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China until 1950

In 1931 General Yorita watches the entry of Japanese assault troops into Manchuria.
In 1931 General Yorita watches the entry of Japanese assault troops into Manchuria.
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During the first half of the 20th century the empire in China exercised economic power without formal political control. The major exception was Hong Kong, which had been a British Crown Colony since 1842.

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Further reading

  • Osterhammel, J., China In Brown, J.M and Louis, W.R. ed., The Oxford History of the British Empire, Vol. 4 The Twentieth Century (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1999)
  • Feuerwerker, A., The Foreign Presence in China In Fairbank, J.K. ed., The Cambridge History of China Vol. XII (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983)