One of the five beaches at Cape Helles on the southern tip of the
Gallipoli peninsula, where Allied troops landed on 25 April 1915.
Van Largely Armenian
province in Turkish Anatolia. The site of the first large-scale
Turkish massacre of Armenians in early April 1915. The city of Van
itself was besieged by Turkish forces later the same month, but
was relieved by Russian forces in May.
fortress town in northern France. Site of the Battle of Verdun (February-August
1916), one of the bloodiest campaigns of the First World War, in
which French forces under General Pétain repelled waves of
German attacks. Each side had suffered more than 350,000 casualties
by the time attention turned to the Battle of the Somme in July.
Treaty of Allied peace treaty with Germany, signed in
28 June 1919. Article 231 placed the sole responsibility for the
outbreak of war in 1914 on the shoulders of Germany and its allies.
Town in Russian Lithuania; known today as Vilnius, the capital of
Lithuania. Captured by German forces in September 1915 and occupied
until the end of the war, when Bolshevik forces moved in to establish
the Soviet Republic of Lithuania. Vilna was then seized by Poland
in 1920 and was not returned to Soviet Lithuania until 1939.
Vimy Ridge Salient to the north of Arras, captured by the Canadian Corps on
the first day of the Battle of Arras (9 April 1917). The victory
confirmed the élite status of Canadians within the British
forces on the Western Front and provided a fillip to Canada's developing
sense of nationhood.
Vladivostok Russian port in eastern Siberia. Seized from the Bolsheviks by troops
of the Czech Legion on 29 June 1918, Vladivostok was also home to
600,000 tons of Allied war supplies for the now defunct Imperial
Russian army. Largely to prevent these supplies falling into German
hands after Russia left the war, Allied forces - primarily 70,000
Japanese and 9,000 American troops - occupied Vladivostok and declared
it an 'Allied Protectorate' on 6 July 1918. Half-hearted attempts
were subsequently made to support the counter-revolutionary forces
in the region under General Kolchak; then Allied forces began to
withdraw from Vladivostok in the autumn of 1919.
Voluntary Aid Detachment
(VAD) Scheme, first established in 1910 under the auspices
of the British Red Cross and the St John's Ambulance Association,
to provide volunteers to support the professional military nursing
service during times of emergency. The VAD organisation expanded
quickly after the outbreak of war in August 1914 and numbered 80,000
volunteers by 1916.