Oath of allegiance to Henry VIII and his successors, 1534
HLRO Original Journal, H.L., vol. 1, pp. 174-5 (30 March 1534)


 

HODIE sumul convenerunt memorati Domini et Communes, secundum Regium Edictum, ad hjorm assignatam.

p.Reverendissimus in Christo Pater Archiepus. Cant.
p. Epus. London.
p. Epus. Wintonienss.
Epus. Lincolnie.
p. Epus. Wellen. et Bath.
p. Abbas Westm.
p. Abbas fancti Albani.
p. Abbas fancti Augustini Cant.
p. Abbas Burgi fancti Edmundi.
p. Abbas de Redinge.
p. Abbas de Hida.
p. Abbas fancti Benedicti de Hulmo.
p. Abbas de Bello.
p. Abbas de Winchombe.
p. Abbas de Colcestrie.
Abbas Salop.
p. Abbas de Waltham.

p. Dux Richmoundie.
p. Dux Northf.
p. Dux Suff.
p. Marchio Exonie.
p. Comes Arundell.
p. Comes Oxonie.
p. Comes Northumb'land.
p. Comes Westm'land.
p. Comes Salop.
p. Comes Derbie.
Comes Wigor.
p. Comes Rutland.
p. Comes Comb'land.
Comes Wiltsh.
p. Comes Sussex.
p. Comes Huntington.
p. Prior fancti Johannis Herlm.
p. Ds. Burgavenney.
p. Ds. Zouch.
p. Ds. Barkeley.
p. Ds. Montague.
p. Ds. Rochford.
p. Ds. Morley.
p. Ds. Dacres de Gillisland.
p. Ds. Cobham.
p. Ds. Mantraverse.
p. Ds. Talbot.
p. Ds. Ferrers.
p. Ds. Scrop.
p. Ds. Latym.
p. Ds. Powes.
p. Ds. Mountyoie.
Ds. Gray de Wilton.
p. Ds. Fitzwarren.
p. Ds. Lumley.
p. Ds. Daubany.
Ds. Coniers.
p. Ds. Vaulx.
p. Ds. Windefour.
p. Ds. Mordaunt.

 

HODIE, ad horam prescriptam, Domino Rege in suo solio sedente, convenerunt memorati Domini, cum Communibus de Domo Inferiori simul presentibus, quorum Prolocutor, Humfridus Wingfeld, Miles, Orationem, quam Dominius Rex humanissime acceptavit, luculenter pandebat; cui sine imposito et responsu habito, Thomas Audeley, Miles Anglie Cancellarius, ex Regio Jussu, (universis et singulis que utraque Domus ad Reipublice Commodum excogitaverunt conducibilia lectus, per Regium eximium Consensum ratificatis) presens Parliamentum realiter prorogabat in tertium diem mensis Novembris immediate sequentis; ad quem quidem diem, ex Regia parte, mandans universis et singulis quorum obsequium est in hac parte, simul ad domos consuetas sine dilatione redituris.

Ac, ex Regia parte, preterea intimabat, "unum Actum inter ceteros in hac Sessione Parliamenti editum, concernentem Confirmationem Juris, quod Regii Exitus de Corporibus Domini Regis nostri metuendissimi, et Domine Anno Confortis sue, Anglie Regine, procreati, sive procreandi, habere debent ad Coronam Imperialem hujus Regionis Anglie, primum et commodissimum esse; in quo constituitur inter cetera, quod omnes et singuli, ac in solidi corporalia, prestiterint Sacramenta, et peragere at perimplere omnia in codem Actu comprehensa, quibus observandis felicitas hujus Regni consistit, quam quidem executionem prefatus Dominus Rex per suas Literas Patentes, cum tenore Juramenti eisdem annexo infra scriptas, commisit illustribus Viris, predicto Domino Cancellario, T. Archiepiscopo Cant. Thome duci Northf. Thesaurario Anglie, et Carolo Duci Suff. in Regia Presentia juratis, ut ad eundem effectum Sacramenta Corporalia ceterorum tam Dominorum Spiritualium quam Temporalium ac Communium accipiant, ut per transcriptum ejusdem Actus cui jurati sua subscripterunt Nomina."
Quo dicto, recessit prefatus Dominus Rex.
Et postmodum ceteri omnes, penultimo die mensis martii, anno Regni prefati Domini nostri Regis illustrissimi Henrici Octavi, post Conquestum Anglie vicesimo quinto.

