'Black Presence: Asian and Black
History in Britain' is a partnership between The National
Archives (formerly the Public Record Office) and the Black
and Asian Studies Association (BASA), funded by the New Opportunities
This exhibition appears on 'Pathways to the Past', the National
Archives' website for lifelong learners.
The exhibition covers Black and Asian history in Britain
from 1500 to 1850. For an explanation of the subject areas
that we have looked at here, and why, see Introduction.
For the period after 1850, you can find documents, histories
and stories online on the 'Moving Here' website (http://www.movinghere.org.uk/).
Greet Each Other
|Most of the digitised documents presented in this exhibition
are held by The National Archives. The remainder come from a
variety of museums, galleries and other institutions, all of
which we would like to thank for their generous permission to
use artworks and/or documents held by them. Conditions relating
to the reproduction of the images in this exhibition are given
in Copyright and Conditions of Use
below. For details of the individual images, see Acknowledgements
and Copyright Details.
You can access the exhibition's six galleries and the Introduction
by clicking on the relevant names on the home page.
The various sections within each gallery are reached from
the menu on the left-hand side of each page. To go back to
the home page, click on the Black Presence icon in the top
left-hand corner of each page.
From the home page, you can reach the 'Pathways to the Past'
site by clicking on the key icon in the top left-hand corner.
You can access the interactive learning journeys from the
introductory page by clicking on either one of the two journeys
entitled: A Virtual Tour of Black and Asian Presence and An
18th Century Voyage of Discovery.
These are two very different journeys. The first, the virtual
tour uses three cities: London; Bristol and Liverpool to examine
the places where the Black and Asian presence can be located
in Britain’s history. Each city tour has a detailed
map which highlights an area of particular interest within
each city. A printable version is available in HTML.
The second journey is an 18th century voyage of discovery.
You can embark upon the voyage and read the virtual books
on Woodes Rogers, Robinson Crusoe, the Slave Trade, the Goldney
family and Ironbridge. There is a question section at the
end of the voyage where you have the opportunity to answer
questions, using evidence found on the voyage and draw your
This provides definitions of unfamiliar terms, together with
concise details of some of the historical events and personalities
mentioned in the main text. You can access it by clicking
on the Glossary links in the text throughout the exhibition,
or by clicking on 'Glossary' at the top of the home page or
at the bottom of any of the other pages.
This gives you a chance to tell us what you think of the
Black Presence exhibition. You can access the Feedback form
by clicking on 'Feedback' at the top of the home page or at
the bottom of any of the other pages throughout the exhibition.
To download an image, click either on the small ('thumbnail')
reproduction of the image or on the document link below it.
If above 120k, the 'byte size' of the image is given below
it (the larger images may take some time to download).
To access a transcript (and/or translation), click on the
transcript link below the thumbnail. The transcript can also
be accessed from the image 'window'. After looking at the
transcript, you can return to the image or to the main text.
Preparing Barbot's Journals for Publication
The aim has been to provide transcripts that reflect the
original documents as accurately as possible. However, documents
are not always clearly legible, especially if handwritten,
and for research purposes the transcripts are not a substitute
for examining the original documents. In the transcripts,
obvious typing errors have occasionally been corrected for
the sake of clarity and in places extraneous notes have been
When words in an original document are incomplete or abbreviated,
where necessary in the transcript the 'missing' letters have
been added in square brackets. Because of the way browsers
'wrap' words at the end of lines, in some places words containing
square brackets may be split between lines in printouts or
Unless otherwise stated, the references given below the captions
that appear in the image windows are to records held by The
National Archives (formerly the Public Record Office). The
following abbreviations are used in these references: f. (folio),
ff. (folios), m. (membrane), mm. (membranes), p. (page), pp.
(pages) and q. (quire).
In 1752 England adopted the New Style calendar (which had been
introduced by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582), and New Year's Day
- previously celebrated in the spring - was moved from 25 March
to 1 January (a change adopted in Scotland in 1600). Throughout
the exhibition, where relevant, dates prior to 1753 falling
between 1 January and 25 March have therefore been given as
(for example) 1 January 1703/4.
Metadata (information about the images) is given on each page.
To see this information, go to 'View', then 'Source', and you
will find it in the code for the page.
The majority of documents and images reproduced in this exhibition
are either Crown copyright or out of copyright. For other
items reproduced here, we would like to thank the copyright
holders for granting us the necessary permissions.
Copyright has expired for some older works, and others are
covered by an exception in copyright law that permits publication
without permission. In other cases, despite our best efforts
we have not always been able to locate the copyright holders.
If you believe that any rights that are yours have inadvertently
been infringed, we would ask you to contact us and to accept
Hunting in West Africa
For details of the individual images, see
Acknowledgements and Copyright Details. For private study
or noncommercial educational or research purposes as defined
in the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 (as amended),
material included in this exhibition may be reproduced without
seeking permission. For all other purposes, permission to
reproduce or quote from copyright material included in the
exhibition must be obtained from The National Archives or
other copyright holders, as appropriate, and full acknowledgement
must be made.
A project of The National Archives, in partnership with the
Black and Asian Studies Association, with external funding
from the New Opportunities Fund.
Exhibition designed and created by Anya Langmead
Project management: Michelle Hockley and Marion Wallace
Writing and research: Linda Ali and John Siblon
Advice, support and additional research: Adrian Ailes, Mandy
Banton, Geraldine Beech, Amanda Bevan, Vanessa Carr, Lynne
Cookson, Carol Dixon, John Ellis, John Fisher, Meryl Foster,
Sheila Gopaulen, Guy Grannum, Alistair Hanson, Abi Husainy,
Hilary Jones, Peter Leek, Dan Lyndon, Michael McGrady, Ann
Morton, Tim Padfield, Bruno Pappalardo, William Spencer, James
Transcripts and translations: Adrian Ailes, Barbara Arent,
Amanda Bevan, Phaedra Casey, Lynne Cookson, Michelle Hockley,
Editors: Ruth D'Alessandro, Adrian Ailes, Michelle Hockley,
Adrian Jobson, Peter Leek, Leone Ross, Roiyah Saltus-Blackwood,
Marika Sherwood, Marion Wallace,
Project support: Barbara Arent, Ann Claiden, Lynne Cookson
Proofreaders: Adrian Ailes, Monica Allen, Lynne Cookson, Michelle
Hockley, Adrian Jobson, Hessan Rahaman, Peter Leek
Image production: Grahame Hill, John Mahoney, Christian Potter,
Lowell Potter, Emma Wallis
Website management: Angela Mullen
Special thanks to Marika Sherwood at the Black and Asian Studies
Association and to Andrea Allen at the New Opportunities Fund.
The Black and Asian Studies Association (BASA) was
formed in 1991 in order to encourage research on the
history of Black and South Asian peoples in Britain.
To aid dissemination, it publishes a newsletter three
times a year and holds conferences. There is a 'list-serve'
information/discussion service, and a website will soon
be available. BASA also lobbies the government and non-governmental
organisations regarding education, archival and related
Black and Asian Studies Association
28 Russell Square