|Accompt of the Limits
& Trade for ye African Company.
||The Royal African Compa[ny]'s Limits for Trade
granted them by His Ma[jes]ties Charter, doe begin at Sally
in South Barbary neer Tangier; and end at Cabobuen Esperança,
where the limits of the East India Company take place.
||The Trade for Barbary, is hitherto followed, by particular
persons, because the Royal Company have not thought fit, as
yet, to take it up. From thence comes Bees-wax, Copper, Goatskins,
Gold, Oyles, Corne, Feathers, Jumms, and many other Comodities.
||The Canary Islands are within the Company's charter, but they
have not alsoe, hitherto, thought fit to take up that Trade,
but leave it, to bee followed by particular persons.
||Next begins the North Coast of Guinny, neer the Cape de Verde
||In the River Gambia, upon James Island, the Compa[ny] have
built a Fort, where seaventy men, at least, are kept. And there
is a Factory from whence Eliphants Teeth, Bees-wax, and Cowhides
are exported in very considerable quantities. The River Gambia
is very large, and runs up very high (much higher than any discovery
hath bin made) and it is supposed the Gold comes most from places,
at the head of this River.
|Rio Noons, Riopongo Calsamança,
Rio Grande & Catchao.
||The Company have several small factorys in this River, vizt,
at Rio Noones, Riopongo, and Calsamança, and doe trade
by their Sloops, to Rio Grande and Catchao, for those Commodities,
and alsoe for Negro's.
||The next River, where the Compa[ny] doe trade at, is Sieralion,
where a factory is setled, for buying the same Comodities.
||Thence they sail into another River called Sherbero, where
alsoe a factory is setled, and the Trade there is cheifly for
Red-wood, useful in dying; of which sometimes Three hundred
Tonns per ann, may bee got, and some Elephants Teeth.
|Cape Mount & Cestos.
||Thence they trade to Cabe Mount, and Cestos, for Elephants-teeth;
and there hath been formerly a factory setled alsoe.
|Graine & Luaqua - Coast.
||And all along by Ships staying, sometimes a day, sometimes
more, they trade in the Graine and Luaqua Coast, for Guiny-grains,
or Mallaguette (which is phisic for Negro's) and for quaqua-cloths
which are carried to sell at the Gold-coast, and for Teeth.
||Then, at Cape Trespontes begins the Trade for Gold, and soe
along that coast, they have several Factories, but their names
are not laid downe in ye Mapps, vist. Ashinee, Abinee, Dixiscove,
Anashan, Anto, Succondee, Anamaboo, Wyamba, and Aga.
||They had Cormentine, but it was taken from them in the first
Dutch - warr, when Mr Selroyn was Agent; at the same time the
English took Cabo-Corso, from ye Dutch.
||At Cabo-Corso-Castle is now their Cheife port, and place of
Trade, having there about one hundred English besides Slaves.
It's the Residence of their Agent General, who furnisheth, from
thence, all their several under-factories with goods, and receives
from them, Gold, Elephants-Teeth, and Slaves.
|Castel de Mina.
||Neer Cabo-Corso is the Great Castle called the Mina, belonging
to the Dutch.
||Then, more Leewardly, the Company hath another factory at
Acra, for gold, to be sent thence to Cabo-corso.
||Their next place of Trade is at Ardra only for Slaves, which
are there very plentifull, and a factory is setled there alsoe.
||Next follows Benin, where a factory is setled for buying cloths
made of Cotton, of which they procure great quantitys, and bring
them to Cabo-corso, to sell there, and on the Gold-Coast.
New & Old Calabar.
|Then, more Leewardly, lyeth he Bite, whither many Ships are
sent to Trade at New and Old Calabar, but those places being
very unhealthy, there are noe factories setled, and only a Trade
used by the Masters of Ships for Slaves and Teeth, which are
there to bee had in great plenty, and alsoe in the Rivers Cameroones
and Gaboones, which are neer.
||A Trade for Angola is begun, and they have Ordered a factory
to settle neer the Portugal's cheife Citty at Sunio Whence it's
hoped quantities of Slaves may bee got and much Copper.
||They have not yet discovered any other places within the limits
of their Charter.
||The Slaves they purchas[e]d are sent, for a Supply of Servants,
to all His Ma[jes]tie's American Plantations which cannot subsist
||The Gold and Elephants Teeth, and other Commodities, which
are procured in Africa, are all brought into England. The Gold
is always coined in His Ma[jes]tie's Mint. And the Elephants
= Teeth, and all other goods, which the Company receives, either
from Africa or the Plantations, in returne for their Negros,
are always sold publicly at a Candle.
Modern equivalents of place names
Sally Salé - just north of Rabat,
Barbary [States] North of Africa - now parts
of Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco.
Cabo buen Esperança Cape of Good Hope.
Guinny Guinea. Refers to a stretch of the
west coast of Africa, never very well-defined, but much larger than
the area of the coast now occupied by Guinea and Guinea-Bissau.
Rio Noons Rio Nunez. River estuary - now
Rio-pongo Rio Pongo. River estuary - now
Calsamança Casamance. This appears
to refer to the river rather than the region of this name - now
Rio Grande Appears to be the Corubal river,
now in Guinea-Bissau.
Catchao Cacheu (town and river - now in Guinea-Bissau)
or Catió (town in Guinea-Bissau). The former is more likely,
as it is south of the Rio Grande/Corubal, whereas Cacheu is north,
and the list seems to be running generally north to south.
Sieralion Sierra Leone. This reference appears
to be to the river.
Sherbero Sherbro river. Now in Sierra Leone.
Cape Mount Grand Cape Mount. Now in Liberia.
Cestos Cess river. Now in Liberia. The river
used to be called Cestos, but is now the Cess (although there is
still a Cestos Point).
Graine Grain Coast. Now in Liberia.
Luaqua Probably 'Quaqua' (not located).
Cape Trespontes Perhaps Cape Three Points,
Cormentine Kormantyn (Cormantyn or Kormantine),
Dutch fort, built 1631, W of Saltpond - now in Ghana.
Cabo-Corso-Castle Cape Coast Castle, Ghana.
Castel de Mina Elmina, in Ghana. This was
a British fort in the 17th century.
Acra Accra. Now in Ghana.
Ardra Probably Ouidah, now in Benin.
Benin Benin - kingdom and city (not the modern