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Latin Palaeography

Lesson Five - Abbreviations

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 The word dilectus, -a, -um is often abbreviated by leaving out the letters e and t. dil[e]c[t]o Contraction The word salus, salutis (f.) is often abbreviated in the opening sentence of a deed or writ by omitting the u and e. Sal[u]t[e]m Contraction In a word ending in cionem, the letters i and n are often left out. petic[i]o[n]em Contraction The pronouns nobis and vobis are often abbreviated by leaving out the letters is. nob[is] Suspension The possessive pronouns noster, nostra, nostrum and vester, vestra, vestrum are often abbreviated by leaving out the letters ost and est respectively. n[ost]ra Contraction The word breve, -is (n.) is often abbreviated with the letters ev omitted. br[ev]e Contraction The word factum, -i (n.) is often abbreviated with the letters a and t left out. f[a]c[tu]m Contraction When the letter r is followed by a cross-like abbreviation sign, the letters um should be added after the r. alior[um] Suspension This abbreviation sign, particularly after the letter t, indicates that the letters ur should be added onto the end. supponit[ur] Suspension The word proximus, -a, -um is often abbreviated with the letters after x omitted. p[ro]x[ima] Suspension An abbreviation sign resembling a small backwards loop generally means that the letters er or or have been missed out. ux[or] Suspension The word testis, -is (m.,f.) is often abbreviated to T.Note that this is particularly common in the phrase teste rege which is normally abbreviated to T R. T[este] R[ege] Initial letters The word sacramentum, -i (n.) is often abbreviated by omitting the letters amentu. sacr[amentu]m Contraction