The first of the Central Powers to sue for peace
was Bulgaria. The terms of the armistice agreed with the Allies
on 29 September 1918 included the evacuation of Bulgarian troops
from all Greek and Serbian territory and Allied occupation of certain
strategic points within Bulgaria.
Armistice talks between British and Turkish negotiators began on
26 October on a British warship stationed at Mudros,
a port on the Greek-owned island of Lemnos. The agreement signed
four days later forced Turkey to demobilise its army, open the Dardanelles
to Allied shipping and evacuate its Arab provinces.
On 3 November, with Vienna close to revolution and the Habsburg
empire in tatters, Austria, too, signed an armistice. Fighting on
the Italian Front stopped a day later.
Negotiations for the final armistice, with Germany on the Western
Front, began in the forest of Compiègne
on 9 November 1918 - the same day that Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicated
and Germany was declared a republic. The leader of the German delegation,
Erzberger, pleaded in vain for lenient terms. The armistice
that came into effect on 11 November ordered the immediate German
evacuation of Belgium, France, Luxemburg and Alsace-Lorraine, the
Allied occupation of western Germany and the emasculation of the