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Latin Palaeography

Lesson Three - Abbreviations

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Quam is often abbreviated to qm and can have an abbreviation sign above it resembling either ‘cc’ or ‘a’.
q[ua]m

example
Q abbrevation

When the letter i appears above the letter q, the letters ui have been missed out.
q[ui]nto

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Q abbreviation

The word predictus, -a-, -um is often abbreviated by leaving out the letters re, i and t.  This applies to most words which contain dictus, -a, -um, such as indicto, indictare, indictavi, indictatus (1).
p[re]d[i]c[t]us

example
Contraction

A horizontal line above a vowel, in particular a letter o, can indicate that the preceding letter i has been omitted.  Note that i can often be left out between c and o without a mark.
Anu[n]ciat[i]o[n]is

example
Contraction

When an abbreviation sign resembling two letter ‘c’s appears above a consonant, this usually indicates that the letter a and sometimes another letter have been left out.
p[ra]ti

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Contraction

An abbreviation that resembles a bubble at the end of a word indicates that the letters us have been left out.
convent[us]

example
Suspension

The abbreviation resembling the letter ‘z’ after a letter b, indicates that the letters us have been left out.
om[n]ib[us]          

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Suspension

This is another version of the ampersand sign.
Et

example
Symbol

The letters ati are often left out of the word gratia, -e (f.).
gr[ati]e

example
Contraction

The verb habeo, habere, habui, habitum (2) is often abbreviated by leaving out the letters ab.
h[ab]uit

example
Contraction

The word videlicet is often abbreviated to videlt.
Videl[ice]t

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Contraction

The word tenementum, -i (n.) is often abbreviated. It appears either as ten or with the emen, en or e left out.
tenem[en]tu[m]

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Contraction

The name Johannes, -is (m.) is often abbreviated by missing out the letters ann, or all of the letters after Joh.
Joh[ann]e

example
Contraction