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Winston Churchill 1951

An 80th birthday portrait of Churchill in the cabinet room in 1954.
An 80th birthday portrait of Churchill in the cabinet room in 1954.
©TopFoto

Conservative Government
26 October 1951 - 5 April 1955

The 1951 election returned the Conservatives to power under Winston Churchill. They won 302 seats, while Labour took 295 and the Liberals, six. The Welfare State was maintained, but economic restrictions eased slightly and a few nationalisation programmes were dismantled. For the next 13 years the Conservative Party oversaw the dismantling of the empire.

Cabinet members
Position Name Dates
Prime Minister W. Churchill 26 Oct 51 - 5 Apr 55
Lord President Lord Woolton 28 Oct 51 - 24 Nov 52
  Marquis of Salisbury 24 Nov 52 - 5 Apr 55
Lord Chancellor Lord Simonds 30 Oct 51 - 18 Oct 54
  Viscount Kilmuir  18 Oct 54 - 5 Apr 55 
Lord Privy Seal Marquis of Salisbury 28 Oct 51 - 7 May 52
  H. Crookshank 7 May 52 - 5 Apr 55
Chancellor of the Exchequer R. Butler 28 Oct 51 - 5 Apr 55
Minister for Economic Affairs Sir A. Salter 31 Oct 51 - 24 Nov 52
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs A. Eden 28 Oct 51 - 5 Apr 55
Secretary of State for Home Affairs Sir D. Maxwell Fyfe 28 Oct 51 - 18 Oct 54
  G. Lloyd-George 18 Oct 54 - 5 Apr 55 
Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries D. Heathcoat Amory 28 Jul 54 - 18 Oct 54
Secretary of State for the Colonies O. Lyttelton 28 Oct 51 - 28 Jul 54
  A. Lennox-Boyd 28 Jul 54 - 5 Apr 55 
Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations Lord Ismay 28 Oct 51 - 12 Mar 52 
  Marquis of Salisbury 12 Mar 52 - 24 Nov 52 
  Viscount Swinton 24 Nov 52 - 5 Apr 55 
Minister for the co-ordination Of Transport, Fuel and Power Lord Leathers 30 Oct 51 - 3 Sep 53
Minister for Defence W. Churchill 28 Oct 51 - 1 Mar 52 
  Earl Alexander of Tunis 1 Mar 52  - 18 Oct 54
  H. Macmillan 18 Oct 54 - 7 Apr 55
Minister of Education F. Horsbrugh 3 Sep 53 - 18 Oct 54
  Sir D. Eccles 18 Oct 54 - 5 Apr 55
Minister of Food G. Lloyd George 3 Sep 53 - 18 Oct 54
  D. Heathcoat Amory 18 Oct 54 - 5 Apr 55
Minister of Health H. Crookshank 30 Oct 51 - 7 May 52
Minister for Housing and Local Government H. Macmillan 30 Oct 51 - 18 Oct 54
  D. Sandys 18 Oct 54 - 5 Apr 55
Minister of Labour and National Service Sir W. Monkton 28 Oct 51 - 5 April 55
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Lord Woolton 24 Nov 52 - 5 Apr 55
Paymaster-General Lord Cherwell 30 Oct 51 - 11 Nov 53
Minister for Pensions O. Peake 18 Oct 54 - 5 Apr 55
Secretary of State for Scotland J. Stuart 30 Oct 51 - 5 Apr 55
President of the Board of Trade P. Thorneycroft 30 Oct 51 - 5 Apr 55