shares in the bounds and the lands, and according to the former and accustomed proportion of dividing and paying the dues.
Consideration (3), within the space of 3 years, to erect a fire engine in the bounds listed below in order to draw the water out of the works within the bounds.
(1) John Sawle of Penrice, esquire;
Richard Sawle of St Mary le Strand, Middlesex, esquire;
William and James Carthew of St Austle, gentleman;
Thomas and Nicholas Young of St Austle, gentleman;
Richard Howard of St Mewan, tynner;
John Tremayne of Heligan, esquire;
Philip Carlyon of Tregrehan, esquire;
Jonathan Rashleigh of Menabilly, esquire;
Thomas Dove, esquire and Catharine, his wife;
Mary Giles of St Austle, widow;
Frances Rowe of St Columbe Major, widow;
Bridgett Brewer of St Ervan, widow;
John Wallis of Borough of Camelford, gentleman, and
Ann his wife, formerly Ann Giles, widow;
Ann Giles, spinster, daughter of said Ann Giles;
Ann Pound, widow, now residing at Mevagissey;
Mary Mewden of Mevagissey, widow;
William Keagle of Mevagissey, gentleman;
Benjamin Nankivall of Perranzabulo, gentleman;
Nathaniel Randle of St Ewe, gentleman;
John Pearce of St Breock, gentleman;
Thomas Henwood of Endellyon, gentleman;
John Carthew of St Austle, gentleman;
John Harvey of town of Penzance, gentleman;
Jonathan Peter of St Merryn, gentleman;
John Hoblyn of borough of Bodmyn, gentleman; and
Stephen Harper of St Austle, yeoman;
Owners of tin bounds called St Margarett's, Polgooth Bounds,
Polgooth Vean, St Lawrence Bounds, Pleasure Bounds,
Shillings Go By Bounds, Good Friday Bounds, Bone
Adventure, Come by Chance Bounds, Poole Bounds, 3 pairs of bounds called the Yeo Bounds, viz the
Higher Yeo Bounds, Middle Yeo Bounds and the Yeo
Bounds; and 4 pairs of bounds called the Skreeds
Bounds, lying on Tregenna and Treloweth Comons.
(2) Dame Frances Gifford of Lanherne, widow;
Hon. Henry Arundell of Wardour, esquire; and
Mary, his wife;
John Sawle, gentleman;
The said Charles Edwards of St Mewan, gentleman;
The said Thomas Young; and
Elizabeth Michell of Plymouth, widow
Owners of the lands and commons whereon said tyn bounds respectively lye.
(3) William Lemon of borough of Truroe, esquire; and
John Williams of Truthen, esquire,; on behalf of themselves, their partners, fellow adventurers and assigns
Liberty to work throughout the said bounds
(3) to drain and thoroughly work the bottoms of the works in the said bounds, or some part of the bottoms, with 30 pickmen at least, for 4 months in every year.
(3) will not make any new drifts, aditt or connection between the 2 works of Mulvra and Polgooth, without first obtaining the consent of (1) and (2).
Endorsed Executed by John Sawle, William Carthew, Philip Carlyon, Thomas Young, Richard Howard, Mary Giles, John Carthew, Stephen Harper, Nicholas Young, William Keagle, Mary Mewden, Ann Pound and John Tremayne.
Copy of Polgooth Bounders sett Dat 28 Jany 1745

[no title]  AR/14/444  4 September 1746

Contents:
Agreement
(1) William Lemon of borough of Truro, esquire; and
John Williams of Truthen, esquire
(2) Rt Hon. Henry, Lord Arundell;
Mary, Lady Arundell, his wife; and
Dame Frances Gifford of Lanherne, widow
Recites that John Sawle, esquire, Richard Sawle, esquire, and many others, owners of the above-listed tin bounds, lying on commons called Tregenna and Treloweth Commons, by tripartite articles of agreement between them of the first part, the said John Sawle and others, owners of the land whereon the said tin bounds lie, of the second part, and (2) of the third part, dated 28 January last, set the bounds to (3), (3) paying 1/8 of tin raised to the bounders and lords of the soil; and that (3) formerly paid but about a sixth (5 to the lords and 6 to the bounders out of every 65), which by bringing to an eighth, will be to the lords 5 and to the bounders 6 out of 88.
(1) and (2) now agree that dues laid out by (1) for (2) shall be 5 parts in 88.
Endorsed Counterpart of articles of agreement for reducing the dues in Polgooth, etc.

[no title]  AR/14/445  1752

Contents:
List of names and depths of shafts, Polgooth Mine

[no title]  AR/14/446  12 May 1753

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, all minerals
Dish 1/7
(1) Rt Hon. Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour; and Mary, Lady Arundell, his wife
(2) Edmund Carthew of St Austle, gentleman; and Thomas Michell of Gwennap, tinner
In, upon or out of a certain load or old workings called Woodclose, formerly discovered and wrought in lands belonging to a tenement known by the name of Sticker; and for the space of 30 fathoms in breadth on each side of the said load from the present adit end (now in or near the premises) to the distance of 6 fathoms within the extent of the inclosed lands belonging to the said tenement eastward, which is supposed to be about 200 fathoms from the said now adit end.
Endorsed Woodclose

[no title]  AR/14/447  25 June 1770

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, all minerals; dish 1/7
(1) Rt Hon. Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour
(2) Jacob Borlase of St Austell, merchant
On the run or course of a certain load called Baldew Load, otherwise White Work Load, situate on Sticker Down or Common, for the space of 400 fathoms in length to be taken and computed from the western end or extent of Trelowith Comons which belong to John Sawle, esquire, William Carlyon, gentleman, and Mr Michell or others, and for the space of 50 fathoms on the south side and 100 fathoms on the north side of the said load, the length aforesaid;
and also liberty to take up and begin an adit from the adit already there, called Baldew Adit, and to drive the same in the premises hereby granted.
Endorsed White Work

[no title]  AR/14/448  c. 1780s

Contents:
Plan of Polgooth and nearby works, showing shafts, depths.

[no title]  AR/14/449  28 May 1782

Contents:
Agreement for sett, 21 years, tin, copper and other metals.
Dish for tin 1/12 to be divided between the lords and bounders in the proportion accepted when the mines were last in working; for copper and other metals, 1/12 to the lords
(1) The several owners or part owners of certain land and tin bounds by themselves or their agents
(2) Thomas Reed of Stythians;
Matthew Bolton and James Watt of Birmingham;
George Fox of Perran Wharfe; and
Edward Fox, the younger of Wadebridge;
on behalf of themselves and their coadventurers in a mine intended to be put on within the limits hereinafter mentioned, commonly called Polgooth and Mulvra Mines
St Margaretts Bounds, Chapple Green, Partridge Cocks Head Bounds, Polgooth, Mulvra, Crane and Come and See, St Martins, Wheal Pleasure, Shillings go by, Polgooth Vean, Little Van Vean, Van Vean, Small Hopes alias Little Hopes, Good Friday, Easter Eve, St Lawrance, The Yeo, Casualty, Pown Year, Come by Chance, Two Stitches, Bon Adventure, Narrow Slip, Long Shreeds, Great Hopes, Welcome at last alias Combe, Welcome or Come Welcome, Pool Bounds, Wheel Bounds, and all and every other pair of bounds or parts of bounds within the limits of the wood pins now fixed at the six corners of the sett hereby granted, and where 6 stones are with all convenient speed to be erected and marked with the letters P and S for more particularly ascertaining the limits of the sett.
Owner or owners of any of the bounds to have right of working or setting, on their own account, ground (2) do not think worth working, on giving 6 months' notice; (2) to have right of reclaiming such ground on 6 months' notice.
No person to be bound by subscribing his name hereto, unless all the parties now known to be interested in the lands and bounds accede thereto.
At least 30 men on Polgooth side, and 20 on Mulvra side, to be constantly employed at least 4 months in every year, unless (2) are hindered by water or other unavoidable accident.
The deep bottoms to be worked with all convenient speed.
Signatories:
John Organ for Mr Wactins
John Edwards for the executors of John Quick, esquire
Charles Rashleigh for Viscount Mount Edgcumbe, John Rashleigh and Charles Birkhead, esquires
John Catton for Rt Hon. Lord Arundell
Philip James for himself and John Randle
Jo [or Jos?] Nankivell for Mr Benjamin Nankivell and the Revd John Woolridge
James Gaved for Mr Rowe [Rawe?]
Mr Brewer
Mr Pearce
Charles Harper
Phillip James for Grace Perce
John Bennallick for Mr John Hoblyn and Miss Elizabeth Harvey
William Flamank
W. Rundell for Ra Michell, esquire
Francis Bennetts for J. Reynolds and Mr Hambley
William Merrett
John Carthew for Mrs Susanna Carthew, Daniel Carthew & self
Thomas Henwood
John Peirce
James Brewer
Peter Crapp for self and representative of Tristram Rowe
J. Sawle
T. Carlyon
H. Hawkins Tremayne
J. Thomson
John Bennett
G. Borlase, junior, for the late Mr Jonathan Peters's representatives
Henry Luly
Mary Ellory
Philip Rashleigh
Endorsed Copy of the conditions for working Polgooth and Mulvra Tin Mines
Examin'd by Mr James Gaved &c

[no title]  AR/14/450  13 May 1783

Contents:
Copy, sett for 21 years, from 24 June next as to tin and the stamping mills and watercourses; from Midsummer Day next as to copper, lead and other minerals.
Consideration £40 p.a. for the stamping mills and burning houses; five-elevenths of one-twelfth of tin for toll, and (1)'s proportion of six-elevenths of one-twelfth for farm; 2s. p.a. for diverting water for engine or engines; one-twelfth dues for copper, lead and other minerals.
(1) George, Lord Viscount Mount Edgcumbe and Valletort, of Mount Edgcumbe
(2) Thomas Reed of Stithians, esquire; and
Edward Fox of Wadebridge, merchant; adventurers in mines called Polgooth and Cocks Head and Mulvra, in parishes of St Austell and St Mewan
'All those his tin stamping mills... called... Tregongeeves Mills, Under Shutt Mills, Cost lost Mills, New Mills and Mulvra Mills, and also his two burning houses situated near Mulvra Mills in St Austell, with liberty to erect any new stamping mill or stamping mills on any part of the unenclosed lands belonging to (1)'s manor of Penstrasso in St Austell and St Mewan.
Together with all mill places to the said stamping mills belonging, and all waters, leats and other appurtenances to either of them belonging, all being parts of the manor of Penstrasso.
And liberty to mine for tin and tinstuff throughout his two doles and a quarter in nine doles and half of and in all that one pair of tin bounds called... the Bunney Bounds and Good Fortune bounds, and in and throughout all those six other pair of tin work bounds, whereof (1) is the sole owner, called Waster Stick, Narrow Slip, Mary Gold, Lawrences Slip, Wheal Welcomeby and East Stick Downs, and also all other bounds or parts... of... bounds belonging to (1) within the limits of Mulvra and Polgooth sett as the same is now bounded and limitted by moor stones lately sat up... by the Adventurers for that purpose, which said several tin work bounds are all in parishes St Austell and St Mewan.
Together with liberty to erect any engine or engines and to convey any watercourse in or through (1)'s several and waste lands of Mulvra at and to any of the said tin work bounds for unwatering the mines in them or any of them.'
Covenants
(2), within 3 years, are to work the tin bounds herein granted on the waste lands of Mulvra, and erect thereon such engine or engines as shall be necessary for unwatering the deepest bottoms of the great Channel Load of Mulvra.
Whereas (2) intend to divert from the stamps or some of one of them, water for working the engine or engines to be erected by (2) in the lands of Mulvra for unwatering said works, (1) grants liberty to divert such water and carry it through the waste lands of Mulvra and any other lands of (1) which shall be between Trevarrick higher mills and Mulvra Commons, to such engine or engines within said bounds
(1) is to have right of working for tin or other minerals on his own account, or of setting to others any ground not worked by (2) on giving 6 months' notice.
Unsigned
Endorsed:... Edgcumbe to... Reed... Fox and others, Draft sett of Mulvra lands and certain tin bounds [This document has been annotated to serve as a basis for a sett of Lord Arundell's interests in tin bounds in Polgooth, and also in water, in St Mewan and St Ewe. The Arundell interests to be sett are not detailed]

[no title]  AR/14/451  [18th C.]

Contents:
Mineral lease, Polgooth in St Mewan

[no title]  AR/14/452  [18th C.]

Contents:
Note about tin toll, farm and costs
Endorsed: 'Papers concerning the prosecuting of a Lawe suite with the men of Polgooth'

[no title]  AR/14/453  [1802]

Contents:
Memorandum of receipts from Polgooth Mine 1781-1802, with note concerning Lord Arundell's stamping mills on the mine.
Unsigned.

Phillack  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  AR/14/454  25 June 1770

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, all minerals; dish 1/7
(1) Rt Hon. Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour
(2) John Edwards of Phillack, gentleman
On every lode that is or shall be found in (1)'s lands from between the western extent thereof which adjoins to lands called Luggans and the east end of Treave lane, and from between the hedges of the inclosures of the said lands called Luggans and others called Pulsack and the North Sea.
Endorsed Wheal Dream

Sithney  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  AR/14/455  1592, 1st Nov

Contents:
(34 Eliz)
Licence to search for tin, for term of 21 years
John Arundell of Lanherun, esquire = (1)
John James of Cornwall, tinner = (2)
(1) to (2), licence for term of 21 years to enter his property of Nanskerres alias Nankervas, except for houses, gardens, orchards, meadows, and grounds in tillage or broken for tillage, to search for tin, 'as well in new loades as in olde', and to work it; reserving to (1) the right to 'put in one man' to work there together with (2), and the right to put in one man for every 10 of (2). (2) shall pay to (1) every fourth dish or 'boll' of all tin produced, both of tails and of tops and heads, for all toll, farm, customs and demands.
Covenant by (2) to fill up all pits and shafts where no tin is found, and to dress within (1)'s manors of Pengwena or Prespynneck Sore all tin found; to acquaint the tenant of the lands as soon as they enter them, and to offer the tenant 1 man's 'worckinge' if he wishes, to the tenant's profit. This grant shall cease if (2) transfers his interest to anyone else without (1)'s permission, or if (2) ceases to search for the space of 6 weeks (other than for the purpose of dressing the tin, or for lack of water); if (2) does not start within 1 year to work any ground appointed by (1), then the licence shall cease for all such unworked ground more than 300 ft away from any lode or mine of (2).
Covenant of peaceable occupation. Signature of (2). [dorse] Note of sealing and delivery.
Tag for a seal.
Nanskerres alias Nankervas [Nankerres, in Sithney; tenement (at this date) of Prospidnick manor]

[no title]  AR/14/456  1 August 1732

Contents:
The case of John Rowe, Richard Hoblyn, William Johns, James Perry, William Remfry, William Pasmore et aliis, their fellow adventurers in a tin adventure in Trevarnoe.
About five years since, they took a sett for tin in tenement of Trevarnoe, and at the expense of about £300, drove an adit northward in the said lands, but the lodes cut were poor. Adventurers also had a sett of Tregadjack, adjacent to the east, from Edward Penrose, esquire, who was an adventurer to one-sixteenth part. He wanted them to drive an adit quickly into Tregadjack, which they refused to do; works discontinued for 9 or 10 months. A discovery was made. Penrose has taken a new sett in his own name, which they claim was for the old adventurers, not him, and anyway, they claim the old sett still valid.
Endorsed: A copy of Mr Rowe et al petition to Misses Arundell.

