How to look for records of... Towns and cities
How can I view the records covered in this guide?
This is a brief guide to researching records of towns and cities. This guide will help you to identify the key sources of information that will help you with your research.
What do I need to know before I start?
The UK has 66 official cities: 50 in England, five in Wales, six in Scotland and five in Northern Ireland. Despite what many people believe, a town becomes a city only by the award of a royal charter – not by having a cathedral. Dunblane has a cathedral but is not a city. Brighton and Hove is a city but does not have a cathedral.
Town and country planning at a national level developed largely from the public health legislation of the 19th century. The first piece of legislation to contain general planning as distinct from housing provisions was the Housing, Town Planning, etc., Act 1909, which permitted local authorities to draw up planning schemes in connection with the development of new housing areas.
In 1909 the central authority for planning was the Local Government Board and, after 1919, the Ministry of Health. From 1919 district councils were empowered to join together in joint planning committees, and from 1930 county councils were allowed to join such committees or to undertake powers relinquished by district councils.