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Clement Attlee 1945

Clement Attlee (centre, front row) and his post-war administration faced the challenge of rebuilding Britain.
Clement Attlee (centre, front row) and his post-war administration faced the challenge of rebuilding Britain.
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Labour Government
26 July 1945 - 26 October 1951

With a landslide of 395 seats compared to only 197 for the Conservatives and 12 for the Liberals, the Labour Party was given a massive mandate to govern Britain. Labour aimed to rebuild the country through a combination of tight controls on resources and nationalisation of industries. The government momentously created the Welfare State in order to help the most disadvantaged in society. Reconstruction of war-torn Britain was expensive and demobilisation of the economy complicated and risky. Control of the empire began to break down. India was the first to gain independence, heralding the start of decolonisation.

Cabinet members
Position Name Dates
Prime Minister C. Attlee 26 Jul 45 - 26 Oct 51
Lord President H. Morrison 26 Jul 45 - 9 Mar 51
  Viscount Addison 9 Mar 51 - 26 Oct 51
Lord Chancellor Lord Jowitt 27 Jul 45 - 26 Oct 51
Lord Privy Seal A. Greenwood 27 Jul 45 - 17 Apr 47
  Lord Inman 17 Apr 47 - 7 Oct 47
  Viscount Addison 7 Oct 47 - 9 Mar 51
  E. Bevin 9 Mar 47 - 26 Apr 51
  R. Stokes 26 Apr 51 - 26 Oct 51
Chancellor of the Exchequer H. Dalton 27 Jul 45 - 13 Nov 47
  Sir S. Cripps 13 Nov 47 - 19 Oct 50
  H. Gaitskell 19 Oct 50 - 26 Oct 51
Minister for Economic Affairs Sir S. Cripps 29 Sep 47 - 13 Nov 47
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs E. Bevin 27 Jul 45 - 9 Mar 51
nbsp; H. Morrison 9 Mar 51 - 26 Oct 51
Secretary of State for Home Affairs C. Ede 3 Aug 45 - 26 Oct 51
First Lord of the Admiralty A. Alexander 3 Aug 45 - 4 Oct 46
Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries T. Williams 3 Aug 45 - 26 Oct 51
Secretary of State for Air Viscount Stansgate 3 Aug 45 - 4 Oct 46
Minister for Civil Aviation Lord Pakenham 31 May 48 - 28 Feb 50
Secretary of State for the Colonies G. Hall 3 Aug 45 - 4 Oct 46
  A. Creech Jones 4 Oct 46 - 28 Feb 50
  J. Griffiths 28 Feb 50 - 26 Oct 51
Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations Viscount Addison 7 Jul 50 - 26 Oct 51 
  P. Noel-Baker 7 Oct 47 - 28 Feb 50
  P. Gordon Walker 28 Feb 50 - 26 Oct 51
Minister for Defence C. Attlee 27 Jul 45 - 20 Dec 46 
  A. Alexander 20 Dec 46 - 28 Feb 50
  E. Shinwell 28 Feb 50 - 26 Oct 51
Secretary of State for the Dominions Viscount Addison 3 Aug 45 - 7 Jul 47
Minister of Education E. Wilkinson 3 Aug 45 - 10 Feb 47
  G. Tomlinson 10 Feb 47 - 26 Oct 51
Minister for Fuel and Power E. Shinwell 3 Aug 45 - 7 Oct 47
Minister of Health A. Bevan 3 Aug 45 - 17 Jan 51
Secretary of State for India and Burma Lord Pethick-Lawrence 3 Aug 45 - 17 Apr 47
  Earl of Listowen 17 Apr 47 - 26 Oct 51
Minister of Labour and National Service G. Isaacs 3 Aug 45 - 17 Jan 51
  A. Bevan 17 Jan 51 - 24 Apr 51
  A. Robens 24 Apr 51 - 26 Oct 51
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster H. Dalton 31 May 48 - 28 Feb 50
  Viscount Alexander 28 Feb 50 - 26 Oct 51
Paymaster-General A. Greenwood 9 Jul 46 - 5 Mar 47
  Viscount Addison 2 Jul 48 - 1 Apr 49
Minister without Portfolio A. Alexander 4 Oct 46 - 20 Dec 46
  A. Greenwood 17 Apr 47 - 29 Sep 47
Secretary of State for Scotland J. Westwood 3 Aug 45 - 7 Oct 47
  A. Woodburn 7 Oct 47 - 28 Feb 50
  H. McNeil 28 Feb 50 - 26 Oct 51
Town and Country Planning H. Dalton 28 Feb 50 - 26 Oct 51
President of the Board of Trade Sir S. Cripps 27 Jul 45 - 29 Sep 47
  H. WIlson 29 Sep 47 - 24 Apr 51
  Sir H. Shawcross 24 Apr 51 - 26 Oct 51
Secretary of State for War J. Lawson 3 Aug 45 - 4 Oct 46