[no title]  AR/14/457  10 March 1752/53

Contents:
Counterpart of sett for 21 years, to work, search and dig for tin
(1) Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour; and Mary, Lady Arundell, his wife
(2) John Richards of Truthall, Sithney, gentleman
Property The lode already found in the tenement of Trevarnow, to the east, in and throughout Nanskerris tenement into the tenement of Chenhale, and for 100 fathoms beyond the old workings above the lane from Truthall to Prospinnick, and to the west, through Chenhale and Trevarnow, within 6 fathoms of the road from Helston to St Ives, and all other lodes within 20 fathoms of said lode
Consideration The covenants and conditions agreed
Rent One eighth part of all metals brought to grass and made merchantable
Covenants
Tin to be made fit for the stamps at the cost of (2)
Three days notice to be given of any division
At least 6 men to work the site for at least 6 months of the year
(1)To be allowed use of ladders, ropes, etc., for inspecting the workings
Endorsed 'Memorandum' extending limits a further 50 fathoms

[no title]  AR/14/458  24 June 1761

Contents:
Counterpart of sett for 21 years, to dig and raise minerals
(1) Rt Hon. Mary, Lady Dowager Arundell, widow of Henry Arundell, Baron of Wardour
(2) John Richards of Truthall, gentleman
Property Wheal Cornellis Lode in Trevarnoe, being 6 fathoms to the east, and 150 fathoms to the west of the adit being driven into the old workings, and as far north as the lane or driving road in the said tenement, and as far south as the lands of the tenement extend; and to carry minerals away for own use
Consideration Rents and dues as below
Rent One eighth part of minerals raised, to be made merchantable
Covenants
Lead and copper to be stamped and dressed
Tin to be fit for the stamps
Four days notice to be given to (1), or her teller or agent, of the division
Right of inspection
Right of (1) to use the ropes and tackle on the premises in order to inspect what is discovered
(2) To maintain and repair present and future workings Requirement to work effectively during the term of the licence
Right of (1) to drive adits in other areas or levels

[no title]  AR/14/459  12 April 1769

Contents:
Sett, 14 years from 24 June last, all minerals; dish 1/8
(1) Rt Hon. Henry Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour
(2) Peter Lovelass of Redruth, tinner
Liberty to drive and carry on the adit already begun, called Wheal Prosper Adit, from the river or place from whence it was taken on the west, to the extent of 100 fathoms beyond or above the lane leading from Prospinneck to Truthall on the east; and to work every lode that is or may be found or discovered within the space of 20 fathoms of the north side of such said adit, and between that and the south side of the lane which divides the lands belonging to the tenements of Trevarnow and Nanskerris near or above Trevarnow dwelling house, and between the said adit and the south side of the Old Driving Road which is in the craft lying at the head or upper end of the lane last mentioned, and between the said adit and the south side of the lands belonging to Chenhale tenement, which lye above the said craft; and also in such part of the abovementioned lane as lyes between the inclosed lands of Trevarnow, Nanskerris and Chenhale tenements.
(2) To drive the said adit until it be driven to the extent of the limits in the hereby granted premises.
Endorsed East Wheal Prosper

[no title]  AR/14/460  2 January 1775

Contents:
Sett, 21 years from 25 December last, all minerals; dish 1/8
(1) Rt Hon. Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour
(2) Thomas Ivey of Sithney, tinner
To clear up and drive and carry on the adit already begun, called Wheal Prosper Adit, from the river or place from whence it was taken on the west, to the extent of 100 fathoms beyond or above the lane leading from Prospinneck to Truthall on the east;
and to work on the run of every lode that is or may be discovered in the adit, or within 20 fathoms on the north side thereof, and between that and the south side of the lane which divides the lands belonging to the tenements of Trevarnow and Nanskerris near or above Trevarnow dwelling house, and between the said adit and the south side of the Old Driving Road in the craft at the upper end of the last mentioned lane, and between the said adit and the south side of the lands belonging to Chenhale tenement which lye above the said craft, and also in such part of the said above mentioned lane as lyes between the inclosed lands of Trevarnow, Nanskerris and Chenhale tenements.
Endorsed Wheal Prosper

[no title]  AR/14/461  23 January 1785

Contents:
Draft of Captain Richard Hodge's sett of Trevarnow Mine for 21 years. Dues one-tenth.

[no title]  AR/14/462/1  23 July 1785

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, all minerals; dish 1/10
(1) Rt Hon. Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour and Count of the Sacred Roman Empire
(2) Richard Hodge of Gwinear, gentleman
In and throughout all that mine commonly called Trevarnow Mine; that is to say - eastward on Trevarnow Lode so far as to within 5 fathoms of the lands of John Rogers, esquire, called Tregadjack, southward so far as to within 5 fathoms of the tenements of Tregadjack and Tregoose, westward so far as a road leading from Chenhale to a place called Sithney Green, northward so far as 10 fathoms north of a lode there called Wheal Prosper Lode, and eastward on the same lode to the extent of 100 fathoms east of the eastern hedge of a lane leading from the village of Prospinneck to a place called Coverock Bridge.
Endorsed
Trevarnow Mine
... to Cap Richd Hodge

[no title]  AR/14/462/2  23 July 1785

Contents:
Counterpart of AR/14/462/1
Endorsed Sett void and given up 1789

[no title]  AR/14/463  1 August 1789

Contents:
Sett, 21 years, all minerals; dish 1/18 until costs fully repaid in money or values of ores, soapy rock and clays remaining unsold, then 1/12
(1) Rt Hon. Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour and Count of the Sacred Roman Empire
(2) William Johns of Helston, esquire
Throughout all those mines commonly called Trevarno and Wheal Prosper Mines; that is to say -
southward so far as the tenements or lands called Tregadjack, Tregathnan and Tregoose, westward so far as a road leading from Chenhale to a place called Sithney Green, northward so far as 50 fathoms north of a lode there called Whealprosper, and eastward to the extent of 200 fathoms east of the eastern hedge of a lane leading from the village of Prospinneck to a place called Coverock Bridge.
(2) are forthwith to begin and continue to drive the deep level or adit already brought up into and now in the said mine or premises hereby granted; and immediately it is cleansed or cleared up, are to drive the same eastward in the premises until such time as it shall be driven unto the eastern extent thereof.
(2) to sell copper and copper ore to the Cornish Metal Company so long as (1) is obliged to do so under the agreement he is now bound by.
(2) to pay £40 per month if he does not work premises in accordance with the conditions, and does not yield sett up.
Witness Christopher Wallis
Endorsed
Trevarnow Mine
Qu Assigned over to Mr Wallis

[no title]  AR/14/464  n.d

Contents:
Instructions for sett
(1) Lord and Lady Arundell
(2) John Richards of Truthall, gentleman
To continue an adit already begun and search for tin.
Endorsed: Instructions for a sett within the manor of Prospinneck.

Stithians  [no ref. or date]

[no title]  AR/14/465  12 March 1759

Contents:
Counterpart of licence or sett, for 21 years, to raise minerals
(1) Mary, Lady Dowager Arundell, widow of Henry, Lord Arundell of Wardour, deceased
(2) Walter Reed of Stithians, gentleman
Property To dig for metals and minerals in any part of the closes of ground belonging to the barton of Kennall, and a tenement called Nanswanneck als Landjoinick, on the east side of the dwelling house, bounded on the south with the great river that divides part of the said ground from Tregoose, on the east with Pilleau Common, and on the north by Cross Post Lane, all in Stithians
Consideration Nil
Rent One-sixth dole of minerals raised
Covenants
Notice to be given of division to be made regarding the dole
To repair and maintain adits and shafts
Provision for inspection by (1)
Provisions for proper working of the premises by (2)
Provision for (1) to access nearby areas through this property, if so desired

[no title]  AR/14/466  30 September 1771

Contents:
Counterpart of licence for 21 years, to raise minerals
(1) Henry, Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour
(2) Thomas Reed of Stithians, gentleman
Property Licence to dig, work, search for and raise all minerals in any part of the barton of Kennall between Tregoose Headware on the south, and the turnpike road on the north, the western corner of Tuban field to the west, and the eastern extent of the lands of the barton to the east
Consideration The reservations, payments, covenants and conditions
Rent One-eighth part of all minerals 'brought to grass', the whole being made merchantable
At least 6 men to be employed for a minimum of 9 months each year
All timber supports to be left when the lease ends
Three days' notice to be given of all weighings
Lord Arundell, or his assigns, to have freedom to enter all adits, shafts, etc.

RECORDS RELATING TO RIGHT OF WRECK  AR/15  [n.d.]


Related information: See also Cornwall Record Office AR/10 for estate correspondence sometimes concerning wreck.

Contents:
The Arundells obtained rights of wreck, usually a royal perquisite, within Penwith when they acquired lordship of that hundred. Most of these documents are consequently concerned with Penwith although some relate to shipwrecks within the manors of Lanherne and Bejowan and one, inherited from the Dinhams, to Hartland in Devon. The records include grants of diving rights, bills and accounts for salvage, testimonies given in the Admiralty Court, correspondence and extracts concerning wreck from Connerton, Lanherne and Bejowan court rolls.
Most of the documents are arranged in chronological order; the following groups relate to particular cases:
AR/15/4 - 41 Theft at Newquay of cargo from vessels called the St George of Flushing and Samson of Bremen in 1571.
AR/15/54 - 61 Dispute in 1683-86, beginning at the Cornwall Assizes and then in Chancery, between the Arundells and Francis Basset who claimed the right to wreck within his manor of Tehidy. Francis Basset was an infant and so sued through his mother and guardian, Lucy Basset, a widow. See also AR/15/184, an account of the Basset-Arundell disputes drawn up in 1758.
AR/15/74 Documents relating to the recovery of wool stolen from the William and Sarah of Dublin in in 1706. See also the estate correspondence (AR/10) for a detailed account of this incident.
AR/15/105 - 108 Documents relating to the Swedish vessel 'Sweedse Vryheydt' brought to St Ives in 1753 after being wrecked off the coast of France. See also AR/10/725 for correspondence on this incident.
AR/15/109 - 174 Lawsuit in Common Pleas, the Arundells disputing General Onslow's claim to wreck in the manor of Lanisley in Gulval. The case concerned wine washed ashore in April 1755 and was finally heard and won by the Arundells in 1761. It was styled Arundell v. Borlase, the nominal defendant being George Borlase of Penzance, Onslow's steward. The documents include three sketch plans of Penwith Hundred showing where the wrecked wine was found.
AR/15/175 - 182 Dispute with the Admiralty over two casks of brandy salvaged near Penzance in December 1755 by the Mary and Alice, a pilchard sloop.

[no title]  AR/15/1  1336, Monday 12th Feb
Language:  French

Contents:
(Monday before St Valentine, 10 Edw III); at Lanwithiel [or Lauwithiel]
Sale and quitclaim of ship
William Ian and Peter (Peres) Costard = (1)-(2)
Sir John Darundell, knight = (3)
Sale and grant by (1), master of the ship (nef) which was called La Seynt Nicholas de Barflut and which perished (fust pery) in the manor of Conerton, and by (2), merchant of the same ship, of that ship to (3), with all uses (ustelemenz) issuing from it, such that they can make no claim to it or its boat or to anything attached to it, for ever.
Sir William de Botriaux, Sir John Lercedekne, Sir Ralph Bloyou, Sir John le Pedit, Sir Thomas Lercedekne, knights, John Billon.
2 seals; [16th century?] "A sale of a shypp to Mons. John Darundell Chyval'".
Conerton [= Connerton, in Gwithian]

[no title]  AR/15/2  1386, Wednesday 17th Jan
Language:  Latin


Related information: The journey of John de Baucomb to survey this wreck is mentioned in Cornwall Record Office AR/37/47.

Contents:
(Wednesday before St Peter's Chair, 9 Ric [II])
Description and valuation of a wreck
Wreck of sea ('wrekcum maris') arriving in the Hundred of Hertilaund, at Holeclyff:
21 pieces of wax (weight varying between 30 and 68 lbs each, total weight 1,394 lbs; the 19th piece "defract' est"), total value £23 4s 8d;
a number of "parcell' pond'", some grouped "in unum pond'", the groups weighing between 16 and 54 lbs each;
1 pipe not measured of oil, for light and no other use (1 pipa non de gange olei pro lumen et non aliter), 50s;
12 gallons in 1 barrel, 8s;
1 anchor, weight 400 lb, 26s 8d;
1 'mast', 1 broken (dirupt') 'saylyurd' and 1 'wyndose', 20s;
various planks from damaged tubs and pipes (divers' tabul' de doleis et pip' defract'), 24s;
various great and small ropes, 40s;
various pieces of damaged (defract') sail, 13s 4d;
2 large damaged coffers without locks, 6s;
2 small damaged coffers without locks, 40d;
5 other damaged coffers without locks, 5s;
2 small damaged caskets (capsell'), 16d;
1 hauberk (lorica) with a weak 'venteyl', 13s 4d;
1 pair of weak 'plates' and 1 breastplate ('brustplate'), 6s 8d;
2 damaged coverlets (cuuerlet'), 5s;
3 striped blankets (3 blankett' stragulat'), 2s;
2 pairs of sheets and 2 canvas sheets (2 paria linth' et 2 linth' de caneuasse), 6s 8d;
2 cloths of Spanish style (2 mappe de modo Espannie), 8d;
2 'pailettes', 12d;
1 ell of linen cloth and 1 towel (towall) of the same cloth, 2s;
1 sheaf of old arrows, 12d;
12 skeins of waxen 'clos' (12 skaynnes de cerico clos) of various colours, 20s;
1 'flasket', 12d;
2 'vallynges', 40d;
1 doublet (doblet), 20d;
6 skins [?] of 'basyle, wet and of no value (6 pell' [?] de basyle humidat' nullius valoris);
60 lbs of fat, 5s;
1 great 'polax', 6d.
Total value £36 12s 2d.
Endorsed [18th century?] 'A particular and value of a wreck found at Holeclyffe within the mannor of Hartland in the 9th year of King Richard the first [sic]'; 'These rolls all belong to Hartland mannor.'
[1 membrane, Latin]

[no title]  AR/15/3  1566, 15th Nov

Contents:
(8 Eliz); at London
Order to restore goods
Queen Elizabeth I = (1)
John Arundell of Lanherne = (2)
Letter from (1) to (2), at the decree of David Lewes, Ll.D., Judge of the Admiralty, and William Mowse, Ll.D., Commissioners of Depradations, ordering (2) to restore to Anthony Gwarras and Inigo de Valderam, Spanish merchants, 16 1/2 cwt of... wax (sedecim centenae cum dimidio cerae [?] al's), seized under sequestration 2 years ago at St Ives; under penalty of £100.
Part of seal of (1).

[no title]  AR/15/4  [1571]

Contents:
Letter
Narrative account of the theft of cargo at Newquay.
On 3rd Feb 1571 ('1570') the hulk called the George of Breme arrived at a place called Towen Blyster in the parish of St Colome the Lower in the county of Cornwall.
Inprimis the said ship being in some danger by reason of a storm put ashore Jaques Vandbyland, Peter Vanderbekan, Cornelius Claise the master of the ship and one Cornelius the 'counter master' with 2 or 3 more of the best mariners of the said ship.
Item as soon as they landed one Thomas Mayowe an officer of the admiralty arrested them all and prevented them from going aboard their ship, whereby the rest of the company aboard could not divert the ship to any harbour, and so being driven to ride there in the face of the storn until 2 of her cables were broken, and had but one more to trust, which by continuance also was very near spent, the said master desired often to go aboard to aid the rest of their company during the danger, and was not allowed until Cornelius, one of the men, gave to Thomas Mayowe 9 double royals, and then he was allowed to go aboard, and the others kept ashore; he alleged no cause but that he suspected they were pirates; Thomas 'practysed by meanes' that the cable should be cut to run the ship ashore.
Item, the ship being in extreme peril one night and the cable almost broken, certain persons of the ship (Cornelius and others) carried ashore and hid its treasure, not knowing in that peril, being in a strange country, what else to do; and their dealing in that behalf being perceived by some English men that walked the same night caused their hidden riches to be found and [by] the finders it was shared and afterwards being known, upon commandment the finders appeared before Mr Bevyle and delivered him part of the riches, as by a note appears, which goods and all the rest found is to be required at their hands that have the possession thereof to the use of the true owners of the treasure; and the particulars of the treasure also appear.
Item sundry pilots of the country being 'largely offered' to bring the ship to harbour, by 'practyse' of Thomas Mayowe and some others refused to venture therein, until at last one John Delycke, a skilful pilot, at the earnest request of Edward Arundell and for the sum of £20, was contented to adventure in company with Cornelius and others to the number of 12 persons, who as it pleased God brought the ship and goods safely to Coome in Devon, who have been well recompensed for their pains.

[no title]  AR/15/5  1571, 8th Feb ('1570')

Contents:
Letter
John Stourton, Thomas Arundell, Edward Arundell, Francis Tregian, Francis Penkeuell, and 4 constables (named)
All justices of the peace, mayors, constables and other officers of the queen
We are privy to what happened to a ship called the George of the town of Breame in High Almayne; by force of weather it arrived at Towen; to avoid utter ruin they were compelled to compound with expert men namely John Dellycke and Robert Carthevyck [?] to conduct them to Padstow or wherever possible, their cables and anchor being spent; the pilots attempted to bring it into Padstow, but for want of such aid as was expected could not enchanel themselves, but were enforced with further danger to adventure to take the seas, the arrival of the ship being unknown. 22 men from the ship remained here and wish to return to it if they knew where; we pray you all to believe the bearer, John Pentyer, who is sent to discover where the ship has arrived, and to show him lawful favour and aid in that.

[no title]  AR/15/6  [1571], 14th Feb

Contents:
Letter
William [?] Loyd, officer of the Queen
Edward Arundell; at Lanheron
I understand that certain 'Flemens or Easterlinges', lately arrived near Seynt Coloumbe the Lower, are with you at Lanhearon. I am by office to deal with them on behalf of the Queen and the Lord Admiral; so thought it best to ask you to deliver the strangers to me.

[no title]  AR/15/7  [1571], 15th Feb

Contents:
Letter
John Pentyre
Edward Arrondell, esquire, of Lanherron
I have found the 'howlke' at Elfarcom', and have discharged my neighbours according to their demands.
Financial arrangements to be made.
List of further arrangements to be made, with requirements of the captain and details of cargo missing.

[no title]  AR/15/8  1571, 24th Feb ('1570')

Contents:
Letter
Edward Arundell; from Bastable
George Arundell his brother; at 'my lord [?] Arundelles house without Temple Bar in London' [?]
I wish I were in London, to deny ('to untreue') claims written against me. The truth will excuse my dealings. Please be friendly to certain foreigners, who have had great adversity and loss, but not as much as some wanted to do them, concerning goods of no small value. My servant will inform you of events since the writing of my [= this?] hasty letter, concerning the ship and the demands of those that forge complaint against others. If the goods belong to any Spanish subjects, they will with difficulty get authority to regain and use them, because of a 'stay by proclamacyon'.
Mr Trencreke's letter satisfies me concerning the law. Authority by commission should be used quickly to deal with others who daily make spoil of the goods which they have found; having plenty of other men's money they buy cattle and sheep, and raise the price, thinking that converting it will help them to defraud the true owners. I have written to Mr John Radamaker, a foreign merchant in London, and a major owner of the goods, to tell him what has come into my hands, and what others have.
I have written to John Penheleg junior to pay you £26 13s 4d, for my brother Stourton and from my sister Tregyan.
In haste.

