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Lesson 5: Pronouns - part 2 | 1 2 3 4

Reflexive pronouns

Reflexive pronouns are used when the subjectView the definition of this term - this link opens in a new window and the objectView the definition of this term - this link opens in a new window of a sentence are the same. In English they are translated as ‘myself’, ‘yourself’, ‘himself’, ‘herself’, ‘itself’, ‘ourselves’, ‘yourselves’ and ‘themselves’.

For the first and second personView the definition of this term - this link opens in a new window, personal pronounsView this term in the Grammar table - this link opens in a new window can be used reflexively.

For example:

Me audio I hear myself
Te audis You hear yourself

Handy hint

‘Me’ and ‘you’ are the objects of the verb, so appear in the accusative caseView the definition of this term - this link opens in a new window.

For the third person, a different reflexive pronoun is used. This pronoun is unaffected by gender and number, but it does decline.

  Singular/Plural Singular Plural
Nominative
Accusative se/sese herself, himself, itself themselves
Genitive sui of herself, himself, itself of themselves
Dative sibi to/for herself, himself, itself to/for themselves
Ablative se/sese from/with/by herself, himself, itself from/with/by themselves

For example:

Lucia se audit Lucy hears herself
Thomas se audit Thomas hears himself
Scissores se audiunt The tailors hear themselves

Checklist

Are you confident with:

  • The meanings of reflexive pronouns?
  • The different forms of reflexive pronouns?
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