President Wilson's Fourteen Points

Extract from President Woodrow Wilson's speech to Congress outlining his 'Fourteen Point' peace programme, 8 January 1918.

President Wilson's famous blueprint for a post-war settlement emphasised the twin principles of liberalism and national self-determination. It contained vague though idealistic calls for the 'impartial' resolution of colonial claims and the 'autonomous development' of states within the multinational empires of Austria-Hungary, Russia and Ottoman Turkey. Wilson also called for the creation of a 'general association of nations' to guard the political and territorial integrity of 'great and small States alike'. This was the principle behind the creation of the League of Nations, which met for the first time - without American participation - in Switzerland in November 1920.
Catalogue reference: ADM 1/8542 (5 Dec 1918)

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