[no title]  AR/15/9  1571, 26th Feb ('1570')

Contents:
Letter
The examination of John Peterson, bosun of the ship St George of Bremen, taken before Sir John Seyntleger, knight. Detail of what goods were hidden on shore, and in what places.

[no title]  AR/15/10  1571, 26th Feb ('1570')

Contents:
Letter
Jaques Vandbyland and Peter Vanderbecan; from Ilefarcome
Receipt by us, factors in the ship called the George of Flusshant, from John and Simon Peterson, of 4 bags of money, dug up at Towen and delivered to Mr Edward Arundell.
Also acknowledgement, dated Lanherne, 6th Jun, by Peter Vanderbecan, that Mr Edward Arundell has incurred expenses on his and others' account; and bond to reimburse him.
Statement by Vanderbecan, with narrative, that it was only by Mr Edward Arundell's care and help that they obtained a pilot and sailors, who brought them to safe harbour at Combe in Devon, thus saving their lives.
Statement of the value of the ship, £6655 [?].

[no title]  AR/15/11  1571, 28th Feb (13 Eliz)

Contents:
Letter
William Tucker, mayor of Bristowe, and David Harrys, William Pepwall and Robert Saxcye, three of the aldermen
Sealed statement: before the mayor and aldermen, in the place of common audience called the Tolfey, Thomas Martson aged 18 and Abraham Jobson aged 16, 2 ship's boys of the Sampson of Breme, today testified: about 6th Feb the ship arrived 'at Newekaye nere a villaige called Towen Blyster'; such a tempest arose that she was likely to perish, so they and eight more crew took the boat and rowed to land, bringing as much of the sailors' clothing as they could carry (including gowns, doublets, breeches, shirts, etc.). Ashore they stayed by it 'lying uppon the shore by them'; meanwhile 5 or 6 men came to them (and they suppose the bailiff of the admiralty was one of them), and took it all away.
Newekaye 1571.

[no title]  AR/15/12  [1571], 3rd Mar

Contents:
Letter
Humphrey Hendy; from Cammelford
Edward Arundell; at Lanheron
With notes [by Edward Arundell?] concerning local men's confessions, including account of Thomas Mayow's actions.

[no title]  AR/15/13  1571, 7th Mar ('1570' and 13 Eliz)
Language:  Latin

Contents:
Letter
[Edward] Lord Clynton, High Admiral of England, knight of the Order of the Garter; from London
William Lower esquire, his vice-admiral in Cornwall and adjacent maritime areas, William Mohun and John Trefry, esquires, Henry Crane gentleman
Concerning the contempt of office shown by Oto and John Rescarock, Richard Quyntian [?], John Trebilcock senior alias Gollam, Francis Courtney, William Tregennow and others, by taking and disposing of precious goods from two German (teuthonice) ships. Order to... them and to bind them to a fine.

[no title]  AR/15/14  1571, 18th Mar ('1570')

Contents:
Letter
Dominick Chester
Edward Arundell; at Lanhearne
I recently told you of a commission which the bearer, Anthony Antonyson, and I received from the Queen's counsel, to act concerning goods belonging to subjects of King Philip and the King of Portugal ('goodes apartaynyng to King Phillip and the King of Portugalls subiectes'). Treasure was landed by sailors in this area; we sent the sailors to you, to satisfy the owners whether any of the goods were lost unfound. We asked you to continue with your great efforts in the matter.
Please now read the commission, which the bearer will show you. I am ill and cannot travel, so my friend Mr Saltern will accompany Anthony Antonyson to act for the Queen. Please tell them what has happened, and deliver to them such money, plate and jewels as you can, with an indented bill of goods, and tell them of those people who still have any of the goods; you are to bind such people in recognizance to appear before the Queen's counsel or the high comissioners appointed for that matter, by the end of the month.

[no title]  AR/15/15  1571, 13th Apr

Contents:
Letter
John Lord Stourton, Tho. Ar. [?], Edward Arundell, Francis Tregian and Francis Penkevell, esquires
Statement [draft] of events.
On 3rd Feb 1571 ('1570') there arrived through great tempest at the road of Towen in Cornwall, within 3 miles of us, a ship called the George, under captain Cornelius Classon, of Flushant in Zeland; ('Sampson', and John Blocke [?] of Amsterdam, added later). He came ashore to procure a pilot and aid of victuals; he agreed with Robert Corthewvycke, a skilful pilot, to bring the ship to safe harbour; but was then prevented from returning to his ship by an officer of the Admiralty, named Thomas Mayow, who arrested him, along with Peter Vanderbecan, Jaques Vandbyland and others, without lawful cause. He had to pay the officer to be allowed to return to ship, and found it in worse state. During the night they brought certain bags of money and silver plate to shore, and hid them in several places not far from the shore, for fear of imminent shipwreck, which we saw to be true. But God provided better than was expected, and a skilful pilot called John Delycke was procured by some of us to venture his life to save the ship.

[no title]  AR/15/16  1571, 20th Apr

Contents:
Letter
Cornelius Clason (captain) and Cornelius Franson (captain's mate)
Edward Arrendell
Concerning goods from the 'George' of Flushing (Holland), hidden at Newquay and stolen.
"Rycht woursypfull Mr Edvard Arrendell with my herteley commendatione unto zov decause of my written unto zov is to sertefy zow of schuche goodis that I hadt in the goode schyppe callet the Jorge of Flessen in my chest and in my charge and also Cornellis Clason maister and pourser and one Cornellis Franson master is mathe in the sayd schyppe dothe confess and is sworen that the sayd goodis whiche vyll be namet heir vas Peter Wantherbeken and odder his frendis and brocht in land with the odder monny that vas hydt at New Kaye the 6 day of Febrvary '1570'.
First one pourse vheir der vas 85 doucatz in reallis.
More one baige wheir vas 100 doucatz.
More one baige wheir vas 69 reallis of Fowie [?].
More one bayge wheir vas 60 doucatz.
More two cablis' for gentilwemen.
More a saltler of sylwer.
We Cornellis Clason and Cornellis Franson masters of the fornamet schype is sworen to the trouthe that the fornamet goodis came to landt when the rest of the monny came a land at the New Caye and vas Petr Vantherbeken and his change is goodis and the sayd Petr beinge unto passenger in the sayd schype and for the more performans heiroff we hawe sett our sels and fyrme the 20 day of Apreill 1571.
By mij Corn' Clacyn; C.F.
In wytness of deyse hewish [?] names followth, Leucash Freish and Richard Skynner and Johne Eymothe of Eylfarcome and odders."

[no title]  AR/15/17  1571, 26th May
Language:  Latin

Contents:
Letter
John Radermaker; from London
Sir John Arundel, knight, or in his absence Mr George or Mr Edward Arundel his brethren; in Cornwall
I have received your letter, giving not only the state of our affairs but also your advice. I have done all could to offer something for your kind work for others as well as me but so many difficulties impose upon me, and I have been so destitute of all help from others, that I have been able to do nothing, nor do I see what I can do. Meanwhile I see it is likely that a certain noble called Mr Christmesse, with a name held good among Lusitanians or Portuguese, should take everything from us; he is working on it, and messengers are already sent to Cornwall. Therefore please restore to our servant Peter Vanderbeke such goods as you have, or to Robert Cade, mayor of Bastable. Vanderbeke shall repay your expenses. I bind myself to indemnify you against any further demand for the goods, from the Queen or anyone else. I shall not name a specific sum, since our friends have an interest of which I do not know the quantity, though Vanderbeke and Cornelius Claisson know. You can show them full trust. Mr Christmesse has no title concerning the goods which were in the ship called Georgius, for they were brought not from Lusitania but from Spain, and no Lusitanian had any interest in that ship; beware lest he take anything from the George on the basis of another ship which came from Lusitania. On the Queen's part I consider no arrest made in good hands [?] whereby you should be prevented from restoring the goods to us, the true owners. Your known virtue has made me so bold as to write.

[no title]  AR/15/18  [1571], 1st [Jun]

Contents:
Letter
Robert Cade, mayor, and Hugh Hexte; from Barnestaple
Sir John Arundell, knight, or in his absence Mr George or Mr Edward Arundell his brethren; at Lanheren
Please know that John Roddemaker, merchant in London, and Peter Vanderbeken the bearer of this have moved me and others to ask you to deliver to Vanderbeken such money and goods as are in your keeping. Various other commissioners are daily seeking to have the same, but please prefer him, always provided for any occasions against the prince as touch the same [?]; we shall discharge you for as much as you give him; please get a receipt from him. If you are not happy with this, send also a man of your own back with him, who shall receive sufficient bond. The bearer will pay any charges that arise.

[no title]  AR/15/19  1571, 1st Jun
Language:  French

Contents:
Letter
Cornelius Claison; [from London?]
[Arundell?]
Following the promise that I made you in my last, I now write to know your answer, and to thank you (vous rendre grace), not as I should but as I can, for the favour you do us. The bearer is called Pieter Vander Beecke, and you will see the reason for his journey from the letters from Mr John Rademaecker and the mayor of Pastable and Hugh Hecx, begging you on my part, captain of the ship called Le Jorge of Flissinghes, to do what he shall ask of you for me. What you deliver to him shall be well delivered; obtain a receipt from him, of what he shall have had from you and others. He will give you news from London.

[no title]  AR/15/20  [1571], 11th Jun

Contents:
Letter
William Kendall; from Lostwithell
Edward Arrundell
John Restarroke has been found guilty of 'assaute'. Discusses new lease of land at Cannalizi. Endorsements in different hand mentioning Cornelys Classon and Peter Vanderbacan.

[no title]  AR/15/21  1571, 1st Jul

Contents:
Letter
Robert Jesepp; from London
Edward Arudll, his loving friend
I have delivered your letter to Sir John Salynger [?]; he says he does not forget 'nor so wyll notte in your caws', and also that there is no commission granted as yet for the delivery of any of the goods belonging to the ship that lies at Elffordcome. He has dealt with Lady Stourton for you, showing her thoroughly your dealing in the matter; and he knows very well that if it had not been for your honest dealing all had been lost, and none saved for the Queen or merchant. He said that you deserved to be very well recompensed for your good service, and to have the possession of all such goods and money as he has, until such time as it is known who should rightly have it. His answer was that the counsel has the matter before it by special suit of the merchants; he does not know what order they will take in it, but will find out as soon as he can. I learn from Peter that a commission will be granted to him and 2 others to make 'portte saelle' of the goods aboard the ship. The writ of 'dedimus potestatem' cannot be had without the particulars of the land.

[no title]  AR/15/22  [1571], 2nd Jul

Contents:
Letter
W. Stourton
Edward Arundell, my loving brother; at Lannherne.
Have put your questions to divers of both 'houses'[?] but as yet am not fully answered; there fall out many great questions - if the queen be a party she is above all the 'houses'[?] as now and 'not to be withstandyd' ...

[no title]  AR/15/23  1571, 8th Jul

Contents:
Letter
R. Leycester and W. Burghley
Hugh Trevanyon, high sheriff of Cornwall, Sir John Arundell knight, Robert Trencreke [and] Bevile [blank], esquires, her majesty's justices of peace in Cornwall
We are informed by the bearer, John Benncott, of certain bags of money, jewels, amber, etc., secretly hidden near New Keye by certain Flemings driven there by force of weather about last Candlemas [2nd Feb]; and that the greater part was found and is now with various people, while the rest is not yet found but likely to be recovered by your good endeavours. The Queen has commanded us to write requiring you to hear what the bearer says, and to employ the best offices and diligence that you can to recover it; when it is recovered, send it up to us with 'convenyent speade', either by this bearer [alone] or by any others with him, as you think appropriate for such a charge.
We require you in her majesty's name not to fail. [signed] R. Leycester.
We require you to advise us of the quantity of treasure or anything else recovered into your possession [signed] W. Burghley.

[no title]  AR/15/24  1571, 11th Jul

Contents:
Letter
John Seintleger
Edward Arundell, esquire
Discusses possible commission [for delivery of ship's goods?] from the court.

[no title]  AR/15/25  1571, 15th Jul

Contents:
Letter
E. Cleynton, W. Howard, F. Knollyz and... Mildmaye; from the court
Dominick Chester of Bristol and John Darte of Barnestable, merchants
[Copy] There remains under arrest at Ilfordcombe a ship called the George of Flusshinge, laden with wines, oils and other merchandise mostly belonging to subjects of the King of Spain. We are informed that the goods, considering the time of year, are likely to be damaged by leakage if they remain longer aboard. We are earnestly requested, by the merchant and captain [?] of the ship and others who have property or interest in the wines and oils landed at Bristol out of the Black Rave [?], that they should be sold with the consent of Peter Vander Beecke, foreigner, to the uttermost penny that they are worth. We require you in the name of the Queen to meet with Vander Beecke for the sale of such things as he thinks best; for the rest of the goods we authorise you to cause them to be well housed, and listed by inventory signed by the three of you. You shall also make diligent inquiry whether any goods have been sold from the ship since its arrival, and if so shall certify in writing by whom and to whom, for what price and by what authority. The money arising from the sale you shall keep in your custody, with the consent of Vander Beeke, until we give you order for its delivery.

[no title]  AR/15/26  1571, 18th Jul
Language:  Latin

Contents:
Letter
John Radermaker; from London
Sir John Arundell knight, George and Edward Arundell esquires, in Cornwall
Your kindness gives me confidence to trouble you further. As you will learn from Peter who brings this, the ship is to be unloaded, and the goods sold (distrahentur). Dominick Chester and John Darte, merchants, have been commissioned to do this with Peter; God grant there is still something worth offering. I ask you to continue to help Peter Vander Beken, as before, in any advice and aid that he needs. I bind myself by this to indemnify you concerning all sureties or money that you give him. For the buried treasure I do not see any commissions yet being prepared, and have not ordered further petitions, because I am afraid of throwing sure money on an unsure venture the success and outcome being uncertain (quia cum incertus sit rei successus et eventus, ego quoque certas pecunias in incertum discrimen coniecturum fore me metuo). Meanwhile they into whose hands anything has come seem to me to be free from any danger, and justly can and should restore anything they have to the sailors and merchants who brought it to land with the intention of saving it from imminent shipwreck. If your gifts (donaciones) can do anything to persuade them, I am confident you will kindly do it.
[Endorsed, 17th-18th century] "A parcell of old letters & papers in Queen Eliz. time of little or no use."
Needs repair.

[no title]  AR/15/27  1571, 5th/6th Aug
Language:  French

Contents:
Letter
Pieter Vander Beecke; from Hilfercom
Sir John Arendel knight, or George or Edward Arendel esquires, at Lanheere
About theft of cargo at Newquay.

[no title]  AR/15/28  [c.1571]
Language:  Italian

Contents:
Letter
Vincentio Guicciardini
Lucas [Fryse, of London: see AR/15/38]
Request for information concerning clothing and 2 bags numbered 3 and 5, containing marks (52s 6d) and plate [?], and 1 bag of royals and plate (100 ducats), belonging to Tomaso and Giovanni Moriconi, and missing from a ship called St George of Flushing, captain Cornelius Claison, on a voyage from Bristol.
Ricordo a uoi Lucas de quello che uorrei che facessi per me in questo nostro/uostro viaggio di Bristol, e prima che uoi u'informassi della naue nominata San Giorgio, patrone Cornelis Claison di Flessinghe, et uedere doue sono le robe che lui ha discarico, et se potessi ricuperare dua sacchetti di n'o 3 et 5, e un sacco di reali et platta che attengono a Tonmaso e Giouanni Moriconi; danuersa si come benissimo sa il detto patrone e possendoli hauere, li porterete qui; senon, ue prego a intendere doue sono, e ogni particulare che tio [?] ui conduca a saluamento. Nelli sopradetti dua sacchetti di no 3 et 5 sono marchi 52s 6d platta et in reali ducati cento. Vincentio Guicciardini.

[no title]  AR/15/29  [c.1571]

Contents:
Letter
Edward Arundell [?]
Mr Coffyn [?]
Includes a list of goods; and draft or copy of a request [?] that the commission lately sent from the admiralty court concerning the 2 ships should be revoked, and a new one sent.

[no title]  AR/15/30  [c.1571]

Contents:
Draft or rough notes concerning the sheriff's ('Mr Shryffe's') commission concerning the foreigners' goods from the St George and the Sampson.

[no title]  AR/15/31  [c.1571]
Language:  Latin

Contents:
Letter
Concerning the 2 ships; 'vix est credibile'; mentions Edward Arundell.

[no title]  AR/15/32  [1571]

Contents:
Letter
[Edward Arundell]
Draft for a bond by the Mayor of Bastable and Hugh Hext, Peter Vanderbecan and Cornelius Classon, to be bound in £500 [?], to indemnify Edward Arundell against the Queen and the owners and merchants of the goods; and if the goods are delivered to them, those receiving them shall be removed from the realm and drop all charges. Peter Vanderbecan is to set in writing what allowance he knows to be reasonable for the charge, and in how much the owners and merchants have been beholden to me in their extremities.

