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Uniting the Kingdoms? 1066-1603




Wales viewed from Saxon England was remote and impassable: all forests and mountains except for a tongue of good land stretching along the south.

But for the Welsh, Wales was the last remnant of the Roman Britannia, linked by sea with the Roman and Celtic worlds. During their long struggle with the invaders of the eastern British Isles, and with the Saxon and French kings of the new realm of England, the Welsh saw themselves as heirs of the seventh century Cadwaladr, gl the last king of all the Britons.

The victory of Henry Tudor in 1485 meant, for Wales, the return of the line of Cadwaladr to the throne of Britain, and the vindication of their centuries of resistance to their eastern neighbours.

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