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*Details: File format summary



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Name MPEG-1 Elementary Stream
Other names  
Identifiers PUID:  fmt/649
Classification Video
Description MPEG-1 is a lossy compression standard for video and audio, intended for use in Digital Storage Media (DSM) such as VideoCD and DVD (at the same encoding standard as VCD). It is designed to handle video frame-sizes of 352 x 288px, at a frame-rate of 25 frames per second (PAL) and a data rate of around 1.2Mbits/s; audio: up to 320 kbits/s (MPEG-1 Audio Layer III, *.mp3). MPEG-1 supports random access to stream content on playback. MPEG-1 Video supports only 'progressive' frame video. MPEG-1 compression can be relatively inefficient by modern standards. An MPG-1 ‘Elementary’ stream (ES) file (*.m1v) contains either a single video or audio stream (e.g. *.mp3). ES files are generally intended for video editing or other intermediate use, where separate audio content can be ultimately blended ('interleaved' or ‘muxed’) with a video stream to produce an output file containing both audio and video for synchronised playback.
Byte order  
Related file formats None.
Technical Environment  
Supported until  
Format Risk  
Developed by None.
Supported by None.
Source Digital Preservation Department / The National Archives
Source date 14 Jul 2014
Source description  
Last updated 14 Jul 2014
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