[no title]  AR/15/33  [1571]

Contents:
'A note of sutche part of the hidden treasor as ys confessed'.

[no title]  AR/15/34  [1571]

Contents:
Note of owners of goods, of Bruges, Anuerp and London.

[no title]  AR/15/35  [1571]

Contents:
Rough notes concerning admissions and narratives given by Nicholas Pascow, John Tronson and others.

[no title]  AR/15/36  [1571]

Contents:
Rough notes concerning admissions and narratives; diagram; 'Robert Chywone ys pryve to very moche of [?] the secret of all these matters & hath custody of moche welth as yt ys thought'; with slip attached.

[no title]  AR/15/37  [1571]
Language:  French

Contents:
Letter
Pieter Vander Beek'
Mr Edward Arendel
Statement of ship's goods pillaged on land while coming from Lisbon.

[no title]  AR/15/38  [1571]

Contents:
Note of 'owners of the small shyp of Antwerpe'.
Needs repair.

[no title]  AR/15/39  [1571]

Contents:
Letter
[Arundell?]
Sir John Sellennur
Copy of a letter sent.

[no title]  AR/15/40  [1571]

Contents:
Letter
'The 7th of February at Towen Blyster ther beynge 2 boyes wch had certeyne goodes taken from them and after the takyng therof they made open exclamacion that they were robbed ...', plus further narrative.

[no title]  AR/15/41  [1571]

Contents:
Letter
[Edward Arundell?]
List of my charges when I was at Towen at several times for the aid of the foreigners; for those also who were appointed to attend there for the saving of the goods from spoil.

[no title]  AR/15/42  1578-81

Contents:
Rough notes on wrecks in Penwith.

[no title]  AR/15/43  1579-82
Language:  Latin

Contents:
Document containing evidence by David Lewes in Admiralty Court, referring to events in 1579-82

[no title]  AR/15/44  12 February 1580
Language:  Latin

Contents:
Copy [undated] of Nolle Prosequi, 12 February 1580, to Quo Warranto proceedings against Sir John Arundell started in 1568

[no title]  AR/15/45  1581-1758

Contents:
Wreck papers; accounts, letters, grants of wreck [17 items].

[no title]  AR/15/46  1582

Contents:
Copy of testimony of John Pewar of Penzance, merchant, Charles Thomas of Cury, yeoman, and Richard Thomas of Mullion, yeoman, as to Arundell's right of wreck on Connerton Manor and Penwith Hundred [4 pages, two copies of first page].

[no title]  AR/15/47/1-5  [1582]

Contents:
Incomplete copy of depositions made by witnesses for Sir John Arundell in the Admiralty Court, regarding rights of wreck in Winnianton and Penwith, giving evidence of John Nicholas of Gunwalloe, William Willes of Cury, John Rawlin of Breage, William Noye of Madron, Henry Allen and John Polpero of St Ives, and part of that of John Penheleg of St Ives.
[This copy starts with page 4, and breaks off in mid-sentence. The original document is in Royal Institution of Cornwall, He/4/1, calendared Henderson XIV 338-353, and contains depositions of thirty-one witnesses, that of John Penheleg being printed Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall. 1959, 207-12]

[no title]  AR/15/48  8 October 1588

Contents:
Copy court roll of manor of Connerton [4 items].

[no title]  AR/15/49  16 April 1589

Contents:
Copy court roll of manor of Connerton [5 items].

[no title]  AR/15/50  3 September 1636

Contents:
Note from Thomas Pellens about wreck seized near St Ives for the King.

[no title]  AR/15/51  1637

Contents:
Copy, made in 1637, of claims to wreck in Penwith made before Justices in Eyre, 1284.

[no title]  AR/15/52  [post 15 January 1647?; see AR/15/53]

Contents:
Note of wreck seized by John Ustick for Sir John Arundell.

[no title]  AR/15/53  [mid 17th century]

Contents:
Note of pieces of wreck seized in Penwith
Particulars of items seized by John Ustick on behalf of Sir John Arundell, in accordance with a warrant received from Mr John Smith, dated 15th Jan 1648 ('1647').
Mentions pieces taken in St Just and Sennen; particularly concerning Ustick's trouble in asserting the rights against 'the troopers', who were 'soe violent towards me that I was in daunger of my life of them, for they threatened to cutt my throte except I should doe according to there will ...'
Signature of John Ustick. [1 p.; English]

[no title]  AR/15/54  19 November 1683

Contents:
Copy Bill of Complaint to the Lord Keeper, by Francis Basset of Tehidy, an infant aged 9, suing by Luce Basset, widow, his mother and guardian, regarding his claim to wreck within the manor of Tehidy, between Gwithian River and Portreath; refers to common law action brought by Sir John Arundell against Basset's stewards, resulting in trial at Bodmin on 1 August 1683, when Arundell was non-suited; Basset now seeks to have the evidence of his elderly witnesses recorded, so as to be permanently available [this was done in 1686 - see AR/15/60-61].

[no title]  AR/15/55  19 November 1683

2 items

Contents:
Copy petition to Court of Chancery by Francis Basset of Tehidy, an infant aged 9 suing by Lucy Basset, widow, his mother and guardian, regarding dispute with Arundells over right of wreck within manor of Tehidy; following non-suit of Sir John Arundell in case at Cornwall Assizes in 1683, Basset seeks hearing in Chancery to perpetuate testimony of his witnesses, many of whom are old.

[no title]  AR/15/56  1683

Contents:
Notes of evidence in case of Arundell v. Basset.

[no title]  AR/15/57  [c.1683-6]

Contents:
Courts of Wards and Liveries, Arundell v. Basset; copy depositions of James Basset of Illogan and Samuel Hood, his servant; copy answer of the defendants James Basset, Robert Morris and Samuel Hood [5 items].

[no title]  AR/15/58  17 January 1683/4

Contents:
Answer of Sir John Arundell to complaint in AR/15/54, refuting allegations made by Basset, but not objecting to the recording of evidence [AR/15/59 is another copy].

[no title]  AR/15/59  17 January 1684

Contents:
Copy of answer of Sir John Arundell to bill of complaint of Francis Basset; wreck at Tehidy [2 items].

[no title]  AR/15/60  1686, 15th Sep (2 Jas II)

Contents:
Legal document
Depositions in Bassett versus Arundell
Depositions in the case of Francis Basset esquire, complainant, through his guardian, against Sir John Arundell knight.
Depositions of Arthur Newman gentleman (taken in Redruth); John Rowe of the parish of Camborne, husbandman (a chair cast ashore at Porthbean in Hello Cliffes within the manor of Tehiddy; a house in Connerwartha in the parish of Gwithian); Zacharias Jackson of the parish of Cambourne, yeoman (clothes cast on shore at Godreeuy, reputed to be the prince's wardrobe); Mr Francis Arundell claiming Mr Bassett's rights of wreck; wrecks cast on shore on both sides of Gwithian river); John Bligh of the parish of Cambourne, husbandman (clothes at Godreuy, reputedly the prince's wardrobe; a ship wrecked at the Castle Clift within the manor of Tehiddy); and Matthew Jobe of the parish of Camborne, husbandman (a piece of timber found in Godreuy Clift). [8 fols; English]
Gwythian River [= Red River]
Porthbean in Hello Cliffes
Connerwartha
the Castle Clift

[no title]  AR/15/61  15 September 1686

Contents:
Depositions of Arthur Newman, John Rowe, Zacarias Jackson, John Blight and Matthew Job in the case of Basset v. Arundell [copy of AR/15/60?].

[no title]  AR/15/62  16 March 1685/6

Contents:
Accounts of wreck at Porth Glyvian; costs of salvage and profits.

[no title]  AR/15/63  14 March 1692/3

Contents:
Accounts of Nathaniel Milner, merchant, for salvaging goods of the Tryall, stranded at Porth Gluvian [2 items].
See also AR/15/64.

[no title]  AR/15/64  1693, Mar to May

Contents:
Expenses paid for a ship stranded
Details of payments made 'on account of' [= on behalf of?] Mr Nathaniel Millner, master of ship 'Treyall' [?] of Bristoll, stranded at Porth Gliuean Coue in Cornwall. Account dated at Treuarian, 14th Mar to 6th May 1693; total received by William Benny from George Bere, 8th May 1693.
See also AR/15/63 for more on this wreck.

[no title]  AR/15/65  1693, 25th Apr


Related information: See also Cornwall Record Office AR/15/89 for a grant of diving-rights in 1732.

Contents:
Grant of diving-rights, for term of 9 years
John Arundell of Lanherne, knight = (1)
John Champion of Cullumb Major, mercer, and James Johnstone of the parish of St Giles in the Fields (Middlesex), gentleman = (2)-(3)
Consideration: the convenants and payments mentioned.
(1) to (2)-(3), his right to 'all wrecks of the sea, jetsham and lagan goods, direlict, riches, bullion, plate, gold, silver, coyne, guns, copper, brass, iron, and other treasure goods and chattells', which cannot be recovered 'without the art of diving', cast away by shipwreck or lying under the sea below low-water mark, and belonging to (1) by right of his manors and lordships of Connorton and Winnianton, until Michaelmas 1702, and to be recovered from the sea by any 'crooks, engines or otherwise'; reserving to (1) all such goods which are cast on shore or floating, and not sunk in the sea, and which can be recovered without diving.
For (2)-(3) to hold, from last Annunciation, for term of 9 years.
Rent to (1) 1/5th share of all goods recovered. Covenant by (2)-(3) that they shall go forthwith to those places and search for such goods, and to render a true account of goods found; and by (1) that they can keep 4/5ths of such goods. If (2)-(3) do not begin to search within 1 year, then this indenture shall be null and void. Signatures of (2)-(3).
2 tags for seals.

[no title]  AR/15/66  1693 and 1702

Contents:
Two letters about wreck.

[no title]  AR/15/67  1694, 9th Aug

Contents:
Note of wreck goods shipped from Truro.
Schedule of the wreck goods belonging to the Elizabeth of Limington, shipped on board the Anne of Southampton at Truro, and to be delivered to John Burrard at the mouth of Limington lake. With agreement concerning delivery of the goods. [1 bifolium; English]

[no title]  AR/15/68  1695-1759

Contents:
Connerton; copies of court presentments, mostly concerning wrecks in Penwith [27 items].

[no title]  AR/15/69  1699, 10th Jun


Related information: Compare Cornwall Record Office AR/25/127 for another letter from this sender.

Contents:
Letter
John Arundell; at Truthall
--- ('Honorable Sir') [= Sir John Arundell?]
I have had from cousin Bere a letter written to you by John Williams about an anchor taken by him in your royalty. He makes untrue assertions. He took it without leave, and without telling me as your agent. It was not as far below the low-tide mark as he claims. I visited Williams in Penzance but he denied your right and insisted upon his patent. It is true that an act of parliament granted the sole right of new inventions to the inventor for some years; but they can only be used lawfully. (Supposing a machine were invented for pulling down houses or walls, should the inventor pull down my house because he has a patent?) The head bailiff was no help.

[no title]  AR/15/70  [17th century or c.1700]

Contents:
Extracts from rolls demonstrating rights of wreck in Wynnianton
Notes on the descent of Wynnianton manor from Gervase de Hornington [sic; recte Hornacot], who received it (together with the manors of Merthym and Tamerton) from Richard Earl of Cornwall, brother of King Henry III (grant confirmed by Henry III); Gervase was ancestor of Roger of Carminow esquire, and by match with an heir of Carminow the manor of Wynnianton descended to the ancestors of Sir John Arundell.
Extracts from rolls, from 1487-88 (3 Hen VII) to 1634-35 (10 Car [I]), demonstrating the lord of Wynnianton exercising his rights of wreck. Include 1 1/2 lb saffron, found 1501-02 (17 Hen VII); 1 fish called 'a porpus' in 1507-08 (23 Hen VII); 22s 5d for gold and silver on a body thrown up by the sea, 1563-64 (6 Eliz); and a brooch with a silvered torque attached (unum fistulum cum torqueo argenteo eidem append'), weighing 1 lb 13s 4d, 1581-82 (24 Eliz). [2 fols; English and Latin]
Alse Yeffarne 1487-88 (c.1700) [in Gunwalloe]
James Tolle, Alse Heverne 1504-05 (c.1700)

[no title]  AR/15/71  [18th century?]

Contents:
Extracts concerning strays and wreck in Penwith
Extracts from 'Bayliffs Booke', listing strays and wreck found in Penwith (all Mount's Bay area, except for one at Lelant), from 1514-15 (6 Hen VIII) to 1572-72 (15 Eliz). [2 fols; English]
the east side of Coddan in St Hillary parish 1570-71 (18th).

[no title]  AR/15/72  1701 and 1707

Contents:
Opinions of counsel, Edward Northey, about wreck at Guernsey: 28 June 1701. Opinions of counsel, William Longneville: 20 October 1707.

[no title]  AR/15/73  1703/4, Feb 2nd

Contents:
Letter
Francis St Aubyn; at Trengwainton
Madam Frances Bellings; at Somerset House, The Strand, London
Please tell me what to do with some wreck (pieces of cable) at St Ives; mentions Mr Borlase and Sir John Molesworth; if it is not sold soon the rent will be more than the goods are worth.

[no title]  AR/15/74/1  18 November 1706

Contents:
Appointment by Francis Bere of Tiverton, merchant, of George Bere, to recover wool looted from the William and Sarah of Dublin.

[no title]  AR/15/74/2  25 September 1707

Contents:
George Bere's acknowledgement of receipt from William Hamlyn of Cubert, Robert Warmington junior of St Columb Minor, and John Groes of Crantock, of payment for wool taken from the William and Sarah.

[no title]  AR/15/74/3  25 September 1707

Contents:
Draft of AR/15/74/2.

[no title]  AR/15/75  1707, 7th Oct (6 Anne)

Frail

Contents:
Articles of agreement concerning wreck at Perranzabuloe (copy)
Agreement between Francis Bere, Thomas Enchmarch and Peter Carthew of Tiverton (Devon), merchants, of one party, and Simon Tregea of St Agnes, gentleman, and Ralph Philips of Perranzabuloe, yeoman, of the other.
The ship called the William & Sarah was loaded at Dublin with wool, and bound for Minehead; she was stranded at Perranzabuloe, blown by storms, and her cargo removed by various people. At the last assize in Exeter, damages of £730 and costs of 40s were awarded to Bere, Enchmarch and Carthew against Tregea, Philips and others. Tregea and Philips have asked for time to recover the amounts from various others involved. Bere, Enchmarch and Carthew appoint Tregea and Philips their attorneys to recover £600. They are to be answerable to George Bere of St Maugan, gentleman, concerning their efforts. Certain persons [named] of the parishes of Kubert, Perran Zabuloe, St Columb Minor, St Maugan, St Agnes, St Columb and St Issie are excluded from their efforts, and cannot be prosecuted or impleaded for the sum. The term of authority is to last for 18 months. [2 fols; English]
See also AR/10 for estate correspondence about these events.

[no title]  AR/15/76  25 April 1711

Contents:
Copy of appointment of attorney to administer goods of William Parnall, mariner, who died on her Majesty's ship the Rupert.

[no title]  AR/15/77  1711-13

Contents:
Bills for salvaging of wrecks [6 items].

[no title]  AR/15/78  1712-3

2 items

Contents:
Copies of letters of Francis Paynter, John Stevens and George Bere, regarding brandy and wine taken up at sea by St Ives fishermen, and claimed as wreck by Lady Bellings.

[no title]  AR/15/79  1713/14, 19th Jan

Contents:
Legal document
Authorisation to take wreck
Appointment by R. Bellings of John Stevens to take up wrecks at St Ives and on the coasts two miles around it. Signed by R. Bellings, Richard Arundell and William Boles.

[no title]  AR/15/80  [c.1713]

Contents:
List of papers, mostly court rolls of Connerton and Winnianton, left at Lanherne; dated 1485-1713 [not in order].

[no title]  AR/15/81  [1681-1713]

Contents:
Notes on collection of tithing money in Penwith.

[no title]  AR/15/82/1  July 1717

Contents:
Draft authorisation from Richard Arundell to John Lethbridge, gentleman, to dive for wreck within Winnianton manor.

[no title]  AR/15/82/2  1717

Contents:
Memoranda concerning wine taken as wreck
Notes concerning 'wrecked wine' in custody at Mowsehole; mention of Mr Keigwin and Charles Lanyon, Mr Bodinar; Jephtha Sennett 'does not know of any person liveing that was present at the wreck therein mentioned'; George Borlase 'knoked of Treluddra's Lock last Wed., & as its said sent it to London; Q. further information.' [1 bifolium; English]
Compare Thomas Treluddra, bailiff of Connerton or Penwith, AR/3/141.

[no title]  AR/15/83  1717

Contents:
List of various goods in different cellars in Mousehole, Newlyn and possibly elsewhere.

[no title]  AR/15/84  1718-9

Contents:
Copies of letters (John Oben, George Bere, H.M. Customs), and opinions of counsel (N. Lechmere, William Thompson) regarding goods wrecked at Penzance in February 1717.

