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Ramsay MacDonald 1924

Ramsay MacDonald headed Britain's first Labour government
Ramsay MacDonald headed Britain's first Labour government
©National Portrait Gallery, London

Labour Government
22 January 1924 - 3 November 1924

No party won an overall majority in the general election of December 1923, with the Conservatives taking 258 seats, Labour 191 and the Liberals 159. The Conservatives kept power, but lost a vote of confidence in the House of Commons in January 1924. This prompted King George V to ask Ramsay MacDonald to form the first Labour government, but it was short-lived as MacDonald was reliant on the support of opposition parties. The Liberals took the decision to bring down the government and were punished by voters in the October 1924 election, losing a massive number of seats. This contributed to the demise of the Liberal Party as a parliamentary force. The brevity of MacDonald's government meant he had had little time to affect any change.

Cabinet members
Position Name Dates
Prime Minister R. MacDonald 22 Jan 24 - 3 Nov 24
Lord President of the Council Lord Parmoor 22 Jan 24 - 3 Nov 24
Lord Chancellor Viscount Haldane 22 Jan 24 - 3 Nov 24
Lord Privy Seal J. Clynes 22 Jan 24 - 3 Nov 24
Chancellor of the Exchequer P. Snowden 22 Jan 24 - 3 Nov 24
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs R. MacDonald 22 Jan 24 - 3 Nov 24
Secretary of State for Home Affairs A. Henderson 22 Jan 24 - 3 Nov 24
First Lord of the Admiralty Viscount Chelmsford 22 Jan 24 - 3 Nov 24
Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries N. Buxton 22 Jan 24 - 3 Nov 24
Secretary of State for Air Lord Thomson 22 Jan 24 - 3 Nov 24
Secretary of State for the Colonies J. Thomas 22 Jan 24 - 3 Nov 24
President of the Board of Education C. Trevelyan 22 Jan 24 - 3 Nov 24
Minister of Health J. Wheatley 22 Jan 24 - 3 Nov 24
Secretary of State for India Lord Olivier 22 Jan 24 - 3 Nov 24
Minister for Labour T. Shaw 22 Jan 24 - 3 Nov 24
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster J. Wedgwood 22 Jan 24 - 3 Nov 24
Postmaster-General V. Hartshorn 22 Jan 24 - 3 Nov 24
Secretary for Scotland W. Adamson 22 Jan 24 - 3 Nov 24
President of the Board of Trade S. Webb 22 Jan 24 - 3 Nov 24
Secretary of State for War S. Walsh 22 Jan 24 - 3 Nov 24
First Commissioner of Works F. Jowett 22 Jan 24 - 3 Nov 24

Note:
The First Commissioner of Works was a new Cabinet post created by the incoming Labour government.