Lesson 2: Introduction to nouns; first declension nouns; cases of nouns
Six cases of nouns
Used for the subject of the verb. The subject is the person or thing doing the verb.
The queen is the subject, as she is praying. The queen is in the nominative case.
Used to call or address someone or something.
The vocative case is the same as the nominative, except in the second declension.
Used for the object of a verb. The object is the person or thing the verb is done to.
‘the lady’ is the subject and in the nominative. ‘the charter’ is the object and in the accusative.
Used for nouns that are ‘of’ something else and also to show possession.
Used for nouns that are to or for something.
‘I give’ is the verb – do. ‘land’ is the object – it is in the accusative. ‘to the church’ is in the dative.
Used for nouns that are by, with or from something.
‘the pope’ is the subject – it is in the nominative. ‘confirms’ is the verb.
Word order in Latin
Think about the order that words are arranged in sentences.
Often in Latin
However, these rules were not always applied and vary between documents.
Look out for sentences that do and don’t keep to these rules during the tutorial.