[no title]  AR/15/85  4 and 24 July 1719

Contents:
Opinions of counsel, Thomas Pengelly, following casting ashore of a quantity of merchandise claimed both by the Arundells and by the Vice-Admiral [2 items].

[no title]  AR/15/86  24 July 1719

Contents:
Opinion of counsel, Thomas Pengelly, on medieval Connerton charters [rights of wreck?].

[no title]  AR/15/87  30 November 1721

Contents:
John Stephen's account for salvaging wreck.

[no title]  AR/15/88  5 December 1725

Contents:
Bill for salvage of wreck at St Columb Minor.

[no title]  AR/15/89  1732, [blank] Feb ('1731' and 5 Geo II)


Related information: See also Cornwall Record Office AR/15/65 for a grant of diving-rights in 1693.

Contents:
Grant of diving-rights, for term of 5 years
Frances Arundell of Lanherne, spinster, and George Henry Earl of Litchfield, guardian to Mary Arundell, spinster and infant, sister of Frances = (1)-(2)
John Rawe of Falmouth, gentleman = (3)
Recites that the Colchester man-of-war was wrecked 'some years since' in the Hundred of Penwith, a royalty belonging to (1) and Mary Arundell, who are entitled to it, and that there are other wrecks within the royalty belonging to them; and that (3) has applied for licence to dive to search for the wrecks. Now (1)-(2), for the covenants mentioned, to (3), free licence to search, fish and dive for any wrecks or goods; for (3) to hold for term of 5 years, starting from next Annunciation. Rent to (1)-(2) 1/10th share of all goods, etc., obtained, the share to be delivered to the quay at St Ives. (3) covenants to deliver the 1/10th share, to keep a true account of all goods obtained, and to give at least 24 hours notice to (1)-(2) before starting to dive on a wreck, so that their agent can be present on board (3)'s boat. [Deed not executed]

[no title]  AR/15/90  1733

Contents:
Copy memorial by Sir John Gifford, on behalf of himself and Mary Arundell, an infant, to the Council of the Duchy of Cornwall, requesting removal of lock from room containing wreckage lately washed ashore in Mount's Bay.

[no title]  AR/15/91  26 January 1733

Contents:
Order of the Duchy Council to Edward Penrose, Receiver General, to remove the lock.

[no title]  AR/15/92  1734, 24th Jul

Administrative history:
Francis Loggin, of Essex St, London, was Lady Gifford's lawyer (e.g. AR/4/990).

Contents:
Legal opinion regarding ownership of goods and duty payable
Copy of letter from Customhouse, London, to 'Gentlemen', regarding brandy and 'hungary water' salvaged in January 1732 ('1731') from the 'Emanuell', stranded 'in your port'. Several men were saved from the ship, so the goods are not wreck but stranded, and must be sold publicly to the highest bidder (citing an act of 1713-14, 12 Anne), and an account rendered.
Copy of letter from Francis Paynter, at Boskenna, 19th Jun 1734, to 'Dear Sir', stating that as nobody has claimed the goods, they should go to the lord of the manor.
Comments of S. Strange regarding the questions of whether the goods are wreck or the lords of the manor are entitled to them (not wreck, and unclear whether they are jetsam or flotsam, but whichever they are, they probably belong to the lord of the manor); and whether customs duty is payable (no, because they were not imported as merchandise).
Endorsed 'Case about Hungary water with Mr Strange's opinion; Loggin, T.G.' [1 p.; English]

[no title]  AR/15/93  1737, 12th Nov

Contents:
Account of wreck [from Winnianton]
Accounts of Henry Polkinhorne to Dame Frances Gifford and Madam Mary Arundell, concerning wreck found on the Lizard.
Expenses: including for various locks and staples, to secure wine lodged at Burgess, Cadgwith, Helstone; paid to men who came to Helston 'to talk about the distance the said wine and brandy was taken up at sea'; wreck found at Gunwalloe; 'paper to drraw Jewell's affidavit on, which he would not swear to after drawn'. Due from Polkinhorne: receipts for 'land leave' of butter, for cable and an anchor at Penwinean, and from Mr Pye towards 'land leave' for some port wine. [2 fols; English]

[no title]  AR/15/94  1739-54

Contents:
Account of wrecks
Extract of wrecks received by Mr Chapman and Mr Taunton in Cornwall, and accounted for in their respective accounts to the late Lady Gifford and Lord and Lady Arundell. Includes (Michaelmas 1741) Mr Stephens of St Ives, the balance of his account for wrecks; timber taken up 'between Long Bridge and Long Rock under Tregerton' 1751; wreck at Gunwallo Fishing Cove; wrecks at Porthjew and the Horse Pool (liberty of Winnianton); wreck at Porthbean near Gunwallo Fishing Cove.

[no title]  AR/15/95  1740

Contents:
Legal document
Answer to bill of complaint
Answer of Edward Penrose to a bill of complaint of Henry Arundell esquire, Mary his wife and Dame Frances Gifford, in chancery.
Case concerning rights of wreck on the coast in the manors of Winnianton and Carminow; mention of Carminow Mill, Carminow Creek, Nanspean, Chiverloe Green, the Loe Pool; 'the said Loe Pool is divided & seperated from the sea by a barr of sand, and that sometimes at high tides and by great land floods the said Loe pool riseth so high that it is necessary to open a passage into the sea in order to procure the working of the mills adjoiyning to the said Loe pool, to wit Hobstone Mills and Carminow Mill; for liberty for so doing the Borough of Helstone pays 3 halfpence to this defendant in a leather purse of the vaoue of 1d, and the tenants and occupiers of Carminow Mills, tenants of the manor of Carminow, pay likewise three 1/2 pence in a leather purse of the value of 1d, by way of acknowledgement of this defendant's ownership and lordship of the said Loe pool'.
Copy sent to Mr John Chapman, at Chideock, near Bridport, Dorset, 26th Feb 1740 ('1739'). [2 pp.]

[no title]  AR/15/96  [c.1743-44]

Contents:
Legal opinion concerning wreck found
Opinion of John Belfield ['Serjt. Belfielde', endorsement] concerning a cargo of mahogany from the ship William and Ann, bound from Jamaica to London and lost in the Bristoll Channel; its cargo (belonging to merchants of Liverpool) was found over 20 miles of the coast, and 4 men were saved from the wreck. The Admiralty has issued a warrant, and the owners claim the mahogany. The timber belongs to the owners; but the Admiralty warrant was based on a supposition that the timber was wreck, which fails since 4 men were saved. [1 p.; English]

[no title]  AR/15/97  1744-50

Contents:
Details of wreck in the manors of Lanherne and Bossuen
Description of the royalty of wreck of the manors of Lanherne and Bossuen.
That of Lanherne extends from Porth in Lower St Columb, north to the barton of Trevelgy; it begins again in the middle of Porth Glivian bay in St Mawgan, north as far as the tenements of Bodrethen in St Evall extend.
That of Bossuen extends from Porth in Lower St Columb, south-west as far as the lands of Porth tenements, adjoining to a barton or tenement called Tretheres belonging to the Earl of Golphin [sic].
Details of pieces of wreck taken within both manors, between 1744 and 1750. Include (19th Mar 1750/51, Lanherne) a cask of wine taken up 'under Trevelgy at Falawry', and others 'near the islands under Trevelgy'. [2 fols; English]
Falawry (coast, at Trevelgy) 1751 [= Flory Island, St Columb Minor]

[no title]  AR/15/98  1745

Contents:
Note regarding wreckage and claim by Mr Borlase.

[no title]  AR/15/99  1749-50

Contents:
Presentments concerning wreck and strays in Penwith
Extracts from court rolls (24th Apr 1749 and 10th May 1750) concerning items of wreck at St Ives, Sennen Sands and Gwithian Sands; strays brought from Treveneage pound and Binner, and 'the untimely death of Clement Uren by a cartwheel being driven over his body'. [1 bifolium; English]
Goes with AR/15/100.

[no title]  AR/15/100  1749-56

Contents:
Extracts concerning presentments of wreck and strays
Extracts [from court rolls] concerning presentments of wreck and strays in the Hundred of Penwith. Includes the death of Clement Uren by a cartwheel [as in AR/15/99]; wreck at St Ives, Gwithian Sands, the River Hayle, Penzance, and elsewhere; strays at Treveneage, etc. [1 bifolium and 2 loose pp., plus brown paper wrapper; English]
Goes with AR/15/99.

[no title]  AR/15/101  c. 1750

Contents:
Papers about title to wreck in Connerton Manor and the Hundred of Penwith.

[no title]  AR/15/102  [c.1750]

Contents:
Copy of schedule of writings, dating from 1567/8 to 1733, at Lanherne, relating to Connerton manor and Penwith hundred.

[no title]  AR/15/103  [18th century]

Contents:
Answers to queries concerning right of wreck and stray in Penwith
Replies and memoranda conerning right of wreck in Penwith; about the type of courts held, 'if any vill, town or hamlett of Conerton, & its extent or situation' [no reply, unfortunately!], and others including 'how long Lanisley in the Onslow family & who were the proprietors before', and 'what enjoyment formerly in the manor of Kelynack, belonging to Nicholls 1710 & 1712'.
Notes regarding wreck and strays taken at Gulval, Lanisley, Guavislake (in 1579), Penhelleck ('Q. if in Lanisley'); latest date is 1751. [1 bifolium; English]
on the west of Long Rock (Lanisley) 1745 (18th)
Guavislake 1579 (18th)

[no title]  AR/15/104  1753

Contents:
Schedule of documents dated 1444-1595, relating to Penwith wrecks, delivered to Mr Purser.

[no title]  AR/15/105  1753, 3rd Apr

Contents:
Copies of letters concerning a Swedish ship detained at St Ives
Copy of letter (English) from Widow Detlof Faas, at Amsterdam, to Mr William John, at Penzance.
Acknowledges his of 15th [Mar] to Messrs Van der Valk and Rigagneau, concerning the ship called 'the Sweedse Vryheyt'. He offered his services to reclaim the ship and cargo. She has insured the vessel, which was freighted in Amsterdam last year to Messrs Egbert and Anthony Vandenberg, and loaded in Danzig with staves bound for St Lucar. It 'overset' in a storm in the channel, and Captain Tungreen, the mate and a sailor were lost overboard. The crew cut off the mast, sails and rigging, and it was driven in to Brest, where they went ashore. It was then driven out to sea again. She appoints Mr John as attorney for herself and Messrs Vandenberg, to dispose of the wreck publicly before the salvers; the ship is so spoiled and damaged that it cannot be repaired, and the owners will not be concerned with it. 'The procuration is in English for your greater convenience, tho your correspondence in Dutch will be most acceptable.'
Copy of letter (Dutch with English translation), of same date, from Egbert and Anthony Vandenberg in Amsterdam, to Mr William John at Penzance.
Acknowledges his of 15th Mar to Valk and Rigagneau. The ship was bound from Danzig to Cadiz, the cargo addressed to Messrs Endymion Porter and Co., Cadiz. Mr John is to reclaim the ship and cargo; hoping that a ship can be found to take the cargo on to Spain. Having been driven into Brest, it was then driven out to sea again, and in that condition came again to shore near your place, 'welk laaste aleen selsaam stuk is, en bij het eerste ongeluk nu voor ons weder een groot geluk komt' ('which last is a very remarkable incident, and the first misfortune now succeeded by great good fortune for us').
Copy (English) of the procuration of the Widow Faas and Agbert and Anthony Vandenberg, granting power of attorney to Mr William John of Penzance, dated 3rd Apr 1753. The ship was driven from Brest into the Bristol Channel, and was brought into St Ives Bay.
[2 fols, Dutch and English; pages numbered 3-7]]
The name of the ship, 'Sweedse Vryheyt', means 'Swedish freedom, freedom for Sweden'.
There are letters about this episode among those of AR/10/725.

[no title]  AR/15/106  1752-53

Contents:
Copies of documents concerning a Swedish ship detained at St Ives
Copy of a bill (Dutch with English translation), dated 10th Nov 1752, concerning a cargo of pipe-staves and hogshead-staves, bought at Danzig by Egbert and Anthony Vandenberg of Amswerdam for Messrs Endymion Porter of Cadiz, to be loaded in the ship 'De Sweedze Vryheyt' (captain Erich Tungreen).
Copy of a letter (Dutch with English translation) from Egbert and Anthony Vandenberg, in Amsterdam, to Mr William John, at Penzance, dated 27th Apr 1753, acknowledging his of 13th, and concerning the cargo of staves of the Swedish ship 'by ure plaats aangedrevene' ('driven on in your neighbourhood'); mentions Mrs Faas's interest.
Extract from letter (English) sent by Mrs Detlof Faas, widow, of same date, expressing her concern at the detention of the ship (to the prejudice of Captain Thungreen's widow in Stockholm), and list of documents sent Mrs Faas, including a letter from Mrs Tungren, 9th Feb 1753, on hearing of the loss of her husband.
[2 fols, Dutch and English; pages numbered 8-10]

[no title]  AR/15/107  1754, 15th-16th Mar

Contents:
Copy of statement concerning identity of Swedish vessel; with covering letter
Copy of sworn statement by David Loock, at St Ives, 15th Mar 1754, concerning a ship.
Loock came to St Ives about 8 days ago, saw the ship dismasted at the quay, and immediately knew her to be of Swedish build. On going aboard he identified here as the ship formerly called the Prudentia, and later the Sweedze Vryheydt of Stockholm, of which Erig Thungreen of Stockholm was late master and owner. Loock sold her to Thungreen in Jun 1749.
Copy of letter from D. Dennis, in Penzance, to Samuel Taunton esquire, at Chideock near Bridport, dated 16th Mar 1754.
Despite 'the unnecessary delays that have been given, and the unjust censures thrown upon the claimants, this certain evidence is quite accidental, tho' very seasonable'. Please send your decision by return of post, before those concerned in Holland start judicial proceedings, and deliver the papers in your or Mr Paynter's custody. In yours of 19th Feb last, you have been imposed upon, 'either by want of judgment in the calculacion or something else'; and the sense of Madam Faas's letter is likewise greatly misunderstood.
[2 fols; English]

[no title]  AR/15/108  1755, 15th May

Contents:
Bond for indemnification against claims
Bond of William John of Penzance, merchant, to Henry Lord Arundell Baron of Warder in £1100.
Recites that a wreck ship 'supposed to be a Swedish Vryheydt' [sic] was brought into the port of St Ives, and was seized by John Stephens of St Ives, esquire, agent for wrecks of Lord Arundell; and that the ship and cargo have been claimed by William John on behalf of Egbert and Anthony Van Den Berg and the widow Ditlof Faas of Amseterdam. This bond shall be null and void if William John indemnfies Lord Arundell and his agents against any damages or costs incurred.
[1 bifolium; English]

[no title]  AR/15/109/1, 2  27 January 1753

Contents:
Letter to John Maire [Lord Arundell's lawyer] at Grey's Inn, from Samuel Salt [General Onslow's lawyer] of the Inner Temple; opinion on Lord Arundell's claim to wreck on manor of Lanisley in Gulval.
Covering letter (dated 1 February 1753) from Maire, to Samuel Taunton in Axminster.

[no title]  AR/15/110  30 April 1753

Contents:
Affidavit of Jeptha Sennett of Marazion, labourer, about wreck thrown ashore upon Manor of Lanisley 45 years previously, and failure of Onslow family to claim it.

[no title]  AR/15/111  30 April 1753

Contents:
Affidavit of Jeptha Sennett of Marazion, labourer, regarding wreck at Gulval about 45 years before, taken by Thomas Treluddra of Marazion, then bailiff of Connerton [copy of AR/15/110?].

[no title]  AR/15/112  9 August 1753

2 items

Contents:
Opinion of counsel, N. Fazakerley, on Royalty of Wreck (very detailed).

[no title]  AR/15/113  1753

3 items

Contents:
Copy legal correspondence about the Lanisley dispute, between Samuel Salt and John Maire, counsel for General Onslow and for Lord Arundell.

[no title]  AR/15/114  1712-54

Contents:
Abstract of wrecks and strays in Penwith.

[no title]  AR/15/115  c.1754

12 items

Contents:
Penwith and Connerton; Substance of Evidence from the years 1284 to 1754 (very full).

[no title]  AR/15/116  [c.1755]

Contents:
Map of shore of Gulval parish, showing 'the place where the wine was found', from a survey by Dionysius Williams.

[no title]  AR/15/117  c.1755

6 items

Contents:
Notes and extracts from records of Connerton Manor, including court held in 1594, and extracts from audit books 1612-66 and 1582-1668. Also proceedings of courts held on 24 April 1755.

[no title]  AR/15/118  24 April 1755

Contents:
Copy of proceedings of court of the manor of Connerton, held at Gwinear.

[no title]  AR/15/119  12 May 1755

Contents:
Affidavit of John Cock of Gulval, mason, regarding wreck at Gulval about 30-40 years before, taken for the Arundells by Mr Paynter of Boskenna, and Mr Treluddra.

