One of the five beaches at Cape Helles on the southern tip of the
Gallipoli peninsula, where Allied troops landed on 25 April 1915.
War diaries Official day-to-day accounts kept by individual units within the
'War guilt clause'
Article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles, which stated
that Germany and the other Central Powers held sole responsibility
for the outbreak of the First World War.
War ministries Ministries within the British government that were created specifically
to meet the extra demands of the war between 1915 and 1918: Ministries
of Blockade, Food, Information, Munitions, National Service, Pensions,
Reconstruction and Shipping.
The department of state responsible for the British army, 1683-1964.
Generic term used in Britain to describe the various poets - including
Robert Graves, Siegfred Sassoon and Wilfred Owen - who wrote about
their experiences during the First World War.
War Propaganda Bureau Government organisation set up in September 1914 under Charles Masterman
to oversee British propaganda at home and overseas during the First
Officers in the Royal Navy holding a rank between executive
officer and non-commissioned officer.
Wells, H G
(1866-1946) British novelist and wartime propagandist for the Allied
cause. Author of War in the Air (1908), The War that
will end War (1914) and the controversial novel Mr Britling
Sees It Through (1916).
West African Frontier Force
First formed in 1900 to administer the regular colonial forces in
British West Africa, the West African Frontier Force was composed
mainly of African troops and consisted of the Queen's Own Nigeria
Regiment; the Gold Coast Regiment; the Royal Sierra Leone Regiment;
and the Gambia Regiment. It was re-named the Royal West African
Frontier Force in 1928 and finally disbanded in 1960.
West India Regiment
A regiment of long standing when war broke out in 1914, the
West India Regiment was deployed only in Africa during the First World
War. It was composed of troops from the Caribbean, and was eventually
disbanded in 1927.
'Westerner' Term by which British soldiers and politicians who favoured concentrating
solely on the Western Front during the First World War were known.
Prominent 'Westerners' included the commander-in-chief of British
forces on the Western Front, Sir Douglas Haig, and the Chief of
the Imperial General Staff, William Robertson.
White Book Booklet of diplomatic correspondence published by the German government
in August 1914, purporting to show that Germany was fighting a defensive
war caused by Serbian terrorism and Russian aggression.
Wilhelm II (1859-1941)
Last emperor of Germany. Acceded to the throne in 1888; abdicated
on 9 November 1918. He played a prominent part in the events that
culminated in the First World War.
Wilson, Woodrow (1856-1924) President of the USA, 1913-21. Adopted a policy of neutrality
for much of the First World War, only allowing the USA to declare
war on Germany on 6 April 1917. Key advocate of the League of Nations
and a democratic post-war settlement based on the principles of
Women's Auxiliary Army Corps
(WAAC) Founded in March 1917 to provide women for employment
with the British army at home and on the Western Front, thereby
freeing men - previously working in administrative roles - for combat.
The WAAC was divided into four sections: Cookery; Mechanical; Clerical;
Miscellaneous. It was renamed the Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps
in April 1918.
Women's Royal Air Force
(WRAF) Founded alongside the RAF on 1 April 1918.
Women's Royal Naval Service
(WRNS) Founded on 29 November 1917.
Women's Social and Political Union
(WSPU) Militant organisation for women's voting rights. Founded
in 1903 by Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst, its members were commonly
known as Suffragettes.