|(Catalogue ref: MH 13/245)
When I wrote to you in August I referred to the cholera epidemic
of 1832 and how I would like to offer my suggestions based on what
I witnessed, which might help support the laws concerning cholera.
The worst outbreaks of cholera took place in ports and towns built
on marshy land, near rivers and canals. These places had impure
water supplies. Those places in the nearby hills seemed to avoid
This was particularly true in France, which saw a high death rate
in Calais, St Pierre, Guines and St. Omer, but the surrounding countryside
avoided any deaths from the disease.
Those parts of the city of Bristol built on marshy ground and near
the River Avon, had a large number of cases, yet those areas on
higher ground and with a better water supply, remained free from
Doctors and scientists now generally agree that cholera is not
contagious. Inhaling bad air does not result in the disease. In
my opinion it results from stagnant water that has been infected
by impure air. The poorer classes have the highest death rate because
they drink this water.
Undoubtedly, the same places will be affected by cholera, as in
1832, if there is no improvement made to their water supply. Bad
smells and impure air will cause typhoid and fever, but will not
cause the spread of cholera.