[no title]  AR/15/120  1755, 13th May

Contents:
At Lincolns Inn
Legal opinion regarding a barrel of wine taken as wreck
Opinion of James Booth regarding ownership of a hogshead of wine taken as wreck within the manor of Lanisley.
It was put into a house under three locks, of Mr Borlase, steward to General O. [= Onslow], the custom-house officers, and Lord Arundell's bailiff. Booth advises that Lord Arundell's agent should remove Mr Borlase's lock and take the wine, risking a court-case from Mr O. regarding right to the wine. [1 bifolium; English]
AR/15/121 is a copy of this document.

[no title]  AR/15/121  1755, 13th May

Contents:
Legal opinion regarding a barrel of wine taken as wreck
At Lincolns Inn
Copy of AR/15/120.
[1 bifolium; English]

Note: (Is this the copy mentioned as having been sent to Mr Taunton?)


[no title]  AR/15/122  1755, 18th Aug

Contents:
Legal opinion regarding rights of wreck in Penwith
Opinion of Bev. Filmer and James Booth regarding a dispute with the lord of the manor of Lanisley regarding right of wreck.
Cites a case tried last Lent assizes at East Grinstead, between Mr Biddulph, lord of the manor of Lancing, and the Duke of Norfolk, lord of the Rape and Hundred of Bramber (Sussex): judgement went for the lord of the manor, and against the lord of the hundred. Possible procedures against the lord of Lanisley for taking the hogshead of wine [see AR/15/120-121]. 'It is to be recommended to Lord and Lady Arundell to revive the practice of keeping courts for the manor and hundred in the antient manner... and some skilful person should be employed to collect and gather together the evidence and proofs necessary on the approaching tryals.' [1 p.; English]

[no title]  AR/15/123  [17th-18th century]


Related information: Cf. Cornwall Record Office AR/15/184.

Contents:
Review of rights to wreck in Penwith
A review of the title of Lord and Lady Arundell to wreck, etc., in the manor of Conorton and Hundred of Penwith, with some additional circumstances relating thereto.
Summary of the history, from King Henry I [similar to that of AR/15/178, but fuller], and with note of incidents regarding claims in the manor of Tehiddy. Particular notes regarding the manor of Lanisley, and Mr O.'s claim [= Onslow, as in AR/15/120]; the foundation of smoke-silver (mentions a paper annexed to an ancient survey, supposed to be about the time of King Henry VI; the paper is entitled 'The smoke silver of Conerton which the bailiff doth gather'); describes the method of holding court ('The law court for Penwith has not been held for about six years -- the reason is proper persons would not be got together to make a grand jury').
'Please to review this case and advise:' query as to the advisability of claiming rights of wreck in the manor of Tehiddy.
[4 fols; English]

[no title]  AR/15/124  [18th century]

Contents:
List of persons who could give evidence regarding wreck in Penwith
List of about 16 men, with details of ages, occupations or residence. All from Penzance area; one described as 'tenant of Onslow'; another 'to be dealt with caution'; another 'can speak much if he will'. Note several aliases (John Stephens alias Trink, John Oats alias Watts now in Scilly).
Also a small scrap listing 6 men, all also on the longer list. Endorsed 'Evidences to the right of wrecks in Penwith & Conorton'.
[1 bifolium; English]

[no title]  AR/15/125  18 August 1755

2 items

Contents:
Opinions of counsel, Benjamin Filmer and James Booth on right of wreck.

[no title or ref.]  n.d

Contents:
[AR/15/126 not used]

[no title]  AR/15/127  1753 and 1761

Contents:
Copies, 1753 and 1761, of Quo Warranto proceedings against Alice de la Hurne in 1284.

[no title]  AR/15/128  [c.1755]

Contents:
Copy of Alice de la Hurne's Quo Warranto for Penwith in 1284.

[no title]  AR/15/129  [c.1755]

2 items

Contents:
Undated copy of Assize Roll, regarding claims made by John de Umfravill in Connerton and Penwith in 1302.

[no title]  AR/15/130  [c.1755]

Contents:
Undated copy of grant of Connerton by Mabilla, daughter of Robert, son of the Earl of Gloucester, to John, son of Richard Pincerna.

[no title]  AR/15/131  October 1755

Contents:
Notes by J.P. [? Paynter] on Penwith wrecks.

[no title]  AR/15/132  17 October 1755

Contents:
More notes on evidence [about Arundell v. Onslow dispute?].

[no title]  AR/15/133  21 October 1755

Contents:
Notes on evidence taken at Marazion regarding wreck claimed by Onslow.

[no title]  AR/15/134  24 October 1755

Contents:
Mr Painter's queries and observations on manorial matters.

[no title]  AR/15/135  25-27 October 1755

3 items

Contents:
Extracts from court rolls and other papers at Lanherne regarding Royalty of Wreck.

[no title]  AR/15/136  1755

Contents:
Copy letter from Mr Paynter to Mr Taunton, about the Onslow (Lanisley) case, with comments.

[no title]  AR/15/137  [c.1755]

Contents:
Review of the title of Lord and Lady Arundell to Royalty of Wreck.

[no title]  AR/15/138  1704-55

Contents:
Extracts of presentments in Connerton Manor Courts regarding wrecks and strays; also mentions forfeitures of goods of convicted felons to the Arundells: e.g. George Lee of Madron, 1735; Gabriel Mitchell of Crowan, 1745; John Boynes of Illogan and John Kitto of Gwinear, 1746.

[no title]  AR/15/139  1755-56

5 items

Contents:
Various papers and copies relating to brandy from the wreck, and a dispute over its ownership.

[no title]  AR/15/140  1755-61

Contents:
Several papers relating to the Lanisley case.

[no title]  AR/15/141  c.1755-61

Contents:
Detailed historical account of Penwith wreck rights, prepared in connection with Lanisley lawsuit; mentioning death by fall from horse, in 1686, of Henry Tremenheere of Penzance, and forfeiture of horse to Sir John Arundell as deodand.

[no title]  AR/15/142  [post September 1756]

Contents:
Instruction to Mr Purser at Johnson's Court, Fleet Street, to draw up an action of Trouver on behalf of Lady Mary Arundell, to settle question of right to wreck in Penwith; outlines descent of right to Lady Arundell, and dispute in April 1755 over hogshead of wine taken by George Borlase, steward of manor of Lanisley [copy?].

[no title]  AR/15/143  December 1759

Contents:
Accounts of wreck on manor of Lanisly; costs of salvage and value of wreck [copy?].

[no title]  AR/15/144  1 March 1760

2 items

Contents:
Letter to John Purser in Fleet Street, London, from Francis Paynter; detailed account of wreck west of Long Rock in Gulval, and attitude of 'young Mr Borlase' and General Onslow's tenants. It was impossible to recover anything 'without we could hire a mob to oppose them', which was inadvisable, as 'when our country people are once set a fighting, they are not so easily stopped in their rage'. A recent wreck at Winnianton had caused a fight leaving two men dead 'and the resentment betwixt these two parishes will continue as long as any of the combatants live'.

[no title]  AR/15/145  15 March 1760

Contents:
Letter from John Treluddra, Marazion, to John Purser, London, listing salvors of wreck at Lanisley on 14 December last.

[no title]  AR/15/146  3 November 1760

Contents:
Opinion of R. Hussey at Temple, on Arundell right of wreck in Penwith; mentions that wine and other wreck taken up at Lanisley was removed by Mr Borlase to a room at Cowls'.

[no title]  AR/15/147  1760-1

10 items

Contents:
Various legal notes on Lanisley case (one badly damaged).

[no title]  AR/15/148  1st July 1761

Contents:
Plan for Penwith hundred (Mounts Bay coast); includes beach, villages, rivers and lanes; scale; marks place where wrecked wine was found.

[no title]  AR/15/149  18 July 1761

4 items

Contents:
Brief for plaintiff, in case of Lady Arundell, plaintiff, against George Borlase and others, defendants, about right of wreck at Lanisley.

[no title]  AR/15/150  18 July 1761

4 items

Contents:
Additional brief for counsel, Mr Gould, Arundell v. Borlase.

[no title]  AR/15/151  18 July 1761

4 items

Contents:
Notes for counsel, Mr Sjt. Davy, supplemental to brief, Lanisley case.

[no title]  AR/15/152  July 1761

Contents:
Plan of Hundred of Penwith, Cornwall; a detailed map of the area, labelled, documented and with a scale; showing inland and shore.

[no title]  AR/15/153  c.1761

Contents:
Sketch plan of the Hundred of Penwith, showing coastal features and manors; east part missing.

Note: c.1761, as relates to Lanisley lawsuit


[no title]  AR/15/154  10 November 1761

Contents:
Rule nisi in Arundell versus Borlase and Cowls case.

[no title]  AR/15/155  22 November 1761

Contents:
Affidavits of John Quiller of Venton Veor in Liskard, yeoman and a juryman at Bodmin.

[no title]  AR/15/156  1761

Contents:
Affidavits of John Vivian of Constantine, yeoman, George Cheffer of St Martin, yeoman, and Nicholas Richards of Constantine, yeoman, all jurymen at Bodmin.

[no title]  AR/15/157  1761

Contents:
Affidavit of Stephen Cook of Feock, yeoman and juryman at Bodmin.

[no title]  AR/15/158  1761

2 items

Contents:
Affidavit of Francis Paynter, junior, of Boskenna, gentleman.

[no title]  AR/15/159  1761

Contents:
Affidavits of Richard Stephens, Edward Whitford and Edward Martyn, all of Lower St Columb, yeoman, and Jacob Jenkyn of St Enoder, yeoman, all jurymen at Bodmin.

[no title]  AR/15/160  1761

2 items

Contents:
Affidavits of Patrick Hawking of St Ives, and Andrew Will of Cambourne, yeomen.

[no title]  AR/15/161  [1761]

3 items

Contents:
Affidavits of Thomas Tooker and John Pearce of Blisland, John Clarke and Stephen Cook, yeomen and jurymen at Bodmin.

[no title]  AR/15/162  24 November 1761

Contents:
Rule to discharge in Arundell versus Borlase and Cowls case.

[no title]  AR/15/163  25 November 1761

2 items

Contents:
Names of jurors in Arundell versus Borlase and Cowls case.

[no title]  AR/15/164  1761

Contents:
Brief for plaintiff in plea of trover and conversion, between Lady Arundell, plaintiff, and George Borlase and others, defendants, to be tried at Bodmin Assizes; concerns wine seized as right of wreck.

[no title]  AR/15/165  [c.1761]

Contents:
Copy of opinion on Arundell right of wreck, prompted by George Borlase's seizure of wine taken up near Lanisley Manor.

[no title]  AR/15/166  1761

Contents:
Brief for counsel in action to be heard at Bodmin Assizes, 18 July 1761; Rt Hon. Mary, Lady Arundell of Wardour (as executrix of will of her late husband, Rt Hon. Henry, Lord Arundell) v. George Borlase the elder, gentleman, and Henry Cowells, for trover and conversion at Gulval on 15 April 1755 [very full, with extracts from early records, names of witnesses and summaries of evidence].

[no title]  AR/15/167  1761

2 items

Contents:
Rough draft and fair copy of brief for counsel in case of Arundell v. Borlase, regarding right to wreck within manor of Lanisley, arising from wine washed ashore in 1755; to be tried at Bodmin Assizes 18 July; includes proofs of evidence [see AR/15/166].

[no title]  AR/15/168  1761

Contents:
Various notes on the Lanisley case [3 items, lettered A, B and C].

[no title]  AR/15/169  1761

Contents:
Copies (made in 1761) of letters to and from Arundells, regarding Royalty of Wreck from 1579 to 1713.

[no title]  AR/15/170  31 July 1762

Contents:
Copy of receipt, dated 15 February 1759, and issued by George Borlase, steward, for recompense for brandy wrecked on manor of Lanisley and not surrendered to General Onslow, lord of that manor.

[no title]  AR/15/171  1762

Contents:
Affidavits in Arundell versus Borlase and Cowls case [4 items].

[no title]  AR/15/172  1762

4 items

Contents:
Brief of Court of Common Pleas; Mary, Lady Arundell, versus George Borlase, gentleman, and Henry Cowls; includes affidavits.

[no title]  AR/15/173  7 February 1771

2 items

Contents:
Copy judgment, dated 25 November 1761, given at Bodmin Assizes in the Lanisley lawsuit, Arundell v. Borlase and Cowlls; verdict for plaintiff; damages £137.10s.

[no title]  AR/15/174  7 February 1771

Contents:
Copy of judgment, 1761, in case of Arundell v. Borlase and Cowlls (agents for the Onslows) - the Lanisley lawsuit; damages awarded £137 10s.

[no title]  AR/15/175  [1756]


Related information: Cornwall Record Office AR/15/175-182 concern this incident.

Contents:
Legal document
Petition to the Admiralty, for discharge from the Navy
Account of the case of Mr John Harvey, master of a pilchard sloop called the Mary and Alice, and others, who salvaged 2 casks of brandy near Penzance on 27th Dec 1755.
Narrative account, of how the men took the brandy floating near Penzance pier, to be landed for the use of Lord Arundell; they were attacked and beaten by customs officers (William Ward and others), and the brandy claimed for the King by Mr Young, excise surveyor. Pending the resolution of the claims to the brandy, the salvers swore affidavits against the customs officers for assault. Meanwhile a warship came into Mount's Bay, and the customs officers, both out of vindictiveness towards the salvers and to deprive Lord Arundell of their testimony, had two of the salvers, John Sampson and Thomas Sampson, press-ganged into service. Ward told them that if they would retract their evidence, they would be released; the other salvers saved themselves only by running away. The ship sailed from Mount's Bay on 27th March [1756].
Asking that they should be discharged.
Endorsed [contemporary?] 'Purser: Mr Purser... Mr Leddon [?] will advise him how to act in this affair.'

[no title]  AR/15/176  [1756]

Contents:
Statement of case between the King, plaintiff, and William Ward and others, defendants, about casks of brandy taken up from the Mary and Alice near Penzance Pier in December 1755.

[no title]  AR/15/177  1756

Contents:
Account of wreck of two casks of brandy in Mounts Bay in 1755, addressed to Mr Purser 'for your Opinion and Direction'.

[no title]  AR/15/178  1759, 7th Mar

Contents:
Historical account of the right to wreck in Penwith; with legal opinion
Summary of the Arundells' right to wreck in Penwith, starting with the grant in 1154; 'Alice daughter and heir of Pincerne [sic] intermarried with Sir Remfrie Arundell and from them the manor and hundred descended to the present family in a lineal succession'; her right was acknowledged in 1284.
The rights extend into the sea 'so far as an Hamburgh Barrel or (as it is sometimes called) a Humber Cask may be discerned from shore in a clear day', and the Arundell family have always had both wreck on shore and all goods found floating or sunk in the sea within that distance.
Proceedings in 1567, 1574, 1579 (confirmation by Queen Elizabeth), 1580 (claim by the Admiralty to pieces of ordinance taken by Sir John Arundell from the sea) and 1582.
In 1755 two casks of brandy were taken up in Mount's Bay, but were claimed by the Crown, supposing them to be smuggled, and by Lord Arundell, as wreck. Although the Admiralty admitted Lord Arundell's right, yet the agent at Penzance still refuses to give them up, and has lately laid claim to other items, 'and seems determined to give Lady Arundell all the opposition in his power'.
Please communicate your opinion to Admiral Boscawen, and ask him to instruct Mr Veale to cooperate.
Note added says that the vice-admiral of Cornwall should instruct Mr Veale to deliver the goods to Lady Arundell's agents.
[2 fols; English]

[no title]  AR/15/179  [c.1760]

Contents:
Letter to Admiral Boscawen, regarding right to wrecks; dispute with the Admiralty, brandy at Penzance.

[no title]  AR/15/180  [c.1760]

Contents:
Account of Lord Arundell's claim to right of wreck in Connerton Manor and the Hundred of Penwith, in connection with dispute with Admiralty over two casks of brandy.

[no title]  AR/15/181  1768, 7th Jul

Contents:
Request that the Admiralty's agents should acknowledge the Arundell's right of wreck
Communication (draft or copy) addressed to Lord Falmouth by Lady Arundell's agent. The Arundells' right to wreck (within sight of a 'Hamborough barrel') has recently been confirmed by the Admiralty, and a quantity of brandy claimed by the Admiralty was ordered to be delivered to Lady Arundell's agents. The gentlemen making the claim are Mr Luke and Mr Veale. [1 bifolium; English]

[no title]  AR/15/182  [c.1768?]

Contents:
Protected copy of paper concerning Lady Arundell and wrecked Brandy; hundred of Penwith.

