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campaign for independence for Ireland was long and complicated. A
strong democratic campaign for independence competed with a strong
violent campaign. There was also a large minority of Irish people
who wanted to remain part of the British empire. The result was that
Ireland was divided in 1922. Northern Ireland remained part of the
United Kingdom, but the Irish Free State became a self-ruling Dominion.
As you study the sources, look for reasons why British rule ended
in Ireland (but not Northern Ireland). The sources may provide evidence
that one or more of these factors were important:
The British left Ireland as soon as the people there wanted them
The British left because of the actions of important individuals.
The British were forced out by peaceful political protests.
The British were forced out by armed resistance.
The British wanted to leave because the area was causing them problems.
As you study each source, decide whether it supports any of these
factors. When you have looked at all of the sources and the Background,
try to decide on the relative importance of these factors.
the Worksheet to record your ideas.
The Background will give you an introduction
to the end of British rule in Ireland.