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Treaties, pacts and axes

Mussolini watches as Hitler greets troops on the Eastern Front.
Mussolini 's 1936 agreement with Hitler led to Italy and Germany becoming allies in the Second World War.
©TopFoto

After the First World War, as European nations attempted to protect their interests, a complex set of alliances, pacts and treaties were agreed upon.

Search using Locarno Treaty Treaty of Versailles Hoare-Laval Plan Anti-Comintern Pact

Further reading

  • Marks, S., The Illusion of Peace International Relations in Europe 1918-1933 (London and Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1976)
  • Ross, G., The Great Powers and the Decline of the European States System 1914-1945 (London and New York: Longman, 1983)