The Commission to take the Oath.

HENRICUS
Octavus, Dei Gratia, Anglie et Francie Rex, Fidei Defensor, et Dominus Hibernie, Reverendissimo in Christo Parti Thome Cant. Archiepiscopo, totius Anglie Primati et Metropolitano, ac Dilecto et Fideli suo Thome Audeley, Militi, Cancellario Nostro Anglie, nec non Charissimis Consanguineis Nostris Thome Duci Northf. Thesaurario Nostro Anglie, et Carolo Duci Suff. Salutem.

Sciatis quod Nos, de Fidelitatibus et providis Circumspectionibus vestris plenius confidentes, assignavimus vos Tres, et Duos vestrum, ac tenore presentium damus vobis Tribus, et Duobus vestrum, plenam Potestatem et /Auctoritatem capiend. et recipiend. Sacramentum et Fidelitatem omnium et singulorum Ducium, Comitum, Baronum, Episcoporum, Abbatum, Priorum, Militum, ac omnium et singulorum aliorum Legiorum et Subditorum Nostrorum, quorumcunque cujuscunque Gradus seu Conditionis fuerunt, juxta vim, formam et effectum, cujusdam Statuti, in presenti Parliamento Nostro, Securitatem, Statum et Successionem Nostram concernentem editi et provisi, ac juxta tenorem Sacramenti presentibus annexi; et idem Sacramentum sic ceperitis, Nos de nominibus eorum qui hujusmodi Sacreamentum coram vobis prestabunt in Cancellaria Nostra, sub Sigillis vestris trium, vel duorum vestrum, sine dilacione reddatis certiores, remittentes Nobis has Literas Nostras Patentes, et ideo vobis mandamus quod circa premissa diligenter intendatis ac ea faciere et exequamini cum effectu. In cujus rei testimonium has Literas Nostras fieri fecimus Patentes. Teste Meipso apud Westm. xxx° die Martii, Anno Regni Nostri xxv°."

 

Translation

Today the aforesaid Lords and Commons assembled together, in accordance with royal edict, at the designated hour.

Present: The King

(p) The very reverend father in Christ, Archbishop of Canterbury
Bishop of London
(p) Bishop of Winchester
Bishop of Lincoln
(p) Bishop of Bath and Wells
(p) Abbot of Westminster
(p) Abbot of St Albans
(p) Abbot of St Augustine’s Canterbury
(p) Abbot of Bury St Edmunds
(p) Abbot of Reading
(p) Abbot of Hyde
(p) Abbot of St Benet of Hulme
(p) Abbot of Battle
(p) Abbot of Winchcombe
(p) Abbot of Colchester
Abbot of Shrewsbury
(p) Abbot of Waltham

(p) Duke of Richmond
(p) Duke of Norfolk
(p) Duke of Suffolk
(p) Marquess of Exeter
(p) Earl of Arundel
(p) Earl of Oxford
(p) Earl of Northumberland
(p) Earl of Westmorland
(p) Earl of Shrewsbury
(p) Earl of Derby
Earl of Worcester
(p) Earl of Rutland
(p) Earl of Cumberland
Earl of Wiltshire
(p) Earl of Sussex
(p) Earl of Huntingdon
(p) Prior of St John of Jerusalem
(p) Lord Bergavenny
(p) Lord Zouche
(p) Lord Berkeley
(p) Lord Montague
(p) Lord Rochford
(p) Lord Morley
(p) Lord Dacre of Gilsland
(p) Lord Cobham
(p) Lord Mautravers
(p) Lord Talbot
(p) Lord Ferrers
(p) Lord Scrope
(p) Lord Latimer
(p) Lord Powis
(p) Lord Mountjoy
Lord Grey of Wilton
(p) Lord Fitzwarren
(p) Lord Lumley
(p) Lord Daubeney
Lord Conyers
(p) Lord Vaux
(p) Lord Windsor
(p) Lord Mordaunt


Today, at the prescribed hour, the aforementioned Lords, assembled before the King, seated on his throne, with the Commons of the lower House also present, whose Speaker, Sir Humphrey Wingfeld, knight, made an eloquent speech, which the King most graciously received; and when he had finished and a response had been duly given, Sir Thomas Audley, knight, Chancellor of England, at the command of the King ( after all billswhich both Houses considered conducive to the good of the State had been ratified by royal consent) prorogued the present parliament until the third day of November following; on which day, on behalf of the King, he commanded all and singular who owed allegiance in that behalf to return to their respective Houses (i.e of parliament) without delay.

