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Lesson 6: Passive verbs - part 3 | 1 2 3 4 5 6

Future passive tense

Handy hint

The presentView the definition of this term - this link opens in a new window, imperfectView the definition of this term - this link opens in a new window and futureView the definition of this term - this link opens in a new window tenses all share the endings below.

Latin English
-r I
-ris you (singular)
-tur he/she/it
-mur we
-mini you (plural)
-ntur they

First and second conjugations

The endings for the future passive tense are the same as the other tenses in this group, but for the first and second conjugation they need to be preceded with ‘-bo’, ‘-be’, ‘-bi’, ‘- bi’, ‘-bi’, ‘-bu’.

Endings for the first and second conjugations

Latin English
-bor I
-beris you (singular)
-bitur he/she/it
-bimur we
-bimini you (plural)
-buntur they

To form a future passive tense you need to add these endings to the stem of the verb.

To get the stem, remove ‘-re’ from the infinitive form of the verb and add the relevant endings.

For example:

Future passive of voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatum (1) to call

Latin English
vocabor I will be called
vocaberis you will be called
vocabitur he/she/it will be called
vocabimur we will be called
vocabimini you will be called
vocabuntur they will be called

Third and fourth conjugation

To form the future passive tense for third and fourth conjugation verbs, remove the ‘-re’ from the infinitive form of the verb to get the stem as above, but this time, for fourth conjugation verbs only, add ‘-e’ to the stem. Then add the relevant endings.

For example:

The stem for duco, ducere, duxi, ductum (3) ‘to lead’ would be ‘duce-’.

The stem for audio, audire, audivi, auditum (4) ‘to hear’ would be ‘audi-’ + ‘-e’ = audie.

Exception

Note that for the first person singular of conjugations three and four, the vowel ‘-a’ should be used instead of ‘-e’.

Future passive of duco, ducere, duxi, ductum (3) to lead

Latin English
ducar I will be led
duceris you will be led
ducetur he/she/it will be led
ducemur we will be led
ducemini you will be led
ducentur they will be led

Future passive of audio, audire, audivi, auditum (4) to hear

Latin English
audiar I will be heard
audieris you will be heard
audietur he/she/it will be heard
audiemur we will be heard
audiemini you will be heard
audientur they will be heard

Checklist

Are you confident with:

  • The meaning of a future passive tense?
  • The form of a future passive tense?
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