[no title]  AR/15/183  1757, 22nd Nov

Contents:
Authorisation to take wreck for Lady Arundell
Authorisation to Henry Sampson of St Mawgan in Pider, yeoman, to take custody of wreck on behalf of Mary Lady Dowager Arundell within the parishes of St Evall and St Mawgan, rendering account to the steward. Signed by Samuel Taunton, [steward?].
[1 p.; English]

[no title]  AR/15/184  1758, 22nd Jul; at Lincolns Inn

Contents:
Legal opinion regarding rights in Penwith
Account by James Booth of disputes between the Bassets, as lords of Tehiddy, and the Arundells, as lords of Connerton and the Hundred of Penwith.
Cites instances starting in 1574-75 (17 Eliz), when people from Tehiddy were presented at Conerton court for keeping pinfold, to the lord's prejudice; in 1584-85 (27 Eliz) James Basset, lord of Tehiddy, claimed exception from Arundell's right to wreck in Penwith. Upon an action brought in 1683 Francis Basset brought a bill to establish his right to royalties, etc., belonging to the manor of Tehiddy, particularly wreck 'from Portreath in Illugan parish to the east side of Gwythian River, which divides the parishes of Gwythian and Camborne (vid. map)'. This case was neglected by the Arundells, and the Bassets have ever since enjoyed all royalties within the manor of Tehiddy; the only jurisdiction exercised there by the Arundells is that debtors are served with the process of the hundred. Now Mr Basset has asked for the support of Lady Arundell in his suit against Mr Harris of Camborne, who has a mine-sett crossing a lane which Basset claims is part of the wastrell of Tehiddy.
Note, 'Mr Basset has lately put a lock on the door of a cellar at Hail, another place within the hundred of Penwith, where a hogshead of wreck'd wine lies which had been seiz'd & there deposited by lady Arundell's bailiff.'
Booth's opinion is that the Arundells have no interest in the matter, the right to wreck being of a very different nature from the rights of manors, and exists only by specific grant. Lady Arundell should be well advised before communicating any papers to third parties.
[2 fols; English]
'a cellar at Hail' 1758
Cf. AR/15/123.

[no title]  AR/15/185  1758, 22nd Jul

Contents:
Letter
John Stephens; at St Ives
[Lord Arundell or his agent]
Concerning some hogsheads of French wine found floating near St Ives. The Duchess of Bolton's steward, Mr Henry Edwards, has claimed them. Please send me instructions what to do, 'so soon as the case will admit of it, as the wine being a quarter nigh a third out will spoil if not drawn off soon'.

[no title]  AR/15/186  1758-9

Contents:
Note of shipwreck presented at Lanherne and Bejowan.

[no title]  AR/15/187  1758-60

Contents:
Memoranda regarding wreck in Lanhern and Bossuen
Extracts from court and account rolls of the manors of Lanhern and Bossuen, giving details or wreck presented there. (5 entries, including 'part of a boltsprit'). [1 bifolium; English]

[no title]  AR/15/188  1758-60

Contents:
Presentments of wrecks, manor of Lanherne.

[no title]  AR/15/189  1759-60

4 items

Contents:
Papers regarding action of trover brought by Francis Basset against Peter Bryant, late of Phillack, carpenter, regarding casks of wine.

[no title]  AR/15/190  11 December 1762

Contents:
Manuscript and printed copies of notice by Sir John St Aubyn, claiming wrecks found floating or thrown ashore within the manor of St Michael's Mount, and ordering finders to deliver wreck to him or his attorney, on pain of prosecution.

[no title]  AR/15/191  December 1768

2 items

Contents:
Certified copies of account by Henry Grame, magistrate and commanding officer of garrison and Isles of Scilly, of shipwreck of the Roach from Bermuda; one endorsed 'Copy Protest from Scilly in regard to Capt. Willis Morgan'.
Goes with AR/15/192.

[no title]  AR/15/192  1769, 6th Feb

Contents:
Affidavit concerning ownership of cargo from Bermuda
Affidavit of William Morgan as to the ownership of the cargo of the ship called the Roach, on a voyage from Bermuda to London. Pieces of mahogany belonging to merchants of Bermuda, and a cask of tortoiseshell, 15,000 lemons and 200 lb of whalebone, belonging to Morgan. [1 bifolium; English]
Goes with AR/15/191.

[no title]  AR/15/193  10 March 1769

Contents:
Draft authority by Mary, Dowager Lady Arundell, to Thomas Arundell of Sithney, gentleman, to be her agent to seize wrecks within the hundred of Penwith and the manors of Connerton, Carminow and Winnianton.

[no title]  AR/15/194  8 December 1770

Contents:
Claim by the Duke of Bolton to wreck found at sea and brought into St Ives, 1768 and 1770 [see AR/15/195].

[no title]  AR/15/195  18 January 1771

Contents:
Opinion of counsel on claim by the Duke of Bolton, Lord of manor of Ludgvan and St Ives, to wreck found floating at sea and taken by fishermen into St Ives; action of Trover advised [see AR/15/194].

[no title]  AR/15/196  1771 or later

Contents:
Abstract of title of Henry, Lord Arundell, to Connerton and Penwith (with wreck rights); including medieval and Elizabethan grants; documents 1710-67; extracts from records of wrecks c.1431-1713; notes on smoke silver and holding of courts; note on case of 1771, Hamilton and Smyth v. Davis, about wreck in Cheshire.

[no title]  AR/15/197  10 June 1784

2 items

Contents:
Draft opinion on right of wreck in Connerton manor and Penwith hundred; endorsement states that it is in respect of a large quantity of wines taken up near St Ives by Lord Arundell's agents, but claimed by Messrs Fox and Co. of Falmouth, for Messrs Vanderkeen and Co. of Rotterdam.

[no title]  AR/15/198  2 May 1797

Contents:
Account of the materials of the Mary of Ring, stranded at St Eval.

[no title]  AR/15/199  [18th C.]

Contents:
Notes by counsel on Royalty of Wreck.

[no title]  AR/15/200  18 November 1848

Contents:
Letter from Duchy of Cornwall official, to Stephen Langdon, Lord Arundell's agent, about rights to wreck within Cornwall.

[no title]  AR/15/201  n.d

Contents:
Paper about a wreck: some goods carried to Penzance.

[no title]  AR/15/202  n.d

2 items

Contents:
Opinion of counsel, W. Gybbs, on Hundred of Penwith; with copy.

[no title]  AR/15/203  n.d
Language:  Latin

Contents:
Copy of document referring to Lord High Admiral.

[no title]  AR/15/204  n.d

Contents:
List (crossed through) of various articles recovered from wrecks during the time of Elizabeth I.

ECCLESIASTICAL RECORDS  AR/16  [n.d.]


Related information: See also Cornwall Record Office AR/3/505-521 for records of Loddiswell and Slapton rectories in Devon, Cornwall Record Office AR/4/779-945 for leases of Whitstone and Philleigh glebe land, Cornwall Record Office AR/46/1-2 for a dispute over St Just in Roseland and Cornwall Record Office AR/27 for religious documents connected with Arundell family members.

Contents:
In medieval times the Arundells were patrons of the churches of St Mawgan in Pydar, St Columb Major, Philleigh, Phillack and Whitstone and over the centuries had connections with other churches inside and outside Cornwall - there are records concerning Cardinham, St Eval, St Ervan, Gwithian, St Hilary, Minster, Poundstock and Roche churches in Cornwall, Ideford and Milton Damerel in Devon, Winterbourne Houghton in Dorset and Buckland Dinham in Somerset. The few records connected with St Ervan church seem to be present because George Bere (steward to the Arundells) was one of the churchwardens there in the late seventeenth century. The Records include documents about the proposed foundation of an Arundell chantry in St Mawgan in Pydar church (a plan which was not carried out), grants of presentation, details of glebe land, correspondence, receipts and bills.

[no title]  AR/16/1  1309, Friday 26th Dec


Related information: Compare Cornwall Record Office AR/4/347, grant of another part of the estate during this minority: John was due to come of age in June 1318.

Contents:
(Friday morrow of Christmas, 3 Edw II); at Farendon
Grant of wardship, land and advowson, during minority
Walter [Stapeldon] Bishop of Exeter = (1)
Richard de Stapeldon, brother of (1) = (2)
(1) to (2), the wardship of 1 acre of land and of the advowson of the church of Sancta Columba Maior; the custody of which belongs to (1) by reason of the minority of John, son and heir of John de Arundell, who holds them of (1) in chief by knight's service. For (2) and his heirs to hold until John reaches the legal age of 21; if John should die before then, (2) and his heirs shall hold the custody until the legal age of the next heir.
Sir John de Treiagu, knight, Richard de Merton, John le Seneschal, Richard de Inwardlegh, Roger le Gyv.
Seal of (1) [fragment].

[no title]  AR/16/2  1342, 15th Dec; Exeter

Contents:
Receipt
Richard de Brayleghe, Dean of Exeter Cathedral = (1)
Master Michael Kerneck, rector of Phillack church = (2)
Receipt by (1), in the name of the Dean and Chapter of Exeter cathedral, of 10s from (2); (1) has waived 5s of the 35s which (2) had stood condemned to pay, for expenses incurred in court of Arches in London (pro expens' in curia de arcubus London' factis).
ecclesia Sancte Felicitatis [= Phillack].

Note: Michael de Kernek was instituted to Phillack church in 1332, and was dead by 1347 or just before; the Arundells were the patrons on both occasions: Grandisson, III, pp. 1288 and 1361.


[no title]  AR/16/3  1361, 30th Jan ('1360')

Contents:
Receipt of tithes
Thomas Prior of Lanceston = (1)
Rector of the church of Sanctus Mauganus = (2)
Receipt by (1), receiver of the second half of the yearly tithes granted by the clergy of Canterbury province to the king, deputed in Cornwall by John [Grandisson] Bishop of Exeter, from (2) of 6s 8d for his church as the half of this tithe.
Sanctus Mauganus [= St Mawgan in Pyder, presumably]

[no title]  AR/16/4  1370, Thursday 31st Jan

Contents:
(Thursday before Purification, 44 Edw III); at Treres
Release of legal actions
John Arundell junior and John Hogelyn = (1)-(2)
William Lambron, Joan his wife, and John Enys = (3)-(5)
Letter showing that (1)-(2), administrators of the goods of John Trebrunnek, former rector of the church of Sanctus Mauganus, have released and acquitted to (3)-(5) all actions of debt, covenant, account or detinue between them by reason of that administration.
John 'Treburvek' was instituted to the church of St Mawgan in Pyder in 1358 (Grandisson, III, p. 1449). By 1370 the rector was John 'Nanskunnel' (Brantyngham, I, 225), but there seems to be no record of the date of Treburvek's death or Nanskunnel's institution.

[no title]  AR/16/5  1457, Friday 16th Sep

Frail

Contents:
(Friday after Exaltation of the Cross, 36 Hen VI)
Lease of glebe, for term of life
John Arundell de Lanhathren, esquire = (1)
David Whiston = (2)
(1) to (2), 1 1/2 acres of land in Whiston (Cornwall), being the glebe of the church there; for (2) to hold of (1) for term of his life; reserving to (1) the advowson of the church when vacant. Rent 12d yearly at Michaelmas, for all services, plus 2 capons as heriot or farleu.
Nicholas Marys, William Penfoun, Roger Smyth, John Oke.
Fragments of (1)'s seal; [16th-17th century] 'A lease of the glebe of Whytstone'.
Lanhathren [= Lanhadron]
Whiston [= Whitstone]

[no title]  AR/16/6  [1457, Friday 16th Sep]

Contents:
Lease of glebe-land, for term of life (draft or copy)
John Arundell de Lanhathren, esquire = (1)
David Whiston = (2)
(1) to (2), 1 1/2 acres of land in Whiston (Cornwall), being the glebe of the church there; for (2) to hold of (1) for term of his life; reserving to (1) and his heirs the presentation of the advowson of the church, when it arises. Rent 12d yearly at Michaelmas, for all services, plus 2 capons as heriot or farleu.
Nicholas Marys, William Penfoun, Roger Smyth, John Oke.
[16th century?] "Gleba de Whitestone".
Lanhathren [= Lanhadron]
Whiston [= Whitstone]
Presumably a draft or copy of AR/16/5.

[no title]  AR/16/7  1463, 3rd Sep

Contents:
Result of inquiry into the right of presentation to Ydeford church
Henry Webber, Dean of Exeter Cathedral = (1)
Letter of (1), while George [Nevill], bishop of Exeter is engaged away (in remotis agens).
Results of examining the bishops' registers:
First, that Master Robert Rygge, 'sacre theologie professor' and chancellor of Exeter Cathedral, on 27th Feb 1403 in Exeter Cathedral, acting for Bishop Edmund Stafford while he was away, instituted Sir John Duyn [or Dryuer], chaplain, as rector of the parish church of Ydeford, vacant through the death of Sir David Ralle, rector, at the presentation of Gilbert Burton, patron on that occasion [= Register of Bishop Stafford 1395-1419, p. 180];
Second, that John [Register of Bishop Stafford 1395-1419], Bishop of Bath and Wells, in 1429, with agreement of Bishop Edmund Lacy, instituted John Chester, chaplain, as rector of Ydeford church, vacant through the resignation of John Duyn [or Dryuer] for an exchange with the chantry or free chapel of Weke (Bath and Wells diocese), at the presentation of John Arundell knight, patron on that occasion [= Lacy, i, 118];
Third, that Edmund Lacy, on 20th [sic] Feb 1441 at Chuddelegh, instituted Master John Udy, chaplain, as rector of Ydeford church, vacant through the death of John Chester, at the presentation of Sir William Pawlet, knight, patron on that occasion [= Lacy, i, 263, '25th Feb'].
Archdeacon of Totnes was instructed to inquire into the presentation; inquiry by Robert Kyng de Northbovy, William Botrygan de Maneton and Ralph Cole de Lustelegh, rectors, and Master John Beaufitz de Wydecomb and Sir Geoffrey Shute de Heanok, vicars, Sir Richard Ley, chaplain, procurator [= curate?] of Master Walter Colles rector of Morton, and John Kelly, procurator [= curate?] of Master Richard Cole vicar of Bovytracy and dean of Morton, in Morton church 20th Feb 1441; who said on oath that William Pawlet and John Arundell, knights, were joint lords, each of a moiety of the manor of Ydeford to which the right of presentation belonged, and that Arundell made the last presentation; that the church was worth an estimated 100s, that Udy was suitable and aged 30 and more, and is beneficed elsewhere, being rector of 'ecclesia parochialis Sancte Ermetis' and vicar of 'ecclesia parochialis Sancte Ide'.
(1) now endorses this inquiry.
[An additional memorandum at the foot states 5th Oct 1463 Sir Geoffrey Juls, chaplain, was instituted to the church by presentation of John Arundell esquire.]
John Udy was instituted to St Ervan in Jan 1435 (Lacy i, 183), and to St Issey in May 1440 (Lacy i, 259).

[no title]  AR/16/8  1472, 10th Oct

Contents:
(12 Edw IV)
Receipt of tithe
John de Paciencia, Prior of Montacute priory = (1)
Prebendary of prebend of Bocland = (2)
Receipt by (1), collecter of first moiety of a tithe from the clergy of Canterbury, of 10s from (2), due to the king, being half the tithe of that prebend; due from (1) to the king's exchequer by Martinmas next.
Tag for seal.
Bocland [Probably the Buckland Dinham in Somerset as Montacute Priory was in Somerset.]

[no title]  AR/16/9  1498, 10th Dec

Contents:
Receipt of pension
David, Prior of Plympton = (1)
Master Thomas Thommeyowe, rector of the church of Sanctus Mauganus iuxta Lanhern = (2)
Receipt by (1), Prior of Sts Peter and Paul, Plympton, of 6s 8d from (2) as a pension due to (1) and the Priory from that church, payable at Michaelmas 1498.
Seal of (1) [fragments].
Compare AR/16/10-14.

[no title]  AR/16/10  1498, 10th Dec; Plympton

Contents:
Receipt of pension
David, prior of Plympton priory = (1)
Master Thomas Thommeyowe, rector of St Mawgan by Lanhern = (2)
Receipt by (1) from (2) of 6s 8d, due to him and the priory at Easter that year as a pension from that church (de pensione dicte ecclesie).
Remains of seal of (1).

[no title]  AR/16/11  1498, 10th Dec; Plympton

Contents:
Receipt of pension
David, prior of Plympton priory = (1)
Master Thomas Thommeyowe, rector of St Mawgan by Lanhern (Sanctus Mauganus iuxta Lanhern) = (2)
Receipt by (1) from (2) of 6s 8d, due to him and the priory on 24th Jun that year as a pension from that church (de pensione dicte ecclesie).
Remains of seal of (1).

[no title]  AR/16/12  1499, 9th Jan ['1498']; Plympton

Contents:
Receipt of pension
David, prior of Plympton priory = (1)
Master Thomas Tremeow, rector of St Mawgan by Lanherne = (2)
Receipt by (1) from (2) of 6s 8d, due to him and the priory at Christmas 1498 as a pension from that church (de pensione dicte ecclesie).
Remains of seal of (1).

[no title]  AR/16/13  1499, 29th Apr

Contents:
Receipt of pension
David, prior of Plympton priory = (1)
Master Thomas Tremeow, rector of St Mawgan by Lanhern = (2)
Receipt by (1) from (2) of 6s 8d, due to him and the priory at Easter that year as a pension from that church (de pensione dicte ecclesie).
Remains of seal of (1).

[no title]  AR/16/14  1499, 14th Jul; Plympton

Contents:
Receipt of pension
David, prior of Plympton priory = (1)
Master Thomas Tremeow, rector of St Mawgan by Lanherne = (2)
Receipt by (1) from (2) of 6s 8d, due to him and the priory at 24th Jun last as a pension from that church (de pensione dicte ecclesie).
Remains of seal of (1).

[no title]  AR/16/15  1512, 18th Dec


Related information: See Cornwall Record Office AR/16/16; compare the similar chantry founded by the family in the fifteenth century in the church of St Columb Major (Charles Henderson, St Columb Major Church and Parish, pp. 38-45).