Moreover, on behalf of the King, [Sir Thomas] spoke about one Act among the others enacted in this session which concerned the confirmation of the law that the royal issue begotten now or in the future of the bodies of our fearsome lord the King, and the lady Anne his consort, Queen of England, should be considered first and most fit [for the succession] to the imperial crown of this region of England; whereby it is established that all and singular should swear a corporal oath to undertake and to fulfill all that is in the same Act, on whose observance the good fortune of this realm is founded. And the lord King has entrusted the execution [of this Act] by letters patent written below, with the text of the oath annexed to the same, to illustrious men, [namely] the aforesaid Lord Chancellor, Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas, Duke of Norfolk, Treasurer of England, and Charles, Duke of Suffolk, who were sworn in the royal presence to receive the corporal oaths to the same effect [sworn by] others, both Lords Spiritual and Temporal and the Commons, according to the transcript of the same Act to which those who have sworn have subscribed their names.

At the conclusion of this speech, the said lord King withdrew. And afterwards all the others [departed] on the penultimate day of March in the twenty-fifth year of the reign of our illustrious lord King , Henry the Eighth after the Conquest of England [30 March 1534].

The Commission to take the oath.

Henry the Eighth, by the grace of God, King of England and France, Defender of the Faith, and lord of Ireland, to the most reverend father in Christ, Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury, Primate and Metropolitan of all England, and to his beloved and faithful Thomas Audley, knight, our Chancellor of England, also to our most dear cousins Thomas duke of Norfolk, our Treasurer of England, and Charles duke of Suffolk. Greetings. Know that we, fully trusting in your loyal and prudent discretion have appointed you three, and two of you, and grant by these presents to you three, or two of you, full power and authority to take and to receive the oath and allegiance of all and singular dukes, earls, barons, bishops, abbots, priors, knights, and all and singular other our lieges and subjects, of whatsoever degree or condition they might be, according to the force, form and effect of that Statute enacted in our present parliament concerning our security, estate and succession, and according to the text of the oath annexed to these presents; and when you receive this oath, you will inform us without delay of the names of those who will take this oath before you in our Chancery, under the seals of three or two of you, returning to us these our letters patent. And so we order you to intend [i.e. undertake], accomplish and execute the aforementioned [task] diligently and effectively. In witness of which we have had made these letters patent. Witness myself at Westminster, 30th day of March, in the 35th year of our reign.

 


 

[Original in English]

The OATH.

"Ye shall swear to bear your Faith, Truth, and Obedience, alonely to the King's Majesty, and to the Heirs of his Body, according to the Limitation and Rehearsal within this Statute of Succession above specified, and not to any other within this Realm, nor foreign Authority, Prince, or Potentate; and in case any Oath be made, or hath been made, b y you, to any other Persdon or Persons, that then you to repute the same as vain and annihilate; and that to your Cunning, Wit, and uttermost of your Power, without Guile, Fraud, or other undue Means, ye shall observe, keep, maintain, and defend, this Act above specified, and all the whole Contents and Effectxs thereof, and all other Acts and Statutes made since the Beginning of this present Parliament, in Confirmation or for due Execution of the same, or of any thing therein contained; and thus ye shall do against all Manner of Persons, of what Estate, Dignity, Degree, or Condition soever they be, and in no wise do or attempt, nor to your Power suffer to be done or attempted, directly or indirectly, any Thing or Things, privily or apertly, to the Let, Hindrance, Damage, or Derogation thereof, or of any Part of the same, by any Manner of Means, or for any Manner of Pretence or Cause.

So help you God and all Saints"

 


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