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Lesson 7: Participles - present, past and future - part 3 | 1 2 3 4

Future participle

Future participles decline in the same way as past participles. To form the future participle, remove the ‘-m’ from the end of the supine, add ‘-r’ and decline as above.

Group Infinitive Present participle English
1 amo, amare, amavi, amatum amaturus, -a, -um intending to love
2 habeo, habere, habui, habitum habiturus, -a, -um Intending to have
3 duco, ducere, duxi, ductum ducturus, -a, -um intending to lead
capio, capere, cepi, captum capturus, -a, -um intending to take
4 servio, servire, servivi, servitum serviturus, -a, -um intending to serve

A future participle describes an action or a state which will take place after the action or state of the main verb. Just like all participles, it must agree with the noun it is describing. A future participle can be translated in a number of ways.

For example:

puella  arrow pointing right  puella (singular, feminine, nominative)

auditurus  arrow pointing right  auditura (singular, feminine, nominative)

Therefore:

puella ad curiam ivit hanc summonitionem auditura
The girl went to the court intending to hear this summons
The girl went to the court about to hear this summons
The girl went to the court determined to hear this summons

Checklist

Are you confident with:

  • The meaning of a future participle?
  • How to form a future participle?
Go to part 4
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