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campaign for greater self-rule for India began in 1885. During the
20th century the demands grew stronger and stronger. India finally
became independent in 1947, although in fact the British-ruled area
became two states - India and Pakistan. As you study the sources,
look for reasons why British rule ended. The sources may provide evidence
that one or more of these factors were important:
The British left India as soon as the people there wanted them to.
The British left because of the actions of important individuals.
The British were forced out by peaceful political protests.
The British were forced out by armed resistance.
The British wanted to leave because the area was causing them problems.
The British left because they felt the country was ready to rule
As you study each source, decide whether it supports any of these
factors. When you have looked at all of the sources and the Background,
try to decide on the relative importance of these factors.
the Worksheet to record your ideas.
The Background will give you an introduction
to the end of British rule in India.