Contents:
(4 Hen VIII); at Westminster
King's letters patent, granting licence to found and endow a chantry
King Henry VIII = (1)
John Arundell de Lanheron, knight = (2)
Letters patent from (1) to (2), granting him licence to found a perpetual chantry of 1 chaplain (cantaria perpetua de uno capellano perpetuo) in the chapel of the Blessed Virgin Mary within the church of Sanctus Mauganus in Pyder, for the sake of the souls of (1), (2), and all (2)'s parents and benefactors and of the faithful dead; to be called the Chantry of John Arundell, knight, and its chaplains the Chaplains of John Arundell, knight. Also granting him licence to endow it with manors, lands, tenements and rents not held of (1) in chief, to the yearly value of £40 nett; to be free from any royal interference.
Royal seal [excellent], on green and cream silk cord.

[no title]  AR/16/16  1513, 1st Mar

Contents:
(4 Hen VIII)
Foundation and endowment of a chantry and almshouse (unexecuted)
John Arundell of Lanhern, knight = (1)
Recites: AR/16/15, and (1)'s intention also to build 'an howse or mansyon place' as the dwelling for the chaplain or chantry priest, for a clerk to serve him, for 5 poor men and for 'a launder to wasshe them, bye ther mete, and dresse the same', as near to the church and as hastily as conveniently may be made.
Now (1) ordains and establishes a perpetual chantry of 1 priest in the chapel of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the parish church of Sent Maugan yn Pider, to pray and say mass daily, for the souls of King Henry VIII and Queen Katherine, of (1) and Katherine his wife, of Thomas Arundell knight, and Katherine his wife, (1)'s father and mother, of Lady Elizabeth, (1)'s late wife, and of (1)'s ancestors, brothers and sisters, and heirs and successors. Also granting to the chantry (1)'s manors of Trembleth, Tregaryn and Enyscaven, reserving to (1) the mansion place of Trembleth and the demesne lands belonging to it. From the revenues, the chantry priest and his successors shall pay 10s 10d quarterly to each of the 5 poor men, 3s 4d to the clerk, and 5s to the 'launder', 'that is to saye to her for wasshyng yerly 10s and to her yerly for dressynge & byenge of the seid pour men is mete 10s', and shall keep 33s 4d. The 'house or mancion place' shall be called 'Sir John Arundell knyght is almes house'.
The priest shall provide 2 wax candles ('tapers') to burn day and night 'affor the image of Sent Ea withyn the parish churche of Sent Ea yn Penwyth'.
(1) appoints Sir William Plualyn, priest, the first perpetual chaplain of the chantry, and [blank] the first poor men, [blank] the first clerk, and [blank] the first 'launder'. The chantry priests are not to accept any other benefices involving the care of souls or residence elsewhere. (1)'s tenants and servants to be first choice for the poor men when there is a vacancy.
Further provision [very detailed] concerning the services to be performed, and the manner of their performance;' bell-ringers; provision of deputies during absence of the priest to visit friends or for sickness or other purposes, or if they fall blind or ill; rendering accounts of the endowments. The chantry priest and other inhabitants to be appointed by (1) during his life, and then by the prior of the monastery of [blank] of Bodman [sic]; if he delays by 4 weeks in making an appointment, by the Prior of Trewardreth; if he delays by 4 weeks, then by (1)'s heir; and if he delays by 4 weeks, by the Bishop of Exeter. Provision for the safe keeping of this grant, and copies of it (including at Bodman), and for the making of further copies when they become dim. [Date not filled in at the foot.]
[No seal or any trace of one.]
Sent Ea [= St Ives]

[no title]  AR/16/17  [16th century?]

Frail

Contents:
Record of institutions to Mylton Damerell church
Note of institutions made to the church of Mylton Damerell. From the register of Edmund Lacy: 27th Sep 1443 [sic], Luke Laucock, Doctor of Decrees, was instituted, the church being vacant by resignation of Sir William Ashiton; Sir Thomas Courtney, Earl of Devon, patron.
From the register of Hugh Oldam [1505 x 1519]:... Oct..., [John] Trelawnye, chaplain, was instituted, the church being vacant by resignation of John William; Sir Edward Cortney, Earl of Devon, patron.
From the register of John Veysie: 3rd Aug 1536, Sir William Rolles, clerk, in the person of Robert Chaffe his curate, was instituted, the church being vacant by death of Sir John Trelawnye; Henry Courtney, Knight of the Order of the Garter, Marquis of Exeter, Earl of Devon, lord of Ockhampton and Plympton, patron.
'27th Sep 1443' is an error for 27th Sep 1453, when Luke Laucoke was instituted: Lacy, i, 380.

[no title]  AR/16/18  1548, 21st Sep

Contents:
(2 Edw VI)
Grant of next presentation to parish church
John Arundell of Lanherne, knight = (1)
King Edward VI = (2)
(1), true patron of the rectory of the parish church of Sanctus Mauganus in Pyder, to (2), the right of next presentation (this time only) to that rectory, now vacant.
Slits for tag of a seal.

[no title]  AR/16/19  1557, 8th Nov

Contents:
(4 & 5 Philip and Mary)
Bond for tenancy of vicarage
John Vyvyan vicar of Sanctus Uvall = (1)
Walter Rychard de Sancto Hermot' = (2)
Bond of (1) to (2) in £40.
If (1) observes all conditions specified in a lease made by him to (2) of the vicarage of Saynt Uvall, then this bond shall be void.
Part of seal of (1).

Note: Unclear why this is in archive: the Arundells did not have the advowson of St Eval although they had considerable lands in St Eval parish.


[no title]  AR/16/20  1562, 24th Oct

Contents:
Certificate of admission and institution to rectory
Robert Lougher, bachelor in law, Archdeacon of Totnes, vicar spiritual of William [Alley] Bishop of Exeter = (1)
Thadeus Cneyn, chaplain = (2)
Letter of admission from (1), instituting (2) as rector of the parish church of Mawgan in Pyder, vacant by the death of Sir Robert Revell, at the presentation of John Arundell of Lanhern, esquire, true patron of the church.
Seal of (1)'s office [broken].

[no title]  AR/16/21  1574, 5th Jun

Contents:
(16 Eliz)
Grant of right of presentation to parish church
John Arundell, knight = (1)
William Hanam, gentleman, de Purscaundell (Dorset) = (2)
(1), true patron of the parish church of Houghton (Dorset; diocese of Bristol), to (2), the right of the next presentation to that parish church, however and whenever vacant; such that he may present William Pistall as suitable parson there. Signature of (1).
Seal of (1).
Houghton [= Winterbourne Houghton, Dorset]

[no title]  AR/16/22  1591, 20th Feb

Contents:
(33 Eliz)
Grant of right of presentation to church (bond for payment of debt)
Nicholas Bosgrave, gentleman = (1)
John Easton, gentleman = (2)
(1) to (2), the right of next presentation to the rectory of the parish church of Sanctus Columbus Maior (de Sancto Columbo maiore) when next vacant, in (1)'s gift by grant of John Arundell of Lanhearn, knight, lately deceased, by his charter. However, if (1) and his heirs indemnify (2) and his heirs concerning a bond in which (2), at (1)'s request, is bound to Edward White, 'scriptor', together with William Easton, in the sum of 40 marks, for the payment of a debt of £13 6s 8d, and if (1) makes that payment to Edward White at the day specified, thus nullifying (2)'s bond, then this grant shall be null and void. Signature of (1) and others.
Seal.

Note: In fact the next presentation to the rectory was made on 10th Jun 1592, the patron being Queen Elizabeth by lapse, according to Henderson, St Columb Major, pp. 12 and 21.


[no title]  AR/16/23  [16th century?]
Language:  Latin

Contents:
Names of rectors of La Minster alias Talcarn

[no title]  AR/16/24  1603, 25th Feb and 21st Apr ('1602')

Contents:
Certificate of institution to rectory (copy)
[William Cotton] Bishop of Exeter = (1)
Thomas Peter, clerk, M.A. = (2)
Certificate of the admission by (1), in his palace at Exeter, of (2) to the rectory of Mawgan in Pyder, vacant 'per lapsus temporis', at the presentation of Queen Elizabeth, true patron on this occasion. Signature of R. Michell, registrar.
Letter from Gawen Seyntclere [to John Arundell?], Exeter 21st Apr 1603, relating how he obtained a copy of the certificate from the Bishop's registrar, 'whom I coulde very hardly intreat for a coppye verbatim'... 'he wolde not take lesse then 3s 4d which he saide was his fee; he was verye inquisitive to knowe for what porpose I wolde have yt, but he was never the wiser for my aunswere'; financial details; 'even nowe I receved many boukes and 2 other proclamations to be sent to frendes in the countery, which I wisshe weare in your hands to vewe for the noveltyes contayned in them ...'

[no title]  AR/16/25  20 June 1613

Contents:
Terrier of glebe land of Cardinham, taken by the churchwardens.

[no title]  AR/16/26  18 October 1659 and 5 April 1675

Contents:
Copy [?] of receipts of rent for Whitstone glebe lands.

[no title]  AR/16/27  26 February 1662/3

Contents:
Receipt by Sir Francis Godolphin for £30 10s. 10d. paid by Sir John Arundell, for one year's rent of St Columb chantry.

[no title]  AR/16/28  24 June 1663

Contents:
Receipt issued by John Pennecke, for payment by Sir John Arundell, of rent due to the King for St Columb chantry.

[no title]  AR/16/29  10 June 1668

Contents:
Receipt for St Columb chantry rent due to King.

[no title]  AR/16/30  18 November 1670

Contents:
Receipt, signed J. Pennecke, for £30 10s. 10d., due from Sir John Arundell to the King for St Columb Major Chantry.

[no title]  AR/16/31  1671, 10th Jun

Contents:
Grant of right of next presentation (draft or copy)
Sir John Arundell = (1)
Francis Strode = (2)
(1), true patron of the parish church of Ideford (Devon) to (2), present rector of that church, and to his executors, administrators and assigns, the right of next presentation to that church, however it falls vacant. Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of Bartholomew Fillingham and Philip Loyd.
Document cancelled by cuts.
Compare AR/16/38.

[no title]  AR/16/32  10 October 1671

Contents:
Receipt from Richard Slaman, for St Columb chantry rent due to the King.

[no title]  AR/16/33  2 December 1679

Contents:
Receipt for payment by Sir John Arundell, to Edward Boscawen, of rent for St Columb Chantry.

[no title]  AR/16/34/1  12 April 1680

Contents:
Assessment of St Ervan parishioners, made by Richard Lovis and George Bere, for raising money for armed forces pursuant to a parliamentary act.
A George Bere was steward to the Arundells from c.1685 until 1720. See 'Families Connected with the Arundells' in the Introduction to the catalogue and AR/34 for other documents of the Bere family.

[no title]  AR/16/34/2  11 April 1683

Contents:
St Ervan parish: apprenticeship indenture of Honor Libbie bound to George Bear junior.

[no title]  AR/16/35  26 March 1684

Contents:
Grant by Sir John Arundell of Lanherne, to James Prade senior of Lelant, esquire, of next presentation to rectory of St Phillack. [Parchment; seal missing]

[no title]  AR/16/36  31 October 1684

Contents:
Abstract of lease for 99 years on 3 lives, by Lord Arundell to John Warmington, of the rectory, tithe and patronage of Poundstock parish church, for £410 with annual rent of £40.

[no title]  AR/16/37  1685-8

4 items

Contents:
Receipts for fee farm rent of £30 10s. per annum, for St Columb Chantry, due from Sir John Arundell to Edward Boscawen (1685) and to Mrs Jaell Boscawen (1686-88).

[no title]  AR/16/38  1686, 24th Jun


Related information: Compare Cornwall Record Office AR/16/31.
See also Cornwall Record Office AR/17/129-143: dispute in 1736-8 about Sir John Arundell's right to this advowson.

Contents:
Promise to appoint as rector
Sir John Arundel of Lanherne = (1)
Jasper Phillipps = (2)
Promise by (1), true patron of the rectory of Phillack, to (2), present rector of that church, and to his executors and administrators: if (1) outlives (2), and another parson is presented to the rectory (by virtue of a grant of presentation made by (1) to James Broadesy by (2)'s appointment), and if that parson then dies or resigns while (1) is still alive, then (1) will present (2)'s nephew Gregory Phillipps (son of his brother Thomas Phillipps, deceased) to the rectory.
[18th century?] 'Instructions from Sir John Gifford for a case about the liveing of Phillack and Whitson in Cornwall.'

[no title]  AR/16/39  29 September 1691

Contents:
Receipt for chantry rent.

[no title]  AR/16/40  1692-3

Contents:
Accounts of George Bere, junior, and Nathaniel Gill, churchwardens of St Ervan.
See comments to AR/16/34/1.

[no title]  AR/16/41  [1695, Aug?]

Administrative history:
Thomas Pendarves, also rector of Mawgan, was presented to St Columb on 29th Jul 1695 by John Arundell (Henderson, St Columb Major, p. 21).

Contents:
Letter
[Sir John Arundell]
- - - [in London]
[Sender's copy] I am glad my friend Charles has arrived safely with you; various news. A favour please: I have recently presented Mr Penderues to the benefice of St Collombe, vacant by the death of the present incumbent. He is very well known to your son, and parson of 'this parish'. It is worth £40 a year, and I expected some opposition; but the Bishop and others have been fair and civil. But Pendarves must obtain a fiat from the Archbishop: please advise and assist him in London. [Written on back of a letter from Thomas Daniell to Sir John Arundell, 10th Jun 1695: I have sent you accounts for the year ended Michaelmas, and some rents to my Lady.]

[no title]  AR/16/42  1697, Oct 26th

Contents:
Letter
Mark Trubody; at Fowy
Sir John Arundell; at Lanhern
Concerning the affair of Roch; your own word given to me before I resigned that place and since made me hope you would consider the matter. If I had kept it longer I should have had all the tithe corn of the parish; please consider it.
A note shows that Trubody was rector of Fowey.

[no title]  AR/16/43  30 November 1697

Contents:
Receipt for St Columb chantry taxes.

[no title]  AR/16/44  1 June 1704
Language:  Latin

Contents:
Copy grant, Sir Richard and Lady Frances Bellings, to John Sawle of Penrice; next presentation to Rectory of Whitstone.

[no title]  AR/16/45  22 October 1706

Contents:
Receipt for St Columb chantry great rate.

[no title]  AR/16/46  December 1727

Contents:
Bill for repairing St Columb chancell.

[no title]  AR/16/47  1728-31

Contents:
Lord Litchfield's legal account regarding the advowson [of St Columb?], which Lady Gifford and Miss Arundell ordered to be placed to their account.

[no title]  AR/16/48  16 December 1738

Contents:
Receipt for St Columb chantry rent.

[no title]  AR/16/49  September 1747

3 items

Contents:
Letters and note about reversionary lease of Whitstone Glebe.

[no title]  AR/16/50  25 April 1753

Contents:
Receipt issued by Methuse Williams to Henry, Lord Arundell of Wardour, for payment of wages for cleaning Arundell chancel in St Columb Church.

[no title]  AR/16/51  [mid 18th century]

Contents:
Abstract of Lord Litchfield's title to advowsons in Cornwall.

[no title]  AR/16/52  22 July 1761

Contents:
Schedule of documents proving Lord Arundell's title to the advowson of Cardinham.

[no title]  AR/16/53  [c.1763]

Contents:
Schedule of documents, 1406-1707, at Lanherne, Wardour and Lord Arundell's London house, to make title to the advowson of Cardinham, with note that all the documents were at Lanherne in 1763.

[no title]  AR/16/54  15 December 1769

Contents:
Copy lease, Lord Arundell to Reverend William Hockin of Phillack, of advowson of Phillack and Gwithian.

[no title]  AR/16/55  1773

Contents:
Copy of admissions to the vicarage of St Hilary between 1566 and 1724, with three letters about a disputed claim to the presentation written in 1773 by William Arundell of Crane, Camborne, to John Purser in London.

[no title]  AR/16/56  1782

Contents:
Papers regarding sale of advowsons: Phillack/Gwithian, Cardinham (7 turns in 8), Roche (1 in 4), Whitstone, Poundstock.

[no title]  AR/16/57  1782

Contents:
Particulars of advowsons: 7/8 of Cardinham Rectory; ¼ of Roche Rectory, Whitstone Rectory, Poundstock Vicarage.

[no title]  AR/16/58  11 March 1783

Contents:
Draft survey for sale of advowson of Phillack and Gwithian.

[no title]  AR/16/59  1785

16 items

Contents:
Legal advice on various rectories - Phillack and Gwithian, Cardinham, Roche and Poundstock.

[no title]  AR/16/60  1788

Contents:
Bills for repairing Lanherne Aisle in St Columb.

[no title]  AR/16/61  [18th century]

Contents:
Letter from Joseph Hawkey to Mr Catton, about Lord Arundell's rights in Lanherne aisle in St Columb church.

[no title]  AR/16/62  [18th century]

Contents:
Copy of entries (1497-1686) from bishops' registers, about Roche Rectory.

[no title]  AR/16/63  [19th century]

Contents:
List of rectors from 1278 to 1875; church not specified.

[no title]  AR/16/64  n.d

Contents:
Valuation of Cornwall parsonages.

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